Heart Murmurs


LIke ThisLIke ThisLIke ThisLIke ThisLIke This


1938 | Robert Gross, MD, performs first ligation of the patent ductus arteriosus for 7-year-old girl

1945 | Gross and Charles Hufnagel, MD, address surgical approach to coarctation of the aorta

1950 | Gross develops atrial well for atrial septal defect closure

1952 | Gross performs surgical ligation of an aortopulmonary window 


1966 | William Bernhard, MD, demonstrates feasibility of hyperbaric chamber to extend time for cardiac surgeons

1968 | Establishment of New England Regional Infant Cardiac Program database to ensure accurate diagnosis of congenital heart disease and compare results across the region 


1960-1970s | Alexandaer Nadas, MD, (left) helps establish the subspecialty of pediatric cardiology, including the development of the pediatric cardiology subboards

1972 | Aldo Castañeda, MD, performs first routine intracardiac of complex congenital heart disease in infants 


1974 | Walter J. Gamble, MD, (left), C. Grant LaFarge, MD, and R. Grier Monroe, MD, develop new technique of microscopic oximetry and an improved oxygen electrode.

1981 | William Norwood, MD, performs first “Norwood” repair of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)

1984 | Castañeda performs first transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum 


1990 | Radio waves directed through a catheter correct Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, marking the first pediatric non-surgical repair of a cardiac arrhythmia 


1991 | James Lock, MD, and Nancy Bridges, MD, perform first percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale 

1996 | Lock and Kathy Jenkins, MD, develop the Webster-Jenkins basket catheter to provide rapid diagnostic information in mapping multiple sites of cardiac arrhythmias 


2003 | Martha Curley, PhD, RN, and Patricia Hickey, PhD, RN, develop first nurse-sensitive quality metrics, “The Nightingale Metrics,” for pediatric cardiovascular critical care patients 


2004 | First successful recruitment of hypoplastic left ventricle for biventricular repair of HLHS 


2006 | Lock and Audrey Marshall, MD, perform world’s first in utero cardiac stenting to treat HLHS with intact atrial septum on 30-week fetus 

2008 | Institution of Standardized Clinical and Management Plans, a systematic approach that bridges gaps in care, provides an infrastructure to improve health care delivery and identifies unnecessary resource utilization 

Request an Appointment

If this is a medical emergency, please dial 9-1-1. This form should not be used in an emergency.

Patient Information
Date of Birth:
Contact Information
Appointment Details
Send RequestIf you do not see the specialty you are looking for, please call us at: 617-355-6000.International visitors should call International Health Services at +1-617-355-5209.
Please complete all required fields

This department is currently not accepting appointment requests online. Please call us at: 617-355-6000. International +1-617-355-6000.

This department is currently not accepting appointment requests online. Please call us at: 617-355-6000. International +1-617-355-6000.

Thank you.

Your request has been successfully submitted

You will be contacted within 1 business day.

If you have questions or would like more information, please call:

617-355-6000 +1-617-355-6000
Find a Doctor
Search by Clinician's Last Name or Specialty:
Select by Location:
Search by First Letter of Clinician's Last Name: *ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Condition & Treatments
Search for a Condition or Treatment:
View allSearch

The future of pediatrics will be forged by thinking differently, breaking paradigms and joining together in a shared vision of tackling the toughest challenges before us.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO