Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia | Symptoms & Causes

What are the symptoms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia?

The most common symptoms of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are:

  • dark brown urine
  • jaundice
  • pale skin
  • muscle pain
  • headache
  • nausea and vomiting
  • weakness
  • shortness of breath
  • rapid heart beat

What causes AIHA?

In approximately half of cases the cause of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, whether idiopathic or primary, cannot be determined. This condition can also be caused by or occur in tandem with other, or secondary, disorders. It can also rarely occur following the use of certain drugs, like penicillin, or after a person has a blood and marrow stem cell transplant.

Is autoimmune hemolytic anemia inherited?

Researchers believe that there are multiple possible factors involved in AHA's causes — including genetic and environmental influences. In a very small number of cases, autoimmune hemolytic anemia appears to run in families. In those cases, the gene appears recessive