I was an undergraduate at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), graduating in 1961 with a bachelor of science in biology. My original major was chemistry, switching to biology in my sophomore year. I attended Stanford Medical School in their new five year program, but rather than using the extra time to develop a laboratory science concentration I spent my elective time largely in cardiology and cardiovascular surgery, continuing those interests and concentrations in my elective time while an intern and resident at MGH. While at Stanford and continuing at MGH I became particularly interested in adults with congenital heart disease, and to round out my education in congenital cardiology I took an additional year of fellowship in pediatric cardiology at Boston Children's Hospital. I then joined the faculty and began to develop a clinical program emphasizing my interest in adults with congenital heart disease, a project that subsequently developed into the BACH adult congenital heart disease program. I also spent considerable time in the cardiac pathology service and during the sabbatical of Prof.Van Praagh ran the congenital cardiac pathology program and conferences. While continuing my clinic at Children's I spent four years as director of the Heart Station cardiac noninvasive laboratory at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, stepping back in 1978 to associate director while opening my private practice in cardiovascular disease with emphasis on noninvasive diagnosis and adults with congenital heart disease, continuing that practice to the present day as well as remaining an active part-time member of the Children's Hospital cardiology department.