Research

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Baruch  Krauss, MD, EdM

Baruch Krauss
Department:
Medicine Research
Division
Emergency Medicine Research
Hospital Title:
Senior Associate Physician in Medicine
Academic Title:
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Research Focus Area:
Management of Acute Pain and AnxietyPatient Safety Monitoring with Capnography

Research Overview

Dr. Krauss’s research and educational interests include the pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of acute anxiety and pain in children undergoing medical procedures and the use of capnography for diagnostic monitoring.

About Baruch Krauss

Baruch Krauss received an MD from State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Medicine and a Master’s degree from Harvard Graduate School of Education. He completed residency training in family medicine (University of Washington-Swedish Hospital) and in pediatrics (Boston Children's Hospital), and a fellowship in pediatric emergency medicine (Boston Children's Hospital). Dr. Krauss has been on the faculty of the Division of Emergency Medicine since 1997. He was elected to the American Pediatric Society in 2010 and received the Distinguished Alumnus Award and a Radcliffe Exploratory Seminar award in 2014.

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Krauss BS, Andolfatto G, Krauss BA, Mieloszyk RJ, Monuteaux MC. Characteristics of and Predictors for Apnea and Clinical Interventions During Procedural Sedation. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Nov; 68(5):564-573.
  2. Krauss BS, Green SM. Removal of Foreign Bodies from the Ear and Nose. N Engl J Med. 2016 Jul 14; 375(2):194.
  3. Green SM, Krauss BS. In reply. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 May; 67(5):680.
  4. Krauss BS, Krauss BA, Green SM. VIDEOS IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Managing Procedural Anxiety in Children. N Engl J Med. 2016 Apr 21; 374(16):e19.
  5. Krauss BS, Green SM. Procedural sedation and its place in paediatric emergency medicine. Emerg Med J. 2016 Aug; 33(8):525-6.
  6. Green SM, Mason KP, Krauss BS. Ketamine and propofol sedation by emergency medicine specialists: mainstream or menace? Br J Anaesth. 2016 Apr; 116(4):449-51.
  7. Green SM, Krauss BS. Target-Controlled Infusions Could Improve the Safety and Efficacy of Emergency Department Propofol Sedation. Anesth Analg. 2016 Jan; 122(1):283-4.
  8. Abid A, Mieloszyk RJ, Verghese GC, Krauss BS, Heldt T. Model-based estimation of pulmonary compliance and resistance parameters from time-based capnography. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2015 Aug; 2015:1687-90.
  9. Green SM, Krauss BS. The Numeric Scoring of Pain: This Practice Rates a Zero Out of Ten. Ann Emerg Med. 2016 May; 67(5):573-5.
  10. Krauss BS, Calligaris L, Green SM, Barbi E. Current concepts in management of pain in children in the emergency department. Lancet. 2016 Jan 2; 387(10013):83-92.
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  12. Marzuillo P, Germani C, Krauss BS, Barbi E. Appendicitis in children less than five years old: A challenge for the general practitioner. World J Clin Pediatr. 2015 May 8; 4(2):19-24.
  13. Krauss BS. "This may hurt": predictions in procedural disclosure may do harm. BMJ. 2015 Feb 06; 350:h649.
  14. Green SM, Andolfatto G, Krauss BS. Ketofol for procedural sedation revisited: pro and con. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 May; 65(5):489-91.
  15. Green SM, Nigrovic LE, Krauss BS. Sick kids look sick. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jun; 65(6):633-5.
  16. Green SM, Andolfatto G, Krauss BS. Ketamine and intracranial pressure: no contraindication except hydrocephalus. Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jan; 65(1):52-4.
  17. Weiser G, Cohen D, Krauss B, Galbraith R, Shavit I. Premedication with midazolam for urethral catheterization of febrile infants. Eur J Emerg Med. 2014 Aug; 21(4):314-8.
  18. Krauss BS, Krauss BA, Green SM. Procedural sedation and analgesia in children. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jul 3; 371(1):91.
  19. Mieloszyk RJ, Verghese GC, Deitch K, Cooney B, Khalid A, Mirre-Gonzalez MA, Heldt T, Krauss BS. Automated quantitative analysis of capnogram shape for COPD-normal and COPD-CHF classification. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Dec; 61(12):2882-90.
  20. Krauss BS, Krauss BA, Green SM. Videos in clinical medicine. Procedural sedation and analgesia in children. N Engl J Med. 2014 Apr 10; 370(15):e23.
  21. Green SM, Krauss B. What's in a name?: removing the term nonanesthesiologists from the sedation dialogue. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2014 Apr; 30(4):288-9.
  22. Bressan S, Balzani M, Krauss B, Pettenazzo A, Zanconato S, Baraldi E. High-flow nasal cannula oxygen for bronchiolitis in a pediatric ward: a pilot study. Eur J Pediatr. 2013 Dec; 172(12):1649-56.
  23. Longo G, Berti I, Burks AW, Krauss B, Barbi E. IgE-mediated food allergy in children. Lancet. 2013 Nov 16; 382(9905):1656-64.
  24. Sahyoun C, Krauss B. Clinical implications of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of procedural sedation agents in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012 Apr; 24(2):225-32.
  25. Samuel N, Winkler K, Peled S, Krauss B, Shavit I. External laryngeal manipulation does not improve the intubation success rate by novice intubators in a manikin study. Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Nov; 30(9):2005-10.
  26. Thompson RW, Krauss B, Kim YJ, Monuteaux MC, Zerriny S, Lee LK. Extremity fracture pain after emergency department reduction and casting: predictors of pain after discharge. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 60(3):269-77.
  27. Mason KP, Mason KP, Green SM, Piacevoli Q. Adverse event reporting tool to standardize the reporting and tracking of adverse events during procedural sedation: a consensus document from the World SIVA International Sedation Task Force. Br J Anaesth. 2012 Jan; 108(1):13-20.
  28. Lopez E, Mathlouthi J, Lescure S, Krauss B, Jarreau PH, Moriette G. Capnography in spontaneously breathing preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2011 Sep; 46(9):896-902.
  29. Green SM, Krauss B. Who owns deep sedation? Ann Emerg Med. 2011 May; 57(5):470-4.
  30. Green SM, Roback MG, Kennedy RM, Krauss B. Clinical practice guideline for emergency department ketamine dissociative sedation: 2011 update. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 May; 57(5):449-61.
  31. Green SM, Andolfatto G, Krauss B. Ketofol for procedural sedation? Pro and con. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 May; 57(5):444-8.
  32. Green SM, Krauss B. The taming of ketamine-40 years later. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Feb; 57(2):115-6.
  33. Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B. Laryngospasm during emergency department ketamine sedation: a case-control study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Nov; 26(11):798-802.
  34. Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B. Anticholinergics and ketamine sedation in children: a secondary analysis of atropine versus glycopyrrolate. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Feb; 17(2):157-62.
  35. Lopez E, Grabar S, Barbier A, Krauss B, Jarreau PH, Moriette G. Detection of carbon dioxide thresholds using low-flow sidestream capnography in ventilated preterm infants. Intensive Care Med. 2009 Nov; 35(11):1942-9.
  36. Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Brown L, McGlone RG, Agrawal D, McKee M, Weiss M, Pitetti RD, Hostetler MA, Wathen JE, Treston G, Garcia Pena BM, Gerber AC, Losek JD. Predictors of emesis and recovery agitation with emergency department ketamine sedation: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2):171-80.e1-4.
  37. McQueen A, Wright RO, Kido MM, Kaye E, Krauss B. Procedural sedation and analgesia outcomes in children after discharge from the emergency department: ketamine versus fentanyl/midazolam. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2):191-97.e1-4.
  38. Green SM, Roback MG, Krauss B, Brown L, McGlone RG, Agrawal D, McKee M, Weiss M, Pitetti RD, Hostetler MA, Wathen JE, Treston G, Garcia Pena BM, Gerber AC, Losek JD. Predictors of airway and respiratory adverse events with ketamine sedation in the emergency department: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Aug; 54(2):158-68.e1-4.
  39. Bhatt M, Kennedy RM, Osmond MH, Krauss B, McAllister JD, Ansermino JM, Evered LM, Roback MG. Consensus-based recommendations for standardizing terminology and reporting adverse events for emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009 Apr; 53(4):426-435.e4.
  40. Nagler J, Krauss B. Capnography: a valuable tool for airway management. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2008 Nov; 26(4):881-97, vii.
  41. Green SM, Krauss B. Barriers to propofol use in emergency medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 2008 Oct; 52(4):392-8.
  42. Krauss B, Green SM. Training and credentialing in procedural sedation and analgesia in children: lessons from the United States model. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 Jan; 18(1):30-5.
  43. Zanaboni S, Krauss B, Buscaglia R, Montagnini C, Gratarola A, Gualino J, Colombo R, Della Corte F. Changes in respiratory and hemodynamic parameters during low-dose propofol sedation in combination with regional anesthesia for herniorrhaphy and genitourinary surgery in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2007 Oct; 17(10):934-41.
  44. Miner JR, Krauss B. Procedural sedation and analgesia research: state of the art. Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Feb; 14(2):170-8.
  45. Krauss B, Hess DR. Capnography for procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Aug; 50(2):172-81.
  46. Green SM, Krauss B. Should I give ketamine i.v. or i.m.? Ann Emerg Med. 2006 Nov; 48(5):613-4.
  47. Green SM, Roback MG, Miner JR, Burton JH, Krauss B. Fasting and emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia: a consensus-based clinical practice advisory. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Apr; 49(4):454-61.
  48. Nagler J, Wright RO, Krauss B. End-tidal carbon dioxide as a measure of acidosis among children with gastroenteritis. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul; 118(1):260-7.
  49. Krauss B, Heightman AJ. 15-second triage tool. The use of capnography for the rapid assessment & triage of critically injured patients & victims of chemical terrorism. JEMS. 2006 Jun; 31(6):60-2, 64-6, 68.
  50. Cohen VG, Krauss B. Recurrent episodes of intractable laryngospasm during dissociative sedation with intramuscular ketamine. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Apr; 22(4):247-9.
  51. Krauss B, Green SM. Procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Lancet. 2006 Mar 4; 367(9512):766-80.
  52. Krauss B. Capnography as a rapid assessment and triage tool for chemical terrorism. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005 Aug; 21(8):493-7.
  53. Gill M, Walker S, Khan A, Green SM, Kim L, Gray S, Krauss B. Exhaled nitric oxide levels during acute asthma exacerbation. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Jul; 12(7):579-86.
  54. Green SM, Krauss B. Replacing the outmoded term "nonanesthesiologist". Anesth Analg. 2005 Jun; 100(6):1862.
  55. Silvestri S, Ralls GA, Krauss B, Thundiyil J, Rothrock SG, Senn A, Carter E, Falk J. The effectiveness of out-of-hospital use of continuous end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring on the rate of unrecognized misplaced intubation within a regional emergency medical services system. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 May; 45(5):497-503.
  56. Krauss B, Deykin A, Lam A, Ryoo JJ, Hampton DR, Schmitt PW, Falk JL. Capnogram shape in obstructive lung disease. Anesth Analg. 2005 Mar; 100(3):884-8, table of contents.
  57. Green SM, Krauss B. Clinical practice guideline for emergency department ketamine dissociative sedation in children. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Nov; 44(5):460-71.
  58. Gill M, Haycock K, Green SM, Krauss B. Can the bispectral index monitor the sedation adequacy of intubated ED adults? Am J Emerg Med. 2004 Mar; 22(2):76-82.
  59. Agrawal D, Feldman HA, Krauss B, Waltzman ML. Bispectral index monitoring quantifies depth of sedation during emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Feb; 43(2):247-55.
  60. Agrawal D, Feldman HA, Krauss B, Waltzman ML. . Can Bispectral Index Monitoring Quantify Depth of Sedation during Procedural Sedation and Analgesia in the Pediatric Emergency Department?. Ann Emerg Med. 2004; 43:247-255.
  61. Green SM, Krauss B. Propofol in emergency medicine: pushing the sedation frontier. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Dec; 42(6):792-7.
  62. Green SM, Krauss B. Procedural Sedation and Analgesia. Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine. 2003.
  63. Gill M, Green SM, Krauss B. A study of the Bispectral Index Monitor during procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Feb; 41(2):234-41.
  64. Gill M, Green SM, Krauss B. Can the bispectral index monitor quantify altered level of consciousness in emergency department patients? Acad Emerg Med. 2003 Feb; 10(2):175-9.
  65. Kim G, Green SM, Denmark TK, Krauss B. Ventilatory response during dissociative sedation in children-a pilot study. Acad Emerg Med. 2003 Feb; 10(2):140-5.
  66. Flood RG, Krauss B. Procedural sedation and analgesia for children in the emergency department. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2003 Feb; 21(1):121-39.
  67. Krauss B. Capnography in EMS. A powerful way to objectively monitor ventilatory status. JEMS. 2003 Jan; 28(1):28-30, 32-8, 41.
  68. Green SM, Krauss B. Procedural Sedation. Wound Care Manual. 2002.
  69. Wang VJ, Krauss B. Carbon dioxide monitoring in emergency medicine training programs. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2002 Aug; 18(4):251-3.
  70. Green SM, Krauss B. Procedural sedation terminology: moving beyond "conscious sedation". Ann Emerg Med. 2002 Apr; 39(4):433-5.
  71. Hagerty JJ, Kleinman ME, Zurakowski D, Lyons AC, Krauss B. Accuracy of a new low-flow sidestream capnography technology in newborns: a pilot study. J Perinatol. 2002 Apr-May; 22(3):219-25.
  72. Green SM, Krauss B. Pulmonary aspiration risk during emergency department procedural sedation--an examination of the role of fasting and sedation depth. Acad Emerg Med. 2002 Jan; 9(1):35-42.
  73. Krauss B. Managing acute pain and anxiety in children undergoing procedures in the emergency department. Emerg Med (Fremantle). 2001 Sep; 13(3):293-304.
  74. Krauss B. Management of acute pain and anxiety in children undergoing procedures in the emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2001 Apr; 17(2):115-22; quiz 123-5.
  75. Krauss B. Continuous-flow nitrous oxide: searching for the ideal procedural anxiolytic for toddlers. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Jan; 37(1):61-2.
  76. Green SM, Krauss B. The semantics of ketamine. Ann Emerg Med. 2000 Nov; 36(5):480-2.
  77. Krauss B, Carroll P. Procedural Sedation and Analgesia: An Evolving Role for Respiratory Care Practitioners. Respiratory Therapy 2000;13:31-35. 2000.
  78. Krauss B, Green SM. Sedation and analgesia for procedures in children. N Engl J Med. 2000 Mar 30; 342(13):938-45.
  79. Mason KP, Burrows PE, Dorsey MM, Zurakowski D, Krauss B. Accuracy of capnography with a 30 foot nasal cannula for monitoring respiratory rate and end-tidal CO2 in children. J Clin Monit Comput. 2000; 16(4):259-62.
  80. Peña BM, Krauss B. Adverse events of procedural sedation and analgesia in a pediatric emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 1999 Oct; 34(4 Pt 1):483-91.
  81. Colman Y, Krauss B. Microstream capnograpy technology: a new approach to an old problem. J Clin Monit Comput. 1999 Aug; 15(6):403-9.
  82. Krauss B, Brustowicz R. Pediatric Procedural Sedation and Analgesia. 1999.
  83. Krauss B. Acute Myocardial Infarction. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 1999.
  84. Krauss B. Pediatric Sedation. Emergency Medicine. 1998.
  85. Krauss B, Zurakowski D. Sedation patterns in pediatric and general community hospital emergency departments. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1998 Apr; 14(2):99-103.
  86. Krauss B, Shannon MW, Damian FJ, Fleisher . Guidelines for Pediatric Procedural Sedation. 1998.
  87. Stack A, McManus M, Krauss B. . Emergency and Intensive Care Therapeutics. Manual of Pediatric therapeutics. 1997.
  88. Damian FJ, Smith MF, Krauss BS. Conscious sedation roundtable: a collaborative practice model for problem solving in the emergency department. J Emerg Nurs. 1997 Apr; 23(2):153-5.
  89. Krauss BS. On turbulent times for emergency medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 1995 Feb; 25(2):270-1.
  90. Krauss BS, Harakal T, Fleisher GR. General trauma in a pediatric emergency department: spectrum and consultation patterns. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1993 Jun; 9(3):134-8.
  91. Krauss BS, Harakal T, Fleisher GR. The spectrum and frequency of illness presenting to a pediatric emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1991 Apr; 7(2):67-71.
  92. Rothenberg S, Schottenfeld S, Meyer RE, Krauss B, Gross K. Performance differences between addicts and non-addicts. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1977 May 9; 52(3):299-306.
  93. Agrawal D, Manzi SF, Gupta R, Krauss B. Preprocedural fasting state and adverse events in children undergoing procedural sedation and analgesia in a pediatric emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2003 Nov; 42(5):636-46.
  94. Green SM, Krauss B. Supplemental oxygen during propofol sedation: yes or no? Ann Emerg Med. 2008 Jul; 52(1):9-10.
  95. Green SM, Krauss B. Ketamine is a safe, effective, and appropriate technique for emergency department paediatric procedural sedation. Emerg Med J. 2004 May; 21(3):271-2.
  96. Nagler J, Krauss B. Videos in clinical medicine. Intraosseous catheter placement in children. N Engl J Med. 2011 Feb 24; 364(8):e14.
  97. Mieloszyk RJ, Guo MG, Verghese GC, Andolfatto G, Heldt T, Krauss BS. Clustering of capnogram features to track state transitions during procedural sedation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2015 Aug; 2015:1699-702.
  98. Müller-Wille R, Borgmann T, Wohlgemuth WA, Zeman F, Pfister K, Jung EM, Heiss P, Schreyer AG, Krauss B, Stroszczynski C, Dornia C. Dual-energy computed tomography after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair: the role of hard plaque imaging for endoleak detection. Eur Radiol. 2014 Oct; 24(10):2449-57.
  99. Kim SJ, Lim HK, Lee HY, Choi CG, Lee DH, Suh DC, Kim SM, Kim JK, Krauss B. Dual-energy CT in the evaluation of intracerebral hemorrhage of unknown origin: differentiation between tumor bleeding and pure hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012 May; 33(5):865-72.
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