Stephen Sanders, MD

Stephen Sanders, MD

Director, Cardiac Registry

Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

  • Contact: 857-218-5417

  • Fax: 617-730-0207

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Cardiology
  • Pathology of Congenital Heart Disease

Departments

  • Cardiology
  • Pathology
  • Cardiac Surgery

Languages

  • Italian
  • English
To schedule an appointment: Call 857-218-5417 or Request an Appointment

Experience and Education

Education

Undergraduate Degree, BS Biology

Georgetown University, 1971

Washington, DC

Medical School

University of Louisville, 1975

Louisville, KY

Internship

Good Samaritan Hospital, 1976

Portland, OR

Residency, Pediatrics

University of Oregon Health Science Centers, 1978

Portland, OR

Fellowship, Pediatric Cardiology

Boston Children's Hospital, 1981

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology

Research

Research interests: Use of postmortem imaging in congenital heart disease autopsy; Performance of bioprosthetic materials in congenital heart disease surgery; Development and importance of myofiber architecture in congenital heart defects

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst
  1. Raimondi F, Bonnet D, Geva T, Sanders SP. Anomalous origin of the left innominate (brachiocephalic) artery in the right aortic arch: How can it be anomalous when the left innominate artery is absent? Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 May-Aug; 9(2):170-2.
  2. Pradegan N, Vida VL, Geva T, Stellin G, White MT, Sanders SP, Padera RF. Myocardial histopathology in late-repaired and unrepaired adults with tetralogy of Fallot. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2016 May-Jun; 25(3):225-31.
  3. Torres A, Sanders SP, Vincent JA, El-Said HG, Leahy RA, Padera RF, McElhinney DB. Iatrogenic aortopulmonary communications after transcatheter interventions on the right ventricular outflow tract or pulmonary artery: Pathophysiologic, diagnostic, and management considerations. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Sep; 86(3):438-52.
  4. Vida VL, Angelini A, Guariento A, Frescura C, Fedrigo M, Padalino M, Sanders SP, Thiene G, Stellin G. Preserving the pulmonary valve during early repair of tetralogy of Fallot: Anatomic substrates and surgical strategies. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 May; 149(5):1358-63.e1.
  5. Halpern DG, Steigner ML, Prabhu SP, Valente AM, Sanders SP. Cardiac Calcifications in Adults with Congenital Heart Defects. Congenit Heart Dis. 2015 Sep; 10(5):396-402.
  6. Pluchinotta FR, Porayette P, Zaidi AH, Baci J, Teot L, Sanders SP, Prabhu SP. Postmortem imaging in congenital heart disease: preliminary experience. Acta Radiol. 2015 Oct; 56(10):1264-72.
  7. Sanders SP, Padera RF. Reply to the editor. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Oct; 148(4):1769-70.
  8. Lang SM, Hall KE, Zaidi AH, Geva T, Sanders SP, Del Nido PJ. Giant aneurysm of the atrial appendages in infants. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2014 May; 7(2):130-4.
  9. Saleeb SF, Newburger JW, Geva T, Baird CW, Gauvreau K, Padera RF, Del Nido PJ, Borisuk MJ, Sanders SP, Mayer JE. Accelerated degeneration of a bovine pericardial bioprosthetic aortic valve in children and young adults. Circulation. 2014 Jul 1; 130(1):51-60.
  10. Saffitz JE, Sanders SP. Postmortem analysis of structural heart defects in fetuses and children by magnetic resonance imaging: an alternative to autopsy? Circulation. 2014 May 13; 129(19):1909-11.
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  12. Zaidi AH, Nathan M, Emani S, Baird C, del Nido PJ, Gauvreau K, Harris M, Sanders SP, Padera RF. Preliminary experience with porcine intestinal submucosa (CorMatrix) for valve reconstruction in congenital heart disease: histologic evaluation of explanted valves. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Nov; 148(5):2216-4, 2225.e1.
  13. Porayette P, Fruitman D, Lauzon JL, Le Goff C, Cormier-Daire V, Sanders SP, Pinto-Rojas A, Perez-Atayde AR. Novel mutations in geleophysic dysplasia type 1. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2014 May-Jun; 17(3):209-16.
  14. Mekkaoui C, Porayette P, Jackowski MP, Kostis WJ, Dai G, Sanders S, Sosnovik DE. Diffusion MRI tractography of the developing human fetal heart. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e72795.
  15. Pluchinotta FR, Porayette P, Myers PO, Chen P, Feins E, Teot L, Prabhu SP, Sanders SP. Postmortem imaging of antemortem myocardial ischaemia. Eur Radiol. 2014 Jan; 24(1):34-41.
  16. Terry J, Pluchinotta FR, Sanders SP, Vergilio JA, Hyde SR, Boyd TK. Congenital langerhans cell histiocytosis with placental involvement. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2013 May-Jun; 16(3):224-8.
  17. Leonardi B, Margossian R, Sanders SP, Chinali M, Colan SD. Ventricular mechanics in patients with aortic valve disease: longitudinal, radial, and circumferential components. Cardiol Young. 2014 Feb; 24(1):105-12.
  18. Egidy Assenza G, Valente AM, Geva T, Graham D, Pluchinotta FR, Romana Pluchinotta F, Sanders SP, Autore C, Volpe M, Landzberg MJ, Cecchin F. QRS duration and QRS fractionation on surface electrocardiogram are markers of right ventricular dysfunction and atrialization in patients with Ebstein anomaly. Eur Heart J. 2013 Jan; 34(3):191-200.
  19. Fernandes S, Khairy P, Graham DA, Colan SD, Galvin TC, Sanders SP, Singh MN, Bhatt A, Lacro RV. Bicuspid aortic valve and associated aortic dilation in the young. Heart. 2012 Jul; 98(13):1014-9.
  20. Pluchinotta FR, Teot LA, Sanders SP. Left ventricular aneurysm, aortic stenosis, and arcade mitral valve: coexistence of three rare congenital heart defects. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Oct; 33(7):1206-9.
  21. Pasqua AD, Barcudi S, Leonardi B, Clemente D, Colajacomo M, Sanders SP. Comparison of contrast and noncontrast magnetic resonance angiography for quantitative analysis of thoracic arteries in young patients with congenital heart defects. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2011 Jan; 4(1):36-40.
  22. Marcora S, Di Renzi P, Giannico S, Pierleoni M, Bellelli A, Sanders SP. A CT Study of Coronary Arteries in Adult Mustard Patients. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Jan; 4(1):89-93.
  23. Leonardi B, Giglio V, Sanders SP, Pasceri V, De Zorzi A. Ultrasound tissue characterization of the myocardium in patients after Kawasaki disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Aug; 31(6):766-72.
  24. Del Pasqua A, Rinelli G, Toscano A, Iacobelli R, Digilio C, Marino B, Saffirio C, Mondillo S, Pasquini L, Sanders SP, de Zorzi A. New findings concerning cardiovascular manifestations emerging from long-term follow-up of 150 patients with the Williams-Beuren-Beuren syndrome. Cardiol Young. 2009 Dec; 19(6):563-7.
  25. Barcudi S, Sanders SP, Di Donato RM, de Zorzi A, Iacobelli R, Amodeo A, Gagliardi MG, Borgia F, Pongiglione G, Rinelli G. Aberrant left innominate artery from the left descending aorta in right aortic arch: echocardiographic diagnosis. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010 Feb; 23(2):221.e5-7.
  26. Toscano A, Pasquini L, Iacobelli R, Di Donato RM, Raimondi F, Carotti A, Di Ciommo V, Sanders SP. Congenital supravalvar mitral ring: an underestimated anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Mar; 137(3):538-42.
  27. Del Pasqua A, Sanders SP, de Zorzi A, Toscano A, Iacobelli R, Pierli C, Pasquini L, Di Donato R, Rinelli G. Impact of three-dimensional echocardiography in complex congenital heart defect cases: the surgical view. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009 Apr; 30(3):293-300.
  28. Iacobelli R, Pasquini L, Toscano A, Raimondi F, Michielon G, Tozzi AE, Sanders SP. Role of tricuspid regurgitation in fetal echocardiographic diagnosis of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jul; 32(1):31-5.
  29. Graham TP, Bernard Y, Arbogast P, Thapa S, Cetta F, Child J, Chugh R, Davidson W, Hurwitz R, Kay J, Sanders S, Schaufelberger M. Outcome of pulmonary valve replacements in adults after tetralogy repair: a multi-institutional study. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008 May-Jun; 3(3):162-7.
  30. Li JS, Yow E, Berezny KY, Bokesch PM, Takahashi M, Graham TP, Sanders SP, Sidi D, Bonnet D, Ewert P, Jennings LK, Michelson AD. Dosing of clopidogrel for platelet inhibition in infants and young children: primary results of the Platelet Inhibition in Children On cLOpidogrel (PICOLO) trial. Circulation. 2008 Jan 29; 117(4):553-9.
  31. Del Pasqua A, Sanders SP, Rinelli G. Images in cardiovascular medicine. Three-dimensional echocardiography in criss-cross heart: could a specimen be better? Circulation. 2007 Oct 23; 116(17):e414-5.
  32. Del Pasqua A, de Zorzi A, Sanders SP, Rinelli G. Severe Ebstein's anomaly can benefit from a small ventricular septal defect: two cases. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Jan; 29(1):217-9.
  33. Li JS, Yow E, Berezny KY, Rhodes JF, Bokesch PM, Charpie JR, Forbus GA, Mahony L, Boshkov L, Lambert V, Bonnet D, Michel-Behnke I, Graham TP, Takahashi M, Jaggers J, Califf RM, Rakhit A, Fontecave S, Sanders SP. Clinical outcomes of palliative surgery including a systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease: does aspirin make a difference? Circulation. 2007 Jul 17; 116(3):293-7.
  34. Fernandes SM, Khairy P, Sanders SP, Colan SD. Bicuspid aortic valve morphology and interventions in the young. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jun 5; 49(22):2211-4.
  35. Brancaccio G, Amodeo A, Rinelli G, Filippelli S, Sanders SP, Di Donato RM. Double-outlet right atrium: anatomic and clinical considerations. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Feb; 83(2):619-21.
  36. Polito A, Ricci Z, Di Chiara L, Giorni C, Iacoella C, Sanders SP, Picardo S. Cerebral blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass in pediatric cardiac surgery: the role of transcranial Doppler--a systematic review of the literature. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. 2006; 4:47.
  37. Vida VL, Sanders SP, Milanesi O, Stellin G. Biventricular repair of right-dominant complete atrioventricular canal defect. Pediatr Cardiol. 2006 Nov-Dec; 27(6):737-40.
  38. Giannico S, Hammad F, Amodeo A, Michielon G, Drago F, Turchetta A, Di Donato R, Sanders SP. Clinical outcome of 193 extracardiac Fontan patients: the first 15 years. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 May 16; 47(10):2065-73.
  39. Michielon G, Marino B, Formigari R, Gargiulo G, Picchio F, Digilio MC, Anaclerio S, Oricchio G, Sanders SP, Di Donato RM. Genetic syndromes and outcome after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):968-75.
  40. Graham TP, Beekman RH, Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Romes JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy D, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Hirshfeld JW, Kugler JD, Moskowitz WB, Creager MA, Lorell BH, Merli G, Rodgers GP, Rutherford JD, Tracy CM, Weitz HH. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence (ACC/AHA/AAP Writing Committee to Develop Training Recommendations for Pediatric Cardiology). Circulation. 2005 Oct 18; 112(16):2555-80.
  41. Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Beekman RH, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Rome JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy DJ, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Mahoney LT, McQuinn TC. ACC/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec; 116(6):1574-96.
  42. Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Task force 2: pediatric training guidelines for noninvasive cardiac imaging endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography and the Society of Pediatric Echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 4; 46(7):1384-8.
  43. Gagliardi MG, Adorisio R, Crea F, Versacci P, Di Donato R, Sanders SP. Abnormal vasomotor function of the epicardial coronary arteries in children five to eight years after arterial switch operation: an angiographic and intracoronary Doppler flow wire study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 18; 46(8):1565-72.
  44. Biffanti R, Reffo E, Sanders SP, Maschietto N, Stellin G, Milanesi O. Images in cardiovascular medicine. Two-dimensional and real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic fetal diagnosis of aorto-ventricular tunnel. Circulation. 2005 May 31; 111(21):e367-8.
  45. Vida VL, Sanders SP, Bottio T, Maschietto N, Rubino M, Milanesi O, Stellin G. Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta. Cardiol Young. 2005 Apr; 15(2):176-81.
  46. Sanders SP. Did they lower stress in the trial? Or was it just wasted energy? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Mar 15; 45(6):858-9.
  47. Opocher F, Varnier M, Sanders SP, Tosoni A, Zaccaria M, Stellin G, Milanesi O. Effects of aerobic exercise training in children after the Fontan operation. Am J Cardiol. 2005 Jan 1; 95(1):150-2.
  48. Valente AM, Jain R, Scheurer M, Fowler VG, Corey GR, Bengur AR, Sanders S, Li JS. Frequency of infective endocarditis among infants and children with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Pediatrics. 2005 Jan; 115(1):e15-9.
  49. Nassar R, Malouf NN, Mao L, Rockman HA, Oakeley AE, Frye JR, Herlong JR, Sanders SP, Anderson PA. cTnT1, a cardiac troponin T isoform, decreases myofilament tension and affects the left ventricular pressure waveform. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Mar; 288(3):H1147-56.
  50. Fernandes SM, Sanders SP, Khairy P, Jenkins KJ, Gauvreau K, Lang P, Simonds H, Colan SD. Morphology of bicuspid aortic valve in children and adolescents. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Oct 19; 44(8):1648-51.
  51. Flynn JT, Newburger JW, Daniels SR, Sanders SP, Portman RJ, Hogg RJ, Saul JP. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of amlodipine in children with hypertension. J Pediatr. 2004 Sep; 145(3):353-9.
  52. Sanders SP. We know how many--but how? Am Heart J. 2004 Mar; 147(3):398-400.
  53. Li JS, Sanders SP, Perry AE, Stinnett SS, Jaggers J, Bokesch P, Reynolds L, Nassar R, Anderson PA. Pharmacokinetics and safety of TP10, soluble complement receptor 1, in infants undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Am Heart J. 2004 Jan; 147(1):173-80.
  54. Romp RL, Herlong JR, Landolfo CK, Sanders SP, Miller CE, Ungerleider RM, Jaggers J. Outcome of unroofing procedure for repair of anomalous aortic origin of left or right coronary artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Aug; 76(2):589-95; discussion 595-6.
  55. Pasquali SK, Hasselblad V, Li JS, Kong DF, Sanders SP. Coronary artery pattern and outcome of arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries: a meta-analysis. Circulation. 2002 Nov 12; 106(20):2575-80.
  56. Erb TO, Craig DM, Gaskin PM, Cheifetz IM, Resai Bengur A, Sanders SP. Preload recruitable stroke work relationship in the right ventricle: simultaneous assessment using conductance catheter and sonomicrometry. Crit Care Med. 2002 Nov; 30(11):2535-41.
  57. Pasquali SK, Sanders SP, Li JS. Oral antihypertensive trial design and analysis under the pediatric exclusivity provision. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):608-14.
  58. Milazzo AS, Sanders SP, Armstrong BE, Li JS. Racial and geographic disparities in timing of bidirectional Glenn and Fontan stages of single-ventricle palliation. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 Oct; 94(10):873-8.
  59. Milazzo AS, Herlong JR, Li JS, Sanders SP, Barrington M, Bengur AR. Real-time transmission of pediatric echocardiograms using a single ISDN line. Comput Biol Med. 2002 Sep; 32(5):379-88.
  60. Yeager SB, Van Der Velde ME, Waters BL, Sanders SP. Prenatal role of the ductus arteriosus in absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Echocardiography. 2002 Aug; 19(6):489-93.
  61. Baker SS, O'Laughlin MP, Jollis JG, Harrison JK, Sanders SP, Li JS. Cost implications of closure of atrial septal defect. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2002 Jan; 55(1):83-7.
  62. Ross LF, Newburger JW, Sanders SP. Ethical issues in pediatric trials. Am Heart J. 2001 Aug; 142(2):233-6.
  63. Sinaiko AR, Lauer RM, Sanders SP. End points for cardiovascular drug trials in pediatric patients. Am Heart J. 2001 Aug; 142(2):229-32.
  64. Lauer RM, Sanders SP. Pediatric issues and diseases. Am Heart J. 2001 Aug; 142(2):224-8.
  65. Sanders SP. Conducting pediatric cardiovascular trials. Introduction. Am Heart J. 2001 Aug; 142(2):218-23.
  66. Levine JC, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Jonas RA, Spevak PJ. The risk of having additional obstructive lesions in neonatal coarctation of the aorta. Cardiol Young. 2001 Jan; 11(1):44-53.
  67. Gentles TL, Sanders SP, Colan SD. Misrepresentation of left ventricular contractile function by endocardial indexes: clinical implications after coarctation repair. Am Heart J. 2000 Oct; 140(4):585-95.
  68. Hornberger LK, Lipshultz SE, Easley KA, Colan SD, Schwartz M, Kaplan S, Starc TJ, Ayres NA, Lai WW, Moodie DS, Kasten-Sportes C, Sanders SP. Cardiac structure and function in fetuses of mothers infected with HIV: the prospective PCHIV multicenter study. Am Heart J. 2000 Oct; 140(4):575-84.
  69. Graham TP, Bernard YD, Mellen BG, Celermajer D, Baumgartner H, Cetta F, Connolly HM, Davidson WR, Dellborg M, Foster E, Gersony WM, Gessner IH, Hurwitz RA, Kaemmerer H, Kugler JD, Murphy DJ, Noonan JA, Morris C, Perloff JK, Sanders SP, Sutherland JL. Long-term outcome in congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries: a multi-institutional study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Jul; 36(1):255-61.
  70. Sanders SP. Endovascular stent treatment of aortic coarctation. Am Heart J. 2000 Jun; 139(6):936-8.
  71. Gaskin PR, Owens SE, Talner NS, Sanders SP, Li JS. Clinical auscultation skills in pediatric residents. Pediatrics. 2000 Jun; 105(6):1184-7.
  72. Balestrini L, Fleishman C, Lanzoni L, Kisslo J, Resai Bengur A, Sanders SP, Li JS. Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography evaluation of congenital heart disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2000 Mar; 13(3):171-6.
  73. Chai PJ, Nassar R, Oakeley AE, Craig DM, Quick G, Jaggers J, Sanders SP, Ungerleider RM, Anderson PA. Soluble complement receptor-1 protects heart, lung, and cardiac myofilament function from cardiopulmonary bypass damage. Circulation. 2000 Feb 8; 101(5):541-6.
  74. Moran AM, Newburger JW, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Burns JC, Colan SD. Abnormal myocardial mechanics in Kawasaki disease: rapid response to gamma-globulin. Am Heart J. 2000 Feb; 139(2 Pt 1):217-23.
  75. Li J, Sanders SP. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Curr Opin Cardiol. 1999 Jan; 14(1):53-9.
  76. Li JS, Bengur AR, Ungerleider RM, Herlong JR, Sanders SP. Abnormal left ventricular filling after neonatal repair of congenital heart disease: association with increased mortality and morbidity. Am Heart J. 1998 Dec; 136(6):1075-80.
  77. Bengur AR, Li JS, Herlong JR, Jaggers J, Sanders SP, Ungerleider RM. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Oct; 10(4):255-64.
  78. Rosenfeld HM, Gentles TL, Wernovsky G, Laussen PC, Jonas RA, Mayer JE, Colan SD, Sanders SP, van der Velde ME. Utility of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of residual cardiac defects. Pediatr Cardiol. 1998 Jul-Aug; 19(4):346-51.
  79. Ungerleider RM, Bengur AR, Kessenich AL, Liekweg RJ, Hart EM, Rice BA, Miller CE, Lockwood NW, Knauss SA, Jaggers J, Sanders SP, Greeley WJ. Risk factors for higher cost in congenital heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Jul; 64(1):44-8; discussion 49.
  80. Ungerleider RM, Kanter RJ, O'Laughlin M, Bengur AR, Anderson PA, Herlong JR, Li J, Armstrong BE, Tripp ME, Garson A, Meliones JN, Jaggers J, Sanders SP, Greeley WJ. Effect of repair strategy on hospital cost for infants with tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Surg. 1997 Jun; 225(6):779-83; discussion 783-4.
  81. Mone SM, Sanders SP, Colan SD. Control mechanisms for physiological hypertrophy of pregnancy. Circulation. 1996 Aug 15; 94(4):667-72.
  82. Lipshultz SE, Orav EJ, Sanders SP, Colan SD. Immunoglobulins and left ventricular structure and function in pediatric HIV infection. Circulation. 1995 Oct 15; 92(8):2220-5.
  83. Lavoie J, Javorski JJ, Castaneda AR, Mihalka JP, Rosenfeld HM, Sanders SP. Intraoperative migration of a clamshell device. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995 Oct; 9(5):562-4.
  84. Hornberger LK, Sanders SP, Rein AJ, Spevak PJ, Parness IA, Colan SD. Left heart obstructive lesions and left ventricular growth in the midtrimester fetus. A longitudinal study. Circulation. 1995 Sep 15; 92(6):1531-8.
  85. Lipshultz SE, Lipsitz SR, Mone SM, Goorin AM, Sallan SE, Sanders SP, Orav EJ, Gelber RD, Colan SD. Female sex and drug dose as risk factors for late cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin therapy for childhood cancer. N Engl J Med. 1995 Jun 29; 332(26):1738-43.
  86. Lavoie J, Javorski JJ, Donahue K, Sanders SP, Burke RP, Burrows FA. Detection of residual flow by transesophageal echocardiography during video-assisted thoracoscopic patent ductus arteriosus interruption. Anesth Analg. 1995 Jun; 80(6):1071-5.
  87. Yeager SB, Sanders SP. Echocardiographic identification of thymic tissue in neonates with congenital heart disease. Am Heart J. 1995 Apr; 129(4):837-9.
  88. Santini F, Jonas RA, Sanders SP, Van Praagh R. Tetralogy of Fallot [S,D,I]: successful repair without a conduit. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Mar; 59(3):747-9.
  89. Hornberger LK, Sanders SP, Sahn DJ, Rice MJ, Spevak PJ, Benacerraf BR, McDonald RW, Colan SD. In utero pulmonary artery and aortic growth and potential for progression of pulmonary outflow tract obstruction in tetralogy of Fallot. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Mar 1; 25(3):739-45.
  90. Rosenfeld HM, van der Velde ME, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Parness IA, Lock JE, Spevak PJ. Echocardiographic predictors of candidacy for successful transcatheter atrial septal defect closure. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1995 Jan; 34(1):29-34.
  91. Levine JC, Mayer JE, Keane JF, Spevak PJ, Sanders SP. Anastomotic pseudoaneurysm of the ventricle after homograft placement in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Jan; 59(1):60-6.
  92. Gentles TL, Rosenfeld HM, Sanders SP, Laussen PC, Burke RP, van der Velde ME. Pediatric biplane transesophageal echocardiography: preliminary experience. Am Heart J. 1994 Dec; 128(6 Pt 1):1225-33.
  93. Sanders SP, Pasquini L. Intramural coronary artery in transposition of the great arteries. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Dec; 58(6):1792.
  94. Manning PB, Mayer JE, Sanders SP, Coleman EA, Jonas RA, Keane JF, VanPraagh S, Castañeda AR. Unique features and prognosis of primum ASD presenting in the first year of life. Circulation. 1994 Nov; 90(5 Pt 2):II30-5.
  95. Lipshultz SE, Orav EJ, Sanders SP, McIntosh K, Colan SD. Limitations of fractional shortening as an index of contractility in pediatric patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. J Pediatr. 1994 Oct; 125(4):563-70.
  96. Hornberger LK, Benacerraf BR, Bromley BS, Spevak PJ, Sanders SP. Prenatal detection of severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction: pulmonary stenosis and pulmonary atresia. J Ultrasound Med. 1994 Oct; 13(10):743-50.
  97. Boutin C, Wernovsky G, Sanders SP, Jonas RA, Castaneda AR, Colan SD. Rapid two-stage arterial switch operation. Evaluation of left ventricular systolic mechanics late after an acute pressure overload stimulus in infancy. Circulation. 1994 Sep; 90(3):1294-303.
  98. Boutin C, Jonas RA, Sanders SP, Wernovsky G, Mone SM, Colan SD. Rapid two-stage arterial switch operation. Acquisition of left ventricular mass after pulmonary artery banding in infants with transposition of the great arteries. Circulation. 1994 Sep; 90(3):1304-9.
  99. Pasquini L, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Wernovsky G, Mayer JE, Van der Velde ME, Spevak PJ, Colan SD. Coronary echocardiography in 406 patients with d-loop transposition of the great arteries. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Sep; 24(3):763-8.
  100. Matitiau A, Perez-Atayde A, Sanders SP, Sluysmans T, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Colan SD. Infantile dilated cardiomyopathy. Relation of outcome to left ventricular mechanics, hemodynamics, and histology at the time of presentation. Circulation. 1994 Sep; 90(3):1310-8.
  101. Yeager SB, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Hornberger LK, Sanders SP. Prenatal echocardiographic diagnosis of pulmonary and systemic venous anomalies. Am Heart J. 1994 Aug; 128(2):397-405.
  102. Van Praagh S, Carrera ME, Sanders SP, Mayer JE, Van Praagh R. Sinus venosus defects: unroofing of the right pulmonary veins--anatomic and echocardiographic findings and surgical treatment. Am Heart J. 1994 Aug; 128(2):365-79.
  103. van der Velde ME, Sanders SP, Keane JF, Perry SB, Lock JE. Transesophageal echocardiographic guidance of transcatheter ventricular septal defect closure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Jun; 23(7):1660-5.
  104. Lavoie J, Burrows FA, Gentles TL, Sanders SP, Burke RP, Javorski JJ. Transoesophageal echocardiography detects residual ductal flow during video-assisted thoracoscopic patent ductus arteriosus interruption. Can J Anaesth. 1994 Apr; 41(4):310-3.
  105. Lipshultz SE, Sanders SP, Goorin AM, Krischer JP, Sallan SE, Colan SD. Monitoring for anthracycline cardiotoxicity. Pediatrics. 1994 Mar; 93(3):433-7.
  106. Preminger TJ, Sanders SP, van der Velde ME, Castañeda AR, Lock JE. "Intramural" residual interventricular defects after repair of conotruncal malformations. Circulation. 1994 Jan; 89(1):236-42.
  107. Geva T, Hornberger LK, Sanders SP, Jonas RA, Ott DA, Colan SD. Echocardiographic predictors of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction after repair of interrupted aortic arch. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Dec; 22(7):1953-60.
  108. Spevak PJ, Mandell VS, Colan SD, Van Der Velde ME, Jonas RA, Lock JE, Sanders SP. Reliability of Doppler color flow mapping in the identification and localization of multiple ventricular septal defects. Echocardiography. 1993 Nov; 10(6):573-81.
  109. Gentles TL, Colan SD, Giglia TM, Mandell VS, Mayer JE, Sanders SP. Right ventricular decompression and left ventricular function in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. The influence of less extensive coronary anomalies. Circulation. 1993 Nov; 88(5 Pt 2):II183-8.
  110. Giglia TM, Jenkins KJ, Matitiau A, Mandell VS, Sanders SP, Mayer JE, Lock JE. Influence of right heart size on outcome in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Circulation. 1993 Nov; 88(5 Pt 1):2248-56.
  111. Pasquini L, Parness IA, Colan SD, Wernovsky G, Mayer JE, Sanders SP. Diagnosis of intramural coronary artery in transposition of the great arteries using two-dimensional echocardiography. Circulation. 1993 Sep; 88(3):1136-41.
  112. Hourihan M, Colan SD, Wernovsky G, Maheswari U, Mayer JE, Sanders SP. Growth of the aortic anastomosis, annulus, and root after the arterial switch procedure performed in infancy. Circulation. 1993 Aug; 88(2):615-20.
  113. Jenkins KJ, Sanders SP, Orav EJ, Coleman EA, Mayer JE, Colan SD. Individual pulmonary vein size and survival in infants with totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Jul; 22(1):201-6.
  114. Rein AJ, Preminger TJ, Perry SB, Lock JE, Sanders SP. Generalized arteriopathy in Williams syndrome: an intravascular ultrasound study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Jun; 21(7):1727-30.
  115. Pasquini L, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Colan SD, Van Praagh S, Mayer JE, Van Praagh R. Conal anatomy in 119 patients with d-loop transposition of the great arteries and ventricular septal defect: an echocardiographic and pathologic study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Jun; 21(7):1712-21.
  116. Pieroni DR, Nishimura RA, Bierman FZ, Colan SD, Kaufman S, Sanders SP, Seward JB, Tajik AJ, Wiggins JW, Zahka KG. Second natural history study of congenital heart defects. Ventricular septal defect: echocardiography. Circulation. 1993 Feb; 87(2 Suppl):I80-8.
  117. Nishimura RA, Pieroni DR, Bierman FZ, Colan SD, Kaufman S, Sanders SP, Seward JB, Tajik AJ, Wiggins JW, Zahka KG. Second natural history study of congenital heart defects. Pulmonary stenosis: echocardiography. Circulation. 1993 Feb; 87(2 Suppl):I73-9.
  118. Geva T, Sanders SP, Ayres NA, O'Laughlin MP, Parness IA. Two-dimensional echocardiographic anatomy of atrioventricular alignment discordance with situs concordance. Am Heart J. 1993 Feb; 125(2 Pt 1):459-64.
  119. Nishimura RA, Pieroni DR, Bierman FZ, Colan SD, Kaufman S, Sanders SP, Seward JB, Tajik AJ, Wiggins JW, Zahka KG. Second natural history study of congenital heart defects. Aortic stenosis: echocardiography. Circulation. 1993 Feb; 87(2 Suppl):I66-72.
  120. Wernovsky G, Sanders SP. Coronary artery anatomy and transposition of the great arteries. Coron Artery Dis. 1993 Feb; 4(2):148-57.
  121. Sluysmans T, Sanders SP, van der Velde M, Matitiau A, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Mayer JE, Colan SD. Natural history and patterns of recovery of contractile function in single left ventricle after Fontan operation. Circulation. 1992 Dec; 86(6):1753-61.
  122. Lipshultz SE, Orav EJ, Sanders SP, Hale AR, McIntosh K, Colan SD. Cardiac structure and function in children with human immunodeficiency virus infection treated with zidovudine. N Engl J Med. 1992 Oct 29; 327(18):1260-5.
  123. Karr SS, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, van der Velde ME, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Diagnosis of anomalous left coronary artery by Doppler color flow mapping: distinction from other causes of dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 May; 19(6):1271-5.
  124. Bromley B, Estroff JA, Sanders SP, Parad R, Roberts D, Frigoletto FD, Benacerraf BR. Fetal echocardiography: accuracy and limitations in a population at high and low risk for heart defects. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 May; 166(5):1473-81.
  125. Colan SD, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Sanders SP. Developmental modulation of myocardial mechanics: age- and growth-related alterations in afterload and contractility. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Mar 1; 19(3):619-29.
  126. Matitiau A, Geva T, Colan SD, Sluysmans T, Parness IA, Spevak PJ, Van Der Velde M, Mayer JE, Sanders SP. Bulboventricular foramen size in infants with double-inlet left ventricle or tricuspid atresia with transposed great arteries: influence on initial palliative operation and rate of growth. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Jan; 19(1):142-8.
  127. Wong PC, Sanders SP, Jonas RA, Colan SD, Parness IA, Geva T, Van Praagh R, Spevak PJ. Pulmonary valve-moderator band distance and association with development of double-chambered right ventricle. Am J Cardiol. 1991 Dec 15; 68(17):1681-6.
  128. Rhodes LA, Colan SD, Perry SB, Jonas RA, Sanders SP. Predictors of survival in neonates with critical aortic stenosis. Circulation. 1991 Dec; 84(6):2325-35.
  129. van der Velde ME, Parness IA, Colan SD, Spevak PJ, Lock JE, Mayer JE, Sanders SP. Two-dimensional echocardiography in the pre- and postoperative management of totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Dec; 18(7):1746-51.
  130. van der Velde ME, Perry SB, Sanders SP. Transesophageal echocardiography with color Doppler during interventional catheterization. Echocardiography. 1991 Nov; 8(6):721-30.
  131. Bevilacqua M, Sanders SP, Van Praagh S, Colan SD, Parness I. Double-inlet single left ventricle: echocardiographic anatomy with emphasis on the morphology of the atrioventricular valves and ventricular septal defect. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Aug; 18(2):559-68.
  132. Geva T, Van Praagh S, Sanders SP, Mayer JE, Van Praagh R. Straddling mitral valve with hypoplastic right ventricle, crisscross atrioventricular relations, double outlet right ventricle and dextrocardia: morphologic, diagnostic and surgical considerations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Jun; 17(7):1603-12.
  133. Lipshultz SE, Colan SD, Gelber RD, Perez-Atayde AR, Sallan SE, Sanders SP. Late cardiac effects of doxorubicin therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood. N Engl J Med. 1991 Mar 21; 324(12):808-15.
  134. Morse RP, Rockenmacher S, Pyeritz RE, Sanders SP, Bieber FR, Lin A, MacLeod P, Hall B, Graham JM. Diagnosis and management of infantile marfan syndrome. Pediatrics. 1990 Dec; 86(6):888-95.
  135. Wernovsky G, Jonas RA, Colan SD, Sanders SP, Wessel DL, Castanñeda AR, Mayer JE. Results of the arterial switch operation in patients with transposition of the great arteries and abnormalities of the mitral valve or left ventricular outflow tract. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990 Nov; 16(6):1446-54.
  136. Mayer JE, Sanders SP, Jonas RA, Castañeda AR, Wernovsky G. Coronary artery pattern and outcome of arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. Circulation. 1990 Nov; 82(5 Suppl):IV139-45.
  137. Lipshultz SE, Fox CH, Perez-Atayde AR, Sanders SP, Colan SD, McIntosh K, Winter HS. Identification of human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA and DNA in the heart of a child with cardiovascular abnormalities and congenital acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 1990 Jul 15; 66(2):246-50.
  138. Geva T, Sanders SP, Diogenes MS, Rockenmacher S, Van Praagh R. Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic and pathologic characteristics of the infantile Marfan syndrome. Am J Cardiol. 1990 May 15; 65(18):1230-7.
  139. Benacerraf BR, Sanders SP. Fetal echocardiography. Radiol Clin North Am. 1990 Jan; 28(1):131-47.
  140. Jonas RA, Giglia TM, Sanders SP, Wernovsky G, Nadal-Ginard B, Mayer JE, Castaneda AR. Rapid, two-stage arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum beyond the neonatal period. Circulation. 1989 Sep; 80(3 Pt 1):I203-8.
  141. Lipshultz SE, Chanock S, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Perez-Atayde A, McIntosh K. Cardiovascular manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants and children. Am J Cardiol. 1989 Jun 15; 63(20):1489-97.
  142. Newburger JW, Sanders SP, Burns JC, Parness IA, Beiser AS, Colan SD. Left ventricular contractility and function in Kawasaki syndrome. Effect of intravenous gamma-globulin. Circulation. 1989 Jun; 79(6):1237-46.
  143. Sanders SP, Parness IA, Colan SD. Recognition of abnormal connections of coronary arteries with the use of Doppler color flow mapping. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Mar 15; 13(4):922-6.
  144. Benacerraf BR, Saltzman DH, Sanders SP. Sonographic sign suggesting the prenatal diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta. J Ultrasound Med. 1989 Feb; 8(2):65-9.
  145. Pasquini L, Sanders SP, Parness I, Colan S, Keane JF, Mayer JE, Kratz C, Foran RB, Marino B, Van Praagh S, et al. Echocardiographic and anatomic findings in atrioventricular discordance with ventriculoarterial concordance. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Dec 1; 62(17):1256-62.
  146. Sholler GF, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Effect of isolated right ventricular outflow obstruction on left ventricular function in infants. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Oct 1; 62(10 Pt 1):778-84.
  147. Parness IA, Yeager SB, Sanders SP, Benacerraf B, Colan SD, VanPraagh R. Echocardiographic diagnosis of fetal heart defects in mid trimester. Arch Dis Child. 1988 Oct; 63(10 Spec No):1137-45.
  148. Sholler GF, Colan SD, Sanders SP, Keane JF. Noninvasive estimation of the left ventricular pressure waveform throughout ejection in young patients with aortic stenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Aug; 12(2):492-7.
  149. Sholler GF, Keane JF, Perry SB, Sanders SP, Lock JE. Balloon dilation of congenital aortic valve stenosis. Results and influence of technical and morphological features on outcome. Circulation. 1988 Aug; 78(2):351-60.
  150. Colan SD, Trowitzsch E, Wernovsky G, Sholler GF, Sanders SP, Castaneda AR. Myocardial performance after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum. Circulation. 1988 Jul; 78(1):132-41.
  151. Wernovsky G, Hougen TJ, Walsh EP, Sholler GF, Colan SD, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Keane JF, Mayer JE, Jonas RA, et al. Midterm results after the arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum: clinical, hemodynamic, echocardiographic, and electrophysiologic data. Circulation. 1988 Jun; 77(6):1333-44.
  152. Yeager SB, Parness IA, Sanders SP. Severe tricuspid regurgitation simulating pulmonary atresia in the fetus. Am Heart J. 1988 Apr; 115(4):906-8.
  153. Lipshultz SE, Sanders SP, Mayer JE, Colan SD, Lock JE. Are routine preoperative cardiac catheterization and angiography necessary before repair of ostium primum atrial septal defect? J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Feb; 11(2):373-8.
  154. Flanagan MF, Foran RB, Van Praagh R, Jonas R, Sanders SP. Tetralogy of Fallot with obstruction of the ventricular septal defect: spectrum of echocardiographic findings. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Feb; 11(2):386-95.
  155. Benacerraf BR, Pober BR, Sanders SP. Accuracy of fetal echocardiography. Radiology. 1987 Dec; 165(3):847-9.
  156. Colan SD, Sanders SP, Ingelfinger JR, Harmon W. Left ventricular mechanics and contractile state in children and young adults with end-stage renal disease: effect of dialysis and renal transplantation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Nov; 10(5):1085-94.
  157. Rein AJ, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Parness IA, Epstein M. Left ventricular mechanics in the normal newborn. Circulation. 1987 Nov; 76(5):1029-36.
  158. Harris MM, Yemen TA, Davidson A, Strafford MA, Rowe RW, Sanders SP, Rockoff MA. Venous embolism during craniectomy in supine infants. Anesthesiology. 1987 Nov; 67(5):816-9.
  159. Archer RL, Grogg SE, Sanders SP. Mucoepidermoid bronchial adenoma in a 6-year-old girl: a case report and review of the literature. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1987 Sep; 94(3):452-4.
  160. Shamberger RC, Welch KJ, Sanders SP. Mitral valve prolapse associated with pectus excavatum. J Pediatr. 1987 Sep; 111(3):404-7.
  161. Marino B, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Colan SD. Echocardiographic identification of aortic atresia with ventricular septal defect, normal left ventricle and mitral valve. Am Heart J. 1987 Jun; 113(6):1521-3.
  162. Chin AJ, Sanders SP, Sherman F, Lang P, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Accuracy of subcostal two-dimensional echocardiography in prospective diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Am Heart J. 1987 May; 113(5):1153-9.
  163. Colan SD, Sanders SP, Borow KM. Physiologic hypertrophy: effects on left ventricular systolic mechanics in athletes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Apr; 9(4):776-83.
  164. Pasquini L, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Colan SD. Diagnosis of coronary artery anatomy by two-dimensional echocardiography in patients with transposition of the great arteries. Circulation. 1987 Mar; 75(3):557-64.
  165. Rein AJ, Colan SD, Parness IA, Sanders SP. Regional and global left ventricular function in infants with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk: preoperative and postoperative assessment. Circulation. 1987 Jan; 75(1):115-23.
  166. Harris MM, Strafford MA, Rowe RW, Sanders SP, Winston KR, Rockoff MA. Venous air embolism and cardiac arrest during craniectomy in a supine infant. Anesthesiology. 1986 Nov; 65(5):547-50.
  167. Perry SB, Lang P, Keane JF, Jonas RA, Sanders SP, Lock JE. Creation and maintenance of an adequate interatrial communication in left atrioventricular valve atresia or stenosis. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Sep 15; 58(7):622-6.
  168. Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Burns JC, Beiser AS, Chung KJ, Duffy CE, Glode MP, Mason WH, Reddy V, Sanders SP, et al. The treatment of Kawasaki syndrome with intravenous gamma globulin. N Engl J Med. 1986 Aug 7; 315(6):341-7.
  169. Marino B, Sanders SP, Parness IA, Colan SD. Obstruction of right ventricular inflow and outflow in corrected transposition of the great arteries (S,L,L): two-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Aug; 8(2):407-11.
  170. Marino B, Sanders SP, Pasquini L, Giannico S, Parness IA, Colan SD. Two-dimensional echocardiographic anatomy in crisscross heart. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Aug 1; 58(3):325-33.
  171. Rein AJ, Hsieh KS, Elixson M, Colan SD, Lang P, Sanders SP, Castaneda AR. Cardiac output estimates in the pediatric intensive care unit using a continuous-wave Doppler computer: validation and limitations of the technique. Am Heart J. 1986 Jul; 112(1):97-103.
  172. Hsieh KS, Sanders SP, Colan SD, MacPherson D, Holland C. Right ventricular systolic time intervals: comparison of echocardiographic and Doppler-derived values. Am Heart J. 1986 Jul; 112(1):103-7.
  173. Marino B, Sanders SP. "New" projection in pediatric two-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1986 Apr 15; 57(11):1004.
  174. Sanders SP, MacPherson D, Yeager SB. Temporal flow velocity profile in the descending aorta in coarctation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Mar; 7(3):603-9.
  175. Yeager SB, Chin AJ, Sanders SP. Two-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of pulmonary artery sling in infancy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Mar; 7(3):625-9.
  176. Trowitzsch E, Burger BM, Sanders SP. [Experiences with 2-dimensional Doppler echocardiography in children with congenital and acquired heart defects]. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1986 Feb; 134(2):67-75.
  177. Trowitzsch E, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Global and regional right ventricular function in normal infants and infants with transposition of the great arteries after Senning operation. Circulation. 1985 Nov; 72(5):1008-14.
  178. Colan SD, Sanders SP, MacPherson D, Borow KM. Left ventricular diastolic function in elite athletes with physiologic cardiac hypertrophy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Sep; 6(3):545-9.
  179. Sanders SP, Chin AJ, Parness IA, Benacerraf B, Greene MF, Epstein MF, Colan SD, Frigoletto FD. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defects in thoracoabdominally conjoined twins. N Engl J Med. 1985 Aug 8; 313(6):370-4.
  180. Trowitzsch E, Bano-Rodrigo A, Burger BM, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Two-dimensional echocardiographic findings in double orifice mitral valve. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Aug; 6(2):383-7.
  181. Trowitzsch E, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular size and function in newborns with severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Aug; 6(2):388-93.
  182. Trowitzsch E, Colan SD, Sanders SP. Two-dimensional echocardiographic estimation of right ventricular area change and ejection fraction in infants with systemic right ventricle (transposition of the great arteries or hypoplastic left heart syndrome). Am J Cardiol. 1985 Apr 15; 55(9):1153-7.
  183. Chin AJ, Sanders SP, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Two-dimensional echocardiographic localization of residual atrial shunts after the Senning procedure. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Apr 15; 55(9):1238-9.
  184. Deal BJ, Chin AJ, Sanders SP, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Subxiphoid two-dimensional echocardiographic identification of tricuspid valve abnormalities in transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Apr 15; 55(9):1146-51.
  185. Chin AJ, Yeager SB, Sanders SP, Williams RG, Bierman FZ, Burger BM, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Accuracy of prospective two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular outflow tract in complete transposition of the great arteries. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Mar 1; 55(6):759-64.
  186. Worsham C, Sanders SP, Burger BM. Origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk: diagnosis by two-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Jan 1; 55(1):232-3.
  187. Castaneda AR, Norwood WI, Jonas RA, Colon SD, Sanders SP, Lang P. Transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum: anatomical repair in the neonate. Ann Thorac Surg. 1984 Nov; 38(5):438-43.
  188. Yeager SB, Chin AJ, Sanders SP. Subxiphoid two-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of coronary sinus septal defects. Am J Cardiol. 1984 Sep 1; 54(6):686-7.
  189. Sanders SP. Anomalous hepatic venous connection to the coronary sinus diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1984 Aug 1; 54(3):458-9.
  190. Given BD, Phillippe M, Sanders SP, Dzau VJ. Procainamide cardioversion of fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. Am J Cardiol. 1984 May 15; 53(10):1460-1.
  191. Colan SD, Borow KM, MacPherson D, Sanders SP. Use of the indirect axillary pulse tracing for noninvasive determination of ejection time, upstroke time, and left ventricular wall stress throughout ejection in infants and young children. Am J Cardiol. 1984 Apr 1; 53(8):1154-8.
  192. Colan SD, Borow KM, Gamble WJ, Sanders SP. Effects of enhanced afterload (methoxamine) and contractile state (dobutamine) on the left ventricular late-systolic wall stress-dimension relation. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Dec 1; 52(10):1304-9.
  193. Colan SD, Fujii A, Borow KM, MacPherson D, Sanders SP. Noninvasive determination of systolic, diastolic and end-systolic blood pressure in neonates, infants and young children: comparison with central aortic pressure measurements. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Oct 1; 52(7):867-70.
  194. Chin AJ, Bierman FZ, Williams RG, Sanders SP, Lang P. 2-dimensional echocardiographic appearance of complete left-sided juxtaposition of the atrial appendages. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Aug; 52(3):346-8.
  195. Chin AJ, Sanders SP, Williams RG, Lang P, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of caval and pulmonary venous pathways after the senning operation. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Jul; 52(1):118-26.
  196. Chin AJ, Bierman FZ, Sanders SP, Williams RG, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Subxyphoid 2-dimensional echocardiographic identification of left ventricular papillary muscle anomalies in complete common atrioventricular canal. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Jun; 51(10):1695-9.
  197. Sanders SP, Yeager S, Williams RG. Measurement of systemic and pulmonary blood flow and QP/QS ratio using Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1983 Mar 15; 51(6):952-6.
  198. Sanders SP, Bierman FZ, Williams RG. Conotruncal malformations: diagnosis in infancy using subxiphoid 2-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 1982 Dec; 50(6):1361-7.
  199. Sanders SP, Wright GB, Keane JF, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Clinical and hemodynamic results of the Fontan operation for tricuspid atresia. Am J Cardiol. 1982 May; 49(7):1733-40.
  200. Sanders SP, Levy RJ, Freed MD, Norwood WI, Castaneda AR. Use of Hancock porcine xenografts in children and adolescents. Am J Cardiol. 1980 Sep; 46(3):429-38.
  201. Norwood WI, Kirklin JK, Sanders SP. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: experience with palliative surgery. Am J Cardiol. 1980 Jan; 45(1):87-91.
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