Research

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Alexander  Rotenberg, MD, PhD

Alexander Rotenberg
Research Center:
F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center
Program:
Neurobiology Program
Department:
Neurology Research
Hospital Title:
Associate in Neurology; Research Associate in Neurology; Director, Neuromodulation Program
Academic Title:
Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School
Research Focus Area:
Noninvasive brain stimulationEpilepsyTraumatic Brain InjuryNeurobiologyNeuromodulation
Contact:
617-355-8071
Contact Via Email
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Research Overview

Our laboratory's major focus is on the development of novel methods to treat brain injury, particularly the type of brain injury that leads to epilepsy. We work to identify biological targets which can stop or prevent seizures if manipulated by either brain stimulation or by novel drugs that we are testing in our lab.

We have adapted methods for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to rodents, to in vitro brain slice preparations, and more recently to zebrafish (an emerging experimental tool in epilepsy). TMS and tDCS have in common the capacity to safely induce durable changes in neuronal activity. Limited experience with human patients, including those treated at Boston Children's Hospital, shows that TMS and tDCS have realistic prospects in suppressing seizures. Yet whether these techniques can prevent the onset of epilepsy after various forms of brain injury has not been tested. To characterize the cellular mechanisms by which TMS and tDCS exert their effect, and ultimately to optimize their clinical efficacy, we are testing these techniques in rodent epilepsy models, including models of traumatic brain injury (TBI).

To determine how best to match the cellular changes induced by noninvasive brain stimulation those of brain injury and epilepsy, we are also studying the molecular changes associated with TBI in rats. A second major focus has grown out of this work: testing novel pharmaceutical approaches to prevent brain injury and seizures after TBI.

In parallel to our laboratory experiments, we have ongoing clinical projects aimed to further develop techniques for noninvasive brain stimulation, particularly TMS and tDCS, as diagnostic and therapeutic tools in child neurology.

About Alexander Rotenberg

Alex Rotenberg was born in Chernovtsy, Ukraine. He is a graduate of Johns Hopkins University (BA) and the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center (MD, PhD). He is an active member of the American Epilepsy Society. His current appointment is as Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School. Dr. Rotenberg is the recipient of the 2016 Dreifuss-Penry Epilepsy Award from the American Academy of Neurology.

Publications

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  1. Croarkin PE, Rotenberg A. Pediatric Neuromodulation Comes of Age. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2016 Sep; 26(7):578-81.
  2. Gersner R, Dhamne SC, Zangen A, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Bursts of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), together with lorazepam, suppress seizures in a rat kainate status epilepticus model. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Sep; 62:136-9.
  3. Sun Y, Lipton JO, Boyle LM, Madsen JR, Goldenberg MC, Pascual-Leone A, Sahin M, Rotenberg A. Direct current stimulation induces mGluR5-dependent neocortical plasticity. Ann Neurol. 2016 Aug; 80(2):233-46.
  4. Tang AD, Lowe AS, Garrett AR, Woodward R, Bennett W, Canty AJ, Garry MI, Hinder MR, Summers JJ, Gersner R, Rotenberg A, Thickbroom G, Walton J, Rodger J. Construction and Evaluation of Rodent-Specific rTMS Coils. Front Neural Circuits. 2016; 10:47.
  5. Bikson M, Grossman P, Thomas C, Zannou AL, Jiang J, Adnan T, Mourdoukoutas AP, Kronberg G, Truong D, Boggio P, Brunoni AR, Charvet L, Fregni F, Fritsch B, Gillick B, Hamilton RH, Hampstead BM, Jankord R, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Liu A, Loo C, Nitsche MA, Reis J, Richardson JD, Rotenberg A, Turkeltaub PE, Woods AJ. Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence Based Update 2016. Brain Stimul. 2016 Sep-Oct; 9(5):641-61.
  6. Meyer M, Dhamne SC, LaCoursiere CM, Tambunan D, Poduri A, Rotenberg A. Microarray Noninvasive Neuronal Seizure Recordings from Intact Larval Zebrafish. PLoS One. 2016; 11(6):e0156498.
  7. Oberman LM, Ifert-Miller F, Najib U, Bashir S, Heydrich JG, Picker J, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Abnormal Mechanisms of Plasticity and Metaplasticity in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Fragile X Syndrome. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2016 Sep; 26(7):617-24.
  8. Damar U, Gersner R, Johnstone JT, Schachter S, Rotenberg A. Huperzine A as a neuroprotective and antiepileptic drug: a review of preclinical research. Expert Rev Neurother. 2016 Jun; 16(6):671-80.
  9. Gersner R, Oberman L, Sanchez MJ, Chiriboga N, Kaye HL, Pascual-Leone A, Libenson M, Roth Y, Zangen A, Rotenberg A. H-coil repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: A case report. Epilepsy Behav Case Rep. 2016; 5:52-6.
  10. Pereira LS, Müller VT, da Mota Gomes M, Rotenberg A, Fregni F. Safety of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy: A systematic review. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Apr; 57(Pt A):167-76.
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  12. Rubio B, Boes AD, Laganiere S, Rotenberg A, Jeurissen D, Pascual-Leone A. Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review. J Child Neurol. 2016 May; 31(6):784-96.
  13. Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Bosquet Enlow M, D'Angelo E, Seidman LJ, Gumlak S, Kim A, Woodberry KA, Rober A, Tembulkar S, Graber K, O'Donnell K, Hamoda HM, Kimball K, Rotenberg A, Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS, Duffy FH. Early auditory processing evoked potentials (N100) show a continuum of blunting from clinical high risk to psychosis in a pediatric sample. Schizophr Res. 2015 Dec; 169(1-3):340-5.
  14. Oberman LM, Enticott PG, Casanova MF, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, McCracken JT. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, promise, and roadmap for future research. Autism Res. 2016 Feb; 9(2):184-203.
  15. Duffy FH, D'Angelo E, Rotenberg A, Gonzalez-Heydrich J. Neurophysiological differences between patients clinically at high risk for schizophrenia and neurotypical controls--first steps in development of a biomarker. BMC Med. 2015 Nov 02; 13:276.
  16. Gersner R, Ekstein D, Dhamne SC, Schachter SC, Rotenberg A. Huperzine A prophylaxis against pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in rats is associated with increased cortical inhibition. Epilepsy Res. 2015 Nov; 117:97-103.
  17. Kondo A, Shahpasand K, Mannix R, Qiu J, Moncaster J, Chen CH, Yao Y, Lin YM, Driver JA, Sun Y, Wei S, Luo ML, Albayram O, Huang P, Rotenberg A, Ryo A, Goldstein LE, Pascual-Leone A, McKee AC, Meehan W, Zhou XZ, Lu KP. Antibody against early driver of neurodegeneration cis P-tau blocks brain injury and tauopathy. Nature. 2015 Jul 23; 523(7561):431-6.
  18. Dhamne SC, Ekstein D, Zhuo Z, Gersner R, Zurakowski D, Loddenkemper T, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Acute seizure suppression by transcranial direct current stimulation in rats. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Aug; 2(8):843-56.
  19. Rotenberg A. Commentary on IL-1ß associations with posttraumatic epilepsy development: A genetics and biomarker cohort study. Epilepsia. 2015 Jul; 56(7):989-90.
  20. Guerriero RM, Giza CC, Rotenberg A. Glutamate and GABA imbalance following traumatic brain injury. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015 May; 15(5):27.
  21. Petr GT, Sun Y, Frederick NM, Zhou Y, Dhamne SC, Hameed MQ, Miranda C, Bedoya EA, Fischer KD, Armsen W, Wang J, Danbolt NC, Rotenberg A, Aoki CJ, Rosenberg PA. Conditional deletion of the glutamate transporter GLT-1 reveals that astrocytic GLT-1 protects against fatal epilepsy while neuronal GLT-1 contributes significantly to glutamate uptake into synaptosomes. J Neurosci. 2015 Apr 1; 35(13):5187-201.
  22. Oberman LM, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015 Feb; 45(2):524-36.
  23. Oberman LM, Enticott PG, Casanova MF, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, McCracken JT. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) therapy for autism: an international consensus conference held in conjunction with the international meeting for autism research on May 13th and 14th, 2014. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:1034.
  24. Rotenberg A. 15years of welcome contribution to epilepsy research. Epilepsy Behav. 2014 Nov; 40:127.
  25. Suarez RO, Taimouri V, Boyer K, Vega C, Rotenberg A, Madsen JR, Loddenkemper T, Duffy FH, Prabhu SP, Warfield SK. Passive fMRI mapping of language function for pediatric epilepsy surgical planning: validation using Wada, ECS, and FMAER. Epilepsy Res. 2014 Dec; 108(10):1874-88.
  26. Wang Y, Hameed MQ, Rakhade SN, Iglesias AH, Muller PA, Mou DL, Rotenberg A. Hippocampal immediate early gene transcription in the rat fluid percussion traumatic brain injury model. Neuroreport. 2014 Aug 20; 25(12):954-9.
  27. Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Modulation of corticospinal excitability by transcranial magnetic stimulation in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:627.
  28. Thome-Souza S, Kadish NE, Ramgopal S, Sánchez Fernández I, Bergin AM, Bolton J, Harini C, Libenson M, Olson H, Peters J, Poduri A, Rotenberg A, Takeoka M, Kothare SV, Kapur K, Bourgeois BF, Loddenkemper T. Safety and retention rate of rufinamide in 300 patients: a single pediatric epilepsy center experience. Epilepsia. 2014 Aug; 55(8):1235-44.
  29. Heard TT, Ramgopal S, Picker J, Lincoln SA, Rotenberg A, Kothare SV. EEG abnormalities and seizures in genetically diagnosed Fragile X syndrome. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2014 Nov; 38:155-60.
  30. Sánchez Fernández I, Vendrame M, Kapur K, Klehm J, Uysal S, Gedik M, An S, Jillella D, Zelener J, Syed S, Gooty V, Rotenberg A, Loddenkemper T. Comparison of pediatric patients with status epilepticus lasting 5-29 min versus =30 min. Epilepsy Behav. 2014 Aug; 37:1-6.
  31. Sánchez Fernández I, Klehm J, An S, Jillella D, Kapur K, Zelener J, Rotenberg A, Loddenkemper T. Comparison of risk factors for pediatric convulsive status epilepticus when defined as seizures = 5 min versus seizures = 30 min. Seizure. 2014 Oct; 23(9):692-8.
  32. Duffy FH, Shankardass A, McAnulty GB, Eksioglu YZ, Coulter D, Rotenberg A, Als H. Corticosteroid therapy in regressive autism: a retrospective study of effects on the Frequency Modulated Auditory Evoked Response (FMAER), language, and behavior. BMC Neurol. 2014 May 15; 14:70.
  33. Hameed MQ, Goodrich GS, Dhamne SC, Amandusson A, Hsieh TH, Mou D, Wang Y, Rotenberg A. A rapid lateral fluid percussion injury rodent model of traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic epilepsy. Neuroreport. 2014 May 7; 25(7):532-6.
  34. Muller PA, Dhamne SC, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Suppression of motor cortical excitability in anesthetized rats by low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(3):e91065.
  35. O'Rourke DJ, Bergin A, Rotenberg A, Peters J, Gorman M, Poduri A, Cryan J, Lidov H, Madsen J, Harini C. Rasmussen's encephalitis presenting as focal cortical dysplasia. Epilepsy Behav Case Rep. 2014; 2:86-9.
  36. Dhamne SC, Kothare RS, Yu C, Hsieh TH, Anastasio EM, Oberman L, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. A measure of acoustic noise generated from transcranial magnetic stimulation coils. Brain Stimul. 2014 May-Jun; 7(3):432-4.
  37. Hsieh TH, Huang YZ, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Chiang YH, Wang JY, Chen JJ. Functional Dopaminergic Neurons in Substantia Nigra are Required for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Induced Motor Plasticity. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jul; 25(7):1806-14.
  38. Klehm J, Thome-Souza S, Sánchez Fernández I, Bergin AM, Bolton J, Harini C, Kadish NE, Libenson M, Peters J, Poduri A, Rotenberg A, Takeoka M, Bourgeois B, Loddenkemper T. Clobazam: effect on frequency of seizures and safety profile in different subgroups of children with epilepsy. Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jul; 51(1):60-6.
  39. Yu C, Ramgopal S, Libenson M, Abdelmoumen I, Powell C, Remy K, Madsen JR, Rotenberg A, Loddenkemper T. Outcomes of vagal nerve stimulation in a pediatric population: a single center experience. Seizure. 2014 Feb; 23(2):105-11.
  40. Sánchez Fernández I, Peters JM, An S, Bergin AM, Takeoka M, Rotenberg A, Kothare SV, Riviello JJ, Loddenkemper T. Long-term response to high-dose diazepam treatment in continuous spikes and waves during sleep. Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Sep; 49(3):163-170.e4.
  41. Sánchez Fernández I, Chapman KE, Peters JM, Harini C, Rotenberg A, Loddenkemper T. Continuous Spikes and Waves during Sleep: Electroclinical Presentation and Suggestions for Management. Epilepsy Res Treat. 2013; 2013:583531.
  42. Goodrich GS, Kabakov AY, Hameed MQ, Dhamne SC, Rosenberg PA, Rotenberg A. Ceftriaxone treatment after traumatic brain injury restores expression of the glutamate transporter, GLT-1, reduces regional gliosis, and reduces post-traumatic seizures in the rat. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Aug 15; 30(16):1434-41.
  43. Liu A, Pang T, Herman S, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for refractory focal status epilepticus in the intensive care unit. Seizure. 2013 Dec; 22(10):893-6.
  44. Fernández IS, Loddenkemper T, Datta A, Kothare S, Riviello JJ, Rotenberg A. Electroencephalography in the pediatric emergency department: when is it most useful? J Child Neurol. 2014 Apr; 29(4):475-82.
  45. Auvichayapat N, Rotenberg A, Gersner R, Ngodklang S, Tiamkao S, Tassaneeyakul W, Auvichayapat P. Transcranial direct current stimulation for treatment of refractory childhood focal epilepsy. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jul; 6(4):696-700.
  46. Kahn J, Ducharme P, Rotenberg A, Gonzalez-Heydrich J. "RAGE-Control": A Game to Build Emotional Strength. Games Health J. 2013 Feb; 2(1):53-7.
  47. Duffy FH, Eksioglu YZ, Rotenberg A, Madsen JR, Shankardass A, Als H. The frequency modulated auditory evoked response (FMAER), a technical advance for study of childhood language disorders: cortical source localization and selected case studies. BMC Neurol. 2013 Jan 25; 13:12.
  48. Chavakula V, Sánchez Fernández I, Peters JM, Popli G, Bosl W, Rakhade S, Rotenberg A, Loddenkemper T. Automated quantification of spikes. Epilepsy Behav. 2013 Feb; 26(2):143-52.
  49. Rotenberg A. Epilepsy. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:491-7.
  50. Auvichayapat P, Janyacharoen T, Rotenberg A, Tiamkao S, Krisanaprakornkit T, Sinawat S, Punjaruk W, Thinkhamrop B, Auvichayapat N. Migraine prophylaxis by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012 Aug; 95(8):1003-12.
  51. Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Muller PA, Gersner R, Zangen A, Rotenberg A. Translational neuromodulation: approximating human transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols in rats. Neuromodulation. 2012 Jul; 15(4):296-305.
  52. Ramgopal S, Vendrame M, Shah A, Gregas M, Zarowski M, Rotenberg A, Alexopoulos AV, Wyllie E, Kothare SV, Loddenkemper T. Circadian patterns of generalized tonic-clonic evolutions in pediatric epilepsy patients. Seizure. 2012 Sep; 21(7):535-9.
  53. Fernández IS, Peters JM, Hadjiloizou S, Prabhu SP, Zarowski M, Stannard KM, Takeoka M, Rotenberg A, Kothare SV, Loddenkemper T. Clinical staging and electroencephalographic evolution of continuous spikes and waves during sleep. Epilepsia. 2012 Jul; 53(7):1185-95.
  54. Sánchez Fernández I, Hadjiloizou S, Eksioglu Y, Peters JM, Takeoka M, Tas E, Abdelmoumen I, Rotenberg A, Kothare SV, Riviello JJ, Loddenkemper T. Short-term response of sleep-potentiated spiking to high-dose diazepam in electric status epilepticus during sleep. Pediatr Neurol. 2012 May; 46(5):312-8.
  55. Sánchez Fernández I, Takeoka M, Tas E, Peters JM, Prabhu SP, Stannard KM, Gregas M, Eksioglu Y, Rotenberg A, Riviello JJ, Kothare SV, Loddenkemper T. Early thalamic lesions in patients with sleep-potentiated epileptiform activity. Neurology. 2012 May 29; 78(22):1721-7.
  56. Fernández IS, Peters J, Takeoka M, Rotenberg A, Prabhu S, Gregas M, Riviello JJ, Kothare S, Loddenkemper T. Patients with electrical status epilepticus in sleep share similar clinical features regardless of their focal or generalized sleep potentiation of epileptiform activity. J Child Neurol. 2013 Jan; 28(1):83-9.
  57. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Reply to letter to the editor. Brain Stimul. 2013 Jan; 6(1):95.
  58. Kabakov AY, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Contribution of axonal orientation to pathway-dependent modulation of excitatory transmission by direct current stimulation in isolated rat hippocampus. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 107(7):1881-9.
  59. Peterchev AV, Dhamne SC, Kothare R, Rotenberg A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation induces current pulses in transcranial direct current stimulation electrodes. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:811-4.
  60. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Carpenter LL, Anastasio EM, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Minimal heating of aneurysm clips during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Jul; 123(7):1471-3.
  61. Hsieh TH, Dhamne SC, Chen JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. A new measure of cortical inhibition by mechanomyography and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in unanesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Feb; 107(3):966-72.
  62. Rubio-Morell B, Rotenberg A, Hernández-Expósito S, Pascual-Leone Á. [The use of noninvasive brain stimulation in childhood psychiatric disorders: new diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities and challenges]. Rev Neurol. 2011 Aug 16; 53(4):209-25.
  63. Pascual-Leone A, Freitas C, Oberman L, Horvath JC, Halko M, Eldaief M, Bashir S, Vernet M, Shafi M, Westover B, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Rotenberg A. Characterizing brain cortical plasticity and network dynamics across the age-span in health and disease with TMS-EEG and TMS-fMRI. Brain Topogr. 2011 Oct; 24(3-4):302-15.
  64. Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with pathologic positive sensory phenomena: a review of literature. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):320-9.e27.
  65. Alonso-Alonso M, Chang B, Press DZ, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Commentary on Kratz et Al "seizure in a nonpredisposed individual induced by single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation". J ECT. 2011 Jun; 27(2):176-7.
  66. Guilhoto LM, Loddenkemper T, Gooty VD, Rotenberg A, Takeoka M, Duffy FH, Coulter D, Urion D, Bourgeois BF, Kothare SV. Experience with lacosamide in a series of children with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Pediatr Neurol. 2011 Jun; 44(6):414-9.
  67. Benbadis SR. Teaching Video NeuroImages: complex partial seizure evolving into a psychogenic nonepileptic seizure. Neurology. 2011 May 10; 76(19):1681; author reply 1681.
  68. Najib U, Bashir S, Edwards D, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial brain stimulation: clinical applications and future directions. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2011 Apr; 22(2):233-51, ix.
  69. Olson HE, Loddenkemper T, Vendrame M, Poduri A, Takeoka M, Bergin AM, Libenson MH, Duffy FH, Rotenberg A, Coulter D, Bourgeois BF, Kothare SV. Rufinamide for the treatment of epileptic spasms. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):344-8.
  70. Bae EH, Theodore WH, Fregni F, Cantello R, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. An estimate of placebo effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Feb; 20(2):355-9.
  71. Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Muller PA, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE, Rotenberg A. Measures of cortical inhibition by paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in anesthetized rats. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb; 105(2):615-24.
  72. Perez DL, Haldar A, Rotenberg A, Kothare SV. Teaching Video NeuroImages: complex partial seizure evolving into a psychogenic nonepileptic seizure. Neurology. 2010 Dec 14; 75(24):e98.
  73. Vendrame M, Loddenkemper T, Gooty VD, Takeoka M, Rotenberg A, Bergin AM, Eksioglu YZ, Poduri A, Duffy FH, Libenson M, Bourgeois BF, Kothare SV. Experience with rufinamide in a pediatric population: a single center's experience. Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Sep; 43(3):155-8.
  74. Oberman L, Ifert-Miller F, Najib U, Bashir S, Woollacott I, Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Picker J, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation provides means to assess cortical plasticity and excitability in humans with fragile x syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Front Synaptic Neurosci. 2010; 2:26.
  75. Datta A, Picker J, Rotenberg A. Trisomy 8 mosaicism and favorable outcome after treatment of infantile spasms: case report. J Child Neurol. 2010 Oct; 25(10):1275-7.
  76. Depositario-Cabacar DT, Peters JM, Pong AW, Roth J, Rotenberg A, Riviello JJ, Takeoka M. High-dose intravenous levetiracetam for acute seizure exacerbation in children with intractable epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2010 Jul; 51(7):1319-22.
  77. Rotenberg A. Prospects for clinical applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation and real-time EEG in epilepsy. Brain Topogr. 2010 Jan; 22(4):257-66.
  78. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Muller PA, Riviello JJ, Bourgeois BF, Blum AS, Pascual-Leone A. In-session seizures during low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Oct; 16(2):353-5.
  79. Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A. Safety of 1 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with titanium skull plates. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009 Jul; 120(7):1417.
  80. Rotenberg A, Bae EH, Takeoka M, Tormos JM, Schachter SC, Pascual-Leone A. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of epilepsia partialis continua. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Jan; 14(1):253-7.
  81. Rotenberg A, Depositario-Cabacar D, Bae EH, Harini C, Pascual-Leone A, Takeoka M. Transient suppression of seizures by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a case of Rasmussen's encephalitis. Epilepsy Behav. 2008 Jul; 13(1):260-2.
  82. Rotenberg A, Harrington MG, Birnbaum DS, Madsen JR, Glass IE, Jensen FE, Pascual-Leone A. Minimal heating of titanium skull plates during 1Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 Nov; 118(11):2536-8.
  83. Meikle L, Talos DM, Onda H, Pollizzi K, Rotenberg A, Sahin M, Jensen FE, Kwiatkowski DJ. A mouse model of tuberous sclerosis: neuronal loss of Tsc1 causes dysplastic and ectopic neurons, reduced myelination, seizure activity, and limited survival. J Neurosci. 2007 May 23; 27(21):5546-58.
  84. Bae EH, Schrader LM, Machii K, Alonso-Alonso M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Rotenberg A. Safety and tolerability of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with epilepsy: a review of the literature. Epilepsy Behav. 2007 Jun; 10(4):521-8.
  85. Ives JR, Rotenberg A, Poma R, Thut G, Pascual-Leone A. Electroencephalographic recording during transcranial magnetic stimulation in humans and animals. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Aug; 117(8):1870-5.
  86. Liu X, Muller RU, Huang LT, Kubie JL, Rotenberg A, Rivard B, Cilio MR, Holmes GL. Seizure-induced changes in place cell physiology: relationship to spatial memory. J Neurosci. 2003 Dec 17; 23(37):11505-15.
  87. Rotenberg A, Abel T, Hawkins RD, Kandel ER, Muller RU. Parallel instabilities of long-term potentiation, place cells, and learning caused by decreased protein kinase A activity. J Neurosci. 2000 Nov 1; 20(21):8096-102.
  88. Rotenberg A, Muller RU. Variable place-cell coupling to a continuously viewed stimulus: evidence that the hippocampus acts as a perceptual system. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1997 Oct 29; 352(1360):1505-13.
  89. Rotenberg A, Mayford M, Hawkins RD, Kandel ER, Muller RU. Mice expressing activated CaMKII lack low frequency LTP and do not form stable place cells in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. Cell. 1996 Dec 27; 87(7):1351-61.
  90. Cleary RT, Sun H, Huynh T, Manning SM, Li Y, Rotenberg A, Talos DM, Kahle KT, Jackson M, Rakhade SN, Berry G, Berry G, Jensen FE. Bumetanide enhances phenobarbital efficacy in a rat model of hypoxic neonatal seizures. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e57148.
  91. Brunoni AR, Nitsche MA, Bolognini N, Bikson M, Wagner T, Merabet L, Edwards DJ, Valero-Cabre A, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A, Ferrucci R, Priori A, Boggio PS, Fregni F. Clinical research with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): challenges and future directions. Brain Stimul. 2012 Jul; 5(3):175-95.
  92. Rakhade SN, Klein PM, Huynh T, Hilario-Gomez C, Kosaras B, Rotenberg A, Jensen FE. Development of later life spontaneous seizures in a rodent model of hypoxia-induced neonatal seizures. Epilepsia. 2011 Apr; 52(4):753-65.
  93. Rotenberg A, Muller P, Birnbaum D, Harrington M, Riviello JJ, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen FE. Seizure suppression by EEG-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the rat. Clin Neurophysiol. 2008 Dec; 119(12):2697-702.
  94. Frye RE, Rotenberg A, Ousley M, Pascual-Leone A. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in child neurology: current and future directions. J Child Neurol. 2008 Jan; 23(1):79-96.
  95. Rotenberg A, Muller PA, Vahabzadeh-Hagh AM, Navarro X, López-Vales R, Pascual-Leone A, Jensen F. Lateralization of forelimb motor evoked potentials by transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Jan; 121(1):104-8.
  96. Mandel-Brehm C, Salogiannis J, Dhamne SC, Rotenberg A, Greenberg ME. Seizure-like activity in a juvenile Angelman syndrome mouse model is attenuated by reducing Arc expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 21; 112(16):5129-34.
  97. Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Enlow MB, D'Angelo E, Seidman LJ, Gumlak S, Kim A, Woodberry KA, Rober A, Tembulkar S, O'Donnell K, Hamoda HM, Kimball K, Rotenberg A, Oberman LM, Pascual-Leone A, Keshavan MS, Duffy FH. N100 Repetition Suppression Indexes Neuroplastic Defects in Clinical High Risk and Psychotic Youth. Neural Plast. 2016; 2016:4209831.
  98. Farzan F, Vernet M, Shafi MM, Rotenberg A, Daskalakis ZJ, Pascual-Leone A. Characterizing and Modulating Brain Circuitry through Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Combined with Electroencephalography. Front Neural Circuits. 2016; 10:73.
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