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Howard C Shane, PhD

Howard Shane PhD
Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement Research
Hospital Title:
Director, Center for Communication Enhancement
Academic Title:
Associate Professor of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School
Research Focus Area:
Augmented communication

Research Overview

Howard Shane’s research focus is on children with complex communication impairment related to autism and other developmental disorders. Currently he is studying the use of technology and visual supports to improve communication and learning in persons with autism. He is keenly interested in the development of a visual language system to both improve and augment the spoken language system for persons with autism who have difficulty processing spoken language.

Dr. Shane’s earlier research focused on the development of augmentative and alternative communication systems for persons with neuromuscular disorders.

About Howard Shane

Dr. Shane received his PhD from Syracuse University and completed a Doctoral Fellowship at Mayo Clinic. At children’s Hospital he is the Director of the Center for Communication Enhancement and the Autism Language Program at Children’s Hospital Boston. He has designed more than a dozen computer applications used widely by persons with disabilities and holds two US Patents. Dr. Shane has received Honors of the Association Distinction and is a Fellow of the American Speech and Hearing Association. He is the recipient of the Goldenson Award for Innovations in Technology from United Cerebral Palsy Association and author of numerous papers and chapters on severe speech impairment, lectured throughout the world on the topic, and produced numerous computer innovations enjoyed by persons with complex communication disorders.


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. O'Brien A, O'Brien M, Schlosser RW, Yu C, Allen AA, Flynn S, Costello J, Shane HC. Repurposing Consumer Products as a Gateway to Just-in-Time Communication. Semin Speech Lang. 2017 Sep; 38(4):297-312.
  2. Allen AA, Schlosser RW, Brock KL, Shane HC. The effectiveness of aided augmented input techniques for persons with developmental disabilities: a systematic review. Augment Altern Commun. 2017 Sep; 33(3):149-159.
  3. O'Brien A, Schlosser RW, Shane HC, Abramson J, Allen AA, Flynn S, Yu C, Dimery K. Brief Report: Just-in-Time Visual Supports to Children with Autism via the Apple Watch:® A Pilot Feasibility Study. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 12; 46(12):3818-3823.
  4. Harmon AC, Schlosser RW, Gygi B, Shane HC, Kong YY, Book L, Macduff K, Hearn E. Effects of environmental sounds on the guessability of animated graphic symbols. Augment Altern Commun. 2014 Dec; 30(4):298-313.
  5. Schlosser RW, Koul R, Shane H, Sorce J, Brock K, Harmon A, Moerlein D, Hearn E. Effects of animation on naming and identification across two graphic symbol sets representing verbs and prepositions. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2014 Oct; 57(5):1779-91.
  6. Allen AA, Shane HC. Autism spectrum disorders in the era of mobile technologies: impact on caregivers. Dev Neurorehabil. 2014 Apr; 17(2):110-4.
  7. Donato C, Shane HC, Hemsley B. Exploring the feasibility of the visual language in autism program for children in an early intervention group setting: views of parents, educators, and health professionals. Dev Neurorehabil. 2014 Apr; 17(2):115-24.
  8. Schlosser RW, Laubscher E, Sorce J, Koul R, Flynn S, Hotz L, Abramson J, Fadie H, Shane H. Implementing directives that involve prepositions with children with autism: a comparison of spoken cues with two types of augmented input. Augment Altern Commun. 2013 Jun; 29(2):132-45.
  9. Shane HC. Appreciating Asperger syndrome: implications for better care and outcomes. Cleve Clin J Med. 2012 Dec; 79(12):872-4.
  10. Shane HC, Laubscher EH, Schlosser RW, Flynn S, Sorce JF, Abramson J. Applying technology to visually support language and communication in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012 Jun; 42(6):1228-35.
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  12. Schlosser RW, Shane H, Sorce J, Koul R, Bloomfield E, Debrowski L, DeLuca T, Miller S, Schneider D, Neff A. Animation of graphic symbols representing verbs and prepositions: effects on transparency, name agreement, and identification. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2012 Apr; 55(2):342-58.
  13. Schlosser RW, Shane H, Sorce J, Koul R, Bloomfield E. Identifying performing and under performing graphic symbols for verbs and prepositions in animated and static formats: a research note. Augment Altern Commun. 2011 Sep; 27(3):205-14.
  14. Shane HC, Blackstone S, Vanderheiden G, Williams M, DeRuyter F. Using AAC technology to access the world. Assist Technol. 2011; 24(1):3-13.
  15. Higginbotham DJ, Beukelman D, Blackstone S, Bryen D, Caves K, Deruyter F, Jakobs T, Light J, McNaughton D, Moulton B, Shane H, Williams MB. AAC technology transfer: an AAC-RERC report. Augment Altern Commun. 2009 Mar; 25(1):68-76.
  16. Shane HC, Albert PD. Electronic screen media for persons with autism spectrum disorders: results of a survey. J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Sep; 38(8):1499-508.
  17. Weiss-Kapp, S, Shane, HC. Visual Language in Autism. 2007.
  18. Higginbotham DJ, Shane H, Russell S, Caves K. Access to AAC: present, past, and future. Augment Altern Commun. 2007 Sep; 23(3):243-57.
  19. Shane HC. Using visual scene displays to improve communicaiton and communicaiton instruction in persons with autism spectrum disorders. Special Interest Division 12 Augmentative and Altenative Communication. 2006; 7-13.
  20. Shane HC, Weiss-Kapp S. . Visual language for survival: enhancing language for person on the autism spectrum. Book in preparation. 2004.
  21. Caves K, Shane HC, DeRuyter F. Connecting AAC devices to the world of information technology. Assist Technol. 2002; 14(1):81-9.
  22. Caves K, DeRuyter F, Shane HC. Connecting AAC devices to the world of information technology. AAC: Alternative and Augmentative Communication. 2002; 81-9.
  23. Kenna M, Woolf A, Shane HC. The Children's Hospital guide to your child's health and development. 2001.
  24. Shane,HC. Computer Carrying Bag. 1999.
  25. Shane,HC. Portable Computer Housing. 1999.
  26. Shane HC, and others. . Communication disorders primer for pediatric otolaryngology. Pediatric Otolaryngology: Prinicples and Practice Pathways. 1999.
  27. Peak-Oliveira K, Shane HC. Progressive neurological diseases and aac: functional solutions. Team Rehab. 1998; 22-24.
  28. Bacon A, Burgess CA, Graham SM, Kirsch I, Niederauer KL, & Shane HC. Facilitated communication as an ideomotor response. Psychological Science. 1998.
  29. Shane HC, Koepel B, Baxter P, Leban B. Companion. 1997.
  30. Wharton RH, Levine K, Shane H, Emans SJ. Evaluations of children who have disclosed sexual abuse via facilitated communication. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Nov; 149(11):1288-9.
  31. Shane HC, Ferrier, L, Ballard H, Carpenter T, Benoit A. Dysarthric speakers; intelligibility and speech characteristics in relation to computer speech recognition. Augmentative and Alternative Communication Journal. 1995; (September):165-174.
  32. Levine K, Shane HC, Wharton RH. What if...: a plea to professionals to consider the risk-benefit ratio of facilitated communication. Ment Retard. 1994 Aug; 32(4):300-4; discussion 314-7.
  33. Shane HC. ed. The clinical and sociological phenomenon of facilitated communication. 1994; 24.
  34. Shane HC. Facilitated communication: Why it isn't real. Clinically Speaking Newsletter. 1994; 1-3-5.
  35. Shane HC, Green G. Science, reason and facilitated communication. Journal of the Associaton for Person with Severe Handicaps. 1994; (July):151-172.
  36. Shane HC, Kearns K. An examination of the role of the facilitator in facilitated communication. American Journal of Speech and Language Pathology. 1994; (September):48-54.
  37. Green G, Shane HC. Facilitated communication: The claims versus the evidence. The Harvard Mental Health Letter. 1993; 4-5.
  38. Shane HC. FC: Facilitated or 'factitious' communication. Communicating Together. 1993; 11-13(June).
  39. Shane HC. The dark side of facilitated communication. Topics in Language Disorders. 1993; IX-XV(August).
  40. Shane HC. The unpopular position on facilitated communication. Down Syndrome News. 1993; (May):48.
  41. Shane HC. Impact of aac on natural speech production. Paper Presented at NIDRR Consensus Validation Conference. 1992.
  42. Shane, HC, Corley P, Follansbee R, Dawson K. WriteAway. 1991.
  43. Shane, HC and Wilbur R. VoisShapes. 1991.
  44. Shane HC. Clinical factors affecting speech I/O. Proceedings from the visionary conference, Folds R, Mineo B, eds. 1990.
  45. Shane HC, Anastasio V. . Augmentative communication considerations. Pediatric Otolaryngology. 1990.
  46. Shane HC, Anastasio VC. Augmentative communication considerations in pediatric otolaryngology. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1989 Jun; 22(3):501-17.
  47. Shane HC, Roberts G. Technology to enhance work opportunities for persons with severe disabilities. Economics, industry, and disability. 1988.
  48. Shane HC. Goals and uses of augmentative and alternative communication. Augmentative communication. 1988.
  49. Shane HC, Geir M, and Field. Scan and Speak. 1987.
  50. Shane, HC. Touch and Speak. 1986.
  51. Shane HC, Dawson K, Field A, Geir M, Bonfiglio,A. Software Development: Message Maker, Scanning Version. 1986.
  52. Shane HC, Sauer M. Alternative and augmentative communication. Halpern ed. Communication disorders. 1986.
  53. Shane HC, Ferrier LJ. Computer-based communications aids for the non-speaking child with cerebral palsy. Mysak E,ed Seminars in Speech and Language New York, Thieme-Stratton Inc. 1986; 248-283.
  54. Bashir AS, Shane HC. The child with speech and language deficits. Sheiner AP, Abrams IF, eds. The practical management of the developmentally disabled child. 1985; 211-235.
  55. Shane HC. Selection of augmentative communicative systems. Cherow E, Matkin NI and Trybus R, eds. Hearing impaired developmentally disabled individuals: An interdisciplinary look at a special population. 1985; 270-292.
  56. Field A and Shane, HC. Software Development. 1985.
  57. Ferrier L, Shane HC. Characteristics of a non-speaking population under consideration for an augmentative communication system. Hogg J, Mittler PJ, eds. Advances in mental handicap. 1984; 95-138.
  58. McCormick L, Shane HC. Augmentative communication. McCormick L, Shiefelbush R, eds. Early language intervention. 1984; 140-189.
  59. Cohen CG, Shane HC. An overview of augmentative communication. Lass N, Northern J, Mcreynolds J, Yoder D, eds. Speech Language and Hearing. 1982; 875-890.
  60. Shane HC, Lipschultz SW, Shane CL. Facilitating the communicative interactions of non-speaking persons in large residential settings. Topics in Language Disorders. 1982; 73-84.
  61. Shane H. Working with the nonspeaking person: an interview with Howard Shane. ASHA. 1981 Aug; 23(8):561-4.
  62. Shane HC. Early decision making in augmentative communication. Shiefelbush R, Bricker D, eds. Early language intervention. 1981; 389-426.
  63. Shane HC. . The value of toys. In: Communication Outlook. 1981; 1-3-8.
  64. Shane HC, Bashir AS. Election criteria for the adoption of an augmentative communication system: preliminary considerations. J Speech Hear Disord. 1980 Aug; 45(3):408-14.
  65. Ferrier L and Shane HC. Interaction with the non-speaking child. Umbreit J, Cardullias, ed. Education the severely physically handicapped: Basic Principles and Techniques. 1980; 180-208.
  66. Shane HC, Wilbur RB. Prediction of expressive sign potential based on motor control. Sign Language Studies. 1980; (Winter):331-48.
  67. Shane HC. Approaches to assessing the communication of persons who are non-oral. Shiefelbush R, ed. Non-speech Language and Hearing. . 1980; 197-224.
  68. Shane HC. Approaching communication training with the severely handicapped. Training the severely handicapped. 1979; 155-179.
  69. Shane, HC. Approaching communication training with the severely handicapped. In: Training the severely handicapped. 1979; 155-179.
  70. Shane C, Shane HC & Foulds R. Treatment for the multiply handicapped. Annual Abstracts in speech, language and hearing. 1979; 183-200.
  71. Shane HC, Darley FL. The effect of auditory rhythmic stimulation on articulatory accuracy in apraxia of speech. Cortex. 1978 Sep; 14(3):444-50.
  72. Von Bruns-Connolly S, Shane HC. Communication boards: help for the child unable to talk. Exceptional Parent. 1978; F19-22.
  73. Bouchard MM, Shane HC. Use of the problem-oriented medical record in the speech and hearing profession. ASHA. 1977 Mar; 19(3):157-9.
  74. Shane, HC. I've never seen a person who doesn't communicate. In: Mealtimes for the severely and profoundly handicapped: New concepts and attitudes. Mealtimes for the severely and profoundly handicapped: new concepts and attitudes. 1977; 21-40.
  75. Shane HC, Reynolds AT, Geary D. The elicitation of latent oral communicative potential in a severely handicapped adult: procedures and implication. AAESP Review. 1977; 202-08.
  76. Keith R, Shane HC, Coats H. . A guidebook for the laryngectomy. 1977.
  77. Shane HC. Command performance: a behavior modification technique in a game format. Mental Retardation. 1974; (12):18-20.
  78. Shane HC. The efficacy of utilizing the initial teaching alphabet for aphonic communication. Proceedings: 1974 Conference on Engineering Devices in Rehabilitation. 1974; 68-91.
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