Research

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Kathy Jenkins, MD, MPH

Kathy Jenkins
Department:
Cardiology Research
Hospital Title:
Senior Associate in Cardiology; Senior Vice President, Chief Safety and Quality Officer
Academic Title:
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Research Focus Area:
Device clinical trials
Contact:
617-355-7275
Contact Via Email
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Research Overview

Dr. Kathy Jenkins directs the Cardiology Clinical Research and Regulatory Group, which conducts studies examining variation in outcomes for patients with congenital heart disease and evaluating new therapeutic modalities to treat congenital heart defects.  Dr. Jenkins has identified myofibroblastic proliferation as the putative cause for progressive pulmonary vein stenosis, and is running a novel treatment protocol with chemotherapeutic agents.  In addition, she is currently seeking FDA approval for a feasibility study investigating the use of a contrast agent during magnetic resonance lymphangiography to evaluate lymphatic disease in high-risk patients.  Dr. Jenkins works closely with multi-disciplinary investigators, interventional cardiologists, device manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies, industry sponsors, and regulatory bodies such as the FDA to ensure that clinical trials are conducted properly. 

Dr. Jenkins and Dr. Kimberlee Gauvreau developed the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) method to allow for meaningful comparisons of congenital heart surgery outcomes, and have extended this work in measure development to other cardiac and non-cardiac conditions.  Dr. Jenkins also serves as the primary research mentor for junior faculty, and provides guidance about research study design and implementation to students, fellows, and faculty.

About Kathy Jenkins

Kathy Jenkins received her MD from Harvard Medical School and her MPH from Harvard School of Public Health. She completed an internship, residency, and fellowship at Boston Children's Hospital.

Key Publications

  1. Sadr IM, Tan PE, Kieran MW, Jenkins KJ. Mechanism of pulmonary vein stenosis in infants with normally connected veins. Am J Cardiol. 2000;86(5):577-9, A10.
  2. Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Newburger JW, Spray T, Moller JH, Iezzoni LI. Consensus-based method for risk adjustment for surgery for congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002;123(1):110-8.
  3. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. A risk adjusted model for comparing adverse outcomes among practitioners in pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008;3(4):230-40.
  4. Rehman M, Jenkins KJ, Juraszek AL, Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Muneeb M, Sena LM, Colan SD, Saia T, Kieran MW. A prospective phase II trial of vinblastine and methotrexate in multivessel intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis in infants and children. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011;6(6):608-23.
  5. Balasubramanian S, Rehman M, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Bilateral disease and early age at presentation are associated with shorter survival in patients with congenital heart disease and intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012;7(4):378-86.
  6. Ringel RE, Gauvreau K, Moses H, Jenkins KJ. Coarctation of the Aorta Stent Trial (COAST): study design and rationale. Am Heart J. 2012;164(1):7-13.
  7. Ringel RE, Vincent J, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Moses H, Lofgren K, Usmani K. Acute outcome of stent therapy for coarctation of the aorta: results of the coarctation of the aorta stent trial (COAST). Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;82(4):504-10.
  8. Jenkins KJ, Castañeda AR, Cherian KM, Couser CA, Dale EK, Gauvreau K, Hickey PA, Koch Kupiec J, Forbes Morrow D, Novick WM, Rangel SJ, Zheleva B, Christenson JT. Reducing Mortality and Infections after Congenital Heart Surgery in the Developing World. Pediatrics. 2014 (in press).

Publications

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  1. Jorina M, Cammaerts A, Singer J, Ozonoff A, Chan E, Antonelli R, Gurvitz M, Jenkins K. Advancing the Measurement of Care Coordination in Pediatric Behavioral Health. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2016 Oct; 37(8):674-84.
  2. O'Connor AM, Wray J, Tomlinson RS, Cassedy A, Jacobs JP, Jenkins KJ, Brown KL, Franklin RC, Mahony L, Mussatto K, Newburger JW, Wernovsky G, Ittenbach RF, Drotar D, Marino BS. Impact of Surgical Complexity on Health-Related Quality of Life in Congenital Heart Disease Surgical Survivors. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016; 5(7).
  3. Jenkins KJ, Koch Kupiec J, Owens PL, Romano PS, Geppert JJ, Gauvreau K. Development and Validation of an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Indicator for Mortality After Congenital Heart Surgery Harmonized With Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) Methodology. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 May; 5(5).
  4. Ziniel SI, Connor JA, Graham D, Kupiec JK, Rauscher NA, Growdon AS, Berger A, Jenkins KJ, Harris SK. Development and psychometric characteristics of the pediatric inpatient experience survey (PIES). Int J Qual Health Care. 2016 Apr; 28(2):191-9.
  5. Reddy NS, Kappanayil M, Balachandran R, Jenkins KJ, Sudhakar A, Sunil GS, Raj RB, Kumar RK. Preoperative Determinants of Outcomes of Infant Heart Surgery in a Limited-Resource Setting. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015; 27(3):331-8.
  6. Pogoriler JE, Kulik TJ, Casey AM, Baird CW, Mullen MP, Jenkins KJ, Vargas SO. Lung Pathology in Pediatric Pulmonary Vein Stenosis. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2016 May-Jun; 19(3):219-29.
  7. Quinonez LG, Gauvreau K, Borisuk M, Ireland C, Marshall AM, Mayer JE, Jenkins KJ, Fynn-Thompson FE, Baird CW. Outcomes of surgery for young children with multivessel pulmonary vein stenosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Oct; 150(4):911-7.
  8. Anderson JB, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Rosenthal GL, Jenkins KJ, Klitzner TS, Martin GR, Neish SR, Brown DW, Mangeot C, King E, Peterson LE, Provost L, Lannon C. Improvement in Interstage Survival in a National Pediatric Cardiology Learning Network. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2015 Jul; 8(4):428-36.
  9. Zenlea IS, Scheff E, Szeidler B, Tess A, Santangelo J, Sato L, Jenkins KJ, Focht G. Enhancing Patient Safety in Pediatric Primary Care: Implementing a Patient Safety Curriculum. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2015 Oct; 54(11):1094-101.
  10. Esch JJ, Porras D, Bergersen L, Jenkins KJ, Marshall AC. Systemic Embolic Complications of Pulmonary Vein Angioplasty in Children. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Oct; 36(7):1357-62.
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  12. Anderson JB, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Rosenthal GL, Jenkins KJ, Klitzner TS, Martin GR, Neish SR, Darbie L, King E, Lannon C. Use of a learning network to improve variation in interstage weight gain after the Norwood operation. Congenit Heart Dis. 2014 Nov-Dec; 9(6):512-20.
  13. Jenkins KJ, Castañeda AR, Cherian KM, Couser CA, Dale EK, Gauvreau K, Hickey PA, Koch Kupiec J, Morrow DF, Novick WM, Rangel SJ, Zheleva B, Christenson JT. Reducing mortality and infections after congenital heart surgery in the developing world. Pediatrics. 2014 Nov; 134(5):e1422-30.
  14. Brown DW, Cohen KE, O'Brien P, Gauvreau K, Klitzner TS, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Martin GR, Neish SR, Rosenthal GL, Lannon C, Jenkins KJ. Impact of prenatal diagnosis in survivors of initial palliation of single ventricle heart disease: analysis of the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative database. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 Feb; 36(2):314-21.
  15. Villafañe J, Lantin-Hermoso MR, Bhatt AB, Tweddell JS, Geva T, Nathan M, Elliott MJ, Vetter VL, Paridon SM, Kochilas L, Jenkins KJ, Beekman RH, Wernovsky G, Towbin JA. D-transposition of the great arteries: the current era of the arterial switch operation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Aug 5; 64(5):498-511.
  16. Rozenblum R, Gianola A, Ionescu-Ittu R, Verstappen A, Landzberg M, Gurvitz M, Jenkins K, Bates DW, Marelli AJ. Clinicians' perspectives on patient satisfaction in adult congenital heart disease clinics--a dimension of health care quality whose time has come. Congenit Heart Dis. 2015 Mar-Apr; 10(2):128-36.
  17. Zenlea IS, Billett A, Hazen M, Herrick DB, Nakamura MM, Jenkins KJ, Woolf AD, Kesselheim JC. Trainee and program director perceptions of quality improvement and patient safety education: preparing for the next accreditation system. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2014 Nov; 53(13):1248-54.
  18. Roberson D, Connell M, Dillis S, Gauvreau K, Gore R, Heagerty E, Jenkins K, Ma L, Maurer A, Stephenson J, Schwartz M. Cognitive complexity of the medical record is a risk factor for major adverse events. Perm J. 2014; 18(1):4-8.
  19. Baker-Smith CM, Wilhelm CM, Neish SR, Klitzner TS, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Martin GR, Lannon C, Jenkins KJ, Rosenthal GL. Predictors of prolonged length of intensive care unit stay after stage I palliation: a report from the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative. Pediatr Cardiol. 2014 Mar; 35(3):431-40.
  20. Gurvitz M, Marelli A, Mangione-Smith R, Jenkins K. Building quality indicators to improve care for adults with congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 10; 62(23):2244-53.
  21. Villafañe J, Feinstein JA, Jenkins KJ, Vincent RN, Walsh EP, Dubin AM, Geva T, Towbin JA, Cohen MS, Fraser C, Dearani J, Rosenthal D, Kaufman B, Graham TP. Hot topics in tetralogy of Fallot. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 10; 62(23):2155-66.
  22. Ringel RE, Vincent J, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Moses H, Lofgren K, Usmani K. Acute outcome of stent therapy for coarctation of the aorta: results of the coarctation of the aorta stent trial. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Oct 1; 82(4):503-10.
  23. Farias M, Jenkins K, Lock J, Rathod R, Newburger J, Bates DW, Safran DG, Friedman K, Greenberg J. Standardized Clinical Assessment And Management Plans (SCAMPs) provide a better alternative to clinical practice guidelines. Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 May; 32(5):911-20.
  24. Lawrence EJ, Nguyen K, Morris SA, Hollinger I, Graham DA, Jenkins KJ, Bodian C, Lin HM, Gelb BD, Mittnacht AJ. Economic and safety implications of introducing fast tracking in congenital heart surgery. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2013 Mar 1; 6(2):201-7.
  25. Lillehei CW, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Risk adjustment for neonatal surgery: a method for comparison of in-hospital mortality. Pediatrics. 2012 Sep; 130(3):e568-74.
  26. Jenkins K. Mortality with congenital heart defects in England and Wales, 1959-2009. Much progress, but more to do. Arch Dis Child. 2012 Oct; 97(10):859-60.
  27. Ringel RE, Gauvreau K, Moses H, Jenkins KJ. Coarctation of the Aorta Stent Trial (COAST): study design and rationale. Am Heart J. 2012 Jul; 164(1):7-13.
  28. Schlingmann TR, Thiagarajan RR, Gauvreau K, Lofgren KC, Zaplin M, Connor JA, del Nido PJ, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Cardiac medical conditions have become the leading cause of death in children with heart disease. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012 Nov-Dec; 7(6):551-8.
  29. Bonow RO, Ganiats TG, Beam CT, Blake K, Casey DE, Goodlin SJ, Grady KL, Hundley RF, Jessup M, Lynn TE, Masoudi FA, Nilasena D, Piña IL, Rockswold PD, Sadwin LB, Sikkema JD, Sincak CA, Spertus J, Torcson PJ, Torres E, Williams MV, Wong JB, Peterson ED, Masoudi FA, DeLong E, Erwin JP, Fonarow GC, Goff DC, Grady KL, Green LA, Heidenreich PA, Jenkins KJ, Loth A, Shahian DM. ACCF/AHA/AMA-PCPI 2011 performance measures for adults with heart failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures and the American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 May 15; 59(20):1812-32.
  30. Balasubramanian S, Rehman M, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Bilateral disease and early age at presentation are associated with shorter survival in patients with congenital heart disease and intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012 Jul-Aug; 7(4):378-86.
  31. Martin GR, Mitchell S, Beekman RH, Feinstein JA, Jenkins KJ, Landzberg M, Webb G. The Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Section: increasing the opportunities for the congenital heart disease community within the American College of Cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 3; 59(1):84-7.
  32. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Justino H, Nugent A, Rome J, Kreutzer J, Rhodes J, Nykanen D, Zahn E, Latson L, Moore P, Lock J, Jenkins K. Randomized trial of cutting balloon compared with high-pressure angioplasty for the treatment of resistant pulmonary artery stenosis. Circulation. 2011 Nov 29; 124(22):2388-96.
  33. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Foerster SR, Marshall AC, McElhinney DB, Beekman RH, Hirsch R, Kreutzer J, Balzer D, Vincent J, Hellenbrand WE, Holzer R, Cheatham JP, Moore JW, Burch G, Armsby L, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Catheterization for Congenital Heart Disease Adjustment for Risk Method (CHARM). JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Sep; 4(9):1037-46.
  34. Almond CS, Buchholz H, Massicotte P, Ichord R, Rosenthal DN, Uzark K, Jaquiss RD, Kroslowitz R, Kepler MB, Lobbestael A, Bellinger D, Blume ED, Fraser CD, Bartlett RH, Thiagarajan R, Jenkins K. Berlin Heart EXCOR Pediatric ventricular assist device Investigational Device Exemption study: study design and rationale. Am Heart J. 2011 Sep; 162(3):425-35.e6.
  35. Croti UA, Jenkins KJ, Braile DM. Checklist in pediatric cardiac surgery in Brazil: an useful and necessary adaptation of the Quality Improvement Collaborative International Congenital Heart Surgery in Developing Countries. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc. 2011 Jul-Sep; 26(3):511-5.
  36. Karamichalis JM, del Nido PJ, Thiagarajan RR, Jenkins KJ, Liu H, Gauvreau K, Pigula FA, Fynn-Thompson FE, Emani SM, Mayer JE, Bacha EA. Early postoperative severity of illness predicts outcomes after the stage I Norwood procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Aug; 92(2):660-5.
  37. Hickey PA, Gauvreau K, Jenkins K, Fawcett J, Hayman L. Statewide and national impact of California's Staffing Law on pediatric cardiac surgery outcomes. J Nurs Adm. 2011 May; 41(5):218-25.
  38. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Marshall A, Kreutzer J, Beekman R, Hirsch R, Foerster S, Balzer D, Vincent J, Hellenbrand W, Holzer R, Cheatham J, Moore J, Lock J, Jenkins K. Procedure-type risk categories for pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Apr 1; 4(2):188-94.
  39. Baker-Smith CM, Neish SR, Klitzner TS, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Martin GR, Lannon C, Jenkins KJ, Rosenthal GL. Variation in postoperative care following stage I palliation for single-ventricle patients: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 6(2):116-27.
  40. Schidlow DN, Anderson JB, Klitzner TS, Beekman RH, Jenkins KJ, Kugler JD, Martin GR, Neish SR, Rosenthal GL, Lannon C. Variation in interstage outpatient care after the Norwood procedure: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 6(2):98-107.
  41. Brown DW, Connor JA, Pigula FA, Usmani K, Klitzner TS, Beekman RH, Kugler JD, Martin GR, Neish SR, Rosenthal GL, Lannon C, Jenkins KJ. Variation in preoperative and intraoperative care for first-stage palliation of single-ventricle heart disease: a report from the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease National Quality Improvement Collaborative. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 6(2):108-15.
  42. Olin JW, Allie DE, Belkin M, Bonow RO, Casey DE, Creager MA, Gerber TC, Hirsch AT, Jaff MR, Kaufman JA, Lewis CA, Martin ET, Martin LG, Sheehan P, Stewart KJ, Treat-Jacobson D, White CJ, Zheng ZJ. ACCF/AHA/ACR/SCAI/SIR/SVM/SVN/SVS 2010 performance measures for adults with peripheral artery disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures, the American College of Radiology, the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions, the Society for Interventional Radiology, the Society for Vascular Medicine, the Society for Vascular Nursing, and the Society for Vascular Surgery (Writing Committee to Develop Clinical Performance Measures for Peripheral Artery Disease). J Vasc Nurs. 2011 Mar; 29(1):23-60.
  43. Olin JW, Allie DE, Belkin M, Bonow RO, Casey DE, Creager MA, Gerber TC, Hirsch AT, Jaff MR, Kaufman JA, Lewis CA, Martin ET, Martin LG, Sheehan P, Stewart KJ, Treat-Jacobson D, White CJ, Zheng ZJ, Masoudi FA, Bonow RO, DeLong E, Erwin JP, Goff DC, Grady K, Green LA, Heidenreich PA, Jenkins KJ, Loth AR, Peterson ED, Shahian DM. ACCF/AHA/ACR/SCAI/SIR/SVM/SVN/SVS 2010 performance measures for adults with peripheral artery disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures, the American College of Radiology, the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions, the Society for Interventional Radiology, the Society for Vascular Medicine, the Society for Vascular Nursing, and the Society for Vascular Surgery (Writing Committee to Develop Clinical Performance Measures for Peripheral Artery Disease). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Dec 14; 56(25):2147-81.
  44. Olin JW, Allie DE, Belkin M, Bonow RO, Casey DE, Creager MA, Gerber TC, Hirsch AT, Jaff MR, Kaufman JA, Lewis CA, Martin ET, Martin LG, Sheehan P, Stewart KJ, Treat-Jacobson D, White CJ, Zheng ZJ, Masoudi FA, Bonow RO, DeLong E, Erwin JP, Goff DC, Grady K, Green LA, Heidenreich PA, Jenkins KJ, Loth AR, Peterson ED, Shahian DM. ACCF/AHA/ACR/SCAI/SIR/SVM/SVN/SVS 2010 performance measures for adults with peripheral artery disease. A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures, the American College of Radiology, the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions, the Society for Interventional Radiology, the Society for Vascular Medicine, the Society for Vascular Nursing, and the Society for Vascular Surgery (Writing Committee to Develop Clinical Performance Measures for Peripheral Artery Disease). Vasc Med. 2010 Dec; 15(6):481-512.
  45. Rhodes J, Ubeda Tikkanen A, Jenkins KJ. Exercise testing and training in children with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2010 Nov 9; 122(19):1957-67.
  46. Spertus JA, Bonow RO, Chan P, Diamond GA, Drozda JP, Kaul S, Krumholz HM, Masoudi FA, Normand SL, Peterson ED, Radford MJ, Rumsfeld JS. ACCF/AHA new insights into the methodology of performance measurement: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on performance measures. Circulation. 2010 Nov 16; 122(20):2091-106.
  47. Thomas RJ, King M, Lui K, Oldridge N, Piña IL, Spertus J, Masoudi FA, DeLong E, Erwin JP, Goff DC, Grady K, Green LA, Heidenreich PA, Jenkins KJ, Loth AR, Peterson ED, Shahian DM. Reprint--AACVPR/ACCF/AHA 2010 update: performance measures on cardiac rehabilitation for referral to cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention services: a report of the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation and the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures (Writing Committee to Develop Clinical Performance Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation). Phys Ther. 2010 Oct; 90(10):1373-82.
  48. Friedman KG, Rathod RH, Farias M, Graham D, Powell AJ, Fulton DR, Newburger JW, Colan SD, Jenkins KJ, Lock JE. Resource utilization after introduction of a standardized clinical assessment and management plan. Congenit Heart Dis. 2010 Jul-Aug; 5(4):374-81.
  49. Rathod RH, Farias M, Friedman KG, Graham D, Fulton DR, Newburger JW, Colan S, Jenkins K, Lock JE. A novel approach to gathering and acting on relevant clinical information: SCAMPs. Congenit Heart Dis. 2010 Jul-Aug; 5(4):343-53.
  50. Rice-Townsend S, Hall M, Jenkins KJ, Roberson DW, Rangel SJ. Analysis of adverse events in pediatric surgery using criteria validated from the adult population: justifying the need for pediatric-focused outcome measures. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jun; 45(6):1126-36.
  51. Hickey P, Gauvreau K, Connor J, Sporing E, Jenkins K. The relationship of nurse staffing, skill mix, and Magnet recognition to institutional volume and mortality for congenital heart surgery. J Nurs Adm. 2010 May; 40(5):226-32.
  52. Son JK, Lillehei CW, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. A risk adjustment method for newborns undergoing noncardiac surgery. Ann Surg. 2010 Apr; 251(4):754-8.
  53. Peterson ED, Delong ER, Masoudi FA, O'Brien SM, Peterson PN, Rumsfeld JS, Shahian DM, Shaw RE, Goff DC, Grady K, Green LA, Jenkins KJ, Loth A, Radford MJ. ACCF/AHA 2010 Position Statement on Composite Measures for Healthcare Performance Assessment: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures (Writing Committee to develop a position statement on composite measures). Circulation. 2010 Apr 20; 121(15):1780-91.
  54. Bergersen L, Marshall A, Gauvreau K, Beekman R, Hirsch R, Foerster S, Balzer D, Vincent J, Hellenbrand W, Holzer R, Cheatham J, Moore J, Lock J, Jenkins K. Adverse event rates in congenital cardiac catheterization - a multi-center experience. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Feb 15; 75(3):389-400.
  55. Connor JA, Kline NE, Mott S, Harris SK, Jenkins KJ. The meaning of cost for families of children with congenital heart disease. J Pediatr Health Care. 2010 Sep-Oct; 24(5):318-25.
  56. Martin GR, Beekman RH, Ing FF, Jenkins KJ, McKay CR, Moore JW, Ringel RE, Rome JJ, Ruiz CE, Vincent RN. The IMPACT registry: IMproving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatments. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2010; 13(1):20-5.
  57. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Lacour-Gayet FG, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Bacha E, Maruszewski B, Clarke DR, Tchervenkov CI, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stellin G, O'Bien SM, Elliott MJ, Mavroudis C. Stratification of complexity improves the utility and accuracy of outcomes analysis in a Multi-Institutional Congenital Heart Surgery Database: Application of the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) and Aristotle Systems in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Congenital Heart Surgery Database. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009 Nov; 30(8):1117-30.
  58. Kugler JD, Beekman Iii RH, Rosenthal GL, Jenkins KJ, Klitzner TS, Martin GR, Neish SR, Lannon C. Development of a pediatric cardiology quality improvement collaborative: from inception to implementation. From the Joint Council on Congenital Heart Disease Quality Improvement Task Force. Congenit Heart Dis. 2009 Sep-Oct; 4(5):318-28.
  59. Beekman RH, Duncan BW, Hagler DJ, Jones TK, Kugler JD, Moore JW, Jenkins KJ. Pathways to approval of pediatric cardiac devices in the United States: challenges and solutions. Pediatrics. 2009 Jul; 124(1):e155-62.
  60. Jacobs ML, Jacobs JP, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Clarke DR, Lacour-Gayet F. Stratification of complexity: the Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery-1 method and the Aristotle Complexity Score--past, present, and future. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec; 18 Suppl 2:163-8.
  61. Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Mavroudis C, Backer CL, Lacour-Gayet FG, Tchervenkov CI, Franklin RC, Béland MJ, Jenkins KJ, Walters H, Bacha EA, Maruszewski B, Kurosawa H, Clarke DR, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Stellin G, Ebels T, Krogmann ON, Aiello VD, Colan SD, Weinberg P, Giroud JM, Everett A, Wernovsky G, Elliott MJ, Edwards FH. Nomenclature and databases for the surgical treatment of congenital cardiac disease--an updated primer and an analysis of opportunities for improvement. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec; 18 Suppl 2:38-62.
  62. Jenkins KJ, Beekman Iii RH, Bergersen LJ, Everett AD, Forbes TJ, Franklin RC, Klitzner TS, Krogman ON, Martin GR, Webb CL. Databases for assessing the outcomes of the treatment of patients with congenital and paediatric cardiac disease--the perspective of cardiology. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec; 18 Suppl 2:116-23.
  63. Pasquali SK, Hall M, Slonim AD, Jenkins KJ, Marino BS, Cohen MS, Shah SS. Off-label use of cardiovascular medications in children hospitalized with congenital and acquired heart disease. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2008 Nov; 1(2):74-83.
  64. Maltz LA, Gauvreau K, Connor JA, Jenkins KJ. Clopidogrel in a pediatric population: prescribing practice and outcomes from a single center. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009 Feb; 30(2):99-105.
  65. Bacha EA, Larrazabal LA, Pigula FA, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ, Colan SD, Fynn-Thompson F, Mayer JE, del Nido PJ. Measurement of technical performance in surgery for congenital heart disease: the stage I Norwood procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Oct; 136(4):993-7, 997.e1-2.
  66. Meadows J, Gauvreau K, Jenkins K. Lymphatic obstruction and protein-losing enteropathy in patients with congenital heart disease. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 Jul-Aug; 3(4):269-76.
  67. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. A risk adjusted method for comparing adverse outcomes among practitioners in pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 Jul-Aug; 3(4):230-40.
  68. Niemantsverdriet MB, Ottenkamp J, Gauvreau K, Del Nido PJ, Hazenkamp MG, Jenkins KJ. Determinants of right ventricular outflow tract conduit longevity: a multinational analysis. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 May-Jun; 3(3):176-84.
  69. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ, Lock JE. Adverse event rates in congenital cardiac catheterization: a new understanding of risks. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 Mar-Apr; 3(2):90-105.
  70. Jenkins PC, Chinnock RE, Jenkins KJ, Mahle WT, Mulla N, Sharkey AM, Flanagan MF. Decreased exercise performance with age in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Pediatr. 2008 Apr; 152(4):507-12.
  71. Larrazabal LA, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Vida VL, Benavidez OJ, Gaitán GA, Garcia F, Castañeda AR. Improvement in congenital heart surgery in a developing country: the Guatemalan experience. Circulation. 2007 Oct 23; 116(17):1882-7.
  72. Benavidez OJ, Gauvreau K, Bacha E, Del Nido P, Jenkins KJ. Application of a complication screening method to congenital heart surgery admissions: a preliminary report. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Mar; 29(2):258-65.
  73. Benavidez OJ, Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. The contribution of complications to high resource utilization during congenital heart surgery admissions. Congenit Heart Dis. 2007 Sep-Oct; 2(5):319-26.
  74. Benavidez OJ, Gauvreau K, Del Nido P, Bacha E, Jenkins KJ. Complications and risk factors for mortality during congenital heart surgery admissions. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Jul; 84(1):147-55.
  75. Jenkins KJ, Correa A, Feinstein JA, Botto L, Britt AE, Daniels SR, Elixson M, Warnes CA, Webb CL. Noninherited risk factors and congenital cardiovascular defects: current knowledge: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Circulation. 2007 Jun 12; 115(23):2995-3014.
  76. Ma M, Gauvreau K, Allan CK, Mayer JE, Jenkins KJ. Causes of death after congenital heart surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Apr; 83(4):1438-45.
  77. Almond CS, Chen EA, Berman MR, Less JR, Baldwin JT, Linde-Feucht SR, Hoke TR, Pearson GD, Jenkins K, Duncan BW, Zuckerman BD. High-risk medical devices, children and the FDA: regulatory challenges facing pediatric mechanical circulatory support devices. ASAIO J. 2007 Jan-Feb; 53(1):4-7.
  78. Larrazabal LA, del Nido PJ, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Lacro R, Colan SD, Pigula F, Benavidez OJ, Fynn-Thompson F, Mayer JE, Bacha EA. Measurement of technical performance in congenital heart surgery: a pilot study. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Jan; 83(1):179-84.
  79. Rhodes J, Curran TJ, Camil L, Rabideau N, Fulton DR, Gauthier NS, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Sustained effects of cardiac rehabilitation in children with serious congenital heart disease. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep; 118(3):e586-93.
  80. Benavidez OJ, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Racial and ethnic disparities in mortality following congenital heart surgery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2006 May-Jun; 27(3):321-8.
  81. Blume ED, Canter CE, Spicer R, Gauvreau K, Colan S, Jenkins KJ. Prospective single-arm protocol of carvedilol in children with ventricular dysfunction. Pediatr Cardiol. 2006 May-Jun; 27(3):336-42.
  82. Riedlinger WF, Juraszek AL, Jenkins KJ, Nugent AW, Balasubramanian S, Calicchio ML, Kieran MW, Collins T. Pulmonary vein stenosis: expression of receptor tyrosine kinases by lesional cells. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2006 Mar-Apr; 15(2):91-9.
  83. Mahle WT, Visconti KJ, Freier MC, Kanne SM, Hamilton WG, Sharkey AM, Chinnock RE, Jenkins KJ, Isquith PK, Burns TG, Jenkins PC. Relationship of surgical approach to neurodevelopmental outcomes in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Pediatrics. 2006 Jan; 117(1):e90-7.
  84. Rhodes J, Curran TJ, Camil L, Rabideau N, Fulton DR, Gauthier NS, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Impact of cardiac rehabilitation on the exercise function of children with serious congenital heart disease. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec; 116(6):1339-45.
  85. Bergersen L, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Lock JE. Follow-up results of Cutting Balloon angioplasty used to relieve stenoses in small pulmonary arteries. Cardiol Young. 2005 Dec; 15(6):605-10.
  86. Bergersen L, Gauvreau K, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Recent results of pulmonary arterial angioplasty: the differences between proximal and distal lesions. Cardiol Young. 2005 Dec; 15(6):597-604.
  87. Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Factors associated with increased resource utilization for congenital heart disease. Pediatrics. 2005 Sep; 116(3):689-95.
  88. Welke KF, Jacobs JP, Jenkins KJ. Evaluation of quality of care for congenital heart disease. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2005; 157-67.
  89. Boethig D, Jenkins KJ, Hecker H, Thies WR, Breymann T. The RACHS-1 risk categories reflect mortality and length of hospital stay in a large German pediatric cardiac surgery population. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2004 Jul; 26(1):12-7.
  90. Jenkins KJ. Risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery: the RACHS-1 method. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2004; 7:180-4.
  91. Walker RE, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Health-related quality of life in children attending a cardiology clinic. Pediatr Cardiol. 2004 Jan-Feb; 25(1):40-8.
  92. Jenkins PC, Flanagan MF, Jenkins KJ, Sargent JD, Canter CE, Chinnock RE, Vincent RN, O'Connor GT. Morbidities in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2004 Jan-Feb; 25(1):3-10.
  93. Brown DW, Gauvreau K, Moran AM, Jenkins KJ, Perry SB, del Nido PJ, Colan SD. Clinical outcomes and utility of cardiac catheterization prior to superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Jul; 126(1):272-81.
  94. Allen SW, Gauvreau K, Bloom BT, Jenkins KJ. Evidence-based referral results in significantly reduced mortality after congenital heart surgery. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul; 112(1 Pt 1):24-8.
  95. Baker AL, Gauvreau K, Newburger JW, Sundel RP, Fulton DR, Jenkins KJ. Physical and psychosocial health in children who have had Kawasaki disease. Pediatrics. 2003 Mar; 111(3):579-83.
  96. Gonzalez PC, Gauvreau K, Demone JA, Piercey GE, Jenkins KJ. Regional racial and ethnic differences in mortality for congenital heart surgery in children may reflect unequal access to care. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003 Mar-Apr; 24(2):103-8.
  97. DeMone JA, Gonzalez PC, Gauvreau K, Piercey GE, Jenkins KJ. Risk of death for Medicaid recipients undergoing congenital heart surgery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003 Mar-Apr; 24(2):97-102.
  98. Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K. Center-specific differences in mortality: preliminary analyses using the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) method. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):97-104.
  99. Webb CL, Jenkins KJ, Karpawich PP, Bolger AF, Donner RM, Allen HD, Barst RJ. Collaborative care for adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2002 May 14; 105(19):2318-23.
  100. Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Newburger JW, Spray TL, Moller JH, Iezzoni LI. Consensus-based method for risk adjustment for surgery for congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jan; 123(1):110-8.
  101. jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Newburger JW, Spray T, Moller JH, Iezzoni LI. Consensus-based method for risk adjustment for congenital heart surgery. Thorac Cardiovascu. Surg. 2002; 123:110-118.
  102. Fishman SJ, Puder M, Geva T, Jenkins KJ, Ziegler MM, Shamberger RC. Cardiac relocation and chest wall reconstruction following separation of thoracopagus conjoined twins with a single heart. Journal of Pediatrics. 2002; 37(3):515-517.
  103. Powell AJ, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ, Blume ED, Mayer JE, Lock JE. Perioperative risk factors for development of protein-losing enteropathy following a Fontan procedure. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Nov 15; 88(10):1206-9.
  104. Jenkins PC, Flanagan MF, Sargent JD, Canter CE, Chinnock RE, Jenkins KJ, Vincent RN, O'Connor GT, Tosteson AN. A comparison of treatment strategies for hypoplastic left heart syndrome using decision analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Oct; 38(4):1181-7.
  105. Kreutzer J, Ryan CA, Gauvreau K, Van Praagh R, Anderson JM, Jenkins KJ. Healing response to the Clamshell device for closure of intracardiac defects in humans. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2001 Sep; 54(1):101-11.
  106. Triedman JK, Jenkins KJ, Colan SD. Method for endocardial activation mapping using a multi-electrode catheter. 2001.
  107. Goff DA, Blume ED, Gauvreau K, Mayer JE, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Clinical outcome of fenestrated Fontan patients after closure: the first 10 years. Circulation. 2000 Oct 24; 102(17):2094-9.
  108. Jenkins PC, Flanagan MF, Jenkins KJ, Sargent JD, Canter CE, Chinnock RE, Vincent RN, Tosteson AN, O'Connor GT. Survival analysis and risk factors for mortality in transplantation and staged surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Oct; 36(4):1178-85.
  109. Sadr IM, Tan PE, Kieran MW, Jenkins KJ. Mechanism of pulmonary vein stenosis in infants with normally connected veins. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Sep 1; 86(5):577-9, A10.
  110. Perry YY, Triedman JK, Gauvreau K, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Sudden death in patients after transcatheter device implantation for congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Apr 15; 85(8):992-5.
  111. Norwitz ER, Hoyte LPJ, Jenins KJ, van der Velde ME, Ratiu P, Rodriguez-Thompson D, Wilkins-Haug L Tempany CMC, Fishman SJ. Separation of conjoined twins with the twin reversed-arterail perfusion sequence after prenatal palnning with three-demensional modeling. New England Journal of Medicine. 2000; 343:399-402.
  112. Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Newburger JW, Kyn LB, Iezzoni LI, Mayer JE. Validation of relative value scale for congenital heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 Sep; 66(3):860-9.
  113. Triedman JK, Jenkins KJ, Colan SD, Saul JP, Walsh EP. Intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia after palliation of congenital heart disease: characterization of multiple macroreentrant circuits using fluoroscopically based three-dimensional endocardial mapping. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1997 Mar; 8(3):259-70.
  114. Triedman JK, Jenkins KJ, Colan SD, Van Praagh R, Lock JE, Walsh EP. Multipolar endocardial mapping of the right heart using a basket catheter: acute and chronic animal studies. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1997 Jan; 20(1 Pt 1):51-9.
  115. Triedman JK, Jenkins KJ, Colan SD, Saul JP, Walsh EP. High-density endocardial activation mapping of the right atrium in three dimensions by composition of multielectrode catheter recordings. J Electrocardiol. 1996; 29 Suppl:234-40.
  116. Jenkins KJ, Newburger JW, Lock JE, Davis RB, Coffman GA, Iezzoni LI. In-hospital mortality for surgical repair of congenital heart defects: preliminary observations of variation by hospital caseload. Pediatrics. 1995 Mar; 95(3):323-30.
  117. Jenkins KJ, Hanley FL, Colan SD, Mayer JE, Castañeda AR, Wernovsky G. Function of the anatomic pulmonary valve in the systemic circulation. Circulation. 1991 Nov; 84(5 Suppl):III173-9.
  118. Lazorick K, Miller C, Sariban-Sohraby S, Benos D. Synthesis and characterization of methylbromoamiloride, a potential biochemical probe of epithelial Na+ channels. J Membr Biol. 1985; 86(1):69-77.
  119. Jenkins KJ, Sanders SP, Orav EJ, Coleman EA, Mayer JE, Colan SD. Individual pulmonary vein size and survival in infants with totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Jul; 22(1):201-6.
  120. Satou GM, Lacro RV, Chung T, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Heart size on chest x-ray as a predictor of cardiac enlargement by echocardiography in children. Pediatr Cardiol. 2001 May-Jun; 22(3):218-22.
  121. Peng LF, Lock JE, Nugent AW, Jenkins KJ, McElhinney DB. Comparison of conventional and cutting balloon angioplasty for congenital and postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis in infants and young children. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jun 1; 75(7):1084-90.
  122. Nugent AW, Britt A, Gauvreau K, Piercey GE, Lock JE, Jenkins KJ. Device closure rates of simple atrial septal defects optimized by the STARFlex device. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 1; 48(3):538-44.
  123. Rehman M, Jenkins KJ, Juraszek AL, Connor JA, Gauvreau K, Muneeb M, Sena LM, Colan SD, Saia T, Kieran MW. A prospective phase II trial of vinblastine and methotrexate in multivessel intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis in infants and children. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Nov-Dec; 6(6):608-23.
  124. Rhodes J, Margossian R, Darras BT, Colan SD, Jenkins KJ, Geva T, Powell AJ. Safety and efficacy of carvedilol therapy for patients with dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to muscular dystrophy. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Mar; 29(2):343-51.
  125. Giglia TM, Jenkins KJ, Matitiau A, Mandell VS, Sanders SP, Mayer JE, Lock JE. Influence of right heart size on outcome in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Circulation. 1993 Nov; 88(5 Pt 1):2248-56.
  126. Sena LM, Fishman SJ, Jenkins KJ, Xu H, Brechbiel MW, Regino CA, Kosaka N, Bernardo M, Choyke PL, Kobayashi H. Magnetic resonance lymphangiography with a nano-sized gadolinium-labeled dendrimer in small and large animal models. Nanomedicine (Lond). 2010 Oct; 5(8):1183-91.
  127. Fishman SJ, Puder M, Geva T, Jenkins K, Ziegler MM, Shamberger RC. Cardiac relocation and chest wall reconstruction after separation of thoracopagus conjoined twins with a single heart. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Mar; 37(3):515-7.
  128. Knauth AL, Lock JE, Perry SB, McElhinney DB, Gauvreau K, Landzberg MJ, Rome JJ, Hellenbrand WE, Ruiz CE, Jenkins KJ. Transcatheter device closure of congenital and postoperative residual ventricular septal defects. Circulation. 2004 Aug 3; 110(5):501-7.
  129. Rivenes SM, Colan SD, Easley KA, Kaplan S, Jenkins KJ, Khan MN, Lai WW, Lipshultz SE, Moodie DS, Starc TJ, Sopko G, Zhang W, Bricker JT. Usefulness of the pediatric electrocardiogram in detecting left ventricular hypertrophy: results from the Prospective Pediatric Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Complications of Vertically Transmitted HIV Infection (P2C2 HIV) multicenter study. Am Heart J. 2003 Apr; 145(4):716-23.
  130. Benavidez OJ, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ, Geva T. Diagnostic errors in pediatric echocardiography: development of taxonomy and identification of risk factors. Circulation. 2008 Jun 10; 117(23):2995-3001.
  131. Salvin JW, McElhinney DB, Colan SD, Gauvreau K, del Nido PJ, Jenkins KJ, Lock JE, Tworetzky W. Fetal tricuspid valve size and growth as predictors of outcome in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Pediatrics. 2006 Aug; 118(2):e415-20.
  132. Kreutzer J, Ryan CA, Wright JA, Jenkins KJ, Marx G, Van Praagh R, Lock JE. Acute animal studies of the STARFlex system: a new self-centering cardioSEAL septal occluder. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2000 Feb; 49(2):225-33.
  133. Hung J, Landzberg MJ, Jenkins KJ, King ME, Lock JE, Palacios IF, Lang P. Closure of patent foramen ovale for paradoxical emboli: intermediate-term risk of recurrent neurological events following transcatheter device placement. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Apr; 35(5):1311-6.
  134. Norwitz ER, Hoyte LP, Jenkins KJ, van der Velde ME, Ratiu P, Rodriguez-Thompson D, Wilkins-Haug L, Tempany CM, Fishman SJ. Separation of conjoined twins with the twin reversed-arterial-perfusion sequence after prenatal planning with three-dimensional modeling. N Engl J Med. 2000 Aug 10; 343(6):399-402.
  135. Jenkins KJ, Walsh EP, Colan SD, Bergau DM, Saul JP, Lock JE. Multipolar endocardial mapping of the right atrium during cardiac catheterization: description of a new technique. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Oct; 22(4):1105-10.
  136. Fernandes SM, Sanders SP, Khairy P, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Lang P, Simonds H, Colan SD. Morphology of bicuspid aortic valve in children and adolescents. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Oct 19; 44(8):1648-51.
  137. Lee EY, Jenkins KJ, Muneeb M, Marshall AC, Tracy DA, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Proximal pulmonary vein stenosis detection in pediatric patients: value of multiplanar and 3-D VR imaging evaluation. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Aug; 43(8):929-36.
  138. Mayhew CE, Lee EY, Balasubramanian S, Muneeb M, Gauvreau K, Tracy DA, Jenkins KJ. Chest radiographic findings in pediatric patients with intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis. Congenit Heart Dis. 2014 Mar-Apr; 9(2):151-7.
  139. Drubach LA, Jenkins KJ, Stamoulis C, Palmer EL, Lee EY. Evaluation of Primary Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in Children: Comparison of Radionuclide Perfusion Lung Scan and Angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Oct; 205(4):873-7.
  140. Jayaram N, Beekman RH, Benson L, Holzer R, Jenkins K, Kennedy KF, Martin GR, Moore JW, Ringel R, Rome J, Spertus JA, Vincent R, Bergersen L. Adjusting for Risk Associated With Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Report From the NCDR IMPACT Registry. Circulation. 2015 Nov 17; 132(20):1863-70.
  141. Gilboa SM, Devine OJ, Kucik JE, Oster ME, Riehle-Colarusso T, Nembhard WN, Xu P, Correa A, Jenkins K, Marelli AJ. Congenital Heart Defects in the United States: Estimating the Magnitude of the Affected Population in 2010. Circulation. 2016 Jul 12; 134(2):101-9.
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