Research Overview

Dr. Edward Lee’s clinical expertise and innovations have been achieved by successfully combining his clinical research and teaching in the field of pediatric thoracic imaging to improve the ability of radiologists to non-invasively diagnose a variety of pediatric thoracic anomalies and abnormalities particularly with multidetector CT (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). His role as the Chief of Thoracic Imaging Division and Director of MRI in the Departments of Radiology has provided him with the opportunity to develop a unique niche in the field of pediatric thoracic imaging - an area arguably underdeveloped both in terms of technologic innovation and patient therapies.

LungsHis primary research activities have focused on the development and application of advanced CT and MRI imaging methods, aimed at improving diagnostic capabilities, therapeutic options and patient outcomes in pediatric patients with various anomalies and abnormalities of the large airways, lungs and mediastinal vessels. Dr. Edward Lee has extensively researched MDCT in order to evaluate pediatric patients with congenital mediastinal vascular and lung anomalies with Heart2D and 3D imaging. His publications as a first author on this topic were among the first in the medical literature to scientifically evaluate the efficacy of this technique in diagnosing pediatric patients with congenital mediastinal vascular and lung anomalies. Dr. Edward Lee’s work helped to establish 2D and 3D imaging with MDCT as a standard of care for the imaging evaluation of children with various congenital mediastinal vascular and lung anomalies.

Radiology

He has also developed and introduced a new MDCT technique, which has become the primary non-invasive imaging method to assess dynamic central airway diseases such as tracheobronchomalacia in infants and children  By showing that MDCT has comparable accuracy to bronchoscopy, this work has had an important clinical impact in both radiology and pulmonary medicine by obviating invasive procedures such as bronchoscopy in pediatric patients for assessing tracheobronchomalacia. He has written the techniques and guidelines related to the clinical use of dynamic MDCT for evaluating tracheobronchomalacia in infants and children.


Furthermore, Dr. Edward Lee is acknowledged as the first investigator to evaluate pulmonary embolism in pediatric patients with MDCT. His work on this topic has provided seminal information regarding direct and indirect CT imaging findings, role of 2D imaging for accurate diagnosis, and clinically valuable risk factor assessment for pulmonary embolism in pediatric patients, which helps facilitate prompt diagnosis and optimal patient care.

In addition to Dr. Lee’s work on MDCT, his current work is in testing the technical feasibility and clinical applicability of MRI using hyperpolarized gases (e.g., 3He) and innovative motion-robust-high-resolution MR technique to better visualize the central airways and lungs, which is supported by research grants from the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR), Association of University Radiologists and GE Health Care (GERRAF) and the Society of Thoracic Radiology (STR).
 

About Edward Lee

Dr. Edward Lee is an associate professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School. He received his A.B. and M.D. from the University of Chicago (Phi Beta Kappa and Swift Scholar) and his M.P.H. from Harvard University (Student Marshal), followed by an internship at Harvard Medical Center (BIDM / BWH / DFCI) and radiology residency at Mallincrodt Institute of Radiology / Washington University Medical Center. After completing a pediatric radiology fellowship as a chief fellow at Children’s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School in 2006, he joined the Departments of Radiology and Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine as a clinician-researcher whose academic focus is on developing non-invasive imaging methods that will improve the clinical care of pediatric patients diagnosed with thoracic anomalies and abnormalities. Since Dr. Lee was appointed as the Chief of Thoracic Imaging Division in 2010 and Director of MRI in 2012, he has provided integrated image performance and interpretation across modalities for congenital and acquired pediatric thoracic disorders at Boston Children’s Hospital.

Dr. Lee has more than 110 peer-reviewed journal articles, 40 review articles or book chapters, and two books related to pediatric chest imaging.

He was the recipient of RSNA Eyler Editorial Fellowship in 2010. He is the winner of the prestigious Caffey’s Awards from SPR in both Best Clinical Scientific Research and Best Educational Exhibit Presentation categories. Additionally, as an assistant editor of the pediatric section of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) and European Journal of Radiology (EJR); editorial board member of nine journals; and reviewer of 25 journals; Dr. Lee has also helped guide and establish the educational and scientific direction and growth in his academic specialty – pediatric thoracic imaging – at academic and medical institutions around the world.

Dr. Lee is currently one of the most sought-after internationally known pediatric radiology speakers in the field of pediatric thoracic imaging. He has served either as a visiting professor or as an invited speaker on various topics related to related to pediatric thoracic imaging education more than 20 different countries in the Americas, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and Africa.

His lecture topics include:

  1. Multidetector CT Evaluation of Congenital Lung Anomalies in Children

  2. Multidetector CT Evaluation of Central Airway Anomalies and Abnormalities in Pediatric Patients 

  3. Interstitial Lung Disease in Infants: New Classification, Imaging Findings and Pathological Correlation

  4. CT and MRI Evaluation of Mediastinal Vascular Anomalies in Children 

  5. CT Evaluation of Non-vascular Mediastinal Masses in Children: Step by Step Approach to Diagnosis 

  6. Chest Trauma in Children: Current Imaging Guidelines, Techniques, and Imaging Findings 

  7. Chest Sonography in Children: Practical Imaging Approach

  8. Imaging Evaluation of Chest Wall Lesions in Pediatric Patients

  9. Multimodality Imaging Evaluation of Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease 

  10. Interactive Pediatric Chest Cases

 

Key Publications

  • Lee EY, Zucker EJ, Restrepo R, Daltro P, Boiselle PM. Advanced large airway CT imaging in children: evolution from axial to 4D assessment. Pediatr Radiol. 2013; 43(3): 285 - 297.
  • Lee EY. Interstitial lung disease in infants: new classification system, imaging technique, and clinical presentation and imaging findings. Pediatr Radiol. 2013; 43(1): 3 - 13. 
  • Lee EY, Neuman MI, Lee N, Johnson VM, Tracy DA, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary embolism detected by MDCT pulmonary angiography in older children and young adults; risk factor assessment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012; 198(6): 1431-1437.
  • Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Bastos MA, Stark C, Carrier M, Mason KP. Evaluation of image quality and patient safety: paired inspiratory and expiratory MDCT assessment of tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients under general anesthesia with breath-hold technique. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2012; 56(2): 151 – 157.
  • Lee EY, Tse SKS, Zurakowski D, Johnson VM, Lee N, Tracy, DA, Boiselle PM. Multidetector CT pulmonary angiography: thromboembolic risk factors and implications for appropriate use in children. Radiology. 2012; 262(1): 242 – 251.
  • Lee EY, Restrepo R, Dillman JR, Ridge CA, Hammer MR, Boiselle PM. Imaging evaluation of pediatric trachea and bronchi: systemic review and updates. Semin Roentgenol. 2012: 47 (2): 182 – 196.
  • Lee EY, Browne LP, Lam W. Noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging of thoracic large vessels in children. Semin Roentgenol. 2012:47 (1): 45 – 55.
  • Lee EY, Greenberg SB, Boiselle PM. Multidetector CT of the pediatric large airway disease: State of the Art. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011; 49(5): 869 – 893.
  • Lee EY, Dorkin H, Vargas SO. Congenital pulmonary malformations in pediatric patients: review and update on etiology, classification, and imaging findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011; 49(5): 921-948.
  • Lee EY, Zucker E, Tsai J, Tracy DA, Cleveland RH, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary MDCT angiography: value of multiplanar reformatted images in detecting pulmonary embolism in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011; 197: 1460 – 1465. 
  • Lee EY, Tracy DA, Mahmood SA, Weldon CB, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Preoperative MDCT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies in children: comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011; 196(5): 1040 - 1046.
  • Lee EY, Tracy DA, Eisenberg RL, Arellano CM, Mahmood SA, Cleveland RH, Zurakwoski D, Boiselle PM. Screening of asymptomatic children for tuberculosis: is a lateral chest radiograph routinely indicated? Acad Radiol. 2011; 18(2): 184 - 190.
  • Lee EY, Khatwa U, McAdam AJ, Bastos M. Mahmood SA, Ervoes JP, Boiselle PM. Streptococcus milleri group pleuropulmonary infection in children: computed tomographic findings and clinical features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010; 34(6): 927 - 932.
  • Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary embolism in pediatric patients: survey of CT pulmonary angiography practices and policies. Acad Radiol. 2010; 17(12) 1543 - 1549.
  • Lee EY, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Arellano CM, Grace RF, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Unsuspected pulmonary emboli in pediatric oncology patients: detection with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010; 194(5): 1216 - 1222.
  • Lee EY, Tracy DA, Bastos M, Casey AM, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Expiratory volumetric MDCT evaluation of air trapping in pediatric patients with and without tracheomalacia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010; 194(5): 1210 - 1215.
  • Lee EY, Boiselle PM, Shamberger RC. Multidetector computed tomography and 3-dimensional imaging: preoperative evaluation of thoracic vascular and tracheobronchial anomalies and abnormalities in pediatric patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2010; 45(4): 811 - 821.
  • Lee EY, Strauss KJ, Tracy DA, Bastos M, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Comparison of standard-dose and reduced-dose expiratory MDCT techniques for assessment of tracheomalacia in children. Acad Radiol. 2010; 17(4): 504 - 510.
  • Lee EY, McAdam AJ, Chaudry G, Fishman MP, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) viral infection in children: initial chest radiographic findings. Radiology. 2010; 254(3): 934 - 941.
  • Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Diperna S, d'Almeida Bastos M, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. Parenchymal and pleural abnormalities in children with and without pulmonary embolism at MDCT pulmonary angiography. Pediatr Radiol. 2010; 40(2): 173 - 181.
  • Lee EY, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Zurakowski D, Arellano CM, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. Beyond the pulmonary arteries: alternative diagnoses in children with MDCT pulmonary angiography negative for pulmonary embolism. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009; 193(3): 888 - 894.
  • Lee EY, Boiselle PM. Tracheobronchomalacia in Infants and Children: Multidetector CT Evaluation. Radiology 2009; 252(1): 7 - 22.
  • Lee EY, Sun Y, Zurakowski D, Hatabu H, Khatwa U, Albert MS. Hyperpolarized 3He MR Imaging of the Lung: Normal Range of Ventilation Defects and PFT Correlation in Young Adults. J Thorac Imaging 2009; 24(2): 110 - 114.
  • Lee EY, Litmanovich D, Boiselle PM. Multidetector CT Evaluation of Tracheobronchomalacia. Radiol Clin North Am 2009; 47(2): 261-269.
  • Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Waltz DA, Mason KP, Riaz F, Ralph A, Boiselle PM. MDCT evaluation of the prevalence of tracheomalacia in children with mediastinal aortic vascular anomalies. J Thorac Imaging 2008; 23(4):258-265.
  • Lee EY, Boiselle PM, Cleveland RH. MDCT Evaluation of Congenital Lung Anomalies. Radiology 2008; 247(3): 632-648.
  • Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Hildebolt CF, Gutierrez FR, Fallah JH, Bhalla S. Evaluation of thoracic aortic anomalies in pediatric patients and young adults: Comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004; 183: 777-784.
  • Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Chu CM, Gutierrez FR, Kort HW. Amplatzer Atrial Septal Defect Occluder for Pediatric Patients: Radiologic Appearance. Radiology 2004; 233(2): 471 - 476.
  • Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Sierra LM, Foglia RP. Evaluation of Angioarchitecture of Pulmonary Sequestration in Pediatric Patients Using 3D MDCT Angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004; 183(1): 183 - 188.

Researcher Services

Researcher Areas

  • MDCT and MRI for Pediatric Pulmonary Imaging

Research Departments

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Lee EY. Section Editor's Notebook: New Beginning and Voices From Around the World-Annual Focus on Pediatric Imaging Issue. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 May; 210(5):962-963. View abstract
  2. Liszewski MC, Lee EY. Neonatal Lung Disorders: Pattern Recognition Approach to Diagnosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 May; 210(5):964-975. View abstract
  3. George MP, Lee EY. Initial Pediatric Renal Tumor Imaging: Moving from Good to Better to Best. J Urol. 2018 May; 199(5):1125-1126. View abstract
  4. Winant AJ, Ngo AV, Phillips GS, Lee EY. Computed Tomography of Congenital Lung Malformations in Children: A Primer for Radiologists. Semin Roentgenol. 2018 Apr; 53(2):187-196. View abstract
  5. Ngo AV, Winant AJ, Lee EY, Phillips GS. Strategies for Reducing Radiation Dose in CT for Pediatric Patients: How We Do It. Semin Roentgenol. 2018 Apr; 53(2):124-131. View abstract
  6. Kuo W, Ciet P, Andrinopoulou ER, Chen Y, Pullens B, Garcia-Peña P, Fleck RJ, Paoletti M, McCartin M, Vermeulen F, Morana G, Lee EY, Tiddens HAWM. Reference Values for Central Airway Dimensions on CT Images of Children and Adolescents. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 Feb; 210(2):423-430. View abstract
  7. Sodhi KS, Sharma M, Lee EY, Saxena AK, Mathew JL, Singh M, Khandelwal N. Diagnostic Utility of 3T Lung MRI in Children with Interstitial Lung Disease: A Prospective Pilot Study. Acad Radiol. 2018 Mar; 25(3):380-386. View abstract
  8. Liszewski MC, Görkem S, Sodhi KS, Lee EY. Lung magnetic resonance imaging for pneumonia in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Oct; 47(11):1420-1430. View abstract
  9. Winant AJ, Lee EY. Diagnostic Imaging: Pediatrics AC Merrow Jr, Diagnostic Imaging: Pediatrics , 3rd edition, Elsevier: London, 2017; 1312 pp.: 978-0-323-44306-7, US$339.99 (hbk). Acta Radiol. 2018 Jun; 59(6):NP2. View abstract
  10. Laya BF, Restrepo R, Lee EY. Practical Imaging Evaluation of Foreign Bodies in Children: An Update. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):845-867. View abstract
  11. Sood S, Hryhorczuk AL, Rissmiller J, Lee EY. Spectrum of Syndromic Disorders Associated with Pediatric Tumors: Evolving Role of Practical Imaging Assessment. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):869-893. View abstract
  12. Yang E, Chu WCW, Lee EY. A Practical Approach to Supratentorial Brain Malformations: What Radiologists Should Know. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):609-627. View abstract
  13. Yikilmaz A, George M, Lee EY. Pediatric Hepatobiliary Neoplasms: An Overview and Update. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):741-766. View abstract
  14. Das KM, Lee EY, Singh R, Enani MA, Al Dossari K, Van Gorkom K, Larsson SG, Langer RD. Follow-up chest radiographic findings in patients with MERS-CoV after recovery. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2017 Jul-Sep; 27(3):342-349. View abstract
  15. Restrepo R, Francavilla ML, Mas R, Lee EY. Up-To-Date Practical Imaging Evaluation of Neonatal Soft-Tissue Tumors: What Radiologists Need to Know. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Jul; 209(1):195-204. View abstract
  16. Lee EY. Reflecting on the Past and Looking to the Future in Pediatric Imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 05; 208(5):941. View abstract
  17. Stanescu AL, Liszewski MC, Lee EY, Phillips GS. Neonatal Gastrointestinal Emergencies: Step-by-Step Approach. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):717-739. View abstract
  18. Kwatra NS, Sarma A, Lee EY. Practical Indication-Based Pediatric Nuclear Medicine Studies: Update and Review. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):803-844. View abstract
  19. Zapala MA, Ho-Fung VM, Lee EY. Thoracic Neoplasms in Children: Contemporary Perspectives and Imaging Assessment. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):657-676. View abstract
  20. Winant AJ, Cho J, Alyafei TS, Lee EY. Pediatric Thoracic Anatomic Variants: What Radiologists Need to Know. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):677-691. View abstract
  21. George M, Perez-Rosello JM, Yikilmaz A, Lee EY. Pediatric Urinary System Neoplasms: An Overview and Update. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):767-784. View abstract
  22. Zucker EJ, Koning JL, Lee EY. Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease: Essential Primer for the Practicing Radiologist. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):693-716. View abstract
  23. Schooler GR, Davis JT, Parente VM, Lee EY. Children with Cough and Fever: Up-to-date Imaging Evaluation and Management. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):645-655. View abstract
  24. Liszewski MC, Stanescu AL, Phillips GS, Lee EY. Respiratory Distress in Neonates: Underlying Causes and Current Imaging Assessment. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):629-644. View abstract
  25. Ho-Fung VM, Zapala MA, Lee EY. Musculoskeletal Traumatic Injuries in Children: Characteristic Imaging Findings and Mimickers. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):785-802. View abstract
  26. Lee EY. Practical Pediatric Imaging. Radiol Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 55(4):xiii. View abstract
  27. Liszewski MC, Ciet P, Sodhi KS, Lee EY. Updates on MRI Evaluation of Pediatric Large Airways. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 May; 208(5):971-981. View abstract
  28. Zapala MA, Zurakowski D, Lee EY. Comparison of Mechanical Versus Hand Administration of IV Contrast Agents for Pediatric Pulmonary CT Angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Mar; 208(3):632-636. View abstract
  29. Francavilla ML, White CL, Oliveri B, Lee EY, Restrepo R. Intraabdominal Lymphatic Malformations: Pearls and Pitfalls of Diagnosis and Differential Diagnoses in Pediatric Patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Mar; 208(3):637-649. View abstract
  30. Gorkem SB, Köse S, Lee EY, Doganay S, Coskun AS, Köse M. Thoracic MRI evaluation of sarcoidosis in children. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2017 04; 52(4):494-499. View abstract
  31. Colleran GC, Ryan CE, Lee EY, Sweeney B, Rea D, Brenner C. Computed tomography and upper gastrointestinal series findings of esophageal bronchi in infants. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Feb; 47(2):154-160. View abstract
  32. Hennelly KE, Baskin MN, Monuteuax MC, Hudgins J, Kua E, Commeree A, Kimia R, Lee EY, Kimia A, Neuman MI. Detection of Pulmonary Embolism in High-Risk Children. J Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 178:214-218.e3. View abstract
  33. Thacker PG, Vargas SO, Fishman MP, Casey AM, Lee EY. Current Update on Interstitial Lung Disease of Infancy: New Classification System, Diagnostic Evaluation, Imaging Algorithms, Imaging Findings, and Prognosis. Radiol Clin North Am. 2016 Nov; 54(6):1065-1076. View abstract
  34. Das KM, Lee EY. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Children. Indian Pediatr. 2016 Aug 08; 53(8):752. View abstract
  35. Concepcion NDP, Laya BF, Lee EY. Current updates in catheters, tubes and drains in the pediatric chest: A practical evaluation approach. Eur J Radiol. 2017 Oct; 95:409-417. View abstract
  36. Winant AJ, Schooler GR, Concepcion NDP, Lee EY. Current Updates on Pediatric Pulmonary Infections. Semin Roentgenol. 2017 Jan; 52(1):35-42. View abstract
  37. Kwatra NS, Grant FD, Lim R, Lee EY. Up-to-date review of nuclear medicine applications in pediatric thoracic imaging. Eur J Radiol. 2017 Oct; 95:418-427. View abstract
  38. Hryhorczuk AL, Restrepo R, Lee EY. Pediatric Musculoskeletal Ultrasound: Practical Imaging Approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 May; 206(5):W62-72. View abstract
  39. Olivieri B, White CL, Restrepo R, McKeon B, Karakas SP, Lee EY. Low-Flow Vascular Malformation Pitfalls: From Clinical Examination to Practical Imaging Evaluation--Part 2, Venous Malformation Mimickers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 May; 206(5):952-62. View abstract
  40. White CL, Olivieri B, Restrepo R, McKeon B, Karakas SP, Lee EY. Low-Flow Vascular Malformation Pitfalls: From Clinical Examination to Practical Imaging Evaluation--Part 1, Lymphatic Malformation Mimickers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 May; 206(5):940-51. View abstract
  41. Das KM, Lee EY, Langer RD, Larsson SG. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: What Does a Radiologist Need to Know? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jun; 206(6):1193-201. View abstract
  42. MacDougall RD, Kleinman PL, Yu L, Lee EY. Pediatric thoracic CT angiography at 70 kV: a phantom study to investigate the effects on image quality and radiation dose. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Jul; 46(8):1114-9. View abstract
  43. Thacker PG, Lee EY. Advances in Multidetector CT Diagnosis of Pediatric Pulmonary Thromboembolism. Korean J Radiol. 2016 Mar-Apr; 17(2):198-208. View abstract
  44. Restrepo R, Hagerott HE, Kulkarni S, Yasrebi M, Lee EY. Acute Pancreatitis in Pediatric Patients: Demographics, Etiology, and Diagnostic Imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Mar; 206(3):632-44. View abstract
  45. Chang PT, Yang E, Swenson DW, Lee EY. Pediatric Emergency Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Current Indications, Techniques, and Clinical Applications. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2016 May; 24(2):449-80. View abstract
  46. Swenson DW, Schooler GR, Stamoulis C, Lee EY. MRI of the normal appendix in children: data toward a new reference standard. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Jun; 46(7):1003-10. View abstract
  47. Chang PT, Frost J, Stanescu AL, Phillips GS, Lee EY. Pediatric Thoracic Organ Transplantation: Current Indications, Techniques, and Imaging Findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 2016 Mar; 54(2):321-38. View abstract
  48. Liszewski MC, Lee EY. Pediatric Radiology Casebase. Acta Radiol. 2016 Jan; 57(1):NP1. View abstract
  49. Das KM, Larsson SG, Lee EY. Reply to "Chest Radiographs of the Acute Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jan; 206(1):W39. View abstract
  50. Liszewski MC, Lee EY. Pediatric Radiology Casebase James CA , Braswell LE , Glasier CM , Greenberg SB , Seibert JJ , Pediatric Radiology Casebase , Thieme Publishers : New York/Stuttgart , 2015 ; 416 pp.: ISBN: 9781604069075 , €89.99/$99.99 (hbk). Acta Radiol. 2016 Jan; 57(1):NP1. View abstract
  51. Stanescu AL, Hryhorczuk AL, Chang PT, Lee EY, Phillips GS. Pediatric Abdominal Organ Transplantation: Current Indications, Techniques, and Imaging Findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 2016 Mar; 54(2):281-302. View abstract
  52. Sodhi KS, Khandelwal N, Saxena AK, Singh M, Agarwal R, Bhatia A, Lee EY. Rapid lung MRI in children with pulmonary infections: Time to change our diagnostic algorithms. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2016 May; 43(5):1196-206. View abstract
  53. Schooler GR, Davis JT, Lee EY. Gastrointestinal Tract Perforation in the Newborn and Child: Imaging Assessment. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2016 Feb; 37(1):54-65. View abstract
  54. Drubach LA, Jenkins KJ, Stamoulis C, Palmer EL, Lee EY. Evaluation of Primary Pulmonary Vein Stenosis in Children: Comparison of Radionuclide Perfusion Lung Scan and Angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Oct; 205(4):873-7. View abstract
  55. Chang PT, Schooler GR, Lee EY. Diagnostic errors of right lower quadrant pain in children: beyond appendicitis. Abdom Imaging. 2015 Oct; 40(7):2071-90. View abstract
  56. Ciet P, Tiddens HA, Wielopolski PA, Wild JM, Lee EY, Morana G, Lequin MH. Magnetic resonance imaging in children: common problems and possible solutions for lung and airways imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Dec; 45(13):1901-15. View abstract
  57. Lee EY, Guglielmi G, Katz DS. The RSNA Editorial Fellows: Then and Now. Radiology. 2015 Sep; 276(3):624-31. View abstract
  58. Baez JC, Zurakowski D, Vargas SO, Lee EY. Incidental Thyroid Nodules Detected on Thoracic Contrast-Enhanced CT in the Pediatric Population: Prevalence and Outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Sep; 205(3):W360-5. View abstract
  59. Liszewski MC, Lee EY. Can the lung density measurement help in diagnosis of foreign body aspiration in children? Indian Pediatr. 2015 Aug; 52(8):657-8. View abstract
  60. Breen M, Zurakowski D, Lee EY. Clinical significance of pulmonary nodules detected on abdominal CT in pediatric patients. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Nov; 45(12):1753-60. View abstract
  61. Ayyala RS, Zurakowski D, Lee EY. Quality of abdominal computed tomography angiography: hand versus mechanical intravenous contrast administration in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Nov; 45(12):1781-7. View abstract
  62. Thacker PG, Mahani MG, Heider A, Lee EY. Imaging Evaluation of Mediastinal Masses in Children and Adults: Practical Diagnostic Approach Based on A New Classification System. J Thorac Imaging. 2015 Jul; 30(4):247-67. View abstract
  63. Das KM, Lee EY, Al Jawder SE, Enani MA, Singh R, Skakni L, Al-Nakshabandi N, AlDossari K, Larsson SG. Acute Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus: Temporal Lung Changes Observed on the Chest Radiographs of 55 Patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Sep; 205(3):W267-74. View abstract
  64. Thacker PG, Lee EY. Pulmonary embolism in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Jun; 204(6):1278-88. View abstract
  65. Sodhi KS, Krishna S, Saxena AK, Sinha A, Khandelwal N, Lee EY. Clinical application of 'Justification' and 'Optimization' principle of ALARA in pediatric CT imaging: "How many children can be protected from unnecessary radiation?". Eur J Radiol. 2015 Sep; 84(9):1752-7. View abstract
  66. Baez JC, Ciet P, Mulkern R, Seethamraju RT, Lee EY. Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Lung and Airways. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May; 23(2):337-49. View abstract
  67. Baez JC, Seethamraju RT, Mulkern R, Ciet P, Lee EY. Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Sedation, Techniques, and Extracardiac Vessels. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May; 23(2):321-35. View abstract
  68. Hryhorczuk AL, Kim HB, Harris MH, Vargas SO, Zurakowski D, Lee EY. Imaging findings in children with proliferative disorders following multivisceral transplantation. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Jul; 45(8):1138-45. View abstract
  69. Westra SJ, Brody AS, Mahani MG, Guillerman RP, Hegde SV, Iyer RS, Lee EY, Newman B, Podberesky DJ, Thacker PG. The incidental pulmonary nodule in a child. Part 1: recommendations from the SPR Thoracic Imaging Committee regarding characterization, significance and follow-up. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr; 45(5):628-33. View abstract
  70. Westra SJ, Thacker PG, Podberesky DJ, Lee EY, Iyer RS, Hegde SV, Guillerman RP, Mahani MG. The incidental pulmonary nodule in a child. Part 2: Commentary and suggestions for clinical management, risk communication and prevention. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr; 45(5):634-9. View abstract
  71. Schooler GR, Zurakowski D, Lee EY. Evaluation of contrast injection site effectiveness: thoracic CT angiography in children with hand injection of IV contrast material. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Feb; 204(2):423-7. View abstract
  72. Das KM, Lee EY, Enani MA, AlJawder SE, Singh R, Bashir S, Al-Nakshbandi N, AlDossari K, Larsson SG. CT correlation with outcomes in 15 patients with acute Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Apr; 204(4):736-42. View abstract
  73. Thacker PG, Schooler GR, Caplan MJ, Lee EY. Developmental lung malformations in children: recent advances in imaging techniques, classification system, and imaging findings. J Thorac Imaging. 2015 Jan; 30(1):29-43; quiz 44-5. View abstract
  74. Gholipour A, Lee EY, Warfield SK. The anatomy and art of writing a successful grant application: a practical step-by-step approach. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Dec; 44(12):1512-7. View abstract
  75. Hegde SV, Hui PK, Lee EY. Tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children: imaging assessment. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2015 Feb; 36(1):8-20. View abstract
  76. Ngerncham M, Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Tracy DA, Jennings R. Tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients with esophageal atresia: comparison of diagnostic laryngoscopy/bronchoscopy and dynamic airway multidetector computed tomography. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Mar; 50(3):402-7. View abstract
  77. Offiah AC, Andronikou S, Avni F, Daltro P, Donnelly LF, Jaramillo D, Kim IO, Nievelstein RA, Owens CM, Slovis TL, van Rijn R, Lee EY. Expert opinion: what are the greatest challenges and barriers to applying evidence-based and practical approaches to preclinical and clinical research in the field of pediatric radiology? Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Oct; 44(10):1209-12. View abstract
  78. Offiah AC, Chu WC, Davis R, Dixon AK, Klein JS, Lee EY. How to prepare successful scientific manuscripts: practical advice from editors of radiology journals. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Sep; 44(9):1056-7. View abstract
  79. Das KM, Momenah TS, Larsson SG, Jadoon S, Aldosary AS, Lee EY. Williams-Beuren syndrome: computed tomography imaging review. Pediatr Cardiol. 2014 Dec; 35(8):1309-20. View abstract
  80. Donaldson JS, Lee EY, Offiah AC, Rigsby CK, Rosendahl K. Introduction to the pediatric radiology research forum. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Aug; 44(8):932. View abstract
  81. Chang PT, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Gastrointestinal tract filling defects in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jul; 203(1):W3-13. View abstract
  82. Lee EY, Chu WC, Lam W. Regional activity of the Asian and Oceanic Society for Paediatric Radiology (AOSPR). Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Jun; 44(6):675-6. View abstract
  83. Callahan MJ, Servaes S, Lee EY, Towbin AJ, Westra SJ, Frush DP. Practice patterns for the use of iodinated i.v. contrast media for pediatric CT studies: a survey of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Apr; 202(4):872-9. View abstract
  84. Zucker EJ, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Hip disorders in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Dec; 201(6):W776-96. View abstract
  85. Abramowicz S, Simon LE, Susarla HK, Lee EY, Cheon JE, Kim S, Kaban LB. Are panoramic radiographs predictive of temporomandibular joint synovitis in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis? J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Jun; 72(6):1063-9. View abstract
  86. Zurakowski D, Johnson VM, Lee EY. Biostatistics in clinical decision making for cardiothoracic radiologists. J Thorac Imaging. 2013 Nov; 28(6):368-75. View abstract
  87. Thacker PG, Rao AG, Hill JG, Lee EY. Congenital lung anomalies in children and adults: current concepts and imaging findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 2014 Jan; 52(1):155-81. View abstract
  88. Hryhorczuk AL, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Esophageal abnormalities in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Oct; 201(4):W519-32. View abstract
  89. Gee MS, Bittman M, Epelman M, Vargas SO, Lee EY. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric kidney: benign and malignant masses. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2013 Nov; 21(4):697-715. View abstract
  90. Epelman M, Dinan D, Gee MS, Servaes S, Lee EY, Darge K. Müllerian duct and related anomalies in children and adolescents. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2013 Nov; 21(4):773-89. View abstract
  91. Tsai J, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Focal large airway anomalies and abnormalities in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Aug; 201(2):W163-73. View abstract
  92. Lucia-Casadonte C, Kulkarni S, Restrepo R, Gonzalez-Vallina R, Brathwaite C, Lee EY. An unusual case of pleuropulmonary blastoma in a child with jejunal hamartomas. Case Rep Pediatr. 2013; 2013:140508. View abstract
  93. Liszewski MC, Hersman FW, Altes TA, Ohno Y, Ciet P, Warfield SK, Lee EY. Magnetic resonance imaging of pediatric lung parenchyma, airways, vasculature, ventilation, and perfusion: state of the art. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):555-82. View abstract
  94. Cortes C, Ramos Y, Restrepo R, Restrepo JA, Grossman JA, Lee EY. Practical magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of peripheral nerves in children: magnetic resonance neurography. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):673-88. View abstract
  95. Amini B, Huang SY, Tsai J, Benveniste MF, Robledo HH, Lee EY. Primary lung and large airway neoplasms in children: current imaging evaluation with multidetector computed tomography. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):637-57. View abstract
  96. Macdougall RD, Strauss KJ, Lee EY. Managing radiation dose from thoracic multidetector computed tomography in pediatric patients: background, current issues, and recommendations. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):743-60. View abstract
  97. Hryhorczuk A, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Bowel obstructions in older children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jul; 201(1):W1-8. View abstract
  98. Mayhew CE, Lee EY, Balasubramanian S, Muneeb M, Gauvreau K, Tracy DA, Jenkins KJ. Chest radiographic findings in pediatric patients with intraluminal pulmonary vein stenosis. Congenit Heart Dis. 2014 Mar-Apr; 9(2):151-7. View abstract
  99. Bittman ME, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Focal adrenal lesions in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jun; 200(6):W542-56. View abstract
  100. Gorkem SB, Coskun A, Yikilmaz A, Zurakowski D, Mulkern RV, Lee EY. Evaluation of pediatric thoracic disorders: comparison of unenhanced fast-imaging-sequence 1.5-T MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jun; 200(6):1352-7. View abstract
  101. Restrepo R, Lee EY, Babyn PS. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: current practical imaging assessment with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):703-19. View abstract
  102. Baez JC, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Chest wall lesions in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 May; 200(5):W402-19. View abstract
  103. Boiselle PM, Biederer J, Gefter WB, Lee EY. Expert opinion: why is MRI still an under-utilized modality for evaluating thoracic disorders? J Thorac Imaging. 2013 May; 28(3):137. View abstract
  104. Lee EY. Pediatric body imaging with advanced MDCT and MRI. Preface. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 Jul; 51(4):xiii. View abstract
  105. Lee EY, Jenkins KJ, Muneeb M, Marshall AC, Tracy DA, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Proximal pulmonary vein stenosis detection in pediatric patients: value of multiplanar and 3-D VR imaging evaluation. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Aug; 43(8):929-36. View abstract
  106. Lee EY, Zucker EJ, Restrepo R, Daltro P, Boiselle PM. Advanced large airway CT imaging in children: evolution from axial to 4-D assessment. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43(3):285-97. View abstract
  107. Drubach LA, Zurakowski D, Palmer EL, Tracy DA, Lee EY. Utility of salivagram in pulmonary aspiration in pediatric patients: comparison of salivagram and chest radiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Feb; 200(2):437-41. View abstract
  108. Mason KP, Zurakowski D, Zucker EJ, Tracy DA, Lee EY. Image quality of thoracic 64-MDCT angiography: imaging of infants and young children with or without general anesthesia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jan; 200(1):171-6. View abstract
  109. Son J, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Focal renal lesions in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Dec; 199(6):W668-82. View abstract
  110. Test M, Shah SS, Monuteaux M, Ambroggio L, Lee EY, Markowitz RI, Bixby S, Diperna S, Servaes S, Hellinger JC, Neuman MI. Impact of clinical history on chest radiograph interpretation. J Hosp Med. 2013 Jul; 8(7):359-64. View abstract
  111. Lee EY. Interstitial lung disease in infants: new classification system, imaging technique, clinical presentation and imaging findings. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Jan; 43(1):3-13; quiz p.128-9. View abstract
  112. Adeyiga AO, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Focal hepatic masses in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Oct; 199(4):W422-40. View abstract
  113. Ranganath SH, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Focal cystic abdominal masses in pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Jul; 199(1):W1-16. View abstract
  114. Lee EY, Neuman MI, Lee NJ, Johnson VM, Zurakowski D, Tracy DA, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary embolism detected by pulmonary MDCT angiography in older children and young adults: risk factor assessment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Jun; 198(6):1431-7. View abstract
  115. Wasilewska E, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Unilateral hyperlucent lung in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 May; 198(5):W400-14. View abstract
  116. Kondrachuk O, Yalynska T, Tammo R, Lee EY. Multidetector computed tomography evaluation of congenital mediastinal vascular anomalies in children. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):127-34. View abstract
  117. Lee EY. Letter from the guest editor: pediatric body imaging, part II. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):101-2. View abstract
  118. Lee EY, Restrepo R, Dillman JR, Ridge CA, Hammer MR, Boiselle PM. Imaging evaluation of pediatric trachea and bronchi: systematic review and updates. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):182-96. View abstract
  119. Wasilewska E, Morris AD, Lee EY. Case of the season: Lemierre syndrome. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):103-5. View abstract
  120. Laya BF, Lee EY. Congenital causes of upper airway obstruction in pediatric patients: updated imaging techniques and review of imaging findings. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):147-58. View abstract
  121. Hryhorczuk AL, Lee EY. Imaging evaluation of bowel obstruction in children: updates in imaging techniques and review of imaging findings. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr; 47(2):159-70. View abstract
  122. Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Bastos Md, Stark C, Carrier M, Mason KP. Evaluation of image quality and patient safety: paired inspiratory and expiratory MDCT assessment of tracheobronchomalacia in paediatric patients under general anaesthesia with breath-hold technique. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2012 Apr; 56(2):151-7. View abstract
  123. Restrepo R, Lee EY. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and imaging of arthritis in children. Orthop Clin North Am. 2012 Apr; 43(2):213-25, vi. View abstract
  124. Forester CM, Terry J, Lee EY, Simoneau T, Haver K. Skin lesions and lung cysts in a neonate. J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 160(6):1061-1.e1. View abstract
  125. Ranganath SH, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Mediastinal masses in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Mar; 198(3):W197-216. View abstract
  126. Lee EY. Letter from the guest editor: Pediatric body imaging, part I. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):3. View abstract
  127. Sunidja AP, Prabhu SP, Lee EY, Sena L. 64-row-MDCT evaluation of postoperative congenital heart disease in children: review of technique and imaging findings. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):66-78. View abstract
  128. Lee EY, Browne LP, Lam W. Noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging of thoracic large vessels in children. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):45-55. View abstract
  129. Tsai J, Lee EY. Case of the season: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):4-6. View abstract
  130. Restrepo R, Lee EY. Updates on imaging of chest wall lesions in pediatric patients. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):79-89. View abstract
  131. Kadom N, Lee EY. Neck masses in children: current imaging guidelines and imaging findings. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 47(1):7-20. View abstract
  132. Vinocur DN, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Neonatal intestinal obstruction. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Jan; 198(1):W1-10. View abstract
  133. Kritsaneepaiboon S, Tanaanantarak P, Roymanee S, Lee EY. Atypical presentation of Kawasaki disease in young infants mimicking a retropharyngeal abscess. Emerg Radiol. 2012 Apr; 19(2):159-63. View abstract
  134. Lee EY, Zucker EJ, Tsai J, Tracy DA, Cleveland RH, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary MDCT angiography: value of multiplanar reformatted images in detecting pulmonary embolism in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Dec; 197(6):1460-5. View abstract
  135. Lee EY, Tse SK, Zurakowski D, Johnson VM, Lee NJ, Tracy DA, Boiselle PM. Children suspected of having pulmonary embolism: multidetector CT pulmonary angiography--thromboembolic risk factors and implications for appropriate use. Radiology. 2012 Jan; 262(1):242-51. View abstract
  136. Ridge CA, O'donnell CR, Lee EY, Majid A, Boiselle PM. Tracheobronchomalacia: current concepts and controversies. J Thorac Imaging. 2011 Nov; 26(4):278-89. View abstract
  137. Neuman MI, Lee EY, Bixby S, Diperna S, Hellinger J, Markowitz R, Servaes S, Monuteaux MC, Shah SS. Variability in the interpretation of chest radiographs for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children. J Hosp Med. 2012 Apr; 7(4):294-8. View abstract
  138. Krishnamurthy R, Lee EY, Lee E. Congenital cardiovascular malformations: noninvasive imaging by MRI in neonates. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2011 Nov; 19(4):813-22; viii. View abstract
  139. Lee EY, Dorkin H, Vargas SO. Congenital pulmonary malformations in pediatric patients: review and update on etiology, classification, and imaging findings. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep; 49(5):921-48. View abstract
  140. Hellinger JC, Daubert M, Lee EY, Epelman M. Congenital thoracic vascular anomalies: evaluation with state-of-the-art MR imaging and MDCT. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep; 49(5):969-96. View abstract
  141. Lee EY. Pediatric thoracic imaging. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep; 49(5):xi. View abstract
  142. Lee EY, Greenberg SB, Boiselle PM. Multidetector computed tomography of pediatric large airway diseases: state-of-the-art. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep; 49(5):869-93. View abstract
  143. Hryhorczuk AL, Harris MH, Vargas SO, Lee EY. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the esophagus in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2012 May; 42(5):627-31. View abstract
  144. Yikilmaz A, Koc A, Coskun A, Ozturk MK, Mulkern RV, Lee EY. Evaluation of pneumonia in children: comparison of MRI with fast imaging sequences at 1.5T with chest radiographs. Acta Radiol. 2011 Oct 01; 52(8):914-9. View abstract
  145. Williams JL, Lee EY, Casey AM, Haver KE, Buonomo C, Zurakowski D, Rahbar R. Chest radiographic and CT evaluation of lung abnormalities in pediatric patients with laryngeal cleft. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2011 Nov; 46(11):1128-33. View abstract
  146. Lee EY, Tracy DA, Mahmood SA, Weldon CB, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Preoperative MDCT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies in children: comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 May; 196(5):1040-6. View abstract
  147. Abramowicz S, Cheon JE, Kim S, Bacic J, Lee EY. Magnetic resonance imaging of temporomandibular joints in children with arthritis. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Sep; 69(9):2321-8. View abstract
  148. Son JK, Lee EY, Eisenberg RL. Focal nonvascular thoracic masses in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Mar; 196(3):W224-39. View abstract
  149. Cai W, Lee EY, Vij A, Mahmood SA, Yoshida H. MDCT for computerized volumetry of pneumothoraces in pediatric patients. Acad Radiol. 2011 Mar; 18(3):315-23. View abstract
  150. Arellano CM, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Lee EY. CT Imaging findings of malignant neoplasms arising in the epigastric region in children. Clin Imaging. 2011 Jan-Feb; 35(1):10-20. View abstract
  151. Lee EY, Tracy DA, Eisenberg RL, Arellano CM, Mahmood SA, Cleveland RH, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Screening of asymptomatic children for tuberculosis is a lateral chest radiograph routinely indicated? Acad Radiol. 2011 Feb; 18(2):184-90. View abstract
  152. Lee EY, Khatwa U, McAdam AJ, Bastos Md, Mahmood SA, Ervoes JP, Boiselle PM. Streptococcus milleri group pleuropulmonary infection in children: computed tomographic findings and clinical features. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010 Nov-Dec; 34(6):927-32. View abstract
  153. Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary embolism in pediatric patients survey of CT pulmonary angiography practices and policies. Acad Radiol. 2010 Dec; 17(12):1543-9. View abstract
  154. Nelson BA, Lee EY, French CA, Bauer DE, Vargas SO. BRD4-NUT carcinoma of the mediastinum in a pediatric patient: multidetector computed tomography imaging findings. J Thorac Imaging. 2010 Aug; 25(3):W93-6. View abstract
  155. Lee EY, McCauley R. Calcified bullet thrombus of the inferior vena cava. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Dec; 40 Suppl 1:S107. View abstract
  156. Alomari AI, Burrows PE, Lee EY, Hedequist DJ, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ. CLOVES syndrome with thoracic and central phlebectasia: increased risk of pulmonary embolism. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Aug; 140(2):459-63. View abstract
  157. Crane GL, Lee EY. Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in a child with multivisceral transplant. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Dec; 40 Suppl 1:S26. View abstract
  158. Khatwa U, Lee EY. Multidetector computed tomography evaluation of secondary hepatopulmonary fusion in a neonate. Clin Imaging. 2010 May-Jun; 34(3):234-8. View abstract
  159. Lee EY, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Arellano CM, Grace RF, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Unsuspected pulmonary emboli in pediatric oncology patients: detection with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 May; 194(5):1216-22. View abstract
  160. Lee EY, Tracy DA, Bastos Md, Casey AM, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Expiratory volumetric MDCT evaluation of air trapping in pediatric patients with and without tracheomalacia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 May; 194(5):1210-5. View abstract
  161. Javery OM, Lee EY. Retroperitoneal hamartoma in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Dec; 40 Suppl 1:S15. View abstract
  162. Lee EY, Strauss KJ, Tracy DA, Bastos Md, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Comparison of standard-dose and reduced-dose expiratory MDCT techniques for assessment of tracheomalacia in children. Acad Radiol. 2010 Apr; 17(4):504-10. View abstract
  163. Lee EY, Boiselle PM, Shamberger RC. Multidetector computed tomography and 3-dimensional imaging: preoperative evaluation of thoracic vascular and tracheobronchial anomalies and abnormalities in pediatric patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Apr; 45(4):811-21. View abstract
  164. Tsai J, Lee EY. MDCT imaging findings of extramedullary granulocytic sarcoma of the heart. J Thorac Imaging. 2010 Feb; 25(1):W14-6. View abstract
  165. Lee EY, McAdam AJ, Chaudry G, Fishman MP, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Swine-origin influenza a (H1N1) viral infection in children: initial chest radiographic findings. Radiology. 2010 Mar; 254(3):934-41. View abstract
  166. Kim SM, Lee EY, Chen J, Ringer SA. Improved care and growth outcomes by using hybrid humidified incubators in very preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2010 Jan; 125(1):e137-45. View abstract
  167. Mahmood SA, Lee EY. Intestinal Ascaris lumbricoides. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Aug; 40(8):1452. View abstract
  168. Bastos Md, Lee EY, Strauss KJ, Zurakowski D, Tracy DA, Boiselle PM. Motion artifact on high-resolution CT images of pediatric patients: comparison of volumetric and axial CT methods. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Nov; 193(5):1414-8. View abstract
  169. Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Diperna S, d'Almeida Bastos M, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. Parenchymal and pleural abnormalities in children with and without pulmonary embolism at MDCT pulmonary angiography. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Feb; 40(2):173-81. View abstract
  170. Prabhu SP, Lee EY. Cardiac fibroma in a neonate. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 May; 40(5):783. View abstract
  171. Lee EY, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Zurakowski D, Arellano CM, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. Beyond the pulmonary arteries: alternative diagnoses in children with MDCT pulmonary angiography negative for pulmonary embolism. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Sep; 193(3):888-94. View abstract
  172. Lee EY, Boiselle PM. Tracheobronchomalacia in infants and children: multidetector CT evaluation. Radiology. 2009 Jul; 252(1):7-22. View abstract
  173. Mathews B, Shah S, Cleveland RH, Lee EY, Bachur RG, Neuman MI. Clinical predictors of pneumonia among children with wheezing. Pediatrics. 2009 Jul; 124(1):e29-36. View abstract
  174. Prabhu SP, Mahmood S, Sena L, Lee EY. MDCT evaluation of pulmonary embolism in children and young adults following a lateral tunnel Fontan procedure: optimizing contrast-enhancement techniques. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Sep; 39(9):938-44. View abstract
  175. Lee EY, Sun Y, Zurakowski D, Hatabu H, Khatwa U, Albert MS. Hyperpolarized 3He MR imaging of the lung: normal range of ventilation defects and PFT correlation in young adults. J Thorac Imaging. 2009 May; 24(2):110-4. View abstract
  176. Kritsaneepaiboon S, Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. MDCT pulmonary angiography evaluation of pulmonary embolism in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 May; 192(5):1246-52. View abstract
  177. Lee EY. Evaluation of non-vascular mediastinal masses in infants and children: an evidence-based practical approach. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Apr; 39 Suppl 2:S184-90. View abstract
  178. Lee EY, Litmanovich D, Boiselle PM. Multidetector CT evaluation of tracheobronchomalacia. Radiol Clin North Am. 2009 Mar; 47(2):261-9. View abstract
  179. Lee EY, Zurakowski D, Waltz DA, Mason KP, Riaz F, Ralph A, Boiselle PM. MDCT evaluation of the prevalence of tracheomalacia in children with mediastinal aortic vascular anomalies. J Thorac Imaging. 2008 Nov; 23(4):258-65. View abstract
  180. Perger L, Lee EY, Shamberger RC. Management of children and adolescents with a critical airway due to compression by an anterior mediastinal mass. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Nov; 43(11):1990-7. View abstract
  181. deGruchy S, Lee EY. Pancreatic cystosis in a child with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Oct; 38(10):1142. View abstract
  182. Chu WC, Reznikov B, Lee EY, Grant RM, Cheng FW, Babyn P. Primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET) of the kidney: a rare renal tumour in adolescents with seemingly characteristic radiological features. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Oct; 38(10):1089-94. View abstract
  183. Lee EY, Sundel RP, Kim S, Zurakowski D, Kleinman PK. MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis. Skeletal Radiol. 2008 Nov; 37(11):987-96. View abstract
  184. Lee EY, Boiselle PM, Cleveland RH. Multidetector CT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies. Radiology. 2008 Jun; 247(3):632-48. View abstract
  185. Atalabi O, Lee EY. Bilateral tardus-parvus waveform in kidneys secondary to mid-aortic syndrome in a hypertensive child. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jul; 38(7):816. View abstract
  186. Lee EY. Advancing CT and MR imaging of the lungs and airways in children: imaging into practice. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 May; 38 Suppl 2:S208-12. View abstract
  187. Atalabi OM, Lee EY. Abdominal paraganglioma in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 May; 38(5):592. View abstract
  188. Garces-Inigo EF, Lee EY. Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Feb; 38(2):245. View abstract
  189. Lee EY, Mason KP, Zurakowski D, Waltz DA, Ralph A, Riaz F, Boiselle PM. MDCT assessment of tracheomalacia in symptomatic infants with mediastinal aortic vascular anomalies: preliminary technical experience. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jan; 38(1):82-8. View abstract
  190. Gerson RF, Lee EY, Gorman E. Primary extrauterine ovarian choriocarcinoma mistaken for ectopic pregnancy: sonographic imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Nov; 189(5):W280-3. View abstract
  191. Lee EY. MDCT and 3D evaluation of type 2 hypoplastic pulmonary artery sling associated with right lung agenesis, hypoplastic aortic arch, and long segment tracheal stenosis. J Thorac Imaging. 2007 Nov; 22(4):346-50. View abstract
  192. Yikilmaz A, Lee EY. CT imaging of mass-like nonvascular pulmonary lesions in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Dec; 37(12):1253-63. View abstract
  193. Lee EY, Vargas SO, Sawicki GS, Boyer D, Grant FD, Voss SD. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of bronchus in a pediatric patient: (18)F-FDG PET findings. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Dec; 37(12):1278-82. View abstract
  194. Garces-Inigo EF, Lee EY. Fetus in fetu. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Dec; 37(12):1301. View abstract
  195. Garces-Inigo EF, Lee EY. Endobronchial carcinoid tumor in a child. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Dec; 37(12):1302. View abstract
  196. Waters KJ, Levine D, Lee EY, Buonomo C, Buchmiller TL. Segmental dilatation of the ileum: diagnostic clarification by prenatal and postnatal imaging. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Sep; 26(9):1251-6. View abstract
  197. Lee EY, Siegel MJ. MDCT of tracheobronchial narrowing in pediatric patients. J Thorac Imaging. 2007 Aug; 22(3):300-9. View abstract
  198. Yikilmaz A, Lee EY. MRI findings of bilateral juvenile granulosa cell tumor of the testis in a newborn presenting as intraabdominal masses. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Oct; 37(10):1031-4. View abstract
  199. Lee EY. CT imaging of mass-like renal lesions in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Sep; 37(9):896-907. View abstract
  200. Yikilmaz A, Lee EY. Massive air embolism in a newborn. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Jun; 37(6):607. View abstract
  201. Lucas RG, Lee EY. Overlapping syndrome of autoimmune hepatitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis associated with ulcerative colitis. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Aug; 37(8):844. View abstract
  202. Cetin E, Lee EY. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in an infant with hypogammaglobulinemia. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Mar; 37(3):329. View abstract
  203. Son JK, Lee EY. Metastatic melanoma in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Mar; 37(3):328. View abstract
  204. Son JK, Lee EY. Acute suppurative thyroiditis. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Jan; 37(1):105. View abstract
  205. Gustin AF, Lee EY. Extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma in an adolescent. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Nov; 36(11):1219. View abstract
  206. Gustin AF, Lee EY. Pilomatricoma in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Oct; 36(10):1113. View abstract
  207. Farb JB, Lee EY. Clinical image. Infiltrative renal lymphangioma in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Jul; 36(7):718. View abstract
  208. Egloff AM, Lee EY, Dillon JE, Callahan MJ. Desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the kidney in a pediatric patient: sonographic and multiphase CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Nov; 185(5):1347-9. View abstract
  209. Emans JB, Caubet JF, Ordonez CL, Lee EY, Ciarlo M. The treatment of spine and chest wall deformities with fused ribs by expansion thoracostomy and insertion of vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib: growth of thoracic spine and improvement of lung volumes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Sep 01; 30(17 Suppl):S58-68. View abstract
  210. Egloff A, Lee EY, Dillon JE. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of stomach in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Jul; 35(7):728-9. View abstract
  211. Lee EY, Heiken JP, Huettner PC, Na-Chiangmai W. Renal cell carcinoma visible only during the corticomedullary phase of enhancement. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Mar; 184(3 Suppl):S104-6. View abstract
  212. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Callahan MJ. MDCT Evaluation of Pediatric Central Airway Anomalies. 2005. View abstract
  213. Lee EY, Sundel R, Khan H, Kleinman PK. MRI Findings in Childhood-onset Psoriatic Arthritis in Children and Adolescents. 2005. View abstract
  214. Lee Ey, Siegel MJ, Callahan MJ, Dillon JE. Multidector CT Evaluationof Pulmonary Sequestratin in Pediatric Patients: Protocols and Clinical Applications with Emphasis on Three-dimensional Imaging. 2005. View abstract
  215. Lee EY, Heiken JP, Huettner PC, Na-ChiangMai W. Renal Cell Carcinoma Visible Only During the corticomedullary Phase of Enhancement. AJR. 2005; 184:S104-S106. View abstract
  216. Lee EY, Callahan MJ, Voss SD. 3D MDCT Angiographic Evaluation of Extralobar Sequestration with Anomalous Venous Drainage into Left Internal Mammary Vein in a Pediatric Patient. Accepted to BJR. 2005. View abstract
  217. Gerson RF, Siegel MF, Callahan MJ. MDCT Evaluation of Central Airway Stenosis in Pediatric Patients. In preparation for submission to AJR. 2005. View abstract
  218. Dillon JE, Lee EY, Callahan MJ. MDCT Evaluation of Congenital and Acquired Renal Abnormalities: Techniques, Clinical Applications, and Interpretative Pitfalls. 2005. View abstract
  219. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Chu CM, Gutierrez FR, Kort HW. Amplatzer atrial septal defect occluder for pediatric patients: radiographic appearance. Radiology. 2004 Nov; 233(2):471-6. View abstract
  220. Lee EY, Margherita AJ, Gierada DS, Narra VR. MRI of piriformis syndrome. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Jul; 183(1):63-4. View abstract
  221. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Sierra LM, Foglia RP. Evaluation of angioarchitecture of pulmonary sequestration in pediatric patients using 3D MDCT angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Jul; 183(1):183-8. View abstract
  222. Lee EY, Rubin DA, Brown DM. Recurrent Mycobacterium marinum tenosynovitis of the wrist mimicking extraarticular synovial chondromatosis on MR images. Skeletal Radiol. 2004 Jul; 33(7):405-8. View abstract
  223. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Hildebolt CF, Gutierrez FR, Bhalla S, Fallah JH. MDCT evaluation of thoracic aortic anomalies in pediatric patients and young adults: comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Mar; 182(3):777-84. View abstract
  224. Lee EY, Siegel MJ,Chung, JH. Multidetector CT Angiography Evaluation of Pulmonary Sequestration in Children with Emphasis on Three-dimensional Images. 2004. View abstract
  225. Egloff A, Lee EY, Dillon JE, Callahan MJ. Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor of Kedney in a Pediatric Patient: Ultrasound and Multiphase CT Imaging Findings. Accepted to AJR. 2004. View abstract
  226. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Guiterrez FR, Chung JH. Multide tector CT Angiography Evaluation of Thoracic Anomalies in Pediatric Patients: Techniques, Protocols adn CLinical Applications. 2004. View abstract
  227. Oberhelman AP, Lee EY. Mesenteric Ischemia Secondary to Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Thrombosis. Applied Radiology. 2004; 33(3):19-22. View abstract
  228. Emans, JB, Ordonez C, Caubet JF, Lee EY, Ciarlo M. Combined Spinal and Chest Wall Deformity with Fused Ribs with Thoracic Insufficiency: Treatment with Expansion Thoracostomy and VEPTR Insertion. Accepted to Spine. 2004. View abstract
  229. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Sierra LM, Foglia RP. Evaluation of Angioarchitecture of Pulmonary Sequestration in Pediatric Patients Uising 3D MDCT Angiography. AJR. 2004; 183:183-188. View abstract
  230. Spiegel R, Lee EY. Left Mesial Temporal Sclerosis. Applied Radiology. 2004; 33(6):34-36. View abstract
  231. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Hildebolt CF, Gutierrez FR, Fallah JH. Evaluation of Thoracic Aortic Anomalies in Pediatric Patients and Young Adults: Comparison of Axial, Multiplanar, and 3D images. AJR. 2004; 182:777-784. View abstract
  232. Lee EY, Margherita AJ, Gierada DS, Narra VR. MRI of Piriformis Syndrome. AJR. 2004; 183:63-64. View abstract
  233. Siegel MJ, Lee EY, Sweet SC, Hildebolt C. CT of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in pediatric recipients of lung allograft. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Oct; 181(4):1125-31. View abstract
  234. Kim JH, Gutierrez FR, Lee EY, Semenkovich J, Bae KT, Ylagan LR. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary artery: a diagnostic dilemma. Clin Imaging. 2003 May-Jun; 27(3):206-11. View abstract
  235. Lee EY, Heiken JP, Huettner PC. Late recurrence of malignant melanoma presenting as peritoneal "carcinomatosis". Abdom Imaging. 2003 Mar-Apr; 28(2):284-6. View abstract
  236. Lee EY, Heiken JP, Menias CO, Hara AK, Oberhelman AP, Balfe DM. Practical Multiplanar CT Evaluation of Small Bowel Obstruction: Techniques and Clinical Applications for the Genral Radiologist. 2003. View abstract
  237. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Oberhelman AP, Gutierrez FR. Pediatric Mediastinal and Pulmonary Vascular Anomalies: A Pictorial Review with Emphasis on Multi-Ow Detector CT and Three Dimensional Appearance of Vascular Anomalies. 2003. View abstract
  238. Lee EY, Siegel MJ, Gutierrez FR, Oberhelman AP. Multidector CT Angiography in Children with Emphasis on Three dimensional (3D) Appearance of Thoracic Vascular Anomalies. 2003. View abstract
  239. Siegel MJ, Lee EY, Sweet S, Hildebolt M. Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder in Pediatric Lung Allograft Recipients. AJR. 2003; 181:1125-1131. View abstract
  240. Poustchi-Amin M, Lee EY, Brown JJ, Narra VR:. Practical MRI of the Liver: Principles, Applications and Protocols - A Review for the General Radiologist. 2002. View abstract
  241. Lee EY, Poustchi-Amin M. Recurrent Pyogenic Hepatitis (Oriental Cholangiohepatitis). Applied Radiology. 2002; 31(4):38-40. View abstract
  242. Lee EY,Siegel MJ, Gutierrez FR, Bhalla S, Poustchi-Amin M. Mediastinal and Pulmonary Vascular Anomalies-A Pictorial review with Emphasis on CT and MRI. 2002. View abstract
  243. Poustchi-Amin M, Lee EY, . CT Evaluation of Acute Gynecological Conditions: A Pictorial Review. 2002. View abstract
  244. Lee EY, Hara AK, Menias CO, BAlfe DM, Heiken JP, Prasad S. Multiplanar CT Evaluation of the Small Bowel Obstruction: Techniques, clinical Applications, Interpretative Pitfalls and Pathological Correlations. 2002. View abstract
  245. Jeffrey Brown, M.D., Jay Heiken, M.D. Detection, Staging and Assessment of Surgical Resectability of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Comparison of Dynamic Contrast-enhanced Spiral CT, Dynamic Gadolinium-enhanced MRI and Mn-DPDP enhanced MRI with Validation at Surgery or Laparoscopy. Abstract presented at the 89th scientific assembly and annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago, IL. 2002. View abstract
  246. Lee Ey, Farria DM, Chu WO, Barton PT. Characterizing Mural Abnormalities in Breast Cysts. 2002. View abstract
  247. Poustch-Amin M, Brown JJ, Narra VR, Lee EY, Lopes TD. Pratical MRI of the Body: Principles, Applications, adn Protocols- A Review for the General Radiologist. 2001. View abstract
  248. Lee EY, Seeger LL, Nelson SD, Eckardt JJ. Primary osteosarcoma of a metatarsal bone. Skeletal Radiol. 2000 Aug; 29(8):474-6. View abstract
  249. Lee, EY, Brady L, Yousefzadh DK, Benya EC. Lymphoid Hyperplasia Of The Stomach Caused by Helicobacter Pylori: Upper Gastrointestinal Finds. AJR. 1999; 173:362-363. View abstract
  250. Lee EY, Maguire JH. Acute Pulmonary Edema Complicating Ovale Malaria. Clinical Infectious Disease. 1999; 29:697-698. View abstract