KidsMD Health Topics

Wheat Allergy

  • A wheat allergy is an abnormal response of the body to the protein found in wheat.

  • Which foods contain wheat?

    Wheat products are found in many foods. In order to avoid foods that contain wheat, it is important to read food labels.

    Which ingredients must a wheat-allergic person watch out for?

    Avoid foods with any of the following ingredients:

    • Bread crumbs
    • Bran
    • Cereal extract
    • Couscous
    • Cracker meal
    • Enriched flour
    • Farina
    • Gluten
    • Graham flour
    • High gluten flour
    • High protein flour
    • Spelt
    • Vital gluten
    • Wheat bran
    • Wheat germ
    • Wheat gluten
    • Wheat malt
    • Wheat starch
    • Whole wheat flour

    Other ingredients that may indicate the presence of wheat protein include:

    • Gelatinized starch
    • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
    • Kamut
    • Modified food starch
    • Modified starch
    • Natural flavoring
    • Soy sauce
    • Starch
    • Vegetable gum
    • Vegetable starch

    When cooking at home, what can be substituted in place of wheat flour?

    One cup of wheat flour equals:

    • 1 cup rye meal
    • 1 - 1 1/4 cups rye flour
    • 1 cup potato flour
    • 1 1/3 cups rolled oats or oat flour
    • 1/2 cup potato four plus 1/2 cup rye flour
    • 5/8 cup potato starch
    • 5/8 cup rice flour plus 1/3 cup rye flour

    The following table gives guidelines about which foods are generally safe, and which should be avoided.

    Foods Allowed Not Allowed


    Coffee, tea, fruit juices, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated beverages, all milks, cocoa

    Cereal beverages, coffee substitutes

    Beverages made from wheat products: beer, ale, root beer

    Instant chocolate drink mixes

    Breads &

    Ry-Krisp, rice wafers

    Pure corn, rice, arrowroot, barley, potato, or rye bread made without wheat flour or wheat products

    Cornmeal, cornstarch, soybean flour, barley flour, oat flour, rice flour, potato starch, arrowroot flour

    Oatmeal cream of rice, puffed rice, or other cereals made from pure corn, oats, or rice to which no wheat has been added

    Whole wheat, enriched, or white bread, rolls or bread crumbs

    Graham or gluten bread

    Donuts, sweet rolls, muffins, french toast, waffles, pancakes, dumplings, bread stuffing, rusk, popovers

    Prepared mixes for pancakes, waffles, biscuits, breads, and rolls

    Cornbread, potato, or soybean bread, unless made without wheat flour or wheat products

    Cereals made from farina, wheat, or those with wheat products or malt added

    Pretzels, crackers

    Semolina, spelt, or triticale


    Custards, Bavarian creams

    Oatmeal, arrowroot, rice, or rye cookies made without wheat products

    Cornstarch, tapioca, or rice puddings

    Water or fruit ices, meringues


    Cakes, pastries, commercial frosting, icing, ice cream, sherbet, ice cream cones

    Cookies, prepared mixes, or packaged pudding containing wheat flour

    Graham crackers, donuts


    Eggs prepared any way without wheat products

    Soufflés or creamed eggs made with wheat products


    Butter, margarine, animal, or vegetable fats and oils, cream

    Salad dressings or gravy prepared without wheat flour or products

    Any salad dressing thickened or gravy with wheat flour or products


    All fresh, canned, dried, or frozen fruits and fruit juices

    Strained fruits with added cereals

    Meat, Fish,

    Baked, broiled, boiled, roasted or fried: beef, veal, pork, ham, chicken, turkey, lamb, or fish

    "All meat" wieners or luncheon meats prepared without wheat flour fillers or wheat products

    All breaded or floured meats, meats containing filler such as meatloaf, frankfurters, sausage, luncheon meats, bologna, or prepared meat patties

    Milk & Milk

    Milk, buttermilk, yogurt, cheese, some cottage cheese

    Malted milk, milk drink containing powdered wheat cereal or products

    Cottage cheese with modified starch or other wheat containing ingredients

    Potatoes &

    White and sweet potatoes


    Scalloped potatoes

    Noodles, spaghetti, macaroni, and other pasta products prepared with wheat or semolina flour


    Clear bouillon, consomm�, or broth

    Homemade soups made without wheat products

    Cream soups unless made without wheat flour

    Soups with noodles, alphabets, dumplings, or spaghetti

    Soy sauce, tamari sauce, granola, or breakfast bars made with soy

    Soup thickened with wheat flour


    Corn syrup, honey, jams, jellies, molasses, sugar

    Chocolates, chocolate candy containing malt, candy with cereal extract


    All fresh, frozen, or canned vegetables, and vegetable juices

    Vegetables combined with wheat products

    Breaded or floured vegetables


    Salt, chili powder, condiments, flavoring extracts, herbs, nuts, olives, pickles, popcorn, peanut butter

    Malt products, Worcestershire sauce, gravies thickened with wheat flour

    Monosodium glutamate (MSG), meat tenderizers containing MSG, prepared oriental food seasoned with MSG, Soy Sauce

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