Dysmenorrhea | Symptoms & Causes

What are the symptoms of dysmenorrhea?

Every young woman experiences dysmenorrhea differently. Some common symptoms include:

  • dull, throbbing or cramping pain in her lower abdomen
  • pain that radiates to her lower back and thighs
  • nausea and vomiting
  • loose stools
  • sweating
  • dizziness

What causes dysmenorrhea?

When menstruation happens, your uterus contracts to oust its lining. Hormone-like substances, particularly prostaglandin and arachidonic acid, trigger these contractions. Young women with primary amenorrhea experience abnormal uterine contraction as a result of an imbalance of those chemicals.

Secondary amenorrhea is caused by other conditions. Common conditions include:

  • endometriosis
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • uterine fibroids
  • abnormal pregnancy (i.e., miscarriage, ectopic)
  • infection, tumors, or other growths in the pelvic cavity
  • cervical stenosis