Research Overview

Trauma care and injury prevention in children and adolescents are longstanding clinical and research interests for Dr. Lee. Her research has focused on motor vehicle child passenger safety, drowning injuries, firearm injuries, and the epidemiology of pediatric injuries. In addition she has conducted research focusing on the management of head, neck, abdominal, and orthopedic trauma. She was the site primary investigator for the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) studies on traumatic brain injury and intra-abdominal injury, and is currently the site primary investigator for the PECARN c-spine study. Her more recent research has included health policy and advocacy. She has published on the effects of legislation and injuries and the effects of the Affordable Care Act on women’s health outcomes. She has been elected as a member of The Society for Pediatric Research.

About Lois Lee, MD, MPH

After earning an MD from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1996, she completed her Masters of Public Health in Quantitative Methods at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health in 2003. In between that time, she completed a pediatric residency at Children’s Hospital Philadelphia. Subsequently she did her fellowship in pediatric emergency medicine at Boston Children’s Hospital, and she the recipient of a NRSA Training Grant in Pediatric Emergency Medicine during that time. In 2016 she became the inaugural Nick Littlefield Health Policy Fellow at the Network for Excellence in Health Innovation (NEHI).

Researcher Services

Researcher Areas

  • Head Trauma/Concussions

Research Departments

Research Divisions


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Everett W. Early Effects of the ACA on Women's Health Measures. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Dec; 33(12):2034-2036. View abstract
  2. Stewart AM, Kanak MM, Gerald AM, Kimia AA, Landschaft A, Sandel MT, Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Department Visits for Homelessness After Shelter Eligibility Policy Change. Pediatrics. 2018 Nov; 142(5). View abstract
  3. Lee LK, Mannix R. Increasing Fatality Rates From Preventable Deaths in Teenagers and Young Adults. JAMA. 2018 Aug 14; 320(6):543-544. View abstract
  4. Lee LK. Twenty-two years of injury free. Inj Epidemiol. 2018 Apr 10; 5(Suppl 1):10. View abstract
  5. Monuteaux MC, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. A cross-sectional study of emergency care utilization and associated costs of violent-related (assault) injuries in the United States. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Nov; 83(5S Suppl 2):S240-S245. View abstract
  6. Monuteaux MC, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. A cross-sectional study of emergency care utilization and associated costs of violent-related (assault) injuries in the United States. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Aug; 83(2):310-315. View abstract
  7. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Hudgins JD, Porter JJ, Lipsett SC, Bourgeois F, Cilento BG, Neuman MI. Variation in the evaluation of testicular conditions across United States pediatric emergency departments. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb; 36(2):208-212. View abstract
  8. Farrell CA, Hannon M, Lee LK. Pediatric spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality in the era of advanced imaging. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2017 Jun; 29(3):286-290. View abstract
  9. Farrell CA, Fleegler EW, Monuteaux MC, Wilson CR, Christian CW, Lee LK. Community Poverty and Child Abuse Fatalities in the United States. Pediatrics. 2017 May; 139(5). View abstract
  10. Hudgins JD, Monuteaux MC, Bourgeois FT, Nigrovic LE, Fine AM, Lee LK, Mannix R, Lipsett SC, Neuman MI. Complexity and Severity of Pediatric Patients Treated at United States Emergency Departments. J Pediatr. 2017 Jul; 186:145-149.e1. View abstract
  11. Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Farrell C, Avakame E, Srinivasan S, Hemenway D, Monuteaux MC. Firearm Laws and Firearm Homicides: A Systematic Review. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 01 01; 177(1):106-119. View abstract
  12. Monuteaux MC, Mannix R, Fleegler EW, Lee LK. Predictors and Outcomes of Pediatric Firearm Injuries Treated in the Emergency Department: Differences by Mechanism of Intent. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 07; 23(7):790-5. View abstract
  13. Lee LK. One of the Challenges of Bringing Your Newborn Home Begins with Installing the Car Safety Seat. J Pediatr. 2016 Apr; 171:16-7. View abstract
  14. Lee LK, Mulvaney-Day N, Berger AM, Bhaumik U, Nguyen HT, Ward VL. The Patient Passport Program: An Intervention to Improve Patient-Provider Communication for Hospitalized Minority Children and Their Families. Acad Pediatr. 2016 07; 16(5):460-467. View abstract
  15. Lee LK, Farrell CA, Mannix R. Restraint use in motor vehicle crash fatalities in children 0 year to 9 years old. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Sep; 79(3 Suppl 1):S55-60. View abstract
  16. Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Burghardt LC, Fleegler EW, Nigrovic LE, Meehan WP, Schutzman SA, Mannix R. Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities in States With Primary Versus Secondary Seat Belt Laws: A Time-Series Analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Aug 04; 163(3):184-90. View abstract
  17. Monuteaux MC, Lee LK, Hemenway D, Mannix R, Fleegler EW. Firearm Ownership and Violent Crime in the U.S.: An Ecologic Study. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Aug; 49(2):207-14. View abstract
  18. Kiley K, Damian F, MacClaren W, Dupuis JM, Salvatore D, Nolan M, Lee LK. A computerized child passenger safety screening program in the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Sep; 30(9):631-5. View abstract
  19. Lee LK, Monroe D, Bachman MC, Glass TF, Mahajan PV, Cooper A, Stanley RM, Miskin M, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Isolated loss of consciousness in children with minor blunt head trauma. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 168(9):837-43. View abstract
  20. Lee LK, Rogers AJ, Ehrlich PF, Kwok M, Sokolove PE, Blumberg S, Kooistra J, Olsen CS, Wootton-Gorges S, Cooper A, Kuppermann N, Holmes JF. Occult pneumothoraces in children with blunt torso trauma. Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 21(4):440-8. View abstract
  21. Elliott LN, DiGirolamo B, McMahon M, Damian F, Brostoff M, Shermont H, Mooney DP, Lee LK. An Inpatient Child Passenger Safety program. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013 Nov; 52(11):1022-8. View abstract
  22. Meehan WP, Lee LK, Fischer CM, Mannix RC. Bicycle helmet laws are associated with a lower fatality rate from bicycle-motor vehicle collisions. J Pediatr. 2013 Sep; 163(3):726-9. View abstract
  23. Fleegler EW, Lee LK, Monuteaux MC, Hemenway D, Mannix R. Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 13; 173(9):732-40. View abstract
  24. Mannix R, Fleegler E, Meehan WP, Schutzman SA, Hennelly K, Nigrovic L, Lee LK. Booster seat laws and fatalities in children 4 to 7 years of age. Pediatrics. 2012 Dec; 130(6):996-1002. View abstract
  25. Lee LK, Walia T, Forbes PW, Osganian SK, Samuels R, Cox JE, Mooney DP. Home safety practices in an urban low-income population: level of agreement between parental self-report and observed behaviors. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2012 Dec; 51(12):1119-24. View abstract
  26. Hennelly KE, Mannix R, Nigrovic LE, Lee LK, Thompson KM, Monuteaux MC, Proctor M, Schutzman S. Pediatric traumatic brain injury and radiation risks: a clinical decision analysis. J Pediatr. 2013 Feb; 162(2):392-7. View abstract
  27. Rudloe TF, Schutzman S, Lee LK, Kimia AA. No longer a "nursemaid's" elbow: mechanisms, caregivers, and prevention. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Aug; 28(8):771-4. View abstract
  28. Schonfeld D, Lee LK. Blunt abdominal trauma in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 24(3):314-8. View abstract
  29. Thompson RW, Krauss B, Kim YJ, Monuteaux MC, Zerriny S, Lee LK. Extremity fracture pain after emergency department reduction and casting: predictors of pain after discharge. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 60(3):269-77. View abstract
  30. Fleegler EW, Monuteaux MC, Bauer SR, Lee LK. Attempts to silence firearm injury prevention. Am J Prev Med. 2012 Jan; 42(1):99-102. View abstract
  31. Nigrovic LE, Lee LK, Hoyle J, Stanley RM, Gorelick MH, Miskin M, Atabaki SM, Dayan PS, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Prevalence of clinically important traumatic brain injuries in children with minor blunt head trauma and isolated severe injury mechanisms. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Apr; 166(4):356-61. View abstract
  32. Pryor SD, Lee LK. Clinical outcomes and diagnostic imaging of pediatric patients with pneumomediastinum secondary to blunt trauma to the chest. J Trauma. 2011 Oct; 71(4):904-8. View abstract
  33. Mannix R, Nigrovic LE, Schutzman SA, Hennelly K, Bourgeois FT, Meehan WP, Fleisher G, Monuteaux M, Lee LK. Factors associated with the use of cervical spine computed tomography imaging in pediatric trauma patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Sep; 18(9):905-11. View abstract
  34. Lee LK, Dayan PS, Gerardi MJ, Borgialli DA, Badawy MK, Callahan JM, Lillis KA, Stanley RM, Gorelick MH, Dong L, Zuspan SJ, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N. Intracranial hemorrhage after blunt head trauma in children with bleeding disorders. J Pediatr. 2011 Jun; 158(6):1003-1008.e1-2. View abstract
  35. Mannix R, Bourgeois FT, Schutzman SA, Bernstein A, Lee LK. Neuroimaging for pediatric head trauma: do patient and hospital characteristics influence who gets imaged? Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Jul; 17(7):694-700. View abstract
  36. Lee LK, Fleegler EW, Forbes PW, Olson KL, Mooney DP. The modern paediatric injury pyramid: injuries in Massachusetts children and adolescents. Inj Prev. 2010 Apr; 16(2):123-6. View abstract
  37. Kimia A, Lee L, Shannon M, Capraro A, Mays D, Johnston P, Hummel D, Shuman M. Holiday ornament-related injuries in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Dec; 25(12):819-22. View abstract
  38. Kuppermann N, Holmes JF, Dayan PS, Hoyle JD, Atabaki SM, Holubkov R, Nadel FM, Monroe D, Stanley RM, Borgialli DA, Badawy MK, Schunk JE, Quayle KS, Mahajan P, Lichenstein R, Lillis KA, Tunik MG, Jacobs ES, Callahan JM, Gorelick MH, Glass TF, Lee LK, Bachman MC, Cooper A, Powell EC, Gerardi MJ, Melville KA, Muizelaar JP, Wisner DH, Zuspan SJ, Dean JM, Wootton-Gorges SL. Identification of children at very low risk of clinically-important brain injuries after head trauma: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2009 Oct 03; 374(9696):1160-70. View abstract
  39. Kimia AA, Waltzman ML, Shannon MW, Mays DL, Johnston PR, Hummel D, Ben-Joseph EP, Lee LK. Glass table-related injuries in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2009 Mar; 25(3):145-9. View abstract
  40. Lee LK. Surgical Emergencies: Orthopedic, Chest, and Neurosurgical. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. 2009. View abstract
  41. Aprahamian N, Lee LK, Shannon M, Hummel D, Johnson P, Kimia A. Glass thermometer injuries: it is not just about the mercury. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2009; in press. View abstract
  42. Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. Surgical Emergencies: Orthopedic, Chest, and Neurosurgical. 2009. View abstract
  43. Lee LK. Pediatric Orthopedics: Children Are Not Little Adults. 2009. View abstract
  44. Aprahamian N, Lee LK, Shannon M, Hummel D, Johnson P, Kimia A. Pediatr Emerg Care. Glass thermometer injuries: it is not just about the mercury. 2009; 25:645-647. View abstract
  45. Wang VJ, Lee LK. Research Methods and Epidemiology. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. 2009. View abstract
  46. Wang VJ and Lee LK. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Question Review Book. Research Methods and Epidemiology. 2009. View abstract
  47. Lee LK. Booster Seat Demonstration. 2008. View abstract
  48. Lee LK, Damian F, Walia T. Booster Seat Educational Video. 2008. View abstract
  49. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma management: Unique pediatric considerations. 2008. View abstract
  50. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma management: Approach to the unstable child II. 2008. View abstract
  51. Lee, LK and Fleisher GF. Trauma Management: Approach to the Unstable Child I. 2008. View abstract
  52. Lee LK and Fleisher GF. Approach to the initially stable child. 2008. View abstract
  53. Lee LK. Controversies in the sequelae of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Aug; 23(8):580-3; quiz 584-6. View abstract
  54. Lee LK. Pediatric Non-Accidental Trauma. Emergency Medicine Handbook: Critical Concept for Clinical Practice. 2007; 1093-1099. View abstract
  55. Lee LK, Thompson KM. Parental survey of beliefs and practices about bathing and water safety and their children: guidance for drowning prevention. Accid Anal Prev. 2007 Jan; 39(1):58-62. View abstract
  56. Lee LK, Mao C, Thompson KM. Demographic factors and their association with outcomes in pediatric submersion injury. Acad Emerg Med. 2006 Mar; 13(3):308-13. View abstract
  57. Lee LK. Pallor. Signs and Symptoms in Pediatrics: Urgent and Emergent Care. 2005; 363-369. View abstract
  58. Lee LK, Shannon MW, Arnold J. The use of high frequency oscillatory ventilation in hydrocarbon pneumonitis. Internet Journal of Medical Toxicology. 2003; 6:6. View abstract
  59. Lee LK, Stack AM, Fleisher GR, Thompson CM, Malley R. Therapeutic Human Anticapsular Pneumococcal Antibody Protects against Bacteremia and Mortaility Due to Streptococcus pneumonia type 19f in Infant Rats. Pediatric Research. 2001; 49:241A. View abstract
  60. Koplin Winston F, Arbogast KB, Lee LA, Menon RA. Computer crash simulations in the development of child occupant safety policies. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Mar; 154(3):276-80. View abstract
  61. Hamilton KK, Lee LK, Doetsch PW. A Novel Eukaryotic DNA Repeair Enzyme Recognizes UV-Light Induced Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimers. Photodermatology, photoimmunology, and photomedicine. 1991; 38. View abstract