Pain Treatment Center | Types of Pain

In the Pain Treatment Center, we see children, teens and young adults with a variety of different types of pain. These include:

Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain sometimes reflects another medical condition, such as inflammatory bowel disease, infections, celiac disease, various food allergies and increased stomach acid. These problems can be diagnosed with imaging scans and other tests. Often, however, abdominal may occur even though all of those tests are normal. In that case, the nerves of the gastrointestinal tract have become very sensitive and the pain itself has become the disease. This is known as functional abdominal pain. In this condition, sensations that are usually normal and not that bothersome, such as constipation, certain foods or stress, can serve as triggers and cause severe pain. People with functional abdominal pain often feel dismissed or disbelieved, but their pain is very real and can be disabling. Our center collaborates with the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition to address and treat this challenging condition.

Back pain




Myofascial pain

Myofascial pain refers to pain in the muscles and surrounding soft tissues in the body. Pain can occur in a single muscle, muscle groups throughout various parts of the body. Muscles are often sensitive to the touch and can involve specific “trigger points,” which are areas in the muscle that are particularly tender. Causes of myofascial pain can be overuse of a muscle due to sports or a repetitive motion, or muscle strain. However, an underlying cause for the pain isn’t always clear. In myofascial pain syndrome, pain often persists or worsens and can interfere with many areas of life, such as going to school, enjoying activities and even sleeping comfortably.

Neuropathic pain


Overlapping pain


Pain associated with medical conditions


Pelvic pain


Primary pain disorder

Primary pain disorders (such as irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia and chronic headaches) are pain problems that are not usually caused by an underlying disease or injury. In pain conditions where there is an underlying disease, pain acts as a warning sign. Once the disease is cured or the injury heals, however, the pain goes away. In primary pain disorders, however, the nerves are hypersensitive, and pain is the disease and not a warning sign. In other words, primary pain disorders are false alarms. Even though they hurt, the pain is not harming the body. Many factors can make someone vulnerable to developing a primary pain disorder, including a previous injury or infection, a family history of primary pain disorders or even stressful emotional events. Sometimes, there is no identifiable cause.

Surgical pain