Caregiver Profile

Caregiver Profile

Meet Dr. Bartley Cilento


Undergraduate Degree

  • Saint Anselm College , 1982 , Manchester , NH

Graduate Degree

  • Boston University Graduate School , 1983 , Boston , MA

Medical School

  • Tufts University School of Medicine , 1987 , Boston , MA

Graduate Degree

  • Harvard School of Public Health , 2006 , Boston , MA


  • Naval Medical Center , 1988 , San Diego , CA


  • Naval Medical Center , 1995 , San Diego , CA


Pediatric Urology
  • University of California Medical Center , 1996 , San Diego , CA

Philosophy of Care

Practicing medicine and surgery is a blessing and privilege. I love all aspects of pediatric urology. My goal is to deliver the best possible care to children and families. Pediatric urologic surgery is rather unique. We must be able to bond and communicate with the children but also with the parents. Establishing that unique bond and trust is essential for all inherent stresses and anxiety with treating urologic problems. Fortunately, I am surrounded by many talented nurses, social workers, clinical assistants and many other support staff that make up our team at Boston Children’s Hospital. Without anyone of them, my job would be much harder.


Bartley G Cilento Jr., MD, MPH is a board certified pediatric urologist specializing in Hypospadias, Vesicoureteral reflux, Robotic Surgery, and Pediatric Urinary Tract Stones. He is a graduate of Tufts University Medical School. As a recipient of a highly competitive scholarship program, he completed his urology residency at the San Diego Naval Medical Center which cares for a population of one million beneficiaries – active and retired. He completed his pediatric urology fellowship at Rady’s Children’s Hospital in San Diego affiliated with the University of California San Diego. Upon completion of his US Naval obligation, he accepted a position here a Boston Children’s Hospital in 1998. While at BCH, Dr Cilento obtained a Masters of Public Health degree from the Harvard School of Public Health. He proud to have serve his country in the United Sates Navy and retired with 23 years of service: 12 years active duty and 13 years of reserve duty.

Dr. Cilento serves as the Vice Chairman of Clinical Operations, the Pediatric Fellowship Program Director and the Co-director of the Pediatric Stone Program for the Department of Urology. He maintains a very busy clinical practice and derives most of his joy and satisfaction from patient care.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics
  • American Board of Urology, Pediatric Urology


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox): A reasonable alternative for refractory neurogenic bladder dysfunction in children and young adults. Neurourol Urodyn. 2021 11; 40(8):1981-1988. View abstract
  2. Flat Panel Detector c-Arms Are Associated with Dramatically Reduced Radiation Exposure During Ureteroscopy and Produce Superior Images. J Endourol. 2021 06; 35(6):789-794. View abstract
  3. Pharmacological Dilutional Therapy Using the Vasopressin Antagonist Tolvaptan for Young Patients With Cystinuria: A Pilot Investigation. Urology. 2020 Oct; 144:65-70. View abstract
  4. EDITORIAL COMMENT. Urology. 2020 01; 135:137-138. View abstract
  5. The effect of surgeon versus technologist control of fluoroscopy on radiation exposure during pediatric ureteroscopy: A randomized trial. J Pediatr Urol. 2018 08; 14(4):334.e1-334.e8. View abstract
  6. Response to letter to the editor re "The effect of surgeon vs. technologist control of fluoroscopy on radiation exposure during pediatric ureteroscopy: A randomized trial". J Pediatr Urol. 2018 08; 14(4):363. View abstract
  7. Minor procedure, major impact: Patient-reported outcomes following urethral meatotomy. J Pediatr Urol. 2018 04; 14(2):165.e1-165.e5. View abstract
  8. Prospective Validation of Clinical Score for Males Presenting With an Acute Scrotum. Acad Emerg Med. 2017 12; 24(12):1474-1482. View abstract
  9. Variation in the evaluation of testicular conditions across United States pediatric emergency departments. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb; 36(2):208-212. View abstract
  10. Imaging in the diagnosis of pediatric urolithiasis. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Jan; 47(1):5-16. View abstract
  11. Commentary on "Tracking of radiation exposure in pediatric stone patients: The time is now". J Pediatr Urol. 2015 Dec; 11(6):340. View abstract
  12. Granulomatous inflammation masquerading as an infected urachal cyst. Urology. 2014 Dec; 84(6):1496-8. View abstract
  13. Prospective systematic intervention to reduce patient exposure to radiation during pediatric ureteroscopy. J Urol. 2013 Oct; 190(4 Suppl):1474-8. View abstract
  14. Patient and family impact of pediatric genitourinary diagnostic imaging tests. J Urol. 2012 Oct; 188(4 Suppl):1601-7. View abstract
  15. Nomogram and scoring system for predicting stone-free status after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children with urolithiasis. BJU Int. 2013 Feb; 111(2):344-52. View abstract
  16. Perioperative risk factors for surgical complications in pediatric urology: a pilot study in preoperative risk assessment in children. Urology. 2010 Jul; 76(1):3-8. View abstract
  17. Ultrasound versus computerized tomography for evaluating urolithiasis. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1829-34. View abstract
  18. What is the optimal surgical strategy for bulbous urethral stricture in boys? J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1755-8. View abstract
  19. Nomograms for predicting annual resolution rate of primary vesicoureteral reflux: results from 2,462 children. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4):1535-41. View abstract
  20. Varicocele surgery: a decade's experience at a children's hospital. BJU Int. 2009 Jul; 104(2):246-9. View abstract
  21. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in pediatric patients using a late generation portable lithotriptor: experience at Children's Hospital Boston. J Urol. 2008 Oct; 180(4 Suppl):1865-8. View abstract
  22. Minimally invasive surgical approaches to retrovesical structures. Int J Med Robot. 2007 Dec; 3(4):307-11. View abstract
  23. Relationship of varicocele grade and testicular hypotrophy to semen parameters in adolescents. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178(4 Pt 2):1584-8. View abstract
  24. Cryptorchidism and hypospadias. J Urol. 2007 May; 177(5):1646-51. View abstract
  25. Vesicoureteral reflux and ureteroceles. J Urol. 2007 May; 177(5):1659-66. View abstract
  26. Renal cell carcinoma: Children's Hospital Boston experience. Urology. 2005 Dec; 66(6):1296-300. View abstract
  27. Testicular hypotrophy does not correlate with grade of adolescent varicocele. J Urol. 2005 Dec; 174(6):2367-70, discussion 2370. View abstract
  28. Intermittent testicular torsion: diagnostic features and management outcomes. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1532-5; discussion 1535. View abstract
  29. Prepubertal testis tumors: actual prevalence rate of histological types. J Urol. 2004 Dec; 172(6 Pt 1):2370-2. View abstract
  30. Is adolescent varicocele a progressive disease process? J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172(4 Pt 2):1746-8; discussion 1748. View abstract
  31. Urachal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with ALK gene rearrangement: a study of urachal remnants. Urology. 2004 Jul; 64(1):140-4. View abstract
  32. Coping, commitment, and attitude: quantifying the everyday burden of enuresis on children and their families. Pediatrics. 2004 Feb; 113(2):334-44. View abstract
  33. Intratesticular varicocele in adolescents: a reversible anechoic lesion of the testis. J Urol. 2004 Jan; 171(1):381-3. View abstract
  34. Prospective evaluation of human chorionic gonadotropin in the differentiation of undescended testes from retractile testes. J Urol. 2003 Jun; 169(6):2328-31. View abstract
  35. Neonatal scrotal haematoma: mimicker of neonatal testicular torsion. BJU Int. 2003 May; 91(7):675-7. View abstract
  36. Laparoscopically assisted ureterocystoplasty. BJU Int. 2003 Apr; 91(6):525-7. View abstract
  37. Proximal hypospadias. Urol Clin North Am. 2002 May; 29(2):311-28, vi. View abstract
  38. Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux in girls after age 5 years. J Urol. 2001 Dec; 166(6):2359-63. View abstract
  39. A noninvasive test for vesico-ureteric reflux in children. BJU Int. 2001 Apr; 87(6):467-72. View abstract
  40. Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty: expanded use in primary and repeat surgery for hypospadias. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165(2):581-5. View abstract
  41. Ketorolac suppresses postoperative bladder spasms after pediatric ureteral reimplantation. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jul; 91(1):11-5. View abstract
  42. The ultrasonic description of postpubertal testicles in men who have undergone prepubertal orchiopexy for cryptorchidism. J Urol. 2000 May; 163(5):1448-50. View abstract
  43. Lidocaine toxicity secondary to postoperative bladder instillation in a pediatric patient. Urology. 1999 Jun; 53(6):1228. View abstract
  44. Plastibell complications revisited. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1999 Apr; 38(4):239-42. View abstract
  45. Refined microscopic urinalysis for red blood cell morphology in the evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in a pediatric population. J Urol. 1998 Oct; 160(4):1492-5. View abstract
  46. Urachal anomalies: defining the best diagnostic modality. Urology. 1998 Jul; 52(1):120-2. View abstract
  47. Renal tubular acidosis. Urology. 1997 Aug; 50(2):279. View abstract
  48. Clinical and radiologic findings in schistosomiasis of the bladder. Urology. 1997 Jun; 49(6):951-2. View abstract
  49. Pantaloon spica cast: an effective method for postoperative immobilization after free graft hypospadias repair. J Urol. 1997 May; 157(5):1882-3. View abstract
  50. Progressive ureteral dilation for subsequent ureterocystoplasty. J Urol. 1996 Sep; 156(3):1151-3. View abstract
  51. Epidemiology, diagnosis, precautions, and policies of intraoperative anaphylaxis to latex. J Am Coll Surg. 1996 Jan; 182(1):78-9. View abstract
  52. Hematuria in children. A practical approach. Urol Clin North Am. 1995 Feb; 22(1):43-55. View abstract
  53. Phenotypic and cytogenetic characterization of human bladder urothelia expanded in vitro. J Urol. 1994 Aug; 152(2 Pt 2):665-70. View abstract
  54. Prenatal and postnatal findings in monochorionic, monoamniotic twins discordant for bilateral renal agenesis-dysgenesis (perinatal lethal renal disease). J Urol. 1994 Apr; 151(4):1034-5. View abstract
  55. Prenatal diagnosis of cloacal malformation. Urology. 1994 Mar; 43(3):386-8. View abstract
  56. Cryptorchidism and testicular torsion. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1993 Dec; 40(6):1133-49. View abstract