Dr. Goldfield is a developmental psychologist dedicated to research in the area of developmental neurorehabilitation. He conducts translational research that uses advanced technologies in computer science and robotics to promote the sensorimotor development of infants and young children. A particular recent focus has been the development of wearable robots to promote more typical development in children who were born prematurely and have difficulty in learning to walk, use their hands, eat and drink, and communicate. Some of the devices he and his colleagues have developed include a computer-controlled milk bottle to promote improved oral feeding and swallowing, synthetic muscles and sensors that function like biological ones, a soft robotic suit that helps children with weak or poorly developed muscles to sit and stand without assistance, and a multi-robot system that helps children with cerebral palsy to learn to walk.


Dr. Goldfield is Associate Professor of Psychology at Harvard Medical School, and Staff Scientist at Boston Children's Hospital. He is also Associate Faculty at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard. He earned a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Boston Children's Hospital.


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  1. Xu S, Vogt DM, Hsu WH, Osborne J, Walsh T, Foster JR, Sullivan SK, Smith VC, Rousing A, Goldfield EC, Wood RJ. Biocompatible Soft Fluidic Strain and Force Sensors for Wearable Devices. Adv Funct Mater. 2019 Feb 14; 29(7). View abstract
  2. Park EJ, Kang J, Su H, Stegall P, Miranda DL, Hsu WH, Karabas M, Phipps N, Agrawal SK, Goldfield EC, Walsh CJ. Design and preliminary evaluation of a multi-robotic system with pelvic and hip assistance for pediatric gait rehabilitation. IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot. 2017 07; 2017:332-339. View abstract
  3. Goldfield EC, Perez J, Engstler K. Neonatal Feeding Behavior as a Complex Dynamical System. Semin Speech Lang. 2017 04; 38(2):77-86. View abstract
  4. Hsu WH, Miranda DL, Chistolini TL, Goldfield EC. Toddlers actively reorganize their whole body coordination to maintain walking stability while carrying an object. Gait Posture. 2016 10; 50:75-81. View abstract
  5. Park YL, Chen BR, Pérez-Arancibia NO, Young D, Stirling L, Wood RJ, Goldfield EC, Nagpal R. Design and control of a bio-inspired soft wearable robotic device for ankle-foot rehabilitation. Bioinspir Biomim. 2014 Mar; 9(1):016007. View abstract
  6. Goldfield EC, Smith V, Buonomo C, Perez J, Larson K. Preterm infant swallowing of thin and nectar-thick liquids: changes in lingual-palatal coordination and relation to bolus transit. Dysphagia. 2013 Jun; 28(2):234-44. View abstract
  7. Goldfield EC, Buonomo C, Fletcher K, Perez J, Margetts S, Hansen A, Smith V, Ringer S, Richardson MJ, Wolff PH. Premature infant swallowing: patterns of tongue-soft palate coordination based upon videofluoroscopy. Infant Behav Dev. 2010 Apr; 33(2):209-18. View abstract
  8. Goldfield EC, Richardson MJ, Lee KG, Margetts S. Coordination of sucking, swallowing, and breathing and oxygen saturation during early infant breast-feeding and bottle-feeding. Pediatr Res. 2006 Oct; 60(4):450-5. View abstract
  9. Clapper RL, Buka SL, Goldfield EC, Lipsitt LP, Tsuang MT. Adolescent problem behaviors as predictors of adult alcohol diagnoses. Int J Addict. 1995 Apr; 30(5):507-23. View abstract
  10. Goldfield EC, Kay BA, Warren WH. Infant bouncing: the assembly and tuning of action systems. Child Dev. 1993 Aug; 64(4):1128-42. View abstract
  11. Goldfield EC, Michel GF. Spatiotemporal linkage in infant interlimb coordination. Dev Psychobiol. 1986 May; 19(3):259-64. View abstract
  12. Hodapp RM, Goldfield EC, Boyatzis CJ. The use and effectiveness of maternal scaffolding in mother-infant games. Child Dev. 1984 Jun; 55(3):772-81. View abstract
  13. Dickerson DJ, Goldfield EC. Development of logical search and visual scanning in children. Genet Psychol Monogr. 1981 Nov; 104(Second Half):325-37. View abstract