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Anne Moskowitz, PhD, OD

Anne Moskowitz
Infant Vision Laboratory
Ophthalmology Research
Hospital Title:
Research Associate in Ophthalmology
Academic Title:
Instructor of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School
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Research Overview

Education. Dr. Moskowitz earned a PhD in experimental psychology from Northeastern University and completed postdoctoral fellowships in the Infant Vision Laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in the Electrophysiology Laboratory at Pennsylvania College of Optometry. She also earned a doctor of optometry (OD) from the New England College of Optometry accelerated program. 

Research. Her research, performed in conjunction with Drs. Anne Fulton and Ronald Hansen in the Boston Children’s Hospital Department of Ophthalmology, involves the investigation of retinal and cortical visual function and retinal structure in infants and children with various eye and brain anomalies as well as in those with normal visual development. Of primary interest are the effects of premature birth; secondary interests are retinal degenerations and dystrophies, albinism, and cerebral visual impairment.  

. As a part-time Associate Professor in the Vision Science Department at the New England College of Optometry, Dr. Moskowitz lectures and conducts hands-on laboratory sessions in graduate level courses in theory and methods of vision testing, light measurement, and binocular vision and ocular anomalies. Topics include visual psychophysics, signal detection theory, color vision testing, and eye movement recording.  

Clinical Contributions
. In the BCH Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Moskowitz conducts VEP recording in patients with such conditions as cerebral visual impairment, albinism, and craniosynostosis.


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Bush JN, Fulton AB. Increment Threshold Functions in Retinopathy of Prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 May 1; 57(6):2421-7.
  2. Ramamirtham R, Akula JD, Soni G, Swanson MJ, Bush JN, Moskowitz A, Swanson EA, Favazza TL, Tavormina JL, Mujat M, Ferguson RD, Hansen RM, Fulton AB. Extrafoveal Cone Packing in Eyes With a History of Retinopathy of Prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Feb; 57(2):467-75.
  3. Munro RJ, Fulton AB, Chui TY, Moskowitz A, Ramamirtham R, Hansen RM, Prabhu SP, Akula JD. Eye growth in term- and preterm-born eyes modeled from magnetic resonance images. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 May; 56(5):3121-31.
  4. Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Tavormina JL, Bush JN, Soni G, Fulton AB. Temporal summation in children with a history of retinopathy of prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Feb; 56(2):914-7.
  5. Hansen RM, Tavormina JL, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Effect of retinopathy of prematurity on scotopic spatial summation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 May; 55(5):3311-3.
  6. Raghuram A, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Photoreceptor and postreceptor responses in congenital stationary night blindness. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jul; 54(7):4648-58.
  7. Moskowitz A, Hansen RM, Eklund SE, Fulton AB. Electroretinographic (ERG) responses in pediatric patients using vigabatrin. Doc Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun; 124(3):197-209.
  8. Harris ME, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB, Hansen RM. Long-term effects of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on rod and rod-driven function. Doc Ophthalmol. 2011 Feb; 122(1):19-27.
  9. Garry D, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Elias ER, Irons M, Fulton AB. Cone ERG responses in patients with Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS). Doc Ophthalmol. 2010 Oct; 121(2):85-91.
  10. Hansen RM, Harris ME, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Deactivation of the rod response in retinopathy of prematurity. Doc Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 121(1):29-35.
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  12. Fulton AB, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Akula JD. The neurovascular retina in retinopathy of prematurity. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2009 Nov; 28(6):452-82.
  13. Fulton AB, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A. Development of rod function in term born and former preterm subjects. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jun; 86(6):E653-8.
  14. Moskowitz A, Hansen RM, Akula JD, Eklund SE, Fulton AB. Rod and rod-driven function in achromatopsia and blue cone monochromatism. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Feb; 50(2):950-8.
  15. Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Multifocal ERG responses in infants. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jan; 50(1):470-5.
  16. Fulton AB, Akula JD, Mocko JA, Hansen RM, Benador IY, Beck SC, Fahl E, Seeliger MW, Moskowitz A, Harris ME. Retinal degenerative and hypoxic ischemic disease. Doc Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb; 118(1):55-61.
  17. Fulton AB, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A. The cone electroretinogram in retinopathy of prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Feb; 49(2):814-9.
  18. Akula JD, Mocko JA, Moskowitz A, Hansen RM, Fulton AB. The oscillatory potentials of the dark-adapted electroretinogram in retinopathy of prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec; 48(12):5788-97.
  19. Barnaby AM, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Development of scotopic visual thresholds in retinopathy of prematurity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Oct; 48(10):4854-60.
  20. Liu K, Akula JD, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Kleinman MS, Fulton AB. Development of the electroretinographic oscillatory potentials in normal and ROP rats. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Dec; 47(12):5447-52.
  21. Fulton AB, Brecelj J, Lorenz B, Moskowitz A, Thompson D, Westall CA. Pediatric clinical visual electrophysiology: a survey of actual practice. Doc Ophthalmol. 2006 Nov; 113(3):193-204.
  22. Fulton AB, Hansen RM, Moskowitz A, Barnaby AM. Multifocal ERG in subjects with a history of retinopathy of prematurity. Doc Ophthalmol. 2005 Jul; 111(1):7-13.
  23. Gelman R, Martinez-Perez ME, Vanderveen DK, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Diagnosis of plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity using Retinal Image multiScale Analysis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Dec; 46(12):4734-8.
  24. Lim M, Soul JS, Hansen RM, Mayer DL, Moskowitz A, Fulton AB. Development of visual acuity in children with cerebral visual impairment. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Sep; 123(9):1215-20.
  25. Moskowitz A, Hansen R, Fulton A. Early ametropia and rod photoreceptor function in retinopathy of prematurity. Optom Vis Sci. 2005 Apr; 82(4):307-17.
  26. Moskowitz A, Hansen RM, Fulton AB. ERG oscillatory potentials in infants. Doc Ophthalmol. 2005 Mar-May; 110(2-3):265-70.
  27. Brigell M, Bach M, Barber C, Moskowitz A, Robson J. Guidelines for calibration of stimulus and recording parameters used in clinical electrophysiology of vision. Doc Ophthalmol. 2003 Sep; 107(2):185-93.
  28. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, McCormack G. Infant VEP and preferential looking acuity measured with phase alternating gratings. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 Oct; 33(11):3156-61.
  29. Sokol S, Zemon V, Moskowitz A. Development of lateral interactions in the infant visual system. Vis Neurosci. 1992 Jan; 8(1):3-8.
  30. Sokol S, Peli E, Moskowitz A, Reese D. Pursuit eye movements in late-onset esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1991 Mar-Apr; 28(2):82-6.
  31. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, Hansen V. Evoked potential and preferential looking correlates of the oblique effect in 3-month-old infants. Doc Ophthalmol. 1989 Mar; 71(3):321-8.
  32. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, McCormack G, Augliere R. Infant grating acuity is temporally tuned. Vision Res. 1988; 28(12):1357-66.
  33. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, Hansen V. Electrophysiological evidence for the oblique effect in human infants. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1987 Apr; 28(4):731-5.
  34. Moskowitz A, Sokol S, Hansen V. Rapid assessment of visual function in pediatric patients using pattern VEPs and acuity cards. Clinical Vision Sciences. 1987; 1(2):11-20.
  35. Sokol S, Hedges TR III, Moskowitz A. Pattern VEPs and preferential looking acuity in infantile traumatic cerebral blindness. Clinical Vision Science. 1987; 1(2):59-61.
  36. Sokol S, Moskowitz A. Comparison of pattern VEPs and preferential-looking behavior in 3-month-old infants. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Mar; 26(3):359-65.
  37. Moskowitz A, Sokol S. Effect of stimulus orientation on the latency and amplitude of the VEP. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1985 Feb; 26(2):246-8.
  38. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, Skarf B, Evans R, Molitch M, Senior B. Contrast sensitivity in diabetics with and without background retinopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1985 Jan; 103(1):51-4.
  39. Peachey NS, Sokol S, Moskowitz A. Recording the contralateral PERG: effect of different electrodes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1983 Nov; 24(11):1514-6.
  40. Moskowitz A, Sokol S. Developmental changes in the human visual system as reflected by the latency of the pattern reversal VEP. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1983 Jul; 56(1):1-15.
  41. Sokol S, Hansen VC, Moskowitz A, Greenfield P, Towle VL. Evoked potential and preferential looking estimates of visual acuity in pediatric patients. Ophthalmology. 1983 May; 90(5):552-62.
  42. Towle VL, Moskowitz A, Sokol S, Schwartz B. The visual evoked potential in glaucoma and ocular hypertension: effects of check size, field size, and stimulation rate. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1983 Feb; 24(2):175-83.
  43. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, Paul A. Evoked potential estimates of visual accommodation in infants. Vision Res. 1983; 23(9):851-60.
  44. Held R, Shattuck-Hufnagel S, Moskowitz A. Color-contingent tilt aftereffect: spatial frequency specificity. Vision Res. 1982; 22(7):811-7.
  45. Sokol S, Moskowitz A, Towle VL. Age-related changes in the latency of the visual evoked potential: influence of check size. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1981 May; 51(5):559-62.
  46. Sokol S, Moskowitz A. Effect of retinal blur on the peak latency of the pattern evoked potential. Vision Res. 1981; 21(8):1279-86.
  47. Sokol S, Domar A, Moskowitz A. Utility of the Arden grating test in glaucoma screening: high false-positive rate in normals over 50 years of age. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1980 Dec; 19(12):1529-33.
  48. Moskowitz A, Sokol S. Spatial and temporal interaction of pattern-evoked cortical potentials in human infants. Vision Res. 1980; 20(8):699-707.
  49. Klingaman RL, Moskowitz-Cook A. Assessment of the visual acuity of human color mechanisms with the visually evoked cortical potential. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1979 Dec; 18(12):1273-7.
  50. May JG, Cullen JK, Moskowitz-Cook A, Siegfried JB. Effects of meridional variation on steady-state visual evoked potentials. Vision Res. 1979; 19(12):1395-401.
  51. Moskowitz-Cook A. The development of photopic spectral sensitivity in human infants. Vision Res. 1979; 19(10):1133-42.
  52. Higgins KE, Moskowitz-Cook A, Knoblauch K. Color vision testing: an alternative 'source' of Illuminant C. Mod Probl Ophthalmol. 1978; 19:113-21.
  53. Corwin TR, Moskowitz-Cook A, Green M. The oblique effect in a vernier acuity situation. Perception & Psychophysics. 1977; (21):445-9.
  54. Leehey SC, Moskowitz-Cook A, Brill S, Held R. Orientational anisotropy in infant vision. Science. 1975 Nov 28; 190(4217):900-2.
  55. Moskowitz A, Armington JC, Timberlake G. Corners, receptive fields and visually evoked cortical potentials. Perception & Psychophysics. 1974; (15):325-30.
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