Enuresis is the medical term for involuntary urination or “wetting.” Other words for this problem include incontinence, voiding problems or urinary accidents. Most children have control of their bladders by age 4 for daytime control and by age 6 for nighttime control, but up to 20 percent of first-grade boys, 6 to 7, and 17 percent of first-grade girls have problems with wetting accidents.
There is no single cause for daytime or nighttime wetting, but doctors believe that certain factors, such as bladder capacity and genetics, may play a role.
Depending on the type and severity of enuresis, possible treatments include nighttime alarms to wake the child to go to the bathroom, medications, bladder training and positive reinforcement.
Boston Children’s Hospital has created the Voiding Improvement Program (VIP) to help children who have enuresis: