Polycythemia | Diagnosis & Treatment

How is polycythemia diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for polycythemia may include:

  • high red blood cell counts or hemoglobin levels
  • genetic tests to determine what is causing increased red blood cell production

After all tests are completed, doctors will be able to outline the best treatment options.

How is childhood polycythemia treated?

Treatments for polycythemia can include:

  • phlebotomy (withdrawal of blood through the veins)
  • medication such as hydroxyurea to reduce blood cells
  • low-dose aspirin

With secondary polycythemia, treatment usually focuses on the underlying cause.