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Dr. Hickey, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, is known internationally for her work in leadership development, patient safety, and bridging nursing practice and health policy. She has disseminated cutting edge nursing knowledge in more than 100 publications and hundreds of presentations at national and international symposia.

As the nursing director of OPENPediatrics, she leads the Nursing World Shared Practice Forum, which highlights the science and practice of pediatric nurse scientists across the world. She is also a founding board member of a non-profit organization for pediatric healthcare in Guatemala. This foundation raises funds for children to receive health care who would otherwise live without health care because of economic and social circumstances. The greatest impact of her contributions to pediatric global health has been in pediatric leadership at the international level, in particular in China, through 25 years of senior volunteer work with Project HOPE. This work is sustained through transnational exchanges that Dr. Hickey has orchestrated for 210 medical students, junior faculty, physicians and nurses from Shanghai and Boston.

Dr. Hickey collaboratively leads the International Quality Improvement Collaborative for Reducing Pediatric Mortality in the Developing World, which includes leveraging internet technology to educate clinicians in 39 centers across resource-limited countries. To date, this collaborative has educated more than 1,000 physicians and nurses across the world. The outcomes of this project have recently been published demonstrating the significant reduction of mortality and sepsis in more than 25,000 patients across 21 pediatric cardiac surgery programs in developing countries. This is the first publication to show the significant association between web-based clinician learning and improved patient outcomes.

Internationally, Dr Hickey is a member of the Education Committee of the Global Humanitarian Forum for Congenital Heart Surgery in Geneva and the Executive Committee of the International Quality Improvement Collaborative for Reducing Mortality in the Developing World. Nationally, she is a member of the Quality Metric Steering Committee for the American College of Cardiology and the Transforming Care Delivery Expert Panel for the American Academy of Nursing. Her policy work has been influential at the state level with the development of an interdisciplinary model for legislative action in Massachusetts.

Dr. Hickey’s contributions have been recognized with several prestigious honors and awards including the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses Circle of Excellence Award; Fellowship in the American Academy of Nursing; and The United States President’s Gold Volunteer Service Award in 2013.


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  1. Lincoln PA, Whelan K, Hartwell LP, Gauvreau K, Dodsen BL, LaRovere JM, Thiagarajan RR, Hickey PA, Curley MAQ. Nurse-Implemented Goal-Directed Strategy to Improve Pain and Sedation Management in a Pediatric Cardiac ICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 Jul 28. View abstract
  2. Schmid A, DeGrazia M, Mott S, Schuler E, Schenkel SR, Niescierenko M, Hickey PA. Pediatric nurses' perceptions of preparedness for global health fieldwork. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2020 Oct; 25(4):e12304. View abstract
  3. Connor JA, Mott S, DeGrazia M, Lajoie D, Dwyer P, Reed MP, Porter C, Hickey PA. Nursing science fellowship at Boston Children's Hospital. Appl Nurs Res. 2020 10; 55:151292. View abstract
  4. Connor JA, LaGrasta C, Porter C, Hurtig M, McHugh S, King E, Atkinson C, Hickey PA. The Measurement of Pediatric Inpatient Nursing Using the Complexity Assessment and Monitoring to Ensure Optimal Outcomes (CAMEO©) Tool. J Pediatr Nurs. 2020 Mar - Apr; 51:42-48. View abstract
  5. Hickey PA. A Vision for Excellence by Design. Am J Crit Care. 2019 07; 28(4):247-254. View abstract
  6. Rahman S, Zheleva B, Cherian KM, Christenson JT, Doherty KE, de Ferranti D, Gauvreau K, Hickey PA, Kumar RK, Kupiec JK, Novick WM, Sandoval NF, Jenkins KJ. Linking world bank development indicators and outcomes of congenital heart surgery in low-income and middle-income countries: retrospective analysis of quality improvement data. BMJ Open. 2019 06 22; 9(6):e028307. View abstract
  7. Connor JA, LaGrasta C, Gauvreau K, Porter C, Hickey PA. Validation of the Complexity Assessment and Monitoring to Ensure Optimal Outcomes (CAMEO II) Acuity Tool for Pediatric Critical Care Nursing. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2019 May/Jun; 38(3):153-159. View abstract
  8. Connor JA, LaGrasta C, Gauvreau K, Porter C, O'Brien K, Hickey PA. Scaling the Measurement of Pediatric Acuity Using the Complexity Assessment and Monitoring to Ensure Optimal Outcomes (CAMEO II) Tool. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2019 May/Jun; 38(3):146-152. View abstract
  9. Hickey PA. A Vision for Excellence by Design. Am J Crit Care. 2019 05; 28(3):172. View abstract
  10. Croti UA, Murakami AN, De Marchi CH, Borim BC, Dearani JA, Overman D, Hickey P, Jenkins K. Impact of Partnership Between Children's HeartLink and IQIC Database With a Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Center in Brazil. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2019 05; 10(3):270-275. View abstract
  11. DeGrazia M, Difazio RL, Connor JA, Hickey PA. Building and Sustaining a Culture of Clinical Inquiry in a Pediatric Quaternary Hospital. J Nurs Adm. 2019 Jan; 49(1):28-34. View abstract
  12. Connor JA, Ziniel SI, Porter C, Doherty D, Moonan M, Dwyer P, Wood L, Hickey PA. Interprofessional Use and Validation of the AACN Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool. Am J Crit Care. 2018 09; 27(5):363-371. View abstract
  13. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Porter C, Connor JA. The Impact of Critical Care Nursing Certification on Pediatric Patient Outcomes. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 08; 19(8):718-724. View abstract
  14. Kulik LA, Connor JA, Graham DA, Hickey PA. Pressure injury prevention for paediatric cardiac surgical patients using a nurse-driven standardized clinical assessment and management plan. Cardiol Young. 2018 Sep; 28(9):1151-1162. View abstract
  15. Toole CA, DeGrazia M, Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Kuzdeba HB, Hickey PA. Informing Leadership Models: Nursing and Organizational Characteristics of Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Freestanding Children's Hospitals. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2018 May/Jun; 37(3):156-166. View abstract
  16. Connor JA, Antonelli RC, O'Connell CA, Bishop Kuzdeba H, Porter C, Hickey PA. Measuring Care Coordination in the Pediatric Cardiology Ambulatory Setting. J Nurs Adm. 2018 Feb; 48(2):107-113. View abstract
  17. Ruggiero KM, Hickey PA, Leger RR, Vessey JA, Hayman LL. Parental perceptions of disease-severity and health-related quality of life in school-age children with congenital heart disease. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2018 Jan; 23(1). View abstract
  18. Hickey PA, Connor JA, Cherian KM, Jenkins K, Doherty K, Zhang H, Gaies M, Pasquali S, Tabbutt S, St Louis JD, Sarris GE, Kurosawa H, Jonas RA, Sandoval N, Tchervenkov CI, Jacobs JP, Stellin G, Kirklin JK, Garg R, Vener DF. International quality improvement initiatives. Cardiol Young. 2017 Dec; 27(S6):S61-S68. View abstract
  19. Borim BC, Croti UA, Silveira PC, De Marchi CH, Moscardini AC, Hickey P, Jenkins K. Development and Evaluation of a Continuing Education Program for Nursing Technicians at a Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit in a Developing Country. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 11; 8(6):694-698. View abstract
  20. Hickey PA. Excellence by Design: The Patricia A. Hickey Award for Excellence in Cardiovascular Nursing. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 11; 8(6):721-725. View abstract
  21. Burke D, Flanagan J, Ditomassi M, Hickey PA. Characteristics of Nurse Directors That Contribute to Registered Nurse Satisfaction. J Nurs Adm. 2017 Apr; 47(4):219-225. View abstract
  22. Barnes A, Tollefson A, Hickey P, Bares J, Zhang L. Pain Control and Parent Mental Health Among Pediatric Inpatients. Hosp Pediatr. 2017 03; 7(3):149-155. View abstract
  23. Hall E, Hickey P, Nguyen-Tran T, Louie J. Dental Trauma in a Pediatric Emergency Department Referral Center. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Dec; 32(12):823-826. View abstract
  24. Connor JA, Larson C, Baird J, Hickey PA. Use of a Pediatric Cardiovascular Nursing Consortium for Development and Evaluation of Quality Measures: The C4-MNP Experience. J Pediatr Nurs. 2016 Sep-Oct; 31(5):471-7. View abstract
  25. Hickey PA, Pasquali SK, Gaynor JW, He X, Hill KD, Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Jacobs ML, Jacobs JP, Hirsch-Romano JC. Critical Care Nursing's Impact on Pediatric Patient Outcomes. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Oct; 102(4):1375-80. View abstract
  26. Connor JA, Ahern JP, Cuccovia B, Porter CL, Arnold A, Dionne RE, Hickey PA. Implementing a Distraction-Free Practice With the Red Zone Medication Safety Initiative. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2016 May-Jun; 35(3):116-24. View abstract
  27. Connor JA, Mott S, Green A, Larson C, Hickey P. Measurement of Quality of Nursing Practice in Congenital Cardiac Care. Am J Crit Care. 2016 Mar; 25(2):128-35. View abstract
  28. Hinsley KE, Marshall AC, Hurtig MH, Thornton JM, O'Connell CA, Porter CL, Connor JA, Hickey PA. Monitoring the health of the work environment with a daily assessment tool: the REAL - Relative Environment Assessment Lens - indicator. Cardiol Young. 2016 Aug; 26(6):1082-9. View abstract
  29. Connor JA, LaGrasta C, Hickey PA. Complexity Assessment and Monitoring to Ensure Optimal Outcomes Tool for Measuring Pediatric Critical Care Nursing. Am J Crit Care. 2015 Jul; 24(4):297-308. View abstract
  30. Tume LN, Coetzee M, Dryden-Palmer K, Hickey PA, Kinney S, Latour JM, Pedreira ML, Sefton GR, Sorce L, Curley MA. Pediatric Critical Care Nursing Research Priorities-Initiating International Dialogue. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):e174-82. View abstract
  31. Jenkins KJ, Castañeda AR, Cherian KM, Couser CA, Dale EK, Gauvreau K, Hickey PA, Koch Kupiec J, Morrow DF, Novick WM, Rangel SJ, Zheleva B, Christenson JT. Reducing mortality and infections after congenital heart surgery in the developing world. Pediatrics. 2014 Nov; 134(5):e1422-30. View abstract
  32. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Curley MA, Connor JA. The effect of critical care nursing and organizational characteristics on pediatric cardiac surgery mortality in the United States. J Nurs Adm. 2014 Oct; 44(10 Suppl):S19-26. View abstract
  33. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Curley MA, Connor JA. The effect of critical care nursing and organizational characteristics on pediatric cardiac surgery mortality in the United States. J Nurs Adm. 2013 Dec; 43(12):637-44. View abstract
  34. Siow E, Wypij D, Berry P, Hickey P, Curley MA. The effect of continuity in nursing care on patient outcomes in the pediatric intensive care unit. J Nurs Adm. 2013 Jul-Aug; 43(7-8):394-402. View abstract
  35. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, McElhinney D, Fenwick S, Kirshner D, Harding J, Hickey P, Mayer J, Marshall A. Capture of complexity of specialty care in pediatric cardiology by work RVU measures. Pediatrics. 2013 Feb; 131(2):258-67. View abstract
  36. Kohr LM, Hickey PA, Curley MA. Building a nursing productivity measure based on the synergy model: first steps. Am J Crit Care. 2012 Nov; 21(6):420-30; quiz 431. View abstract
  37. Curley MA, Meyer EC, Scoppettuolo LA, McGann EA, Trainor BP, Rachwal CM, Hickey PA. Parent presence during invasive procedures and resuscitation: evaluating a clinical practice change. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Dec 01; 186(11):1133-9. View abstract
  38. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Tong E, Schiffer NP, Connor JA. Pediatric cardiovascular critical care in the United States: nursing and organizational characteristics. Am J Crit Care. 2012 Jul; 21(4):242-50. View abstract
  39. Evangelista JA, Connor JA, Pintz C, Saia T, O'Connell C, Fulton DR, Hickey P. Paediatric nurse practitioner managed cardiology clinics: patient satisfaction and appointment access. J Adv Nurs. 2012 Oct; 68(10):2165-74. View abstract
  40. Cook KA, Mott S, Lawrence P, Jablonski J, Grady MR, Norton D, Liner KP, Cioffi J, Hickey P, Reidy S, Connor JA. Coping while caring for the dying child: nurses' experiences in an acute care setting. J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Aug; 27(4):e11-21. View abstract
  41. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Jenkins K, Fawcett J, Hayman L. Statewide and national impact of California's Staffing Law on pediatric cardiac surgery outcomes. J Nurs Adm. 2011 May; 41(5):218-25. View abstract
  42. Branowicki P, Driscoll M, Hickey P, Renaud K, Sporing E. Exemplary professional practice through nurse peer review. J Pediatr Nurs. 2011 Apr; 26(2):128-36. View abstract
  43. O'Brien P, O'Connell C, Fenwick S, Stewart B, Marshall AC, Hickey P. Improved bed use with creation of a short-stay unit in a cardiac catheterization recovery room. Heart Lung. 2011 Jan-Feb; 40(1):56-62. View abstract
  44. Hickey PA. Increasing nurse staffing levels in cardiac surgery centres appears to be a cost effective patient safety intervention. Evid Based Nurs. 2010 Oct; 13(4):102. View abstract
  45. Hickey PA. Building a culture of excellence in Boston and beyond. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2010 Oct; 1(3):314-20. View abstract
  46. Hickey P, Gauvreau K, Connor J, Sporing E, Jenkins K. The relationship of nurse staffing, skill mix, and Magnet recognition to institutional volume and mortality for congenital heart surgery. J Nurs Adm. 2010 May; 40(5):226-32. View abstract
  47. Curley MA, Hickey PA. The Nightingale Metrics. Am J Nurs. 2006 Oct; 106(10):66-70. View abstract
  48. Weinstock PH, Kappus LJ, Kleinman ME, Grenier B, Hickey P, Burns JP. Toward a new paradigm in hospital-based pediatric education: the development of an onsite simulator program. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2005 Nov; 6(6):635-41. View abstract
  49. du Plessis AJ, Newburger J, Hickey P, Jonas RA, Volpe JJ. Cerebral oxygenation during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass: clinical findings support mathematical model. Anesthesiology. 1996 Apr; 84(4):1008-9. View abstract
  50. Hickey PA. Restructuring of cardiovascular services at Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Dec; 60(6 Suppl):S517-9. View abstract
  51. Hickey PA, Castaneda AR. Transformation of the cardiovascular program. Leadership and organization. Nurs Clin North Am. 1995 Jun; 30(2):163-9. View abstract
  52. du Plessis AJ, Newburger J, Jonas RA, Hickey P, Naruse H, Tsuji M, Walsh A, Walter G, Wypij D, Volpe JJ. Cerebral oxygen supply and utilization during infant cardiac surgery. Ann Neurol. 1995 Apr; 37(4):488-97. View abstract
  53. Hickey PA, Rykerson S. Caring for parents of critically ill infants and children. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 1992 Dec; 4(4):565-71. View abstract
  54. Kulik LA, Hickey PA, Lawrence PR. Pharmacologic interventions for the neonate with compromised cardiac function. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 1991 Sep; 5(2):71-83. View abstract
  55. Jonas RA, Hickey P. Invited letter concerning: No flow during cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Feb; 101(2):364-5. View abstract
  56. Jonas RA, Lang P, Hansen D, Hickey P, Castaneda AR. First-stage palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The importance of coarctation and shunt size. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 Jul; 92(1):6-13. View abstract
  57. Hickey PA. Prevention of intraoperative myocardial injury by pretreatment with pharmacological agents. Ann Thorac Surg. 1975 Jul; 20(1):101-5. View abstract