Research Overview

Dr. Duggan's major research interests include:

  1. the nutritional management of acute and persistent diarrhea
  2. micronutrient trials in developing countries
  3. general aspects of energy and protein metabolism in catabolism

In the United States, Dr. Duggan's and his colleagues have performed studies evaluating the formulation and effectiveness of oral rehydration solutions for the treatment of acute diarrhea. In addition, they have applied state of the art nutritional assessment techniques (e.g., stable isotopes, indirect calorimetry, body composition methodologies) to patients with a variety of catabolic illnesses, including HIV/AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, short bowel syndrome and cancer. In both developing and industrialized countries, they have completed studies on the micronutrient status of children, including those with cystic fibrosis, malaria, undernutrition, and acute and chronic diarrhea.

Dr. Duggan is also the Site Director for the Glaser Pediatric Research Network, a multicenter research network for cutting edge pediatric clinical trials based at Children's Hospital, Boston as well as sites at Stanford, UCSF, UCLA and Baylor.

About Dr. Duggan

  • Board Certifications Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nutrition
  • Medical School Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
  • Internship Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 1987-1988
  • Residency Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 1988-1990
  • Fellowship Children's Hospital, Boston and Massachusetts General Hospital, MA 1991-1994

Researcher Services

Researcher Areas

  • Nutrition

Research Departments

Research Divisions

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Lauer JM, Duggan CP, Ausman LM, Griffiths JK, Webb P, Bashaasha B, Agaba E, Turyashemererwa FM, Ghosh S. Unsafe Drinking Water Is Associated with Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Poor Growth Outcomes in Young Children in Rural Southwestern Uganda. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Oct 22. View abstract
  2. Mukhopadhyay A, Thomas T, Bosch RJ, Dwarkanath P, Thomas A, Duggan CP, Kurpad AV. Fetal sex modifies the effect of maternal macronutrient intake on the incidence of small-for-gestational-age births: a prospective observational cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Oct 01; 108(4):814-820. View abstract
  3. Lauer JM, Duggan CP, Ausman LM, Griffiths JK, Webb P, Agaba E, Nshakira N, Tran HQ, Gewirtz AT, Ghosh S. Biomarkers of maternal environmental enteric dysfunction are associated with shorter gestation and reduced length in newborn infants in Uganda. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018 Oct 01; 108(4):889-896. View abstract
  4. Lauer JM, Duggan CP, Ausman LM, Griffiths JK, Webb P, Wang JS, Xue KS, Agaba E, Nshakira N, Ghosh S. Maternal aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in Uganda. Matern Child Nutr. 2018 Sep 22; e12701. View abstract
  5. Duggan C. More evidence for the importance of early life nutritional status on child health outcomes. J Pediatr. 2018 Sep; 200:2. View abstract
  6. Syed S, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Sudfeld C, Locks L, Liu E, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Biomarkers of Systemic Inflammation and Growth in Early Infancy are Associated with Stunting in Young Tanzanian Children. Nutrients. 2018 Aug 24; 10(9). View abstract
  7. Fitzpatrick M, Ghosh S, Kurpad A, Duggan C, Maxwell D. Lost in Aggregation: The Geographic Distribution of Kwashiorkor in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Food Nutr Bull. 2018 Aug 23; 379572118794072. View abstract
  8. Thomas S, Thomas T, Bosch RJ, Ramthal A, Bellinger DC, Kurpad AV, Duggan CP, Srinivasan K. Effect of Maternal Vitamin B12 Supplementation on Cognitive Outcomes in South Indian Children: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Matern Child Health J. 2018 Jul 12. View abstract
  9. Jacobson SW, Carter RC, Molteno CD, Stanton ME, Herbert JS, Lindinger NM, Lewis CE, Dodge NC, Hoyme HE, Zeisel SH, Meintjes EM, Duggan CP, Jacobson JL. Efficacy of Maternal Choline Supplementation During Pregnancy in Mitigating Adverse Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Growth and Cognitive Function: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Jul; 42(7):1327-1341. View abstract
  10. Jacobson SW, Carter RC, Molteno CD, Meintjes EM, Senekal MS, Lindinger NM, Dodge NC, Zeisel SH, Duggan CP, Jacobson JL. Feasibility and Acceptability of Maternal Choline Supplementation in Heavy Drinking Pregnant Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2018 Jul; 42(7):1315-1326. View abstract
  11. Etheredge AJ, Manji K, Kellogg M, Tran H, Liu E, McDonald CM, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi W, Bellinger D, Gewirtz AT, Duggan CP. Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Are Associated With Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Tanzanian Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Jun; 66(6):953-959. View abstract
  12. Raphael BP, Schumann C, Garrity-Gentille S, McClelland J, Rosa C, Tascione C, Gallotto M, Takvorian-Bené M, Carey AN, McCarthy P, Duggan C, Ozonoff A. Virtual Telemedicine Visits in Pediatric Home Parenteral Nutrition Patients: A Quality Improvement Initiative. Telemed J E Health. 2018 May 04. View abstract
  13. Raphael BP, Jorina M, Gallotto M, Grullon G, Dalton M, Takvorian-Bené M, Tascione C, Rosa C, McClelland J, Gray M, Potemkin AK, Glavin C, Gura KM, Murphy MK, Leger K, Mahoney J, Kerr J, Ozonoff A, Duggan CP. Innovative Discharge Process for Families with Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome: A Prospective Nonrandomized Trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2018 Nov; 42(8):1295-1303. View abstract
  14. Liu E, Pimpin L, Shulkin M, Kranz S, Duggan CP, Mozaffarian D, Fawzi WW. Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Growth Outcomes in Children under 5 Years of Age. Nutrients. 2018 Mar 20; 10(3). View abstract
  15. Syed S, Iqbal NT, Sadiq K, Ma JZ, Akhund T, Xin W, Moore SR, Liu E, Qureshi S, Gosselin K, Gewirtz A, Duggan CP, Ali SA. Serum anti-flagellin and anti-lipopolysaccharide immunoglobulins as predictors of linear growth faltering in Pakistani infants at risk for environmental enteric dysfunction. PLoS One. 2018; 13(3):e0193768. View abstract
  16. Shulkin M, Pimpin L, Bellinger D, Kranz S, Fawzi W, Duggan C, Mozaffarian D. n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Mothers, Preterm Infants, and Term Infants and Childhood Psychomotor and Visual Development: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Nutr. 2018 Mar 01; 148(3):409-418. View abstract
  17. Winje BA, Kvestad I, Krishnamachari S, Manji K, Taneja S, Bellinger DC, Bhandari N, Bisht S, Darling AM, Duggan CP, Fawzi W, Hysing M, Kumar T, Kurpad AV, Sudfeld CR, Svensen E, Thomas S, Strand TA. Does early vitamin B12 supplementation improve neurodevelopment and cognitive function in childhood and into school age: a study protocol for extended follow-ups from randomised controlled trials in India and Tanzania. BMJ Open. 2018 02 22; 8(2):e018962. View abstract
  18. Dorsey AF, Thompson AL, Kleinman RE, Duggan CP, Penny ME. Iron and infection: An investigation of the optimal iron hypothesis in Lima, Peru. Am J Hum Biol. 2018 May; 30(3):e23114. View abstract
  19. Huh SY, Duggan CP. Case 31-2017: A 19-Month-Old Girl with Failure to Thrive. N Engl J Med. 2018 02 15; 378(7):685-6. View abstract
  20. Sania A, Smith ER, Manji K, Duggan C, Masanja H, Kisenge R, Msamanga G, Urassa W, Fawzi W. Neonatal and Infant Mortality Risk Associated with Preterm and Small for Gestational Age Births in Tanzania: Individual Level Pooled Analysis Using the Intergrowth Standard. J Pediatr. 2018 Jan; 192:66-72.e4. View abstract
  21. Han SM, Duggan CP, Graham DA. Understanding the Burden of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Diseases-Does a Look From the Perspective of Inpatient Administrative Databases Help? J Pediatr. 2018 Mar; 194:11-12. View abstract
  22. Smith ER, Locks LM, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Delayed Breastfeeding Initiation Is Associated with Infant Morbidity. J Pediatr. 2017 Dec; 191:57-62.e2. View abstract
  23. Jimenez L, Stamm DA, Depaula B, Duggan CP. Is Serum Methylmalonic Acid a Reliable Biomarker of Vitamin B12 Status in Children with Short Bowel Syndrome: A Case Series. J Pediatr. 2018 Jan; 192:259-261. View abstract
  24. Shivakumar N, Dwarkanath P, Bosch R, Duggan C, Kurpad AV, Thomas T. Influence of gestational weight gain on low birth weight in short-statured South Indian pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 May; 72(5):752-760. View abstract
  25. Martinez EE, Smallwood CD, Quinn NL, Ariagno K, Bechard LJ, Duggan CP, Mehta NM. Body Composition in Children with Chronic Illness: Accuracy of Bedside Assessment Techniques. J Pediatr. 2017 Nov; 190:56-62. View abstract
  26. Duggan C. Different cut points in detecting child nutritional disorders-where do we draw the line? J Pediatr. 2017 Nov; 190:5. View abstract
  27. Carter RC, Senekal M, Dodge NC, Bechard LJ, Meintjes EM, Molteno CD, Duggan CP, Jacobson JL, Jacobson SW. Maternal Alcohol Use and Nutrition During Pregnancy: Diet and Anthropometry. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2017 Dec; 41(12):2114-2127. View abstract
  28. Sudfeld CR, Manji KP, Smith ER, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Vitamin D Deficiency Is Not Associated With Growth or the Incidence of Common Morbidities Among Tanzanian Infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Oct; 65(4):467-474. View abstract
  29. Carter RC, Kupka R, Manji K, McDonald CM, Aboud S, Erhardt JG, Gosselin K, Kisenge R, Liu E, Fawzi W, Duggan CP. Zinc and multivitamin supplementation have contrasting effects on infant iron status: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 01; 72(1):130-135. View abstract
  30. Javid PJ, Oron AP, Duggan CP, Squires RH, Horslen SP. The extent of intestinal failure-associated liver disease in patients referred for intestinal rehabilitation is associated with increased mortality: an analysis of the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium database. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Jul; 53(7):1399-1402. View abstract
  31. Sudfeld CR, Manji KP, Duggan CP, Aboud S, Muhihi A, Sando DM, Al-Beity FMA, Wang M, Fawzi WW. Effect of maternal vitamin D3 supplementation on maternal health, birth outcomes, and infant growth among HIV-infected Tanzanian pregnant women: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2017 09 04; 18(1):411. View abstract
  32. Murphy MK, Gura KM, Tascione C, Carey AN, Duggan CP, Raphael BP. Home Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Fluid Errors Discovered Through Novel Clinical Practice of Reconciling Compounding Records: A Case Series. Nutr Clin Pract. 2017 Dec; 32(6):820-825. View abstract
  33. Duggan CP, Jaksic T. Pediatric Intestinal Failure. N Engl J Med. 2017 08 17; 377(7):666-675. View abstract
  34. Jimenez L, Duggan CP. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 07; 65(1):4-5. View abstract
  35. Duggan C. Genetic predisposition to acute recurrent and chronic pancreatitis-more evidence for a role in children. J Pediatr. 2017 Jul; 186:1. View abstract
  36. Locks LM, Reerink I, Tucker Brown A, Gnegne S, Ramalanjaona N, Nanama S, Duggan CP, Garg A. The Impact of Integrated Infant and Young Child Feeding and Micronutrient Powder Intervention on Feeding Practices and Anemia in Children Aged 6-23 Months in Madagascar. Nutrients. 2017 Jun 07; 9(6). View abstract
  37. Locks LM, Mwiru RS, Mtisi E, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Liu E, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Gosselin K, Gillman M, Gewirtz AT, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Infant Nutritional Status and Markers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction are Associated with Midchildhood Anthropometry and Blood Pressure in Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2017 Aug; 187:225-233.e1. View abstract
  38. Jimenez L, Mehta NM, Duggan CP. Timing of the initiation of parenteral nutrition in critically ill children. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2017 May; 20(3):227-231. View abstract
  39. Finkelstein JL, Kurpad AV, Thomas T, Srinivasan K, Duggan C. Vitamin B12 status in pregnant women and their infants in South India. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 09; 71(9):1046-1053. View abstract
  40. Jimenez L, Duggan CP. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction: The good, the bad and the ugly. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Apr 05. View abstract
  41. Kranz S, Pimpin L, Fawzi W, Duggan C, Webb P, Mozaffarian D. Mortality Benefits of Vitamin A Are Not Affected by Varying Frequency, Total Dose, or Duration of Supplementation. Food Nutr Bull. 2017 06; 38(2):260-266. View abstract
  42. Kamenju P, Liu E, Hertzmark E, Spiegelman D, Kisenge RR, Kupka R, Aboud S, Manji K, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Complementary Feeding and Diarrhea and Respiratory Infection Among HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Infants. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Mar 01; 74(3):265-272. View abstract
  43. Carey AN, Duggan C. 50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics: Vitamin E Deficiency: A Previously Unrecognized Cause of Hemolytic Anemia in the Premature Infant. J Pediatr. 2017 02; 181:162. View abstract
  44. Darling AM, Mugusi FM, Etheredge AJ, Gunaratna NS, Abioye AI, Aboud S, Duggan C, Mongi R, Spiegelman D, Roberts D, Hamer DH, Kain KC, Fawzi WW. Vitamin A and Zinc Supplementation Among Pregnant Women to Prevent Placental Malaria: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Apr; 96(4):826-834. View abstract
  45. Gosselin KB, Aboud S, McDonald CM, Moyo S, Khavari N, Manji K, Kisenge R, Fawzi W, Kellogg M, Tran HQ, Kibiki G, Gratz J, Liu J, Gewirtz A, Houpt E, Duggan C. Etiology of Diarrhea, Nutritional Outcomes, and Novel Intestinal Biomarkers in Tanzanian Infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 01; 64(1):104-108. View abstract
  46. Smallwood C, Martinez E, Quinn N, Ariagno K, Bechard L, Duggan C, Mehta N. 451: INACCURACY OF EXISTING FAT-FREE MASS EQUATIONS IN PEDIATRICS-AND A NEW MACHINE LEARNING METHOD. Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec; 44(12 Suppl 1):189. View abstract
  47. Carter BA, Cohran VC, Cole CR, Corkins MR, Dimmitt RA, Duggan C, Hill S, Horslen S, Lim JD, Mercer DF, Merritt RJ, Nichol PF, Sigurdsson L, Teitelbaum DH, Thompson J, Vanderpool C, Vaughan JF, Li B, Youssef NN, Venick RS, Kocoshis SA. Outcomes from a 12-Week, Open-Label, Multicenter Clinical Trial of Teduglutide in Pediatric Short Bowel Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2017 02; 181:102-111.e5. View abstract
  48. Locks LM, Manji KP, Kupka R, Liu E, Kisenge R, McDonald CM, Aboud S, Wang M, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. High Burden of Morbidity and Mortality but Not Growth Failure in Infants Exposed to but Uninfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Tanzania. J Pediatr. 2017 01; 180:191-199.e2. View abstract
  49. Albert BD, Zurakowski D, Bechard LJ, Priebe GP, Duggan CP, Heyland DK, Mehta NM. Enteral Nutrition and Acid-Suppressive Therapy in the PICU: Impact on the Risk of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 10; 17(10):924-929. View abstract
  50. Guerrant RL, Leite AM, Pinkerton R, Medeiros PH, Cavalcante PA, DeBoer M, Kosek M, Duggan C, Gewirtz A, Kagan JC, Gauthier AE, Swann J, Mayneris-Perxachs J, Bolick DT, Maier EA, Guedes MM, Moore SR, Petri WA, Havt A, Lima IF, Prata MM, Michaleckyj JC, Scharf RJ, Sturgeon C, Fasano A, Lima AA. Biomarkers of Environmental Enteropathy, Inflammation, Stunting, and Impaired Growth in Children in Northeast Brazil. PLoS One. 2016; 11(9):e0158772. View abstract
  51. Kamenju P, Liu E, Hertzmark E, Spiegelman D, Kisenge R, Kupka R, Aboud S, Manji KP, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Nutritional status and complementary feeding among HIV-exposed infants: a prospective cohort study. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 07; 13(3). View abstract
  52. Stamm DA, Hait E, Litman HJ, Mitchell PD, Duggan C. High Prevalence of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease in Children With Intestinal Failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 09; 63(3):336-9. View abstract
  53. Syed S, Duggan CP. Risk Factors for Malnutrition and Environmental Enteric Dysfunction-You Really Are What You Eat. J Pediatr. 2016 11; 178:7-8. View abstract
  54. Bechard LJ, Duggan C, Touger-Decker R, Parrott JS, Rothpletz-Puglia P, Byham-Gray L, Heyland D, Mehta NM. Nutritional Status Based on Body Mass Index Is Associated With Morbidity and Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Children in the PICU. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):1530-7. View abstract
  55. Syed S, Ali A, Duggan C. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction in Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 07; 63(1):6-14. View abstract
  56. Srinivasan K, Thomas T, Kapanee AR, Ramthal A, Bellinger DC, Bosch RJ, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Effects of maternal vitamin B12 supplementation on early infant neurocognitive outcomes: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 04; 13(2). View abstract
  57. Sztam KA, Liu E, Manji KP, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Bosch RJ, Duggan CP. Maternal Antiretroviral Therapy Is Associated with Lower Risk of Diarrhea in Early Childhood. J Pediatr. 2016 08; 175:54-60. View abstract
  58. Locks LM, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Wang M, Bellinger DC, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. The effect of daily zinc and/or multivitamin supplements on early childhood development in Tanzania: results from a randomized controlled trial. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 04; 13(2). View abstract
  59. Abioye AI, Aboud S, Premji Z, Etheredge AJ, Gunaratna NS, Sudfeld CR, Mongi R, Meloney L, Darling AM, Noor RA, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi W. Iron Supplementation Affects Hematologic Biomarker Concentrations and Pregnancy Outcomes among Iron-Deficient Tanzanian Women. J Nutr. 2016 06; 146(6):1162-71. View abstract
  60. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Gosselin K, Tran H, Liu E, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Gewirtz AT, Duggan CP. Elevations in serum anti-flagellin and anti-LPS Igs are related to growth faltering in young Tanzanian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 06; 103(6):1548-54. View abstract
  61. Manji KP, Duggan C, Liu E, Bosch R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Kupka R, Fawzi WW. Exclusive Breast-feeding Protects against Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 through 12 Months of Age in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 08; 62(4):301-7. View abstract
  62. Fullerton BS, Sparks EA, Hall AM, Chan YM, Duggan C, Lund DP, Modi BP, Jaksic T, Hendren WH. Growth morbidity in patients with cloacal exstrophy: a 42-year experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jun; 51(6):1017-21. View abstract
  63. Locks LM, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Wang M, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Effect of zinc and multivitamin supplementation on the growth of Tanzanian children aged 6-84 wk: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar; 103(3):910-8. View abstract
  64. Petraro P, Duggan C, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Makubi A, Chalamilla G, Siril H, Sando D, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Determinants of Anemia Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Adults at Care and Treatment Clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Feb; 94(2):384-92. View abstract
  65. Xu H, Dai Q, Xu Y, Gong Z, Dai G, Ding M, Duggan C, Hu Z, Hu FB. Time trends and risk factor associated with premature birth and infants deaths due to prematurity in Hubei Province, China from 2001 to 2012. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2015 Dec 10; 15:329. View abstract
  66. McCormick NM, Li N, Sando D, Muya A, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Duggan C, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW, Spiegelman D. Implementation and Operational Research: Risk Factors of Loss to Follow-up Among HIV-Positive Pediatric Patients in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Nov 01; 70(3):e73-83. View abstract
  67. Sparks EA, Khan FA, Fisher JG, Fullerton BS, Hall A, Raphael BP, Duggan C, Modi BP, Jaksic T. Necrotizing enterocolitis is associated with earlier achievement of enteral autonomy in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):92-5. View abstract
  68. Fullerton BS, Sparks EA, Hall AM, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Modi BP. Enteral autonomy, cirrhosis, and long term transplant-free survival in pediatric intestinal failure patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):96-100. View abstract
  69. Olofin IO, Liu E, Manji KP, Danaei G, Duggan C, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Active Tuberculosis in HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Children up to 2 years of Age: Early-Life Nutrition, Multivitamin Supplementation and Other Potential Risk Factors. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 62(1):29-37. View abstract
  70. Chambers RA, Rosenstock S, Neault N, Kenney A, Richards J, Begay K, Blackwater T, Laluk O, Duggan C, Reid R, Barlow A. A Home-Visiting Diabetes Prevention and Management Program for American Indian Youth: The Together on Diabetes Trial. Diabetes Educ. 2015 12; 41(6):729-47. View abstract
  71. Etheredge AJ, Premji Z, Gunaratna NS, Abioye AI, Aboud S, Duggan C, Mongi R, Meloney L, Spiegelman D, Roberts D, Hamer DH, Fawzi WW. Iron Supplementation in Iron-Replete and Nonanemic Pregnant Women in Tanzania: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Oct; 169(10):947-55. View abstract
  72. Mishra PE, Shastri L, Thomas T, Duggan C, Bosch R, McDonald CM, Kurpad AV, Kuriyan R. Waist-to-Height Ratio as an Indicator of High Blood Pressure in Urban Indian School Children. Indian Pediatr. 2015 Sep; 52(9):773-8. View abstract
  73. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Daily Zinc but Not Multivitamin Supplementation Reduces Diarrhea and Upper Respiratory Infections in Tanzanian Infants: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. J Nutr. 2015 Sep; 145(9):2153-60. View abstract
  74. Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Khan FA, Alexander JL, Asaro LA, Wypij D, Gaies M, Modi BP, Duggan C, Agus MS, Yu YM, Jaksic T. Tight Glycemic Control With Insulin Does Not Affect Skeletal Muscle Degradation During the Early Postoperative Period Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):515-21. View abstract
  75. Martinez EE, Bechard LJ, Smallwood CD, Duggan CP, Graham RJ, Mehta NM. Impact of Individualized Diet Intervention on Body Composition and Respiratory Variables in Children With Respiratory Insufficiency: A Pilot Intervention Study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):e157-64. View abstract
  76. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Zurakowski D, Duggan CP, Heyland DK. Adequate enteral protein intake is inversely associated with 60-d mortality in critically ill children: a multicenter, prospective, cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jul; 102(1):199-206. View abstract
  77. Khan FA, Squires RH, Litman HJ, Balint J, Carter BA, Fisher JG, Horslen SP, Jaksic T, Kocoshis S, Martinez JA, Mercer D, Rhee S, Rudolph JA, Soden J, Sudan D, Superina RA, Teitelbaum DH, Venick R, Wales PW, Duggan C. Predictors of Enteral Autonomy in Children with Intestinal Failure: A Multicenter Cohort Study. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):29-34.e1. View abstract
  78. Raphael BP, Mitchell PD, Finkton D, Jiang H, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection Are Predictors of Growth Outcomes in Infants with Short Bowel Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):35-40.e1. View abstract
  79. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Potemkin A, Duggan C, Raphael BP, Modi BP, Jaksic T. Preservation of biochemical liver function with low-dose soy-based lipids in children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Mar; 60(3):375-7. View abstract
  80. Bechard LJ, Gordon C, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Bone loss and vitamin D deficiency in children undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2015 Apr; 62(4):687-92. View abstract
  81. Olofin IO, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Duggan C, Danaei G, Fawzi WW. Supplementation with multivitamins and vitamin A and incidence of malaria among HIV-infected Tanzanian women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 01; 67 Suppl 4:S173-8. View abstract
  82. Shastri L, Mishra PE, Dwarkanath P, Thomas T, Duggan C, Bosch R, McDonald CM, Thomas A, Kurpad AV. Association of oral iron supplementation with birth outcomes in non-anaemic South Indian pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 May; 69(5):609-13. View abstract
  83. Khan FA, Mitchell PD, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Jaksic T, Duggan C, Teitelbaum DH, Modi BP. Magnitude of surgical burden associated with pediatric intestinal failure: a multicenter cohort analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Dec; 49(12):1795-8. View abstract
  84. Sudfeld CR, Duggan C, Aboud S, Kupka R, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D status is associated with mortality, morbidity, and growth failure among a prospective cohort of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants. J Nutr. 2015 Jan; 145(1):121-7. View abstract
  85. Keusch GT, Denno DM, Black RE, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Nataro JP, Rosenberg IH, Ryan ET, Tarr PI, Ward H, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Hay Burgess DC, Brewer T. Environmental enteric dysfunction: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and clinical consequences. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 01; 59 Suppl 4:S207-12. View abstract
  86. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Bairdain S, Sparks EA, Zurakowski D, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Metabolic bone disease in pediatric intestinal failure patients: prevalence and risk factors. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan; 50(1):136-9. View abstract
  87. Coffin SE, Klieger SB, Duggan C, Huskins WC, Milstone AM, Potter-Bynoe G, Raphael B, Sandora TJ, Song X, Zerr DM, Lee GM. Central line-associated bloodstream infections in neonates with gastrointestinal conditions: developing a candidate definition for mucosal barrier injury bloodstream infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 Nov; 35(11):1391-9. View abstract
  88. Squires RH, Balint J, Horslen S, Wales PW, Soden J, Duggan C, Li R, Belle SH. Race affects outcome among infants with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Oct; 59(4):537-43. View abstract
  89. Gosselin KB, Duggan C. Enteral nutrition in the management of pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 165(6):1085-90. View abstract
  90. Hamilton S, McAleer DM, Ariagno K, Barrett M, Stenquist N, Duggan CP, Mehta NM. A stepwise enteral nutrition algorithm for critically ill children helps achieve nutrient delivery goals*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Sep; 15(7):583-9. View abstract
  91. Khavari N, Jiang H, Manji K, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Fawzi W, Duggan C. Maternal multivitamin supplementation reduces the risk of diarrhoea among HIV-exposed children through age 5 years. Int Health. 2014 Dec; 6(4):298-305. View abstract
  92. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Iglesias J, Zurakowski D, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Factors Affecting Spontaneous Closure of Gastrocutaneous Fistulae After Removal of Gastrostomy Tubes in Children With Intestinal Failure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Sep; 39(7):860-3. View abstract
  93. McGrath EJ, Thomas R, Duggan C, Asmar BI. Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):44-8. View abstract
  94. Mehta NM, Raphael B, Guteirrez IM, Quinn N, Mitchell PD, Litman HJ, Jaksic T, Duggan CP. Comparison of body composition assessment methods in pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):99-105. View abstract
  95. Gosselin KB, Feldman HA, Sonis AL, Bechard LJ, Kellogg MD, Gura K, Venick R, Gordon CM, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Serum citrulline as a biomarker of gastrointestinal function during hematopoietic cell transplantation in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jun; 58(6):709-14. View abstract
  96. Duro D, Mitchell PD, Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Yu YM, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Variability of resting energy expenditure in infants and young children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):637-41. View abstract
  97. Duggan C, Srinivasan K, Thomas T, Samuel T, Rajendran R, Muthayya S, Finkelstein JL, Lukose A, Fawzi W, Allen LH, Bosch RJ, Kurpad AV. Vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy and early lactation increases maternal, breast milk, and infant measures of vitamin B-12 status. J Nutr. 2014 May; 144(5):758-64. View abstract
  98. Mehta NM, Smallwood CD, Joosten KF, Hulst JM, Tasker RC, Duggan CP. Accuracy of a simplified equation for energy expenditure based on bedside volumetric carbon dioxide elimination measurement--a two-center study. Clin Nutr. 2015 Feb; 34(1):151-5. View abstract
  99. Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Bosch RJ, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Bellinger DC, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Effect of multivitamin supplementation on the neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Aug; 60(4):279-86. View abstract
  100. Fisher JG, Stamm DA, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Gastrointestinal bleeding as a complication of serial transverse enteroplasty. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May; 49(5):745-9. View abstract
  101. Kuriyan R, Griffiths JK, Finkelstein JL, Thomas T, Raj T, Bosch RJ, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Innovations in nutrition education and global health: the Bangalore Boston nutrition collaborative. BMC Med Educ. 2014 Jan 08; 14:5. View abstract
  102. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Seage GR, Semu H, Chalamilla G, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Growth among HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Jun; 60(3):179-88. View abstract
  103. Lukose A, Ramthal A, Thomas T, Bosch R, Kurpad AV, Duggan C, Srinivasan K. Nutritional factors associated with antenatal depressive symptoms in the early stage of pregnancy among urban South Indian women. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Jan; 18(1):161-170. View abstract
  104. Miller J, Dalton MK, Duggan C, Lam S, Iglesias J, Jaksic T, Gura KM. Going with the flow or swimming against the tide: should children with central venous catheters swim? Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Feb; 29(1):97-109. View abstract
  105. Xu H, Zhao Z, Wang H, Ding M, Zhou A, Wang X, Zhang P, Duggan C, Hu FB. Bone mineral density of the spine in 11,898 Chinese infants and young children: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e82098. View abstract
  106. Ezeamama AE, Duggan C, Manji KP, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Bosch RJ, Kupka R, Okuma JO, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Clinical malaria diagnosis in pregnancy in relation to early perinatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a prospective cohort study. HIV Med. 2014 May; 15(5):276-85. View abstract
  107. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Seage GR, Semu H, Chalamilla G, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Nutritional Status and Other Baseline Predictors of Mortality among HIV-Infected Children Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015 Mar-Apr; 14(2):172-9. View abstract
  108. Díaz JJ, Gura KM, Roda J, Perez-Atayde AR, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Lo CW. Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index correlates with hepatic cirrhosis but not with fibrosis in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):367-71. View abstract
  109. Wessells KR, Hess SY, Rouamba N, Ouédraogo ZP, Kellogg M, Goto R, Duggan C, Ouédraogo JB, Brown KH. Associations between intestinal mucosal function and changes in plasma zinc concentration following zinc supplementation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):348-55. View abstract
  110. Keusch GT, Rosenberg IH, Denno DM, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Tarr PI, Ward HD, Black RE, Nataro JP, Ryan ET, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Burgess DC, Brewer T. Implications of acquired environmental enteric dysfunction for growth and stunting in infants and children living in low- and middle-income countries. Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Sep; 34(3):357-64. View abstract
  111. Liu E, Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Aboud S, Bosch RJ, Kisenge RR, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multivitamin supplementation improves haematologic status in children born to HIV-positive women in Tanzania. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Aug 13; 16:18022. View abstract
  112. Nehra D, Fallon EM, Potemkin AK, Voss SD, Mitchell PD, Valim C, Belfort MB, Bellinger DC, Duggan C, Gura KM, Puder M. A comparison of 2 intravenous lipid emulsions: interim analysis of a randomized controlled trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug; 38(6):693-701. View abstract
  113. Zipursky A, Wazny K, Black R, Keenan W, Duggan C, Olness K, Simon J, Simpson E, Sherman P, Santosham M, Bhutta ZA. Global action plan for childhood diarrhoea: Developing research priorities: Report from a Workshop of the Programme for Global Paediatric Research. J Glob Health. 2013 Jun; 3(1):010406. View abstract
  114. Sudfeld CR, Duggan C, Histed A, Manji KP, Meydani SN, Aboud S, Wang M, Giovannucci EL, Fawzi WW. Effect of multivitamin supplementation on measles vaccine response among HIV-exposed uninfected Tanzanian infants. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Aug; 20(8):1123-32. View abstract
  115. Li N, Manji KP, Spiegelman D, Muya A, Mwiru RS, Liu E, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Incident tuberculosis and risk factors among HIV-infected children in Tanzania. AIDS. 2013 May 15; 27(8):1273-81. View abstract
  116. Wazny K, Zipursky A, Black R, Curtis V, Duggan C, Guerrant R, Levine M, Petri WA, Santosham M, Scharf R, Sherman PM, Simpson E, Young M, Bhutta ZA. Setting research priorities to reduce mortality and morbidity of childhood diarrhoeal disease in the next 15 years. PLoS Med. 2013; 10(5):e1001446. View abstract
  117. Bechard LJ, Rothpletz-Puglia P, Touger-Decker R, Duggan C, Mehta NM. Influence of obesity on clinical outcomes in hospitalized children: a systematic review. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 May; 167(5):476-82. View abstract
  118. Rwebembera A, Sudfeld CR, Manji KP, Duggan C, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency among Tanzanian HIV-exposed uninfected infants. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Oct; 59(5):426-9. View abstract
  119. Petraro P, Duggan C, Urassa W, Msamanga G, Makubi A, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Determinants of anemia in postpartum HIV-negative women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul; 67(7):708-17. View abstract
  120. Abbenhardt C, McTiernan A, Alfano CM, Wener MH, Campbell KL, Duggan C, Foster-Schubert KE, Kong A, Toriola AT, Potter JD, Mason C, Xiao L, Blackburn GL, Bain C, Ulrich CM. Effects of individual and combined dietary weight loss and exercise interventions in postmenopausal women on adiponectin and leptin levels. J Intern Med. 2013 Aug; 274(2):163-75. View abstract
  121. Kupka R, Manji KP, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Multivitamin supplements have no effect on growth of Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected mothers. J Nutr. 2013 May; 143(5):722-7. View abstract
  122. Mwiru R, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi W. Nutritional predictors of acute respiratory infections among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Jun; 59(3):203-8. View abstract
  123. Raphael BP, Duggan C. Prevention and treatment of intestinal failure-associated liver disease in children. Semin Liver Dis. 2012 Nov; 32(4):341-7. View abstract
  124. Gaies MG, Langer M, Alexander J, Steil GM, Ware J, Wypij D, Laussen PC, Newburger JW, Goldberg CS, Pigula FA, Shukla AC, Duggan CP, Agus MS. Design and rationale of safe pediatric euglycemia after cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial of tight glycemic control after pediatric cardiac surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Feb; 14(2):148-56. View abstract
  125. Jones BA, Hull MA, Potanos KM, Zurakowski D, Fitzgibbons SC, Ching YA, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Kim HB. Report of 111 consecutive patients enrolled in the International Serial Transverse Enteroplasty (STEP) Data Registry: a retrospective observational study. J Am Coll Surg. 2013 Mar; 216(3):438-46. View abstract
  126. Samuel TM, Duggan C, Thomas T, Bosch R, Rajendran R, Virtanen SM, Srinivasan K, Kurpad AV. Vitamin B(12) intake and status in early pregnancy among urban South Indian women. Ann Nutr Metab. 2013; 62(2):113-22. View abstract
  127. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bellinger DC, Spiegelman D, Kisenge R, Msamanga G, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Stunting and wasting are associated with poorer psychomotor and mental development in HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants. J Nutr. 2013 Feb; 143(2):204-14. View abstract
  128. Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multiple micronutrient supplementation in Tanzanian infants born to HIV-infected mothers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec; 96(6):1437-46. View abstract
  129. Natchu UC, Liu E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson K, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces risk of mortality in infants up to 6 mo of age born to HIV-positive Tanzanian women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 96(5):1071-8. View abstract
  130. McDonald CM, Kupka R, Manji KP, Okuma J, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Predictors of stunting, wasting and underweight among Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 66(11):1265-76. View abstract
  131. Carter RC, Jacobson JL, Molteno CD, Jiang H, Meintjes EM, Jacobson SW, Duggan C. Effects of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and iron deficiency anemia on child growth and body composition through age 9 years. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Nov; 36(11):1973-82. View abstract
  132. Jonas MM, Balistreri W, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Haber B, Lobritto S, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz KB, Barton BA, Shepherd JA, Mitchell PD, Duggan C. Pegylated interferon for chronic hepatitis C in children affects growth and body composition: results from the pediatric study of hepatitis C (PEDS-C) trial. Hepatology. 2012 Aug; 56(2):523-31. View abstract
  133. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Cahill N, Wang M, Day A, Duggan CP, Heyland DK. Nutritional practices and their relationship to clinical outcomes in critically ill children--an international multicenter cohort study*. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jul; 40(7):2204-11. View abstract
  134. Kapavarapu PK, Bari O, Perumpil M, Duggan C, Dinakar C, Krishnamurthy S, Arumugam K, Shet A. Growth patterns and anaemia status of HIV-infected children living in an institutional facility in India. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):962-71. View abstract
  135. Gutierrez IM, Kang KH, Calvert CE, Johnson VM, Zurakowski D, Kamin D, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Risk factors for small bowel bacterial overgrowth and diagnostic yield of duodenal aspirates in children with intestinal failure: a retrospective review. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun; 47(6):1150-4. View abstract
  136. Finkelstein JL, Manji KP, Duggan C, Hertzmark E, Mehta S, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. PREDICTORS OF INCIDENT TUBERCULOSIS IN HIV-EXPOSED CHILDREN IN TANZANIA. East Afr Med J. 2012 Jun; 89(6):183-92. View abstract
  137. Isanaka S, Aboud S, Mugusi F, Bosch RJ, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron status predicts treatment failure and mortality in tuberculosis patients: a prospective cohort study from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e37350. View abstract
  138. Samuel TM, Thomas T, Finkelstein J, Bosch R, Rajendran R, Virtanen SM, Srinivasan K, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Correlates of anaemia in pregnant urban South Indian women: a possible role of dietary intake of nutrients that inhibit iron absorption. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Feb; 16(2):316-24. View abstract
  139. Squires RH, Duggan C, Teitelbaum DH, Wales PW, Balint J, Venick R, Rhee S, Sudan D, Mercer D, Martinez JA, Carter BA, Soden J, Horslen S, Rudolph JA, Kocoshis S, Superina R, Lawlor S, Haller T, Kurs-Lasky M, Belle SH. Natural history of pediatric intestinal failure: initial report from the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium. J Pediatr. 2012 Oct; 161(4):723-8.e2. View abstract
  140. Mehta NM, Costello JM, Bechard LJ, Johnson VM, Zurakowski D, McGowan FX, Laussen PC, Duggan CP. Resting energy expenditure after Fontan surgery in children with single-ventricle heart defects. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 Nov; 36(6):685-92. View abstract
  141. Ezeamama AE, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Bosch RJ, Manji KP, Duggan C, Kupka R, Lo MW, Okuma JO, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. HIV infection and the incidence of malaria among HIV-exposed children from Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205(10):1486-94. View abstract
  142. Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Gordon C, Sonis A, Mehta N, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Attenuation of resting energy expenditure following hematopoietic SCT in children. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2012 Oct; 47(10):1301-6. View abstract
  143. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan C, Manji KP, Mugusi FM, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Maternal vitamin D status and child morbidity, anemia, and growth in human immunodeficiency virus-exposed children in Tanzania. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Feb; 31(2):171-5. View abstract
  144. Isanaka S, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Manji KP, Msamanga GI, Willet WC, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Post-natal anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected women and the health and survival of their children. Matern Child Nutr. 2012 Jul; 8(3):287-98. View abstract
  145. Sharma TS, Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Gordon CM, Sonis A, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Effect of titrated parenteral nutrition on body composition after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children: a double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Feb; 95(2):342-51. View abstract
  146. Isanaka S, Mugusi F, Urassa W, Willett WC, Bosch RJ, Villamor E, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron deficiency and anemia predict mortality in patients with tuberculosis. J Nutr. 2012 Feb; 142(2):350-7. View abstract
  147. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan CP, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Public Health Nutr. 2012 May; 15(5):928-37. View abstract
  148. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Dolan M, Ariagno K, Jiang H, Duggan C. Energy imbalance and the risk of overfeeding in critically ill children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011 Jul; 12(4):398-405. View abstract
  149. Raphael BP, Nurko S, Jiang H, Hart K, Kamin DS, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Cisapride improves enteral tolerance in pediatric short-bowel syndrome with dysmotility. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):590-4. View abstract
  150. Duro D, Mitchell PD, Kalish LA, Martin C, McCarthy M, Jaksic T, Dunn J, Brandt ML, Nobuhara KK, Sylvester KG, Moss RL, Duggan C. Risk factors for parenteral nutrition–associated liver disease following surgical therapy for necrotizing enterocolitis: A Glaser Pediatric Research Network Study [corrected]. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):595-600. View abstract
  151. Hull MA, Jones BA, Zurakowski D, Raphael B, Lo C, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Low serum citrulline concentration correlates with catheter-related bloodstream infections in children with intestinal failure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011 Mar; 35(2):181-7. View abstract
  152. Kupka R, Manji KP, Wroe E, Aboud S, Bosch RJ, Fawzi WW, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Comparison of isotope dilution with bioelectrical impedance analysis among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant women in Tanzania. Int J Body Compos Res. 2011 Mar 01; 9(1):1-10. View abstract
  153. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Peterson K, Liu E, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Relationship of exclusive breast-feeding to infections and growth of Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Public Health Nutr. 2011 Jul; 14(7):1251-8. View abstract
  154. Yang CF, Duro D, Zurakowski D, Lee M, Jaksic T, Duggan C. High prevalence of multiple micronutrient deficiencies in children with intestinal failure: a longitudinal study. J Pediatr. 2011 Jul; 159(1):39-44.e1. View abstract
  155. Lo Vecchio A, Giannattasio A, Duggan C, De Masi S, Ortisi MT, Parola L, Guarino A. Evaluation of the quality of guidelines for acute gastroenteritis in children with the AGREE instrument. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Feb; 52(2):183-9. View abstract
  156. Duro D, Fitzgibbons S, Valim C, Yang CF, Zurakowski D, Dolan M, Bechard L, Yu YM, Duggan C, Jaksic T. [13C]Methionine breath test to assess intestinal failure-associated liver disease. Pediatr Res. 2010 Oct; 68(4):349-54. View abstract
  157. Jones BA, Hull MA, Richardson DS, Zurakowski D, Gura K, Fitzgibbons SC, Duro D, Lo CW, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Efficacy of ethanol locks in reducing central venous catheter infections in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jun; 45(6):1287-93. View abstract
  158. Duro D, Kalish LA, Johnston P, Jaksic T, McCarthy M, Martin C, Dunn JC, Brandt M, Nobuhara KK, Sylvester KG, Moss RL, Duggan C. Risk factors for intestinal failure in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis: a Glaser Pediatric Research Network study. J Pediatr. 2010 Aug; 157(2):203-208.e1. View abstract
  159. Petraro P, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson KE, Spiegelman D, Fawzi W. Predictors of breastfeeding cessation among HIV-infected women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Jul; 7(3):273-83. View abstract
  160. Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Gordon C, Gura K, Sonis A, Leung K, Venick R, Guinan EC, Duggan C. A multi-center, randomized, controlled trial of parenteral nutrition titrated to resting energy expenditure in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ("PNTREE"): rationale and design. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010 Mar; 31(2):157-64. View abstract
  161. Fitzgibbons SC, Jones BA, Hull MA, Zurakowski D, Duro D, Duggan C, Boctor D, Sigalet DL, Jaksic T. Relationship between biopsy-proven parenteralnutrition-associated liver fibrosis and biochemical cholestasis in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):95-9; discussion 99. View abstract
  162. Sztam KA, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Macronutrient supplementation and food prices in HIV treatment. J Nutr. 2010 Jan; 140(1):213S-23S. View abstract
  163. Mehta NM, McAleer D, Hamilton S, Naples E, Leavitt K, Mitchell P, Duggan C. Challenges to optimal enteral nutrition in a multidisciplinary pediatric intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2010 Jan-Feb; 34(1):38-45. View abstract
  164. Sabery N, Duggan C. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support of children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 Nov-Dec; 33(6):588-606. View abstract
  165. Mehta NM, Duggan CP. Nutritional deficiencies during critical illness. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009 Oct; 56(5):1143-60. View abstract
  166. Stark LJ, Quittner AL, Powers SW, Opipari-Arrigan L, Bean JA, Duggan C, Stallings VA. Randomized clinical trial of behavioral intervention and nutrition education to improve caloric intake and weight in children with cystic fibrosis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Oct; 163(10):915-21. View abstract
  167. Puder M, Valim C, Meisel JA, Le HD, de Meijer VE, Robinson EM, Zhou J, Duggan C, Gura KM. Parenteral fish oil improves outcomes in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver injury. Ann Surg. 2009 Sep; 250(3):395-402. View abstract
  168. Isanaka S, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Patterns of postnatal growth in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed children. Nutr Rev. 2009 Jun; 67(6):343-59. View abstract
  169. Yang CF, Lee M, Valim C, Hull MA, Zhou J, Jones BA, Gura K, Collier S, Lo C, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Persistent alanine aminotransferase elevations in children with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jun; 44(6):1084-7; discussion 1087-8. View abstract
  170. Ching YA, Fitzgibbons S, Valim C, Zhou J, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Kim HB. Long-term nutritional and clinical outcomes after serial transverse enteroplasty at a single institution. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 May; 44(5):939-43. View abstract
  171. Fitzgibbons S, Ching YA, Valim C, Zhou J, Iglesias J, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Relationship between serum citrulline levels and progression to parenteral nutrition independence in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 May; 44(5):928-32. View abstract
  172. Fontaine O, Kosek M, Bhatnagar S, Boschi-Pinto C, Chan KY, Duggan C, Martinez H, Ribeiro H, Rollins NC, Salam MA, Santosham M, Snyder JD, Tsai AC, Vargas B, Rudan I. Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood diarrhoea by 2015. PLoS Med. 2009 Mar 10; 6(3):e41. View abstract
  173. Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Aboud S, Manji KP, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Patterns and predictors of CD4 T-cell counts among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2009 Oct; 55(5):290-6. View abstract
  174. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Leavitt K, Duggan C. Cumulative energy imbalance in the pediatric intensive care unit: role of targeted indirect calorimetry. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 May-Jun; 33(3):336-44. View abstract
  175. Duro D, Duggan C, Valim C, Bechard L, Fitzgibbons S, Jaksic T, Yu YM. Novel intravenous (13)C-methionine breath test as a measure of liver function in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jan; 44(1):236-40; discussion 240. View abstract
  176. Moss RL, Kalish LA, Duggan C, Johnston P, Brandt ML, Dunn JC, Ehrenkranz RA, Jaksic T, Nobuhara K, Simpson BJ, McCarthy MC, Sylvester KG. Clinical parameters do not adequately predict outcome in necrotizing enterocolitis: a multi-institutional study. J Perinatol. 2008 Oct; 28(10):665-74. View abstract
  177. Sharma TS, Kinnamon DD, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Furuta L, Bechard L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Miller TL. Changes in macronutrient intake among HIV-infected children between 1995 and 2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Aug; 88(2):384-91. View abstract
  178. Duro D, Kamin D, Duggan C. Overview of pediatric short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Aug; 47 Suppl 1:S33-6. View abstract
  179. Miller TL, Agostoni C, Duggan C, Guarino A, Manary M, Velasco CA. Gastrointestinal and nutritional complications of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Aug; 47(2):247-53. View abstract
  180. Duro D, Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Klykov A, O'Leary A, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Weekly measurements accurately represent trends in resting energy expenditure in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 Jul-Aug; 32(4):427-32. View abstract
  181. Miller TL, Orav EJ, Lipshultz SE, Arheart KL, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Bechard L, Furuta L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Shevitz A. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1. J Pediatr. 2008 Oct; 153(4):491-7. View abstract
  182. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Leavitt K, Duggan C. Severe weight loss and hypermetabolic paroxysmal dysautonomia following hypoxic ischemic brain injury: the role of indirect calorimetry in the intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 May-Jun; 32(3):281-4. View abstract
  183. Ching YA, Modi BP, Jaksic T, Duggan C. High diagnostic yield of gastrointestinal endoscopy in children with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 May; 43(5):906-10. View abstract
  184. Duro D, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies in a child with short bowel syndrome and normal somatic growth. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Apr; 46(4):461-4. View abstract
  185. Gura KM, Lee S, Valim C, Zhou J, Kim S, Modi BP, Arsenault DA, Strijbosch RA, Lopes S, Duggan C, Puder M. Safety and efficacy of a fish-oil-based fat emulsion in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e678-86. View abstract
  186. Modi BP, Langer M, Ching YA, Valim C, Waterford SD, Iglesias J, Duro D, Lo C, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Improved survival in a multidisciplinary short bowel syndrome program. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Jan; 43(1):20-4. View abstract
  187. Duggan CP, Westra SJ, Rosenberg AE. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 23-2007. A 9-year-old boy with bone pain, rash, and gingival hypertrophy. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jul 26; 357(4):392-400. View abstract
  188. Bechard LJ, Guinan EC, Feldman HA, Tang V, Duggan C. Prognostic factors in the resumption of oral dietary intake after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):295-301. View abstract
  189. Modi BP, Javid PJ, Jaksic T, Piper H, Langer M, Duggan C, Kamin D, Kim HB. First report of the international serial transverse enteroplasty data registry: indications, efficacy, and complications. J Am Coll Surg. 2007 Mar; 204(3):365-71. View abstract
  190. Fewtrell MS, Morgan JB, Duggan C, Gunnlaugsson G, Hibberd PL, Lucas A, Kleinman RE. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations? Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Feb; 85(2):635S-638S. View abstract
  191. Agus MS, Javid PJ, Piper HG, Wypij D, Duggan CP, Ryan DP, Jaksic T. The effect of insulin infusion upon protein metabolism in neonates on extracorporeal life support. Ann Surg. 2006 Oct; 244(4):536-44. View abstract
  192. Modi BP, Langer M, Duggan C, Kim HB, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty for management of refractory D-lactic acidosis in short-bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Sep; 43(3):395-7. View abstract
  193. Duggan C, Piper H, Javid PJ, Valim C, Collier S, Kim HB, Jaksic T. Growth and nutritional status in infants with short-bowel syndrome after the serial transverse enteroplasty procedure. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Oct; 4(10):1237-41. View abstract
  194. Gura KM, Duggan CP, Collier SB, Jennings RW, Folkman J, Bistrian BR, Puder M. Reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in two infants with short bowel syndrome using parenteral fish oil: implications for future management. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul; 118(1):e197-201. View abstract
  195. Kelleher DK, Laussen P, Teixeira-Pinto A, Duggan C. Growth and correlates of nutritional status among infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) after stage 1 Norwood procedure. Nutrition. 2006 Mar; 22(3):237-44. View abstract
  196. Muthayya S, Kurpad AV, Duggan CP, Bosch RJ, Dwarkanath P, Mhaskar A, Mhaskar R, Thomas A, Vaz M, Bhat S, Fawzi WW. Low maternal vitamin B12 status is associated with intrauterine growth retardation in urban South Indians. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun; 60(6):791-801. View abstract
  197. Muthayya S, Dwarkanath P, Mhaskar M, Mhaskar R, Thomas A, Duggan C, Fawzi WW, Bhat S, Vaz M, Kurpad A. The relationship of neonatal serum vitamin B12 status with birth weight. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2006; 15(4):538-43. View abstract
  198. Gura KM, Parsons SK, Bechard LJ, Henderson T, Dorsey M, Phipatanakul W, Duggan C, Puder M, Lenders C. Use of a fish oil-based lipid emulsion to treat essential fatty acid deficiency in a soy allergic patient receiving parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 2005 Oct; 24(5):839-47. View abstract
  199. Jacobson DL, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Bechard L, Furuta L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Miller TL. Predictors of bone mineral density in human immunodeficiency virus-1 infected children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Sep; 41(3):339-46. View abstract
  200. Javid PJ, Collier S, Richardson D, Iglesias J, Gura K, Lo C, Kim HB, Duggan CP, Jaksic T. The role of enteral nutrition in the reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver dysfunction in infants. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun; 40(6):1015-8. View abstract
  201. Javid PJ, Kim HB, Duggan CP, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty is associated with successful short-term outcomes in infants with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun; 40(6):1019-23; discussion 1023-4. View abstract
  202. Chen D, Texada DE, Duggan C, Liang C, Reden TB, Kooragayala LM, Langford MP. Surface calreticulin mediates muramyl dipeptide-induced apoptosis in RK13 cells. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 10; 280(23):22425-36. View abstract
  203. Duggan C, MacLeod WB, Krebs NF, Westcott JL, Fawzi WW, Premji ZG, Mwanakasale V, Simon JL, Yeboah-Antwi K, Hamer DH. Plasma zinc concentrations are depressed during the acute phase response in children with falciparum malaria. J Nutr. 2005 Apr; 135(4):802-7. View abstract
  204. Konstan MW, Stern RC, Trout JR, Sherman JM, Eigen H, Wagener JS, Duggan C, Wohl ME, Colin P. Ultrase MT12 and Ultrase MT20 in the treatment of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in cystic fibrosis: safety and efficacy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Dec; 20(11-12):1365-71. View abstract
  205. Thornley I, Lehmann LE, Sung L, Holmes C, Spear JM, Brennan L, Vangel M, Bechard LJ, Richardson P, Duggan C, Guinan EC. A multiagent strategy to decrease regimen-related toxicity in children undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2004 Sep; 10(9):635-44. View abstract
  206. Duggan C, Stark AR, Auestad N, Collier S, Fulhan J, Gura K, Utter S, Teixeira-Pinto A, Donovan K, Lund D. Glutamine supplementation in infants with gastrointestinal disease: a randomized, placebo-controlled pilot trial. Nutrition. 2004 Sep; 20(9):752-6. View abstract
  207. Duggan C, Fontaine O, Pierce NF, Glass RI, Mahalanabis D, Alam NH, Bhan MK, Santosham M. Scientific rationale for a change in the composition of oral rehydration solution. JAMA. 2004 Jun 02; 291(21):2628-31. View abstract
  208. Collier S, Fulhan J, Duggan C. Nutrition for the pediatric office: update on vitamins, infant feeding and food allergies. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004 Jun; 16(3):314-20. View abstract
  209. King CK, Glass R, Bresee JS, Duggan C. Managing acute gastroenteritis among children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2003 Nov 21; 52(RR-16):1-16. View abstract
  210. Hamer DH, MacLeod WB, Addo-Yobo E, Duggan CP, Estrella B, Fawzi WW, Konde-Lule JK, Mwanakasale V, Premji ZG, Sempértegui F, Ssengooba FP, Yeboah-Antwi K, Simon JL. Age, temperature, and parasitaemia predict chloroquine treatment failure and anaemia in children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Jul-Aug; 97(4):422-8. View abstract
  211. Duggan C, Bechard L, Donovan K, Vangel M, O'Leary A, Holmes C, Lehmann L, Guinan E. Changes in resting energy expenditure among children undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jul; 78(1):104-9. View abstract
  212. Kim HB, Lee PW, Garza J, Duggan C, Fauza D, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty for short bowel syndrome: a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Jun; 38(6):881-5. View abstract
  213. Fulhan J, Collier S, Duggan C. Update on pediatric nutrition: breastfeeding, infant nutrition, and growth. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Jun; 15(3):323-32. View abstract
  214. Duggan C, Penny ME, Hibberd P, Gil A, Huapaya A, Cooper A, Coletta F, Emenhiser C, Kleinman RE. Oligofructose-supplemented infant cereal: 2 randomized, blinded, community-based trials in Peruvian infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Apr; 77(4):937-42. View abstract
  215. Friedman JF, Phillips-Howard PA, Hawley WA, Terlouw DJ, Kolczak MS, Barber M, Okello N, Vulule JM, Duggan C, Nahlen BL, ter Kuile FO. Impact of permethrin-treated bed nets on growth, nutritional status, and body composition of primary school children in western Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Apr; 68(4 Suppl):78-85. View abstract
  216. Duggan C, Rizzo C, Cooper A, Klavon S, Fuchs V, Gura K, Richardson D, Collier S, Lo C. Effectiveness of a clinical practice guideline for parenteral nutrition: a 5-year follow-up study in a pediatric teaching hospital. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2002 Nov-Dec; 26(6):377-81. View abstract
  217. Oken E, Duggan C. Update on micronutrients: iron and zinc. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002 Jun; 14(3):350-3. View abstract
  218. Duggan C, Gannon J, Walker WA. Protective nutrients and functional foods for the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 May; 75(5):789-808. View abstract
  219. Duggan C, Fontaine O. A new formulation of ORS for children is warranted. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Mar; 34(3):251-2. View abstract
  220. Lencer WI, Barrett K, Colgan S, Cohen MB, Duggan CP, Kotelchuck M, Rhoads JM. Research agenda for pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition: secretion and diarrhea. Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition for the Children's Digestive Health and Nutrition Foundation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 3:S246-9. View abstract
  221. Duggan C. Oral rehydration solution. Doctors must increase use and acceptance of oral rehydration solution. BMJ. 2001 Nov 03; 323(7320):1068. View abstract
  222. Jones M, Campbell KA, Duggan C, Young G, Bousvaros A, Higgins L, Mullen E. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies in a child fed an elemental formula. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov; 33(5):602-5. View abstract
  223. Duggan C, Fawzi W. Micronutrients and child health: studies in international nutrition and HIV infection. Nutr Rev. 2001 Nov; 59(11):358-69. View abstract
  224. Andorsky DJ, Lund DP, Lillehei CW, Jaksic T, Dicanzio J, Richardson DS, Collier SB, Lo C, Duggan C. Nutritional and other postoperative management of neonates with short bowel syndrome correlates with clinical outcomes. J Pediatr. 2001 Jul; 139(1):27-33. View abstract
  225. Lyons J, Rauh-Pfeiffer A, Ming-Yu Y, Lu XM, Zurakowski D, Curley M, Collier S, Duggan C, Nurko S, Thompson J, Ajami A, Borgonha S, Young VR, Castillo L. Cysteine metabolism and whole blood glutathione synthesis in septic pediatric patients. Crit Care Med. 2001 Apr; 29(4):870-7. View abstract
  226. Chilvers C, Dewey M, Fielding K, Gretton V, Miller P, Palmer B, Weller D, Churchill R, Williams I, Bedi N, Duggan C, Lee A, Harrison G. Antidepressant drugs and generic counselling for treatment of major depression in primary care: randomised trial with patient preference arms. BMJ. 2001 Mar 31; 322(7289):772-5. View abstract
  227. Duggan C. Micronutrients and infections: the road from A to Z and beyond. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000 Nov; 31(5):467. View abstract
  228. Freemantle N, Eccles M, Wood J, Mason J, Nazareth I, Duggan C, Young P, Haines A, Drummond M, Russell I, Walley T. A randomized trial of Evidence-based OutReach (EBOR): rationale and design. Control Clin Trials. 1999 Oct; 20(5):479-92. View abstract
  229. Duggan C, Lasche J, McCarty M, Mitchell K, Dershewitz R, Lerman SJ, Higham M, Radzevich A, Kleinman RE. Oral rehydration solution for acute diarrhea prevents subsequent unscheduled follow-up visits. Pediatrics. 1999 Sep; 104(3):e29. View abstract
  230. Duggan C, Schmidt M, Lawler M, White B, Cusack S, McCann S, Smith O. The prothrombin gene variant G20210A but not factor V leiden may be associated with veno-occlusive disease following BMT. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1999 Sep; 24(6):693-4. View abstract
  231. Kelleher DK, Duggan C. Breast milk and breastfeeding in the 1990s. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1999 Jun; 11(3):275-80. View abstract
  232. Murray KF, Lillehei CW, Duggan C. Congenital microgastria: treatment with transient jejunal feedings. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1999 Mar; 28(3):343-5. View abstract
  233. Keogh F, O'Riordan J, McNamara C, Duggan C, McCann SR. Psychosocial adaptation of patients and families following bone marrow transplantation: a prospective, longitudinal study. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Nov; 22(9):905-11. View abstract
  234. Rauh-Pfeiffer A, Kelleher D, Duggan C. Obesity and low-fat diets in pediatrics. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1998 Jun; 10(3):329-35. View abstract
  235. Duggan C. Glutamine-based oral rehydration solutions: the magic bullet revisited? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1998 May; 26(5):533-5. View abstract
  236. Gardiner N, Lawler M, O'Riordan JM, Duggan C, De Arce M, McCann SR. Monitoring of lineage-specific chimaerism allows early prediction of response following donor lymphocyte infusions for relapsed chronic myeloid leukaemia. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Apr; 21(7):711-9. View abstract
  237. Bousvaros A, Zurakowski D, Duggan C, Law T, Rifai N, Goldberg NE, Leichtner AM. Vitamins A and E serum levels in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease: effect of disease activity. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1998 Feb; 26(2):129-35. View abstract
  238. Duggan C, Nurko S. "Feeding the gut": the scientific basis for continued enteral nutrition during acute diarrhea. J Pediatr. 1997 Dec; 131(6):801-8. View abstract
  239. Gibb DM, Masters J, Shingadia D, Trickett S, Klein N, Duggan C, Novelli V, Mercey D. A family clinic--optimising care for HIV infected children and their families. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Dec; 77(6):478-82. View abstract
  240. Sonis A, Castle J, Duggan C. Infant nutrition: implication for somatic growth, adult onset diseases, and oral health. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1997 Jun; 9(3):289-97. View abstract
  241. Duggan C, Refat M, Hashem M, Fayad I, Santosham M. Interrater agreement in the assessment of dehydration in infants. J Trop Pediatr. 1997 04; 43(2):119-21. View abstract
  242. Fox VL, Abel SD, Malas S, Duggan C, Leichtner AM. Complications following percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and subsequent catheter replacement in children and young adults. Gastrointest Endosc. 1997 Jan; 45(1):64-71. View abstract
  243. Duggan C. HIV infection in children. Paediatr Nurs. 1996 Dec; 8(10):32-4; quiz 35-6. View abstract
  244. Duggan C, Colin AA, Agil A, Higgins L, Rifai N. Vitamin A status in acute exacerbations of cystic fibrosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Oct; 64(4):635-9. View abstract
  245. Cañete A, Duggan C. Nutritional support of the pediatric intensive care unit patient. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1996 Jun; 8(3):248-55. View abstract
  246. Duggan C, Refat M, Hashem M, Wolff M, Fayad I, Santosham M. How valid are clinical signs of dehydration in infants? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1996 Jan; 22(1):56-61. View abstract
  247. Santosham M, Fayad I, Abu Zikri M, Hussein A, Amponsah A, Duggan C, Hashem M, el Sady N, Abu Zikri M, Fontaine O. A double-blind clinical trial comparing World Health Organization oral rehydration solution with a reduced osmolarity solution containing equal amounts of sodium and glucose. J Pediatr. 1996 Jan; 128(1):45-51. View abstract
  248. Duggan C, Sham P, Lee A, Minne C, Murray R. Neuroticism: a vulnerability marker for depression evidence from a family study. J Affect Disord. 1995 Dec 13; 35(3):139-43. View abstract
  249. Duggan C, Shamberger RC, Antonioli D, Leichtner AM. Intraoperative enteroscopy in the diagnosis of partial intestinal obstruction in infancy. Dig Dis Sci. 1995 Oct; 40(10):2236-8. View abstract
  250. Hendricks KM, Duggan C, Gallagher L, Carlin AC, Richardson DS, Collier SB, Simpson W, Lo C. Malnutrition in hospitalized pediatric patients. Current prevalence. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Oct; 149(10):1118-22. View abstract
  251. Duggan C. Central venous catheters in the emergency department: access, utilization, and problem solving. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1995 Oct; 11(5):322. View abstract
  252. Duggan C, Kleinman RE. Homeopathy study questions. Pediatrics. 1994 Dec; 94(6 Pt 1):963; author reply 965. View abstract
  253. Fayad IM, Hashem M, Duggan C, Refat M, Bakir M, Fontaine O, Santosham M. Comparative efficacy of rice-based and glucose-based oral rehydration salts plus early reintroduction of food. Lancet. 1993 Sep 25; 342(8874):772-5. View abstract
  254. Duggan C, Santosham M, Glass RI. The management of acute diarrhea in children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Recomm Rep. 1992 Oct 16; 41(RR-16):1-20. View abstract
  255. Duggan C, Sommer A, Auer C, Burkhard K. Automated differential threshold perimetry for detecting glaucomatous visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 1985 Sep 15; 100(3):420-3. View abstract
  256. Sommer A, Duggan C, Auer C, Abbey H. Analytic approaches to the interpretation of automated threshold perimetric data for the diagnosis of early glaucoma. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1985; 83:250-67. View abstract