KidsMD Health Topics

Nervous System Disorders

  • Overview

    The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions:

    • Central nervous system - consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
    • Peripheral nervous system - consisting of all other neural elements.

    In addition to the brain and spinal cord, principal organs of the nervous system include the following:

    • Eyes
    • Ears
    • Sensory organs of taste
    • Sensory organs of smell
    • Sensory receptors located in the skin, joints, muscles, and other parts of the body

    Treating Nervous System Disorders at Boston Children's Hospital

    The Department of Neurology at Boston Children's Hospital is the oldest, largest and best-known program in pediatric neurology in the world.  In 2009, US News and World Report ranked Children's first in the nation for neurology and neurosurgery. The department includes child neurologists who specialize in almost all neurological disorders, including epilepsy, learning disabilities and other developmental disabilities, attention deficit disorders, sleep disorders, neuromuscular disorders, brain tumors, neurogenetic disorders, neonatal neurology, mental retardation and cerebral palsy, pediatric neuro-immunology, and pediatric multiple sclerosis and related disorders.

  • In-Depth

    What causes nervous system disorders?

    The nervous system is vulnerable to various disorders and can be damaged by the following:

    • Trauma
    • Infections
    • Degeneration
    • Structural defects
    • Tumors
    • Blood flow disruption

    What are the symptoms of a nervous system disorders?

    The following are the most common symptoms of nervous system disorders. However, each child may experience symptoms differently and different disorders will cause different symptoms to occur. Symptoms may include:

    • Delays in developmental milestones
    • Increase or lack of growth in head size
    • Changes in activity, reflexes, or movements
    • Lack of coordination
    • Changes in level of consciousness or mood
    • Muscle rigidity, tremors, or seizures
    • Older children may also report persistent or severe headaches, loss of feeling or tingling, or visual changes

    The symptoms of a nervous system disorder may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

  • Physicians at Boston Children's Hospital who treat nervous system disorders may have to spend a lot of time working with your child before making a diagnosis of the specific condition. Many times, this involves performing numerous tests to eliminate other conditions, so that a proper diagnosis can be made.

    Neurology - The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology. Medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists.

    Neurological Surgery - The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery or neurological surgery. Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons.

    Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders - The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation. Physicians who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists.

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This department is currently not accepting appointment requests online. Please call us at: 617-355-6000. International +1-617-355-6000.

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