Carney Triad | Diagnosis & Treatment

How is carney triad diagnosed?

The first step in treating your child is forming an accurate and complete diagnosis. Your child’s physician may order a number of different tests including:

  • a physical exam and complete medical history
  • blood and urine tests
  • endoscopy, a minor procedure in which a flexible camera is inserted through the mouth and into the stomach
  • a biopsy, a tissue sample taken from the tumor
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a diagnostic procedure that produces detailed images of the area where the tumor is located.
  • a computerized tomography scan (CT/CAT scan), an imaging technique that provides more detailed pictures than X-rays
  • molecular testing to determine whether the tumor is linked to specific genes

There may be other diagnostic tests your doctor will discuss with you depending on your child's individual situation. After we complete all necessary tests, our experts meet to review and discuss what they have learned about your child's condition. Then, we will meet with you and your family to discuss the results and outline the best possible treatment options.

What are the treatment options for carney triad?

Treatment for your child's Carney triad will depend on a number of factors, including the type of tumors your child has and where they are located. Your child's doctor may recommend:

  • surgery, involving biopsy and removal of the entire tumor and nearby tissue
  • radiation, the use of high-energy rays from a specialized machine to damage or kill cancer cells and shrink tumors
  • chemotherapy, a drug treatment that aims to destroy or shrink cancer cells, may be given before or after surgery

Your child may receive chemotherapy:

  • orally as a pill to swallow
  • intramuscularly as an injection into the muscle or fat tissue
  • intravenously, as a direct injection into the bloodstream or IV
  • intrathecally, as a direct injection into the spinal column through a needle. Often, a combination of chemotherapy drugs is used.

Different groups of chemotherapy drugs work in different ways. 

What is the long-term outlook for children with carney triad?

Children treated for Carney triad should visit a survivorship clinic yearly. Through the David B. Perini Jr. Quality of Life Clinic, our cancer survivorship clinic, childhood cancer survivors receive a comprehensive follow-up evaluation from their cancer care team. In addition to meeting with your pediatric oncologists, your child may see one of our endocrinologists, cardiologists, neurologists, neuro-psychologists, or alternative/complementary therapy specialists. We also offer patient and family education, psychosocial assessment, genetic counseling, reproductive counseling, and opportunities to speak with other childhood cancer survivors.