Research

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Robert  Mulkern, PhD

Department:
Radiology Research
Hospital Title:
Scientific Director, MRI Division
Academic Title:
Associate Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School
Research Focus Area:
spectroscopy
Contact Via Email
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Research Overview

Dr Mulkern's research is in the field of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy. He has contributed to the development and application of fast MR imaging techniques and performed basic studies of water diffusion. In addition, Dr. Mulkern has developed equations that can optimize signal detection during in-vivo MR spectroscopy of the coupled spin systems common to many metabolites. He works closely with both basic researchers and clinicians in the development and use of magnetic resonance methods in medicine.

About Robert Mulkern, PhD

Dr Mulkern received undergraduate degrees in mathematics and physics from Cornell University and then received a Master's degree and a PhD in Physics from Brown University. His PhD thesis was on nuclear magnetic resonance studies of glass. He then became a fellow in an NIH-sponsored cancer training fellowship program at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, where he continued his studies of nuclear magnetic resonance in people and developed new methods for fast MR imaging. He has been a faculty member of the Department of Radiology at Boston Children's Hospital since 1990.

Publications

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  1. Ciris PA, Balasubramanian M, Seethamraju RT, Tokuda J, Scalera J, Penzkofer T, Fennessy FM, Tempany-Afdhal CM, Tuncali K, Mulkern RV. Characterization of gradient echo signal decays in healthy and cancerous prostate at 3T improves with a Gaussian augmentation of the mono-exponential (GAME) model. NMR Biomed. 2016 Jul; 29(7):999-1009.
  2. Sundaram P, Nummenmaa A, Wells W, Orbach D, Orringer D, Mulkern R, Okada Y. Direct neural current imaging in an intact cerebellum with magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroimage. 2016 May 15; 132:477-90.
  3. Balasubramanian M, Jarrett DY, Mulkern RV. Bone marrow segmentation based on a combined consideration of transverse relaxation processes and Dixon oscillations. NMR Biomed. 2016 May; 29(5):553-62.
  4. Panych LP, Chiou JY, Qin L, Kimbrell VL, Bussolari L, Mulkern RV. On replacing the manual measurement of ACR phantom images performed by MRI technologists with an automated measurement approach. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2016 Apr; 43(4):843-52.
  5. Mulkern RV, Tempany CM. In memoriam: Ferenc A. Jolesz (1946-2014). Magn Reson Med. 2015 Aug; 74(2):301-2.
  6. Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Maier SE. Multicomponent T2 relaxation studies of the avian egg. Magn Reson Med. 2016 May; 75(5):2156-64.
  7. Baez JC, Ciet P, Mulkern R, Seethamraju RT, Lee EY. Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Lung and Airways. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May; 23(2):337-49.
  8. Baez JC, Seethamraju RT, Mulkern R, Ciet P, Lee EY. Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Sedation, Techniques, and Extracardiac Vessels. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May; 23(2):321-35.
  9. Taimouri V, Afacan O, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK, Freiman M. Spatially constrained incoherent motion method improves diffusion-weighted MRI signal decay analysis in the liver and spleen. Med Phys. 2015 Apr; 42(4):1895-903.
  10. Yamauchi FI, Penzkofer T, Fedorov A, Fennessy FM, Chu R, Maier SE, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV, Panych LP. Prostate cancer discrimination in the peripheral zone with a reduced field-of-view T(2)-mapping MRI sequence. Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Jun; 33(5):525-30.
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  12. Fennessy FM, Fedorov A, Penzkofer T, Kim KW, Hirsch MS, Vangel MG, Masry P, Flood TA, Chang MC, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV, Gupta SN. Quantitative pharmacokinetic analysis of prostate cancer DCE-MRI at 3T: comparison of two arterial input functions on cancer detection with digitized whole mount histopathological validation. Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Sep; 33(7):886-94.
  13. Fedorov A, Penzkofer T, Hirsch MS, Flood TA, Vangel MG, Masry P, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV, Fennessy FM. The role of pathology correlation approach in prostate cancer index lesion detection and quantitative analysis with multiparametric MRI. Acad Radiol. 2015 May; 22(5):548-55.
  14. Mulkern RV, Ricci KI, Vajapeyam S, Chenevert TL, Malyarenko DI, Kocak M, Poussaint TY. Pediatric brain tumor consortium multisite assessment of apparent diffusion coefficient z-axis variation assessed with an ice-water phantom. Acad Radiol. 2015 Mar; 22(3):363-9.
  15. Balasubramanian M, Mulkern RV, Wells WM, Sundaram P, Orbach DB. Magnetic resonance imaging of ionic currents in solution: the effect of magnetohydrodynamic flow. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Oct; 74(4):1145-55.
  16. Penzkofer T, Tuncali K, Fedorov A, Song SE, Tokuda J, Fennessy FM, Vangel MG, Kibel AS, Mulkern RV, Wells WM, Hata N, Tempany CM. Transperineal in-bore 3-T MR imaging-guided prostate biopsy: a prospective clinical observational study. Radiology. 2015 Jan; 274(1):170-80.
  17. Shinmoto H, Oshio K, Tamura C, Soga S, Okamura T, Yamada K, Kaji T, Mulkern RV. Diffusion-weighted imaging of prostate cancer using a statistical model based on the gamma distribution. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Jul; 42(1):56-62.
  18. Oshio K, Shinmoto H, Mulkern RV. Interpretation of diffusion MR imaging data using a gamma distribution model. Magn Reson Med Sci. 2014; 13(3):191-5.
  19. DiVasta AD, Mulkern RV, Gordon CM, Ecklund K. MR Imaging in a case of severe anorexia nervosa: the 'flip-flop' effect. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr; 45(4):617-20.
  20. Fedorov A, Fluckiger J, Ayers GD, Li X, Gupta SN, Tempany C, Mulkern R, Yankeelov TE, Fennessy FM. A comparison of two methods for estimating DCE-MRI parameters via individual and cohort based AIFs in prostate cancer: a step towards practical implementation. Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 May; 32(4):321-9.
  21. Akhondi-Asl A, Afacan O, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK. T(2)-relaxometry for myelin water fraction extraction using wald distribution and extended phase graph. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2014; 17(Pt 3):145-52.
  22. Maier SE, Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV. Avian egg latebra as brain tissue water diffusion model. Magn Reson Med. 2014 Aug; 72(2):501-9.
  23. Gorkem SB, Coskun A, Yikilmaz A, Zurakowski D, Mulkern RV, Lee EY. Evaluation of pediatric thoracic disorders: comparison of unenhanced fast-imaging-sequence 1.5-T MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jun; 200(6):1352-7.
  24. Ramon-Krauel M, Salsberg SL, Ebbeling CB, Voss SD, Mulkern RV, Apura MM, Cooke EA, Sarao K, Jonas MM, Ludwig DS. A low-glycemic-load versus low-fat diet in the treatment of fatty liver in obese children. Child Obes. 2013 Jun; 9(3):252-60.
  25. Hegde JV, Mulkern RV, Panych LP, Fennessy FM, Fedorov A, Maier SE, Tempany CM. Multiparametric MRI of prostate cancer: an update on state-of-the-art techniques and their performance in detecting and localizing prostate cancer. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 May; 37(5):1035-54.
  26. Mulkern RV, Balasubramanian M, Orbach DB, Mitsouras D, Haker SJ. Incorporating reversible and irreversible transverse relaxation effects into Steady State Free Precession (SSFP) signal intensity expressions for fMRI considerations. Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Apr; 31(3):346-52.
  27. Gambarota G, Bondon A, Le Floch M, Mulkern RV, Saint-Jalmes H. Selective spectral modulation of strongly coupled spins with an echo top refocusing pulse in PRESS sequences. J Magn Reson. 2013 Mar; 228:76-80.
  28. Freiman M, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Voss SD, Ecklund K, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK. Reliable estimation of incoherent motion parametric maps from diffusion-weighted MRI using fusion bootstrap moves. Med Image Anal. 2013 Apr; 17(3):325-36.
  29. Freiman M, Afacan O, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK. Improved multi B-value diffusion-weighted MRI of the body by simultaneous model estimation and image reconstruction (SMEIR). Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2013; 16(Pt 3):1-8.
  30. Panych LP, Roebuck JR, Chen NK, Tang Y, Madore B, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV. Investigation of the PSF-choice method for reduced lipid contamination in prostate MR spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2012 Nov; 68(5):1376-82.
  31. Hegde JV, Chen MH, Mulkern RV, Fennessy FM, D'Amico AV, Tempany CM. Preoperative 3-Tesla multiparametric endorectal magnetic resonance imaging findings and the odds of upgrading and upstaging at radical prostatectomy in men with clinically localized prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2013 Feb 1; 85(2):e101-7.
  32. Shinmoto H, Tamura C, Soga S, Shiomi E, Yoshihara N, Kaji T, Mulkern RV. An intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging study of prostate cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Oct; 199(4):W496-500.
  33. Freiman M, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Bittman M, Mulkern RV, Bousvaros A, Warfield SK. Characterization of fast and slow diffusion from diffusion-weighted MRI of pediatric Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Jan; 37(1):156-63.
  34. Fennessy FM, Fedorov A, Gupta SN, Schmidt EJ, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV. Practical considerations in T1 mapping of prostate for dynamic contrast enhancement pharmacokinetic analyses. Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Nov; 30(9):1224-33.
  35. Freiman M, Voss SD, Mulkern RV, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. In vivo assessment of optimal b-value range for perfusion-insensitive apparent diffusion coefficient imaging. Med Phys. 2012 Aug; 39(8):4832-9.
  36. Freiman M, Voss SD, Mulkern RV, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. Reliable assessment of perfusivity and diffusivity from diffusion imaging of the body. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012; 15(Pt 1):1-9.
  37. Gambarota G, Tanner M, van der Graaf M, Mulkern RV, Newbould RD. 1H-MRS of hepatic fat using short TR at 3T: SNR optimization and fast T2 relaxometry. MAGMA. 2011 Dec; 24(6):339-45.
  38. Yikilmaz A, Koc A, Coskun A, Ozturk MK, Mulkern RV, Lee EY. Evaluation of pneumonia in children: comparison of MRI with fast imaging sequences at 1.5T with chest radiographs. Acta Radiol. 2011 Oct 1; 52(8):914-9.
  39. Mei CS, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Chen NK, Madore B, Panych LP, Hynynen K, McDannold NJ. Ultrafast 1D MR thermometry using phase or frequency mapping. MAGMA. 2012 Feb; 25(1):5-14.
  40. Sundaram P, Mulkern RV, Wells WM, Triantafyllou C, Loddenkemper T, Bubrick EJ, Orbach DB. An empirical investigation of motion effects in eMRI of interictal epileptiform spikes. Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Dec; 29(10):1401-9.
  41. Meisel JA, Le HD, de Meijer VE, Nose V, Gura KM, Mulkern RV, Akhavan Sharif MR, Puder M. Comparison of 5 intravenous lipid emulsions and their effects on hepatic steatosis in a murine model. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Apr; 46(4):666-73.
  42. Freiman M, Voss SD, Mulkern RV, Perez-Rossello JM, Warfield SK. Quantitative body DW-MRI biomarkers uncertainty estimation using unscented wild-bootstrap. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2011; 14(Pt 2):74-81.
  43. Mitsouras D, Vemula PK, Yu P, Tao M, Nguyen BT, Campagna CM, Karp JM, Mulkern RV, Ozaki CK, Rybicki FJ. Immobilized contrast-enhanced MRI: Gadolinium-based long-term MR contrast enhancement of the vein graft vessel wall. Magn Reson Med. 2011 Jan; 65(1):176-83.
  44. Maril A, Davis PE, Koo JJ, Reggev N, Zuckerman M, Ehrenfeld L, Mulkern RV, Waber DP, Rivkin MJ. Developmental fMRI study of episodic verbal memory encoding in children. Neurology. 2010 Dec 7; 75(23):2110-6.
  45. Sundaram P, Wells WM, Mulkern RV, Bubrick EJ, Bromfield EB, Münch M, Orbach DB. Fast human brain magnetic resonance responses associated with epileptiform spikes. Magn Reson Med. 2010 Dec; 64(6):1728-38.
  46. Nguyen BT, Vemula PK, Mitsouras D, Yu P, Tao M, Campagna C, Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ, Karp JM, Ozaki CK. Immobilization of iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles for enhancement of vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging--an ex vivo feasibility study. Bioconjug Chem. 2010 Aug 18; 21(8):1408-12.
  47. Maier SE, Sun Y, Mulkern RV. Diffusion imaging of brain tumors. NMR Biomed. 2010 Aug; 23(7):849-64.
  48. Noordin S, Winalski CS, Shortkroff S, Mulkern RV. Factors affecting paramagnetic contrast enhancement in synovial fluid: effects of electrolytes, protein concentrations, and temperature on water proton relaxivities from Mn ions and Gd chelated contrast agents. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2010 Jul; 18(7):964-70.
  49. Rybicki FJ, Mitsouras D, Owens CD, Whitmore A, Gerhard-Herman M, Wake N, Cai T, Zhou Q, Conte MS, Creager MA, Mulkern RV. Multi-contrast high spatial resolution black blood inner volume three-dimensional fast spin echo MR imaging in peripheral vein bypass grafts. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Aug; 26(6):683-91.
  50. Ecklund K, Vajapeyam S, Feldman HA, Buzney CD, Mulkern RV, Kleinman PK, Rosen CJ, Gordon CM. Bone marrow changes in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Feb; 25(2):298-304.
  51. Ramadan S, Mulkern RV. Comment on ADC reductions in postcontrast breast tumors. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 Jan; 31(1):262; author reply 263-4.
  52. Kickler N, Gambarota G, Mekle R, Gruetter R, Mulkern R. Echo-time independent signal modulations for strongly coupled systems in triple echo localization schemes: an extension of S-PRESS editing. J Magn Reson. 2010 Mar; 203(1):108-12.
  53. Lin JM, Tsai SY, Liu HS, Chung HW, Mulkern RV, Cheng CM, Yeh TC, Chen NK. Quantification of non-water-suppressed MR spectra with correction for motion-induced signal reduction. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Dec; 62(6):1394-403.
  54. Mitsouras D, Owens CD, Conte MS, Ersoy H, Creager MA, Rybicki FJ, Mulkern RV. In vivo differentiation of two vessel wall layers in lower extremity peripheral vein bypass grafts: application of high-resolution inner-volume black blood 3D FSE. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Sep; 62(3):607-15.
  55. Mulkern RV, Haker SJ, Maier SE. On high b diffusion imaging in the human brain: ruminations and experimental insights. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Oct; 27(8):1151-62.
  56. Schwartz R, Mulkern R, Vajapeyam S, Kacher DF. Catheter angiography, MR angiography, and MR perfusion in posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Feb; 30(2):E19; author reply E20.
  57. Leppert IR, Almli CR, McKinstry RC, Mulkern RV, Pierpaoli C, Rivkin MJ, Pike GB. T(2) relaxometry of normal pediatric brain development. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Feb; 29(2):258-67.
  58. Ababneh ZQ, Beloeil H, Berde CB, Ababneh AM, Maier SE, Mulkern RV. In vivo lipid diffusion coefficient measurements in rat bone marrow. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jul; 27(6):859-64.
  59. Roebuck JR, Haker SJ, Mitsouras D, Rybicki FJ, Tempany CM, Mulkern RV. Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill imaging of prostate cancer: quantitative T2 values for cancer discrimination. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 May; 27(4):497-502.
  60. Shinmoto H, Oshio K, Tanimoto A, Higuchi N, Okuda S, Kuribayashi S, Mulkern RV. Biexponential apparent diffusion coefficients in prostate cancer. Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Apr; 27(3):355-9.
  61. Xiao Z, Hoge WS, Mulkern RV, Zhao L, Hu G, Kyriakos WE. Comparison of parallel MRI reconstruction methods for accelerated 3D fast spin-echo imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Sep; 60(3):650-60.
  62. Mulkern RV, Forbes P, Dewey K, Osganian S, Clark M, Wong S, Ramamurthy U, Kun L, Poussaint TY. Establishment and results of a magnetic resonance quality assurance program for the pediatric brain tumor consortium. Acad Radiol. 2008 Sep; 15(9):1099-110.
  63. Mulkern RV, Salsberg SL, Krauel MR, Ludwig DS, Voss S. A paradoxical signal intensity increase in fatty livers using opposed-phase gradient echo imaging with fat-suppression pulses. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Oct; 38(10):1099-104.
  64. Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ. Fast, exact k-space sample density compensation for trajectories composed of rotationally symmetric segments, and the SNR-optimized image reconstruction from non-Cartesian samples. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Aug; 60(2):339-49.
  65. Ababneh ZQ, Ababneh R, Maier SE, Winalski CS, Oshio K, Ababneh AM, Mulkern RV. On the correlation between T(2) and tissue diffusion coefficients in exercised muscle: quantitative measurements at 3T within the tibialis anterior. MAGMA. 2008 Jul; 21(4):273-8.
  66. Maier SE, Mulkern RV. Biexponential analysis of diffusion-related signal decay in normal human cortical and deep gray matter. Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep; 26(7):897-904.
  67. Rivkin MJ, Davis PE, Lemaster JL, Cabral HJ, Warfield SK, Mulkern RV, Robson CD, Rose-Jacobs R, Frank DA. Volumetric MRI study of brain in children with intrauterine exposure to cocaine, alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4):741-50.
  68. Zhou X, Mazzanti ML, Chen JJ, Tzeng YS, Mansour JK, Gereige JD, Venkatesh AK, Sun Y, Mulkern RV, Albert MS. Reinvestigating hyperpolarized (129)Xe longitudinal relaxation time in the rat brain with noise considerations. NMR Biomed. 2008 Mar; 21(3):217-25.
  69. Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Owens CD, Conte MS, Ersoy H, Luu TM, Whitmore AG, Creager MA, Rybicki FJ. High-resolution peripheral vein bypass graft wall studies using high sampling efficiency inner volume 3D FSE. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Mar; 59(3):650-4.
  70. Winalski CS, Shortkroff S, Schneider E, Yoshioka H, Mulkern RV, Rosen GM. Targeted dendrimer-based contrast agents for articular cartilage assessment by MR imaging. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2008 Jul; 16(7):815-22.
  71. Owens CD, Rybicki FJ, Wake N, Schanzer A, Ifantides C, Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Gerhard-Herman MD, Belkin M, Creager MA, Conte MS. Early remodeling of lower extremity vein grafts: inflammation influences biochemical adaptation. J Vasc Surg. 2008; ;in press.
  72. Rybicki FJ, Mitsouras D, Owens CD, Whitmore AG, Ersoy H, Mulkern RV, Creager MA, Conte MS. Lower extremity peripheral vein bypass graft wall thickness changes demonstrated at 1 and 6 months after surgery with ultra-high spatial resolution black blood inner volume three-dimensional fast spin echo magnetic resonance imaging. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2008 Jun; 24(5):529-33.
  73. McDannold N, Barnes AS, Rybicki FJ, Oshio K, Chen NK, Hynynen K, Mulkern RV. Temperature mapping considerations in the breast with line scan echo planar spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Dec; 58(6):1117-23.
  74. Gambarota G, Veltien A, Klomp D, Van Alfen N, Mulkern RV, Heerschap A. Magnetic resonance imaging and T2 relaxometry of human median nerve at 7 Tesla. Muscle Nerve. 2007 Sep; 36(3):368-73.
  75. Ersoy H, Goldhaber SZ, Cai T, Luu T, Rosebrook J, Mulkern R, Rybicki F. Time-resolved MR angiography: a primary screening examination of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism and contraindications to administration of iodinated contrast material. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 May; 188(5):1246-54.
  76. Mulkern RV, Haker SJ, Maier SE. Complimentary aspects of diffusion imaging and fMRI: II. Elucidating contributions to the fMRI signal with diffusion sensitization. Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jul; 25(6):939-52.
  77. Poussaint TY, Phillips PC, Vajapeyam S, Fahey FH, Robertson RL, Osganian S, Ramamurthy U, Mulkern RV, Treves ST, Boyett JM, Kun LE. The Neuroimaging Center of the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium-collaborative neuroimaging in pediatric brain tumor research: a work in progress. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007 Apr; 28(4):603-7.
  78. Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Afacan O, Brooks DH, Rybicki FJ. Basis function cross-correlations for robust k-space sample density compensation, with application to the design of radiofrequency excitations. Magn Reson Med. 2007 Feb; 57(2):338-52.
  79. Wolfberg AJ, Robinson JN, Mulkern R, Rybicki F, Du Plessis AJ. Identification of fetal cerebral lactate using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jan; 196(1):e9-11.
  80. Ersoy H, Goldhaber SZ, Cai T, Luu T, Rosebrook J, Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ. Time-resolved MR angiography: A primary screening exam in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism and contraindication to iodinated contrast material. Am J Roentgen, In press. 2007.
  81. Wolfberg AJ, Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ, Du Plessis A, Robinson JN. . Identification of fetal cerebral lactate using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Am J Obs and Gyn. 2007; 196:9-11.
  82. Brass SD, Chen NK, Mulkern RV, Bakshi R. Magnetic Resonance imaging of iron deposition in neurologic disorders. Top Magn Reson Imag. 2007; 17:31-40.
  83. Rybicki FJ, Mitsouras D, Owens CD, Whitmore AG, Ersoy H, Mulkern RV, Creager MA, Conte MS. Lower extremity peripheral vein bypass graft wall thickness changes demonstrated at one and six months after surgery with ultra-high spatial resolution black blood inner volume three-dimensional fast spin echo magnetic resonance imaging. Intl Jour CardioVasc Imag. 2007; ;in press.
  84. Beloeil H, Ababneh Z, Chung R, Zurakowski D, Mulkern RV, Berde CB. Effects of bupivacaine and tetrodotoxin on carrageenan-induced hind paw inflammation in rats (Part 1): hyperalgesia, edema, and systemic cytokines. Anesthesiology. 2006 Jul; 105(1):128-38.
  85. Mewes AU, Hüppi PS, Als H, Rybicki FJ, Inder TE, McAnulty GB, Mulkern RV, Robertson RL, Rivkin MJ, Warfield SK. Regional brain development in serial magnetic resonance imaging of low-risk preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul; 118(1):23-33.
  86. Talos IF, Mian AZ, Zou KH, Hsu L, Goldberg-Zimring D, Haker S, Bhagwat JG, Mulkern RV. Magnetic resonance and the human brain: anatomy, function and metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2006 May; 63(10):1106-24.
  87. Mulkern RV, Davis PE, Haker SJ, Estepar RS, Panych LP, Maier SE, Rivkin MJ. Complementary aspects of diffusion imaging and fMRI; I: structure and function. Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 May; 24(4):463-74.
  88. Mulkern RV, Barnes AS, Haker SJ, Hung YP, Rybicki FJ, Maier SE, Tempany CM. Biexponential characterization of prostate tissue water diffusion decay curves over an extended b-factor range. Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Jun; 24(5):563-8.
  89. Brass SD, Chen NK, Mulkern RV, Bakshi R. Magnetic resonance imaging of iron deposition in neurological disorders. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Feb; 17(1):31-40.
  90. Mitsouras D, Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ. Strategies for inner volume 3D fast spin echo magnetic resonance imaging using nonselective refocusing radio frequency pulses. Med Phys. 2006 Jan; 33(1):173-86.
  91. Haker SJ, Mulkern RV, Roebuck JR, Szot Barnes A, DiMaio S, Hata N, Tempany CMC. Magnetic Resonance - guided prostate interventions. Magn Reson Imag. 2006; 16:355-368.
  92. Mulkern RV, Davis PE, Haker SJ, Estepar RJS, Panych LP, Maier SE, Rivkin MJ, . Complimentary aspects of diffusion imaging and fMRI: Structure and function. Magn Reson Imag. 2006; 24:463-474.
  93. Barnes AS, Haker SJ, Mulkern RV, So M, D'Amico AV, Tempany CM. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy-guided transperineal prostate biopsy and brachytherapy for recurrent prostate cancer. Urology. 2005 Dec; 66(6):1319.
  94. Gambarota G, van der Graaf M, Klomp D, Mulkern RV, Heerschap A. Echo-time independent signal modulations using PRESS sequences: a new approach to spectral editing of strongly coupled AB spin systems. J Magn Reson. 2005 Dec; 177(2):299-306.
  95. Haker SJ, Mulkern RV, Roebuck JR, Barnes AS, Dimaio S, Hata N, Tempany CM. Magnetic resonance-guided prostate interventions. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Oct; 16(5):355-68.
  96. Javid PJ, Greene AK, Garza J, Gura K, Alwayn IP, Voss S, Nose V, Satchi-Fainaro R, Zausche B, Mulkern RV, Jaksic T, Bistrian B, Folkman J, Puder M. The route of lipid administration affects parenteral nutrition-induced hepatic steatosis in a mouse model. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Sep; 40(9):1446-53.
  97. Ababneh Z, Beloeil H, Berde CB, Gambarota G, Maier SE, Mulkern RV. Biexponential parameterization of diffusion and T2 relaxation decay curves in a rat muscle edema model: decay curve components and water compartments. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Sep; 54(3):524-31.
  98. Kubicki M, Park H, Westin CF, Nestor PG, Mulkern RV, Maier SE, Niznikiewicz M, Connor EE, Levitt JJ, Frumin M, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. DTI and MTR abnormalities in schizophrenia: analysis of white matter integrity. Neuroimage. 2005 Jul 15; 26(4):1109-18.
  99. Mulkern RV, Hung YP, Ababneh Z, Maier SE, Packard AB, Uluer MC, Kacher DF, Gambarota G, Voss S. On the strong field dependence and nonlinear response to gadolinium contrast agent of proton transverse relaxation rates in dairy cream. Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Jul; 23(6):757-64.
  100. Panych LP, Zhao L, Mulkern RV. PSF-choice: a novel MRI method for shaping point-spread functions in phase-encoding dimensions. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Jul; 54(1):159-68.
  101. Mulkern RV, Vajapeyam S, Haker SJ, Maier SE. Magnetization transfer studies of the fast and slow tissue water diffusion components in the human brain. NMR Biomed. 2005 May; 18(3):186-94.
  102. Mulkern RV, Hung YP, Ababneh Z, Maier SE, Packard AB, Uluer MC, Kacher DF, Gambarota G, Voss S. On the strong field dependence and non-linear response to gadolinium contrast agent of the proton transverse relaxation rate in diary cream. Magn Reson Imag. 2005; 23:757-764.
  103. Gambarota G, van der Graf M, Klomp D, Mulkern RV, Heerschap A. Echo-time independent signal modulations using PRESS sequences: A new approach to spectral editing of strongly couple AB systems. Jour Magn Reson. 2005; 177:299-306.
  104. Mulkern RV, Chen NK, Oshio K, Panych LP, Rybicki FJ, Gambarota G. Fast spectroscopic imaging strategies for potential applications in fMRI. Magn Reson Imaging. 2004 Dec; 22(10):1395-405.
  105. Ababneh Z, Haque M, Maier SE, Mulkern RV. Dairy cream as a phantom material for biexponential diffusion decay. MAGMA. 2004 Nov; 17(2):95-100.
  106. Chen NK, Oshio K, Panych LP, Rybicki FJ, Mulkern RV. Spatially selective T2 and T2 * measurement with line-scan echo-planar spectroscopic imaging. J Magn Reson. 2004 Nov; 171(1):90-6.
  107. Robinson JN, Cleary-Goldman J, Arias-Mendoza F, Cruz-Lobo J, Tempany C, Mulkern RV, Feinberg BB, Brown TR. Detection of fetal lactate with two-dimensional-localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Nov; 104(5 Pt 2):1208-10.
  108. Sun Y, Mulkern RV, Schmidt K, Doshi S, Albert MS, Schmidt NO, Ziu M, Black P, Carrol R, Kieran MW. Quantification of water diffusion and relaxation times of human U87 tumors in a mouse model. NMR Biomed. 2004 Oct; 17(6):399-404.
  109. Kussman BD, Mulkern RV, Holzman RS. Iatrogenic hyperthermia during cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Anesth Analg. 2004 Oct; 99(4):1053-5, table of contents.
  110. Mulkern RV, Huang J, Vajapeyam S, Packard AB, Oshio K, Grinspoon S. Fat fractions and spectral T2 values in vertebral bone marrow in HIV- and non-HIV-infected men: a 1H spectroscopic imaging study. Magn Reson Med. 2004 Sep; 52(3):552-8.
  111. Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ, Haker SJ, Tempany CM. Comments on T2 measurements of prostate tissue. Radiology. 2004 Aug; 232(2):624-5; author reply 625-6.
  112. Stephen E. Maier and Robert V. Mulkern . "Method of fast and reliable tissue differentiation using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging". 2004.
  113. Rivkin MJ, Wolraich D, Als H, McAnulty G, Butler S, Conneman N, Fischer C, Vajapeyam S, Robertson RL, Mulkern RV. Prolonged T*2 values in newborn versus adult brain: Implications for fMRI studies of newborns. Magn Reson Med. 2004 Jun; 51(6):1287-91.
  114. Sun Y, Schmidt NO, Schmidt K, Doshi S, Rubin JB, Mulkern RV, Carroll R, Ziu M, Erkmen K, Poussaint TY, Black P, Albert M, Burstein D, Kieran MW. Perfusion MRI of U87 brain tumors in a mouse model. Magn Reson Med. 2004 May; 51(5):893-9.
  115. Als H, Duffy FH, McAnulty GB, Rivkin MJ, Vajapeyam S, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK, Huppi PS, Butler SC, Conneman N, Fischer C, Eichenwald EC. Early experience alters brain function and structure. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr; 113(4):846-57.
  116. Weisskopf MG, Hu H, Mulkern RV, White R, Aro A, Oliveira S, Wright RO. Cognitive deficits and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in adult monozygotic twins with lead poisoning. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Apr; 112(5):620-5.
  117. Maier SE, Vajapeyam S, Mamata H, Westin CF, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV. Biexponential diffusion tensor analysis of human brain diffusion data. Magn Reson Med. 2004 Feb; 51(2):321-30.
  118. Jaramillo D, Villegas-Medina OL, Doty DK, Rivas R, Strife K, Dwek JR, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Age-related vascular changes in the epiphysis, physis, and metaphysis: normal findings on gadolinium-enhanced MRI of piglets. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Feb; 182(2):353-60.
  119. Jaramillo D, Villegas-medina OL, Doty DK, Rivas R, Strife K, Dwek JR, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F,. Age related vascular changes in the epiphysis, physis and metaphysis: Normal findings in gadolinium-enhanced MRI of piglets. AJR. 2004; 182:353-360.
  120. MacKenzie, JD, Rybicki FJ, Shu KM, Haker SJ, Szot Barnes A, Thibodeau S, Mulkern RV. Pure fat and water imaging of the spine. Med Imag Intl. 2004; 14:9-10.
  121. Mulkern RV, . Letter to the Editor,"Brain Surgery". American Scientist. 2004; 92:396.
  122. Mulkern RV, Rybicki FJ, Haker SJ, Tempany CMC. Letter to the Editor, Comments on prostate tissue T2 measurements,. Radiology. 2004; 232:624-625.
  123. Mulkern RV, Greenman RL, Rybicki FJ. Comments on ultrahigh field 31P ATP T2 values. Magn Reson Med. 2003 Sep; 50(3):654-5; author reply 656-8.
  124. Chan I, Wells W, Mulkern RV, Haker S, Zhang J, Zou KH, Maier SE, Tempany CM. Detection of prostate cancer by integration of line-scan diffusion, T2-mapping and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging; a multichannel statistical classifier. Med Phys. 2003 Sep; 30(9):2390-8.
  125. Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB. In re: characterization of benign and metastatic vertebral compression fractures with quantitative diffusion MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Aug; 24(7):1489-90; author reply 1490-1.
  126. Fan A, Wells WM, Fisher JW, Cetin M, Haker S, Mulkern R, Tempany C, Willsky AS. A unified variational approach to denoising and bias correction in MR. Inf Process Med Imaging. 2003 Jul; 18:148-59.
  127. Greenman RL, Shirosky JE, Mulkern RV, Rofsky NM. Double inversion black-blood fast spin-echo imaging of the human heart: a comparison between 1.5T and 3.0T. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Jun; 17(6):648-55.
  128. Jaramillo D, Connolly SA, Vajapeyam S, Robertson RL, Dunning PS, Mulkern RV, Hayward A, Maier SE, Shapiro F. Normal and ischemic epiphysis of the femur: diffusion MR imaging study in piglets. Radiology. 2003 Jun; 227(3):825-32.
  129. Robertson RL, Robson CD, Zurakowski D, Antiles S, Strauss K, Mulkern RV. CT versus MR in neonatal brain imaging at term. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jul; 33(7):442-9.
  130. Kuroda K, Takei N, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Nakai T, Okada T, Matsumura A, Yanaka K, Hynynen K, Jolesz FA. Feasibility of internally referenced brain temperature imaging with a metabolite signal. Magn Reson Med Sci. 2003 Apr 1; 2(1):17-22.
  131. Maier SE, Mamata H, Mulkern RV. Characterization of normal brain and brain tumor pathology by chisquares parameter maps of diffusion-weighted image data. Eur J Radiol. 2003 Mar; 45(3):199-207.
  132. Cairns BE, Gambarota G, Dunning PS, Mulkern RV, Berde CB. Activation of peripheral excitatory amino acid receptors decreases the duration of local anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 2003 Feb; 98(2):521-9.
  133. Rivkin MJ, Vajapeyam S, Hutton C, Weiler ML, Hall EK, Wolraich DA, Yoo SS, Mulkern RV, Forbes PW, Wolff PH, Waber DP. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of paced finger tapping in children. Pediatr Neurol. 2003 Feb; 28(2):89-95.
  134. Greenman RL, Shirosky JE, Mulkern RV, Rofsky NM, . Double inversion black blood fast spin echo imaging of the human heart: A comparison between 1.5 T and 3.0 T. J Magn Reson Imag. 2003; 17:648-655.
  135. Jaramillo D, Connolly SA, Vajapeyam S, Robertson RL, Dunning PS, Mulkern RV, Hayward A, Maier SE, Shapiro F, . Normal and ischemic epiphysis of the femur: Diffusion MR imaging - Study in piglets. Radiol. 2003; 227:825-832.
  136. Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB, . Letters to the Editor, On Tthe Lipid Contribution to Diffusion Imaging of Vertebral Marrow. Am J of Neuroradiol. 2003; 24:1487-1488.
  137. Winalski CS, Shortkroff S, Mulkern RV, Schneider E, Rosen GM. Magnetic resonance relaxivity of dendrimer-linked nitroxides. Magn Reson Med. 2002 Dec; 48(6):965-72.
  138. Huang JS, Mulkern RV, Grinspoon S. Reduced intravertebral bone marrow fat in HIV-infected men. AIDS. 2002 Jun 14; 16(9):1265-9.
  139. Rybicki FJ, Marler JJ, Upton J, Blinder EM, Mulkern RV, Ma J. Case Report: Giant Cell Angioblastoma. Applied Radiology. 2002; 31.
  140. Mulkern RV, . Antiferromagnetism questions asked and answerd. Physics Today. 2002; 10-11.
  141. Mulkern RV, . Letters, Antiferromagnetism questions asked and answerd. Physics Today. 2002; 10-11.
  142. Rybicki FJ, Ledbetter S, Mulkern RV,. Comparing MRI pulse sequences for a specific clinical task. Emer Radiol. 2002; 9:178-180.
  143. Mulkern RV. Fast Imaging Principles. "Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine" Ed. Scott W. Atlas. 2002; 127-196.
  144. Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Mulkern R, Brown SA, Rybicki F, Tempany CM. Prenatal diagnosis of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency using magnetic resonance imaging. Prenat Diagn. 2001 Dec; 21(12):1053-6.
  145. Shinmoto H, Oshio K, Yuasa Y, Tanimoto A, Momoshima S, Kuribayashi S, Saito H, Imai Y, Mulkern RV. [Fatty liver quantification with line scan echo planar spectroscopic imaging (LSEPSI)]. Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi. 2001 Nov; 61(13):715-20.
  146. Rybicki FJ, Chung T, Reid J, Jaramillo D, Mulkern RV, Ma J. Fast three-point dixon MR imaging using low-resolution images for phase correction: a comparison with chemical shift selective fat suppression for pediatric musculoskeletal imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Nov; 177(5):1019-23.
  147. Rybicki FJ, Mulkern RV, Robertson RL, Robson CD, Chung T, Ma J. Fast three-point Dixon MR imaging of the retrobulbar space with low-resolution images for phase correction: comparison with fast spin-echo inversion recovery imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Oct; 22(9):1798-802.
  148. Gambarota G, Cairns BE, Berde CB, Mulkern RV. Osmotic effects on the T2 relaxation decay of in vivo muscle. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Sep; 46(3):592-9.
  149. Panych LP, Zhao L, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV. Dynamic imaging with multiple resolutions along phase-encode and slice-select dimensions. Magn Reson Med. 2001 Jun; 45(6):940-7.
  150. Maier SE, Bogner P, Bajzik G, Mamata H, Mamata Y, Repa I, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV. Normal brain and brain tumor: multicomponent apparent diffusion coefficient line scan imaging. Radiology. 2001 Jun; 219(3):842-9.
  151. Mulkern RV, Vajapeyam S, Robertson RL, Caruso PA, Rivkin MJ, Maier SE. Biexponential apparent diffusion coefficient parametrization in adult vs newborn brain. Magn Reson Imaging. 2001 Jun; 19(5):659-68.
  152. McDannold N, Hynynen K, Oshio K, Mulkern RV. Temperature monitoring with line scan echo planar spectroscopic imaging. Med Phys. 2001 Mar; 28(3):346-55.
  153. Mulkern RV, Panych LP. Echo planar spectroscopic imaging. Concepts in Magnetic Resonance. 2001; 13:213-237.
  154. Robinson JN, Norwitz ER, Mulkern RV, Brown SA, Rybicki FJ, Tempany CMC,. Prenantal diagnosis of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency using magnetic resonance imaging. Prenatal Diag. 2001; 21:1053-1056.
  155. Rybicki FJ, Mulkern RV,. Principles and Clinical Applications of Single-shot Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Applied Radiol. 2001; 30:30-37.
  156. Shinmoto H, Oshio K, Yuasa Y, Tanimoto A, Momoshima S, Kuribayashi S, Saito H, Imai Y, Mulkern RV,. Fatty Liver Quantification with Line Scan Echo Planar Spectroscopic Imaging (LSEPSI). Nippon Acta Radiologica. 2001; 61:715-720.
  157. Maier SE, Bogner P, Bajzik G, Mamata H, Mamata Y, Repa I, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV,. Normal brain and brain tumor: Multi-component apparent diffusion coefficient line scan imaging. Radiol. 2001; 219:842-849.
  158. Sun Y, Sugawara M, Mulkern RV, Hynynen K, Mochizuki S, Albert M, Zuo CS. Simultaneous measurements of temperature and pH in vivo using NMR in conjunction with TmDOTP5-. NMR Biomed. 2000 Dec; 13(8):460-6.
  159. Paltiel HJ, Mulkern RV, Perez-Atayde A, Connolly LP, Zurakowski D, Treves ST, Atala A. Effect of chronic, low-pressure, sterile vesicoureteral reflux on renal growth and function in a porcine model: a radiologic and pathologic study. Radiology. 2000 Nov; 217(2):507-15.
  160. Oshio K, Kyriakos W, Mulkern RV. Line scan echo planar spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2000 Oct; 44(4):521-4.
  161. Mugler JP, Bao S, Mulkern RV, Guttmann CR, Robertson RL, Jolesz FA, Brookeman JR. Optimized single-slab three-dimensional spin-echo MR imaging of the brain. Radiology. 2000 Sep; 216(3):891-9.
  162. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Mulkern RV, Vajapayam S, Robson CD, Barnes PD. MR line-scan diffusion imaging of the spinal cord in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1344-8.
  163. Okuda S, Kuroda K, Oshio K, Mulkern RV, Colucci V, Morrison PR, Kainuma O, Jolesz FA. MR-based temperature monitoring for hot saline injection therapy. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Aug; 12(2):330-8.
  164. Mulkern RV, Zengingonul HP, Robertson RL, Bogner P, Zou KH, Gudbjartsson H, Guttmann CR, Holtzman D, Kyriakos W, Jolesz FA, Maier SE. Multi-component apparent diffusion coefficients in human brain: relationship to spin-lattice relaxation. Magn Reson Med. 2000 Aug; 44(2):292-300.
  165. Kyriakos WE, Panych LP, Kacher DF, Westin CF, Bao SM, Mulkern RV, Jolesz FA. Sensitivity profiles from an array of coils for encoding and reconstruction in parallel (SPACE RIP). Magn Reson Med. 2000 Aug; 44(2):301-8.
  166. Kuroda K, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Panych LP, Nakai T, Moriya T, Okuda S, Hynynen K, Jolesz FA. Temperature mapping using the water proton chemical shift: self-referenced method with echo-planar spectroscopic imaging Magn Reson Med. 2000 Jul; 44(1):167.
  167. Hynynen K, McDannold N, Mulkern RV, Jolesz FA. Temperature monitoring in fat with MRI. Magn Reson Med. 2000 Jun; 43(6):901-4.
  168. Warfield SK, Mulkern RV, Winalski CS, Jolesz FA, Kikinis R. An image processing strategy for the quantification and visualization of exercise-induced muscle MRI signal enhancement. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 May; 11(5):525-31.
  169. Kuroda K, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Panych LP, Nakai T, Moriya T, Okuda S, Hynynen K, Jolesz FA, Joles FA. Temperature mapping using the water proton chemical shift: self-referenced method with echo-planar spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2000 Feb; 43(2):220-5.
  170. Mulkern RV, Chung T. From signal to image: magnetic resonance imaging physics for cardiac magnetic resonance. Pediatr Cardiol. 2000 Jan-Feb; 21(1):5-17.
  171. Hong J, Hipp JA, Mulkern RV, Jaramillo D, Snyder BD. Magnetic resonance imaging measurements of bone density and cross-sectional geometry. Calcif Tissue Int. 2000 Jan; 66(1):74-8.
  172. Mugler III JP, Bao S, Mulkern RV, Guttman CRG, Robertson RL, Jolesz FA, Brookeman JR. Optimized single-slab three-dimensional spin-cho MR imaging of the brain. Radiol. 2000; 216:891-899.
  173. Warfield SK, Mulkern RV, Winalski CS, Jolesz FA, Kikinis R,. An image processing strategy for the quantification and visulaization of exercise induced muscle MRI signal enhancement. J Magn Reson Imag. 2000; 11:525-531.
  174. Okuda S, Kuroda K, Oshio K, Mulkern RV, Colucci V, Morrison PR, Kainuma O, Jolesz FA. MR temperature measurement for hot saline injection therapy: An in vitro and in vivo study. J Magn reson Imag. 2000; 12:330-338.
  175. Sun Y, Sugawara M, Mulkern RV, Hynynen K, Mochizuki S, Albert M, Zuo CS,. Simultaneous measurements of temperature and pH in vivo using NMR in conjunction with TmDotp. NMR in Biomed. 2000; 13:460-466.
  176. Paltiel HJ, Mulkern RV, Perez-Atayde A, ConnollyLP, Zurakowski D, Treves ST, Atala A,. Effect of chronic , low-pressure, sterile vesicouretal reflux on renal growth and function in a porcine model: A radiologic and pathologic study. Radiol. 2000; 217:507-515.
  177. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Mulkern RV, Vajapeyam S, Robson CD, Barnes PD, . MR line-scan diffusion imaging of the spinal cord in children. AJNR. 2000; 21:1344-1348.
  178. Holtzman D, Khait I, Mulkern R, Allred E, Rand T, Jensen F, Kraft R. In vivo development of brain phosphocreatine in normal and creatine-treated rabbit pups. J Neurochem. 1999 Dec; 73(6):2477-84.
  179. Robertson RL, Ben-Sira L, Barnes PD, Mulkern RV, Robson CD, Maier SE, Rivkin MJ, du Plessis A. MR line-scan diffusion-weighted imaging of term neonates with perinatal brain ischemia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Oct; 20(9):1658-70.
  180. Bao S, Guttmann CR, Mugler JP, Brookeman JR, Panych LP, Kraft RA, Oshio K, Jaramillo D, Jolesz FA, Williamson DS, Mulkern RV. Spin-Echo planar spectroscopic imaging for fast lipid characterization in bone marrow. Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Oct; 17(8):1203-10.
  181. Jaramillo D, Galen TA, Winalski CS, DiCanzio J, Zurakowski D, Mulkern RV, McDougall PA, Villegas-Medina OL, Jolesz FA, Kasser JR. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: MR imaging evaluation during manual positioning of the hip--comparison with conventional arthrography. Radiology. 1999 Aug; 212(2):519-25.
  182. Shimizu K, Panych LP, Mulkern RV, Yoo SS, Schwartz RB, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. Partial wavelet encoding: a new approach for accelerating temporal resolution in contrast-enhanced MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 May; 9(5):717-24.
  183. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Robson CD, Mulkern RV, Karas PM, Barnes PD. MR line scan diffusion imaging of the brain in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Mar; 20(3):419-25.
  184. Mulkern RV, Gudbjartsson H, Westin CF, Zengingonul HP, Gartner W, Guttmann CR, Robertson RL, Kyriakos W, Schwartz R, Holtzman D, Jolesz FA, Maier SE. Multi-component apparent diffusion coefficients in human brain. NMR Biomed. 1999 Feb; 12(1):51-62.
  185. Kekelidze T, Khait I, Togliatti A, Benzycry J, Mulkern R, Holtzman D. Maturational changes in rabbit brain phosphocreatine and creatine kinase. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999; 893:309-13.
  186. Zengingonul HP, Mulkern RV. Measurement and analysis of nonexponential signal decay curves in brain diffusion and muscle relaxation magnetic resonance studies in humans. Int J Imag Syst Technol. 1999; 10:294-303.
  187. Robertson RL, Ben-Sira L, Barnes PD, Mulkern RV, Robson CD, Maier SE, Rivkin MJ, du Plessis AJ. MR line scan diffusion imaging of term neonates with perinatal ischemia. AJNR. 1999; 20:1658-1670.
  188. Mulkern RV, Winalski C, Zengingonul S, Warfield S, Holtzman D. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of exercised muscle. "Adaptation Biology and Medicine". 1999.
  189. Jaramillo D, Galen TA, Winalski CS, DiCanzio, Zurakowski D, Mulkern RV, McDougall PA, Villegas-Medina O, Jolesz FA, Kasser JR. MR imaging evaluation of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease during positioning of the hip: A comparison with conventional arthrography. Radiol. 1999; 215:519-525.
  190. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Robson CD, Mulkern RV, Karas PM, Barnes PD. MR line scan diffusion imaging of the brain in children. AJNR. 1999; 20:419-425.
  191. Fielding JR, Griffiths DJ, Versi E, Mulkern RV, Lee ML, Jolesz FA. MR imaging of pelvic floor continence mechanisms in the supine and sitting positions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998 Dec; 171(6):1607-10.
  192. Kuroda K, Oshio K, Mulkern RV, Jolesz FA. Optimization of chemical shift selective suppression of fat. Magn Reson Med. 1998 Oct; 40(4):505-10.
  193. Jaramillo D, Connolly SA, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Developing epiphysis: MR imaging characteristics and histologic correlation in the newborn lamb. Radiology. 1998 Jun; 207(3):637-45.
  194. Schwartz RB, Mulkern RV, Gudbjartsson H, Jolesz F. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging in hypertensive encephalopathy: clues to pathogenesis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998 May; 19(5):859-62.
  195. Mulkern RV, Panych LP, McDannold NJ, Jolesz FA, Hynynen K. Tissue temperature monitoring with multiple gradient-echo imaging sequences. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1998 Mar-Apr; 8(2):493-502.
  196. Holtzman D, Mulkern R, Meyers R, Cook C, Allred E, Khait I, Jensen F, Tsuji M, Laussen P. In vivo phosphocreatine and ATP in piglet cerebral gray and white matter during seizures. Brain Res. 1998 Feb 2; 783(1):19-27.
  197. Shimizu K, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Panych LP, Yoo SS, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. Rapid tip tracking with MRI by a limited projection reconstruction technique. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1998 Jan-Feb; 8(1):262-4.
  198. Morrison PR, Jolesz FA, Charous D, Mulkern RV, Hushek SG, Margolis R, Fried MP. MRI of laser-induced interstitial thermal injury in an in vivo animal liver model with histologic correlation. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1998 Jan-Feb; 8(1):57-63.
  199. Morrison PR, Jolesz FA, Charous D, Mulkern RV, Hushek SG, Margolis R, Fried MP. MRI of laser induced intestinal thermal injury in an in vivo animal liver model with histologic correlation. J Magn Reson Imag. 1998; 8:57-63.
  200. Barnes PD, Mulkern RV. Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical, Biological and Clinical Principles. "Diagnostic Imaging of Child Abuse". 1998; 402-417.
  201. Schwartz RB, Mulkern RV, Gudbjartsson H, Jolesz FA. Diffusion-Weighted MR imaging in hypertensive encephalopathy: Clues to pathogenesis. AJNR. 1998; 19:859-862.
  202. Shimizu K, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Panych LP, Yoo SS, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA. Rapid tip tracking with MR imaging by a limited projection reconstruction technique. J Magn Reson Imag. 1998; 8:262-264.
  203. Fielding JR, Griffiths DJ, Versi E, Mulkern RV, Lee MLT, Jolesz FA. MR imaging of pelvic floor continence mechanisms in the supine and sitting positions. AJR. 1998; 171:1607-1610.
  204. Jaramillo D, Connolly SA, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Developing epiphysis: MR imaging characteristics and histologic correlation in the newborm lamb. Radiol. 1998; 207:637-645.
  205. Mulkern RV, Panych, McDannold NJ, Jolesz FA, Hynynen K. Tissue temperature monitoring with multiple gradient echo imganing sequences. J Magn Reson Imag. 1998; 8:493-502.
  206. Mulkern RV, Chung AH, Jolesz FA, Hynynen K. Temperature monitoring of ultrasonically heated muscle with RARE chemical shift imaging. Med Phys. 1997 Dec; 24(12):1899-906.
  207. Panych LP, Mulkern RV, Saiviroonporn P, Zientara GP, Jolesz FA. Non-Fourier encoding with multiple spin echoes. Magn Reson Med. 1997 Dec; 38(6):964-73.
  208. Chao H, Bowers JL, Holtzman D, Mulkern RV. RARE imaging of PCr in human forearm muscles. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Nov-Dec; 7(6):1048-55.
  209. Mulkern RV, Chao H, Bowers JL, Holtzman D. Multiecho approaches to spectroscopic imaging of the brain. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 May 30; 820:97-122.
  210. Chao H, Bowers JL, Holtzman D, Mulkern RV. Multi-echo 31P spectroscopic imaging of ATP: a scan time reduction strategy. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Mar-Apr; 7(2):425-33.
  211. Santiago Medina L, Mulkern RV, Strife KR, Zurakowski D, Barnes PD. Database prescan: a time-efficient alternative to brain MRI autoprescan. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997 Mar-Apr; 7(2):442-6.
  212. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Bowers JL, Oshio K, Zuo C, Li H, Kraft RA, Williamson DS, Jaramillo D. In vivo bone marrow lipid characterization with line scan Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill proton spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Imaging. 1997; 15(7):823-37.
  213. Shinmoto H, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Silverman SG, Colucci VM, Jolesz FA. MR appearance and spectral features of injected ethanol in the liver: implication for fast MR-guided percutaneous ethanol injection therapy. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1997 Jan-Feb; 21(1):82-8.
  214. Mulkern RV, Chao H, Bowers JL, Holtzman. Multi-echo approaches to spectroscopic imaging of brain. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1997; 820:97-122.
  215. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Bowers JL, Oshio K,Zuo C, Li H, Kraft RA, Williamson DS, Jaramillo D. In vivo bone marrow lipid characterization with line scan CPMG proton spectroscopic imaging. Magn Reson Imag. 1997; 15:823-837.
  216. Chao H, Bowers JL, Holtzman, Mulkern RV. Multi-echo P spectroscopic imaging of ATP: A scan time reduction strategy. J Magn Imag. 1997; 7:425-433.
  217. Bridges KR, Barabino GD, Brugnara C, Cho MR, Christoph GW, Dover G, Ewenstein BM, Golan DE, Guttmann CR, Hofrichter J, Mulkern RV, Zhang B, Eaton WA. A multiparameter analysis of sickle erythrocytes in patients undergoing hydroxyurea therapy. Blood. 1996 Dec 15; 88(12):4701-10.
  218. Fielding JR, Versi E, Mulkern RV, Lerner MH, Griffiths DJ, Jolesz FA. MR imaging of the female pelvic floor in the supine and upright positions. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1996 Nov-Dec; 6(6):961-3.
  219. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL, Peled S, Kraft RA, Williamson DS. Citrate signal enhancement with a homonuclear J-refocusing modification to double-echo PRESS sequences. Magn Reson Med. 1996 Nov; 36(5):775-80.
  220. Gudbjartsson H, Maier SE, Mulkern RV, Mórocz IA, Patz S, Jolesz FA. Line scan diffusion imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1996 Oct; 36(4):509-19.
  221. Habboush IH, Mitchell KD, Mulkern RV, Barnes PD, Treves ST. Registration and alignment of three-dimensional images: an interactive visual approach. Radiology. 1996 May; 199(2):573-8.
  222. Jaramillo D, Villegas-Medina OL, Doty DK, Dwek JR, Ransil BJ, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging demonstrates abduction-caused hip ischemia and its reversal in piglets. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Apr; 166(4):879-87.
  223. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL, Peled S, Williamson DS. Density-matrix calculations of the 1.5 T citrate signal acquired with volume-localized STEAM sequences. J Magn Reson B. 1996 Mar; 110(3):255-66.
  224. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Oshio K, Tzika AA. Line scan imaging of brain metabolites with CPMG sequences at 1.5 tesla. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1996 Mar-Apr; 6(2):399-405.
  225. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL, Heff A, Guttmann CR, Sadowski RH. Triexponential decomposition of 1H spin-lattice relaxation decay curves of paramagnetically doped red cell suspensions at 7 T. Phys Med Biol. 1996 Feb; 41(2):255-68.
  226. Tsuji MK, Mulkern RV, Cook CU, Meyers RL, Holtzman D. Relative phosphocreatine and nucleoside triphosphate concentrations in cerebral gray and white matter measured in vivo by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance. Brain Res. 1996 Jan 29; 707(2):146-54.
  227. Zhao L, Mulkern R, Tseng CH, Williamson D, Patz S, Kraft R, Walsworth RL, Jolesz FA, Albert MS. Gradient-echo imaging considerations for hyperpolarized 129Xe MR. J Magn Reson B. 1996; 113:179-83.
  228. Mulkern RV. Doubling signal from uncoupled spins with a modified STimulated Echo Acquisition Mode (STEAM) localization scheme. Magn Reson Imaging. 1996; 14(4):449-51.
  229. Holtzman D, Mulkern R, Tsuji M, Cook C, Meyers R. Phosphocreatine and creatine kinase in piglet cerebral gray and white matter in situ. Dev Neurosci. 1996; 18(5-6):535-41.
  230. Zhao L, Mulkern RV, Tseng CH, Williamson D, Patz S, Kraft R, Walsworth RL, Jolesz FA, Albert MS. Gradient echo imaging considerations for hyperpolarized XE MR. J Magn Reson. 1996; B 113:179-183.
  231. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL, Guttmann CRG, Sadowski R. . High field proton spin-lattice relaxation studies of water exchange parameters in red cell suspensions. Phys Med Biol. 1996; 41:255-268.
  232. Williamson DS, Mulkern RV, Jakab PD, Jolesz FA. . Coherence transfer by isotopic mising in CPMG imaging: Implications for the bright fat phenomenon in FSE imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1996; 35:506-513.
  233. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL, Peled S, Williamson DS. Density matrix calculations of the 1.5 T citrate signal acquired with volume localized STEAM sequences. J Magn Reson, Series B. 1996; 110:255-266.
  234. Mulkern RV. Comments on methods for doubkling signal in STEAM acquisitions. Magn Reson Imag. 1996; 14:449-451.
  235. Jaramillo D, Villehas-Medina, Doty DK, Dwek JR, Ransil BJ, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging demonstrates abduction-caused hip ischemia and its reversal in piglets. AJR. 1996; 166:879-887.
  236. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Oshio K, Tzika AA. Line scan imaging of brain metabolites with CPMG sequences at 1.5 T. Magn Reson Imag. 1996; 6:399-405.
  237. Alexander E, Mulkern RV, Loeffler JS. response to "Accuracy of stereotaxis". Neurosurgical Forum Section,. J Neurosurg. 1996; 84:303-304.
  238. Alexander E, Kooy HM, van Herk M, Schwartz M, Barnes PD, Tarbell N, Mulkern RV, Holupka EJ, Loeffler JS. Magnetic resonance image-directed stereotactic neurosurgery: use of image fusion with computerized tomography to enhance spatial accuracy. J Neurosurg. 1995 Aug; 83(2):271-6.
  239. Kleine LJ, Mulkern RV, Guttmann CR, Colucci VM, Jolesz FA. In vivo characterization of cytotoxic intracellular edema by multicomponent analysis of transverse magnetization decay curves. Acad Radiol. 1995 May; 2(5):365-72.
  240. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Oshio K, Williamson DS, Lilly HS, Guttmann CR, Jaramillo D. Spectroscopic imaging of the knee with line scan CPMG sequences. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1995 Mar-Apr; 19(2):247-55.
  241. Jaramillo D, Villegas-Medina OL, Doty DK, Dwek JR, Ransil BJ, Mulkern RV, Shapiro F. Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging demonstrates abduction-caused hip ischemia and its reversal in piglets. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25(8):578-87.
  242. Santyr GE, Mulkern RV. Magnetization transfer in MR imaging. Relaxometry and Biophysics Committee. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1995 Jan-Feb; 5(1):121-4.
  243. Mulkern, RV. Technical developments in abdominal magnetic resonance fast imaging. "Current Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging". 1995.
  244. Santyr GE, Mulkern RV,. Magnetization transfer in MR imaging: A report from the Relaxometry and Biophysics Committee of the SMRI. J Magn Reson Imag. 1995; 5:121-124.
  245. Hiramatsu H, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Waitzkin E, Williamson DS, O'Connor N, Adams DF, Jolesz FA. Silicone-fat differentiation in the breast: exploiting the bright-fat phenomenon in fast spin-echo MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Nov-Dec; 4(6):868-71.
  246. Jaramillo D, Laor T, Mulkern RV. Comparison between fast spin-echo and conventional spin-echo imaging of normal and abnormal musculoskeletal structures in children and young adults. Invest Radiol. 1994 Sep; 29(9):803-11.
  247. Mulkern RV, Meng J, Oshio K, Guttmann CR, Jaramillo D. Bone marrow characterization in the lumbar spine with inner volume spectroscopic CPMG imaging studies. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Jul-Aug; 4(4):585-9.
  248. Kooy HM, van Herk M, Barnes PD, Alexander E, Dunbar SF, Tarbell NJ, Mulkern RV, Holupka EJ, Loeffler JS. Image fusion for stereotactic radiotherapy and radiosurgery treatment planning. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1994 Mar 30; 28(5):1229-34.
  249. Jones KM, Schwartz RB, Mantello MT, Ahn SS, Khorasani R, Mukherji S, Oshio K, Mulkern RV. Fast spin-echo MR in the detection of vertebral metastases: comparison of three sequences. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1994 Mar; 15(3):401-7.
  250. Matsumoto R, Mulkern RV, Hushek SG, Jolesz FA. Tissue temperature monitoring for thermal interventional therapy: comparison of T1-weighted MR sequences. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1994 Jan-Feb; 4(1):65-70.
  251. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL. Density matrix calculations of AB spectral modulations: Quantum mechanics meets in vivo spectroscopy. Conc Magn Reson. 1994; 6:1-23.
  252. Hiramatsu H, Mulkern RV, Oshio K, Waitzkin E, Williamson DS, O'Connor N, Adams DF, Jolesz FA. Silicone/fat differentiation in the breast: Exploring the bright-fat phenomenon in fast spin-echo imaging. J Magn Reson Imag. 1994; 4:868-871.
  253. Jones KM, Schwartz RB, Mantello MT, Ahn SS, Khorasani R, Mukherji S, Oshio K, Mulkern RV. Fast spin-echo (FSE) MR imaging in the detection of vertebral metastases: Comparison of three sequences. AJNR. 1994; 15:401-407.
  254. Matsumoto R, Mulkern RV, Hushek S, Jolesz FA. Tissue temperature monitoring for thermal intervention: A comparison of T1-weighted MR pulse sequences. J Magn Reson Imag. 1994; 4:65-70.
  255. Wood ML, Bronskill MJ, Mulkern RV, Santyr GE. Physical MR desktop data. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1993 Nov-Dec; 3 Suppl:19-24.
  256. Mulkern RV, Bowers JL. Calculating spectral modulations of AB systems during PRESS acquisitions. Magn Reson Med. 1993 Oct; 30(4):518.
  257. Zoarski GH, Mackey JK, Anzai Y, Hanafee WN, Melki PS, Mulkern RV, Jolesz FA, Lufkin RB. Head and neck: initial clinical experience with fast spin-echo MR imaging. Radiology. 1993 Aug; 188(2):323-7.
  258. Tice HM, Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB, Kalina P, Ahn S, Barnes P, Jolesz F. Fast spin-echo imaging of intracranial neoplasms. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993 May-Jun; 17(3):425-31.
  259. Melki P, Mulkern RV, Dacher JN, Hélénon O, Higuchi N, Oshio K, Einstein S, Jolesz F, Pourcelot L. [Fast spin echo MRI techniques. Contrast characteristics and clinical potentials]. J Radiol. 1993 Mar; 74(3):179-90.
  260. Mulkern RV, Williams ML. The general solution to the Bloch equation with constant rf and relaxation terms: application to saturation and slice selection. Med Phys. 1993 Jan-Feb; 20(1):5-13.
  261. Tice HM, Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB, Kalina P, Ahn SS, Barnes P, Jolesz FA. Evaluation of intracranial neoplasms with fast spin echo and conventional dual spin-echo images. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993; 17:425-431.
  262. Melki PS, Mulkern RV, Dacher JN, Helenon O, Higuchi N, Oshio K, Einstein S, Jolesz FA, Pourcelot L. Techniques D'IRM en fast spin-echo: Caracteristiques de contraste et potentiels cliniques. J Radiol. 1993; 74:179-190.
  263. Higuchi N, Hiramatsu K, Mulkern RV. A novel method for fat suppression in RARE sequences. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Sep; 27(1):107-17.
  264. Oshio K, Mulkern RV. Rapid fat/water assessment in knee bone marrow with inner-volume RARE spectroscopic imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1992 Sep-Oct; 2(5):601-4.
  265. Melki PS, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV. Partial RF echo-planar imaging with the FAISE method. II. Contrast equivalence with spin-echo sequences. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Aug; 26(2):342-54.
  266. Melki PS, Jolesz FA, Mulkern RV. Partial RF echo planar imaging with the FAISE method. I. Experimental and theoretical assessment of artifact. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Aug; 26(2):328-41.
  267. Ahn SS, Mantello MT, Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Melki PS, Higuchi N, Barnes PD. Rapid MR imaging of the pediatric brain using the fast spin-echo technique. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1992 Jul-Aug; 13(4):1169-77.
  268. Chien D, Mulkern RV. Fast spin-echo studies of contrast and small-lesion definition in a liver-metastasis phantom. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1992 Jul-Aug; 2(4):483-7.
  269. Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB, Oshio K, Barnes PD, Jolesz FA. Fast spin-echo MR imaging of the brain and spine: current concepts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 Jun; 158(6):1313-20.
  270. Kleine LJ, Mulkern RV, Jolesz FA, Sandor T, Colucci VA, Zamaroczy D, Podell M. Characterization of cerebral infarction by multicomponent analysis of transverse magnetization decay curves. Invest Radiol. 1992 Jun; 27(6):422-8.
  271. Melki PS, Mulkern RV. Magnetization transfer effects in multislice RARE sequences. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Mar; 24(1):189-95.
  272. Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Mantello MT, Melki PS, Ahn SS, Barnes PD, Jolesz FA. Brain hemorrhage: evaluation with fast spin-echo and conventional dual spin-echo images. Radiology. 1992 Jan; 182(1):53-8.
  273. Barnes PD, Mulkern RV. Physical and Biological Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. "MRI in Pediatric Neuroradiology". 1992.
  274. Jones KM, Mulkern RV, Schwartz RB, Oshio K, Barnes PD, Jolesz FA. . Current concepts in fast spin-echo imaging of the brain and spine. AJR. 1992; 158:1313-1320.
  275. Chien D, Mulkern RV. . Fast spin-echo studies of contrast and small lesion definition using a liver-metastasis model. J Magn Reson Imag. 1992; 2:483-487.
  276. Ohio K, Mulkern RV. Rapid fat/water assessment in knee cavity bone marrow by inner volume spectroscopic imaging with RARE. J Magn Reson Imag. 1992; 2:601-604.
  277. Ahn SS, Mantello MT, Jones KM&lt Mulkern RV, Melki PS, Higuchi N, Barnes PD. Rapid MR imaging of the pediatric brian using the fast spin-echo technique. AJNR. 1992; 13:1169-1177.
  278. Mulkern RV. In-plane spatial encoding in MRI and its central role in determining contrast and artifact with RF echo planar techniques. Conc Magn Reson. 1992; 4:307-325.
  279. Oshio K, Jolesz FA, Melki PS, Mulkern RV. T2-weighted thin-section imaging with the multislab three-dimensional RARE technique. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1991 Nov-Dec; 1(6):695-700.
  280. Mulkern RV, Melki PS, Jakab P, Higuchi N, Jolesz FA. Phase-encode order and its effect on contrast and artifact in single-shot RARE sequences. Med Phys. 1991 Sep-Oct; 18(5):1032-7.
  281. Mulkern RV, Stromski ME, Brady HR, Gullans SR, Sandor T, Jolesz FA. Regional 1H transverse magnetization studies in perfused rabbit kidney. Magn Reson Med. 1991 Jul; 20(1):78-88.
  282. Melki PS, Mulkern RV, Panych LP, Jolesz FA. Comparing the FAISE method with conventional dual-echo sequences. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1991 May-Jun; 1(3):319-26.
  283. Mulkern RV, Melki PS, Lilly HS, Hoffer FA. 1D spectroscopic imaging with rf echo planar (SIRFEN) methods. Magn Reson Imaging. 1991; 9(6):909-16.
  284. Oshio K, Jolesz FA, Melki PS, Mulkern RV. T2 weighted thin slice imaging with multi-slab 3D RARE. J Magn Reson Imag. 1991; 1:695-700.
  285. Speidel MT, Humm J, Bellerive MR, Mulkern RV, Atcher RW, Hines JJ, Macklis RM. Assessment of dosimetry and early renal radiotoxicity after treatment with an alpha particle emitting radiopharmaceutical. Antibody, Immunoconjugates and Radiopharmaceuticals. 1991; 4:681-692.
  286. Mulkern RV, Wong ST, Jakab P, Bleier AR, Sandor T, Jolesz FA. CPMG imaging sequences for high field in vivo transverse relaxation studies. Magn Reson Med. 1990 Oct; 16(1):67-79.
  287. Mulkern RV, Bleier AR, Sandor T, Jolesz FA. Compatibility of the two-site exchange model and 1H NMR relaxation rates. Magn Reson Med. 1990 May; 14(2):377-88.
  288. Lorenzo AV, Mulkern RV, Wong ST, Colucci VM, Jolesz FA. MR studies of brain oedema in the developing animal. Acta Neurochir Suppl (Wien). 1990; 51:39-42.
  289. Mulkern RV, Wong ST, Winalski C, Jolesz FA. Contrast manipulation and artifact assessment of 2D and 3D RARE sequences. Magn Reson Imaging. 1990; 8(5):557-66.
  290. Lorenzo AV, Mulkern RV, Wong STS, Colucci VM, Jolesz FA. . MR studies of brain edema in the developing animal. Acta. Neurochirurgica Suppl. 1990; 51:39-42.
  291. Jolesz FA, Moore GJ, Mulkern RV, Bleier AR, Gonzales RG, Bowers JL, Metz KR, Higuchi N, Colucci VM. Response to and control of destructive energy by magnetic resonance. Invest Radiol. 1989 Dec; 24(12):1024-7.
  292. Mulkern RV, Patz S, Brooks M, Metcalf DC, Jolesz FA. Spin-lock techniques and CPMG imaging sequences: a critical appraisal of T1p contrast at 0.15 T. Magn Reson Imaging. 1989 Sep-Oct; 7(5):437-44.
  293. Adzamli IK, Jolesz FA, Bleier AR, Mulkern RV, Sandor T. The effect of gadolinium DTPA on tissue water compartments in slow- and fast-twitch rabbit muscles. Magn Reson Med. 1989 Aug; 11(2):172-81.
  294. Mulkern RV, Bleier AR, Adzamli IK, Spencer RG, Sandor T, Jolesz FA. Two-site exchange revisited: a new method for extracting exchange parameters in biological systems. Biophys J. 1989 Feb; 55(2):221-32.
  295. Mulkern RV, Patz S, Brooks M, Metcalf DC, Jolesz FA. Spin-lock techniques and CPMG imaging sequences: Acritical appraisal of T 1p contrast at 0.15T. Magn Reson Imag. 1989; 7:531-540.
  296. Mulkern RV, Spencer RG. Diffusion imaging with paired CPMG sequences. Magn Reson Imaging. 1988 Nov-Dec; 6(6):623-31.
  297. Mulkern RV, . The long and short of relaxation times. Physics Today, Letters. 1988; 15.
  298. Bray PJ, Holupka EJ, Zhong J, Mulkern RV, Brinker CJ. Recent developments in NMR studies of glasses. J Naturwiss. 1987; 36:69.
  299. Bray PJ, Gravina SJ, Hintenlang DE, Mulkern RV. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Glasses . Magn Reson Rev. 1987; 13:263-353.
  300. Bray PJ, Mulkern RV. Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of fluorozirconate glasses. Non-Cyst Solids. 1986; 80:181-189.
  301. Harris IA, Norman KA, Mulkern RV, Northby. Icosahedral structure of large charged argon clusters. Chem Phys Lett. 1986; 130:316-320.
  302. Mulkern RV,. "Structural and Dynamical Aspects of Glass as Elucidated by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Techniques". 1986.
  303. Mulkern RV, Chung SJ, Bray PJ, Chryssikos GD, Turcotte DE, Risen WM. An NMR study of the photoconducting glass systems CdO-B2O3-SiO2 snd CdO-B2O3-GeO2. Jour Non-Cyst Solids. 1986; 85:69-78.
  304. Bray PJ, Mulkern RV, Greenbaum SG. N Nuclear quadrupole resonance in substituted isatin compounds. Magn Reson Chem. 1985; 23:100.
  305. Bray PJ, Mulkern RV, Holupka EJ. Boron and silicon coordination in oxide Glasses: A statistical mechanical model. J Non-Cryst Solids. 1985; 75:37.
  306. Dell WJ, Mulkern RV, Bray PJ, Weber MJ, Brawer SA. . Nuclear magnetic resonance studies and molecular dynamics simulations of the structure of sodium fluoroberyllate glasses: Evidence of non-tetrahedrally coordinated beryllium. Phys Rev. 1985; B31:2624-2631.
  307. Bray PJ, Hintenlang DE, Lui ML, Mulkern RV. Recent NMR studies of oxide, fluoride, and superionic conducting glasses. Glastechn Ber. 1983; 56K:71.
  308. Bray PJ, Hintenlang DE, Mulkern RV, Greenbaum SG, Tran DC, Drexhage M. NMR studies of fluoride and fast ion conducting glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids. 1983; 56:27-32.
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