The terms orbital cellulitis and periorbital cellulitis refer to an inflammation and infection of the tissue and skin surrounding the eye. Periorbital cellulitis involves the area from the skin of the eyelid to the bony area that encloses the eye. Orbital cellulitis is an infection that involves the eye and the eye structures within the bony cavity of the face.
- Both conditions are serious and require immediate medical attention by your child's physician. Complications can include meningitis, loss of vision or brain abscess.
- Although characterized by swelling around the eye, the eyeball is usually not affected and appears normal.
- The most common cause of these types of cellulitis stems from bacterial infection, either by direct trauma or by an infection that spreads from the sinuses.