Jonathan rhodes

Jonathan Rhodes, MD

Senior Associate in Cardiology; Director, Exercise Physiology Service

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School

"I seek to find the best treatment option for every patient, taking into account the unique anatomic, physiologic, social and emotional considerations that apply to each individual case."

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Cardiology
  • Exercise Physiology

Departments

  • Cardiology
  • Cardiovascular Program

Languages

  • English
  • Hebrew
  • French

Programs

  • Cardiology Outpatient Services
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Cardiology Consultation Service
  • Cardiac Inpatient Unit
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-7696 or Request an Appointment
Jonathan rhodes

Philosophy of Care 

I seek to find the best treatment option for every patient, taking into account the unique anatomic, physiologic, social and emotional considerations that apply to each individual case.


Why I entered medicine

I love interacting with children and I love physiology.

Experience and Education

Education

Undergraduate Degree

Columbia College, 1978

New York, NY

Medical Degree

Harvard Medical School, 1982

Boston, MA

Internship

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1983

Bronx, NY

Residency

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1986

Bronx, NY

Fellowship

Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, 1989

New York, NY

Certifications

  • Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology

Professional History

During my pediatric cardiology fellowship at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, I first became interested in the impact of congenital heart disease on a child’s ability to exercise. After completing my fellowship I worked for two years as a staff pediatric cardiologist at Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn NY. I then joined the faculty at Tufts Medical Center and started an exercise physiology program there. I ultimately became the chief of Pediatric cardiology and served in that role until November 2002, when I joined Boston Children’s Hospital’s Pediatric Cardiology Department and became Director of the Exercise Physiology Laboratory. In addition to caring for patients with cardiovascular disease, I have engaged in extensive clinical research focusing upon the effect of congenital heart disease on a patient’s exercise function, the benefits of exercise in this population and the insights that exercise physiology testing can provide about the health of these patients. I have also studied novel ways of assessing a patient’s heart function and explored novel treatment approaches for patients with muscular dystrophy and patients with Fontan physiology.

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Marma AK, Opotowsky AR, Fromm BS, Ubeda-Tikkanen A, Porras D, Rhodes J. Noninvasive cardiac output estimation by inert gas rebreathing in pediatric and congenital heart disease. Am Heart J. 2016 Apr; 174:80-8.
  2. Kuebler JD, Chen MH, Alexander ME, Rhodes J. Exercise Performance in Patients with D-Loop Transposition of the Great Arteries After Arterial Switch Operation: Long-Term Outcomes and Longitudinal Assessment. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Feb; 37(2):283-9.
  3. Jolley M, Colan SD, Rhodes J, DiNardo J. Fontan physiology revisited. Anesth Analg. 2015 Jul; 121(1):172-82.
  4. Shafer KM, Mann N, Hehn R, Ubeda Tikkanen A, Valente AM, Geva T, Gauthier N, Rhodes J. Relationship between Exercise Parameters and Noninvasive Indices of Right Ventricular Function in Patients with Biventricular Circulation and Systemic Right Ventricle. Congenit Heart Dis. 2015 Sep-Oct; 10(5):457-65.
  5. Nathan AS, Loukas B, Moko L, Wu F, Rhodes J, Rathod RH, Systrom DM, Ubeda Tikkanen A, Shafer K, Lewis GD, Landzberg MJ, Opotowsky AR. Exercise oscillatory ventilation in patients with Fontan physiology. Circ Heart Fail. 2015 Mar; 8(2):304-11.
  6. Priromprintr B, Rhodes J, Silka MJ, Batra AS. Prevalence of arrhythmias during exercise stress testing in patients with congenital heart disease and severe right ventricular conduit dysfunction. Am J Cardiol. 2014 Aug 1; 114(3):468-72.
  7. Opotowsky AR, Landzberg MJ, Earing MG, Wu FM, Triedman JK, Casey A, Ericson DA, Systrom D, Paridon SM, Rhodes J. Abnormal spirometry after the Fontan procedure is common and associated with impaired aerobic capacity. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2014 Jul 1; 307(1):H110-7.
  8. Hasan BS, Lunze FI, Chen MH, Brown DW, Boudreau MJ, Rhodes J, McElhinney DB. Effects of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement on the hemodynamic and ventricular response to exercise in patients with obstructed right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduits. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 May; 7(5):530-42.
  9. Buber J, Rhodes J. Exercise physiology and testing in adult patients with congenital heart disease. Heart Fail Clin. 2014 Jan; 10(1):23-33.
  10. Ubeda Tikkanen A, Opotowsky AR, Bhatt AB, Landzberg MJ, Rhodes J. Physical activity is associated with improved aerobic exercise capacity over time in adults with congenital heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 12; 168(5):4685-91.
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  12. Fletcher GF, Ades PA, Kligfield P, Arena R, Balady GJ, Bittner VA, Coke LA, Fleg JL, Forman DE, Gerber TC, Gulati M, Madan K, Rhodes J, Thompson PD, Williams MA. Exercise standards for testing and training: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2013 Aug 20; 128(8):873-934.
  13. Lytrivi ID, Blume ED, Rhodes J, Dillis S, Gauvreau K, Singh TP. Prognostic value of exercise testing during heart transplant evaluation in children. Circ Heart Fail. 2013 Jul; 6(4):792-9.
  14. Rhodes J, Ubeda-Tikkanen A, Clair M, Fernandes SM, Graham DA, Milliren CE, Daly KP, Mullen MP, Landzberg MJ. Effect of inhaled iloprost on the exercise function of Fontan patients: a demonstration of concept. Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 3; 168(3):2435-40.
  15. Karamlou T, Poynter JA, Walters HL, Rhodes J, Bondarenko I, Pasquali SK, Fuller SM, Lambert LM, Blackstone EH, Jacobs ML, Duncan K, Caldarone CA, Williams WG, McCrindle BW. Long-term functional health status and exercise test variables for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum: a Congenital Heart Surgeons Society study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 Apr; 145(4):1018-25; discussion 1025-7.
  16. Krieger EV, Clair M, Opotowsky AR, Landzberg MJ, Rhodes J, Powell AJ, Colan SD, Valente AM. Correlation of exercise response in repaired coarctation of the aorta to left ventricular mass and geometry. Am J Cardiol. 2013 Feb 1; 111(3):406-11.
  17. Friedman KG, McElhinney DB, Rhodes J, Powell AJ, Colan SD, Lock JE, Brown DW. Left ventricular diastolic function in children and young adults with congenital aortic valve disease. Am J Cardiol. 2013 Jan 15; 111(2):243-9.
  18. Hasan BS, Lunze FI, McElhinney DB, Stantcheva E, Brown DW, Rhodes J, Chen MH. Exercise stress echocardiographic assessment of outflow tract and ventricular function in patients with an obstructed right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery conduit after repair of conotruncal heart defects. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Nov 15; 110(10):1527-33.
  19. Kipps AK, Graham DA, Lewis E, Marx GR, Banka P, Rhodes J. Natural history of exercise function in patients with Ebstein anomaly: A serial study. Am Heart J. 2012 Mar; 163(3):486-91.
  20. Batra AS, McElhinney DB, Wang W, Zakheim R, Garofano RP, Daniels C, Yung D, Cooper DM, Rhodes J. Cardiopulmonary exercise function among patients undergoing transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation in the US Melody valve investigational trial. Am Heart J. 2012 Feb; 163(2):280-7.
  21. Tikkanen AU, Oyaga AR, Riaño OA, Álvaro EM, Rhodes J. Paediatric cardiac rehabilitation in congenital heart disease: a systematic review. Cardiol Young. 2012 Jun; 22(3):241-50.
  22. Rhodes J. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in adults with congenital heart disease: can we prognosticate and improve prognosis? Circulation. 2012 Jan 17; 125(2):210-1.
  23. Rhodes J, Margossian R, Sleeper LA, Barker P, Bradley TJ, Lu M, Fogel M, Harris MA, Lai WW, Powell AJ, Puchalski MD, Shirali G, Colan SD. Non-geometric echocardiographic indices of ventricular function in patients with a Fontan circulation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Nov; 24(11):1213-9.
  24. Kipps AK, Graham DA, Harrild DM, Lewis E, Powell AJ, Rhodes J. Longitudinal exercise capacity of patients with repaired tetralogy of fallot. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Jul 1; 108(1):99-105.
  25. Singh TP, Alexander ME, Gauvreau K, Curran T, Rhodes Y, Rhodes J. Recovery of oxygen consumption after maximal exercise in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011 Apr; 43(4):555-9.
  26. Fernandes SM, Alexander ME, Graham DA, Khairy P, Clair M, Rodriguez E, Pearson DD, Landzberg MJ, Rhodes J. Exercise testing identifies patients at increased risk for morbidity and mortality following Fontan surgery. Congenit Heart Dis. 2011 Jul-Aug; 6(4):294-303.
  27. Rhodes J, Ubeda Tikkanen A, Jenkins KJ. Exercise testing and training in children with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2010 Nov 9; 122(19):1957-67.
  28. Geva T, Gauvreau K, Powell AJ, Cecchin F, Rhodes J, Geva J, del Nido P. Randomized trial of pulmonary valve replacement with and without right ventricular remodeling surgery. Circulation. 2010 Sep 14; 122(11 Suppl):S201-8.
  29. Harrild DM, Powell AJ, Tran TX, Trang TX, Geva T, Lock JE, Rhodes J, McElhinney DB. Long-term pulmonary regurgitation following balloon valvuloplasty for pulmonary stenosis risk factors and relationship to exercise capacity and ventricular volume and function. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Mar 9; 55(10):1041-7.
  30. Fernandes SM, McElhinney DB, Khairy P, Graham DA, Landzberg MJ, Rhodes J. Serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with previous Fontan surgery. Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Feb; 31(2):175-80.
  31. Rhodes J, Pollack P, Lang P. Effect of transcatheter occlusion of a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise. Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Jan; 31(1):142-3.
  32. Kipps AK, McElhinney DB, Kane J, Rhodes J. Exercise function of children with congenital aortic stenosis following aortic valvuloplasty during early infancy. Congenit Heart Dis. 2009 Jul-Aug; 4(4):258-64.
  33. Paridon SM, Mitchell PD, Colan SD, Williams RV, Blaufox A, Li JS, Margossian R, Mital S, Russell J, Rhodes J. A cross-sectional study of exercise performance during the first 2 decades of life after the Fontan operation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jul 8; 52(2):99-107.
  34. Meadows J, Lang P, Marx G, Rhodes J. Fontan fenestration closure has no acute effect on exercise capacity but improves ventilatory response to exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jul 8; 52(2):108-13.
  35. Rhodes J. Different worlds (Vive la différence!). Acta Paediatr. 2008 Apr; 97(4):400-1.
  36. Singh TP, Rhodes J, Gauvreau K. Determinants of heart rate recovery following exercise in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Apr; 40(4):601-5.
  37. Mantagos IS, Rhodes J, Dagi LR. Transient monocular vision loss from acute rheumatic fever. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Sep; 29(5):966-8.
  38. Singh TP, Gauvreau K, Rhodes J, Blume ED. Longitudinal changes in heart rate recovery after maximal exercise in pediatric heart transplant recipients: evidence of autonomic re-innervation? J Heart Lung Transplant. 2007 Dec; 26(12):1306-12.
  39. Sutton NJ, Peng L, Lock JE, Lang P, Marx GR, Curran TJ, O'Neill JA, Picard ST, Rhodes J. Effect of pulmonary artery angioplasty on exercise function after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan; 155(1):182-6.
  40. Rhodes J, Margossian R, Darras BT, Colan SD, Jenkins KJ, Geva T, Powell AJ. Safety and efficacy of carvedilol therapy for patients with dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to muscular dystrophy. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Mar; 29(2):343-51.
  41. Meadows J, Powell AJ, Geva T, Dorfman A, Gauvreau K, Rhodes J. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging correlates of exercise capacity in patients with surgically repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Nov 1; 100(9):1446-50.
  42. Singh TP, Curran TJ, Rhodes J. Cardiac rehabilitation improves heart rate recovery following peak exercise in children with repaired congenital heart disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2007 Jul-Aug; 28(4):276-9.
  43. Rhodes J, Curran TJ, Camil L, Rabideau N, Fulton DR, Gauthier NS, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Sustained effects of cardiac rehabilitation in children with serious congenital heart disease. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep; 118(3):e586-93.
  44. Rhodes J, Bacha EA, Geggel RL. Coexistence of three rare congenital heart defects in a single patient: a unique case with important embryologic implications. Pediatr Cardiol. 2006 Jul-Aug; 27(4):503-7.
  45. Sanghavi DM, Flanagan M, Powell AJ, Curran T, Picard S, Rhodes J. Determinants of exercise function following univentricular versus biventricular repair for pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum. Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jun 1; 97(11):1638-43.
  46. Paridon SM, Alpert BS, Boas SR, Cabrera ME, Caldarera LL, Daniels SR, Kimball TR, Knilans TK, Nixon PA, Rhodes J, Yetman AT. Clinical stress testing in the pediatric age group: a statement from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Committee on Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in Youth. Circulation. 2006 Apr 18; 113(15):1905-20.
  47. Rhodes J, Curran TJ, Camil L, Rabideau N, Fulton DR, Gauthier NS, Gauvreau K, Jenkins KJ. Impact of cardiac rehabilitation on the exercise function of children with serious congenital heart disease. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec; 116(6):1339-45.
  48. Agrawal A, Durrani S, Leiper K, Ellis A, Morris AI, Rhodes JM. Effect of systemic corticosteroid therapy on risk for intra-abdominal or pelvic abscess in non-operated Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 Dec; 3(12):1215-20.
  49. Warner KG, O'Brien PK, Rhodes J, Kaur A, Robinson DA, Payne DD. Expanding the indications for pulmonary valve replacement after repair of tetralogy of fallot. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Oct; 76(4):1066-71; discussion 1071-2.
  50. Rhodes J, Patel H, Hijazi ZM. Effect of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Oct 1; 90(7):803-6.
  51. Du ZD, Cao QL, Rhodes J, Heitschmidt M, Hijazi ZM. Choice of device size and results of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect using the amplatzer septal occluder. J Interv Cardiol. 2002 Aug; 15(4):287-92.
  52. Du ZD, Cao QL, Joseph A, Koenig P, Heischmidt M, Waight DJ, Rhodes J, Brorson J, Hijazi ZM. Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale in patients with paradoxical embolism: intermediate-term risk of recurrent neurological events. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2002 Feb; 55(2):189-94.
  53. Cao QL, Du ZD, Joseph A, Koenig P, Heitschmidt M, Rhodes J, Hijazi ZM. Immediate and six-month results of the profile of the Amplatzer septal occluder as assessed by transesophageal echocardiography. Am J Cardiol. 2001 Oct 1; 88(7):754-9.
  54. Turkistani SZ, Rhodes J, Banerjee A, Pandian NG. Echocardiographic assessment of the right ventricular response to exercise. Pediatr Cardiol. 2001 Mar-Apr; 22(2):107-9.
  55. Hill SL, Berul CI, Patel HT, Rhodes J, Supran SE, Cao QL, Hijazi ZM. Early ECG abnormalities associated with transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects using the Amplatzer septal occluder. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2000 Oct; 4(3):469-74.
  56. Rhodes J, O'Brien S, Patel H, Cao QL, Banerjee A, Hijazi ZM. Palliative balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty in tetralogy of fallot: echocardiographic predictors of successful outcome. J Invasive Cardiol. 2000 Sep; 12(9):448-51.
  57. Zhu W, Cao QL, Rhodes J, Hijazi ZM. Measurement of atrial septal defect size: a comparative study between three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and the standard balloon sizing methods. Pediatr Cardiol. 2000 Sep-Oct; 21(5):465-9.
  58. Rhodes J, Fischbach PS, Patel H, Hijazi ZM. Factors affecting the exercise capacity of pediatric patients with aortic regurgitation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2000 Jul-Aug; 21(4):328-33.
  59. Hijazi ZM, Cao Q, Patel HT, Rhodes J, Hanlon KM. Transesophageal echocardiographic results of catheter closure of atrial septal defect in children and adults using the Amplatzer device. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Jun 1; 85(11):1387-90.
  60. Rhodes JM, Cherry KJ, Clark RC, Panneton JM, Bower TC, Gloviczki P, Hallett JW, Pairolero PC. Aortic-origin reconstruction of the great vessels: risk factors of early and late complications. J Vasc Surg. 2000 Feb; 31(2):260-9.
  61. Rhodes JM, Gloviczki P, Bower TC, Panneton JM, Canton LG, Toomey BJ. The benefits of secondary interventions in patients with failing or failed pedal bypass grafts. Am J Surg. 1999 Aug; 178(2):151-5.
  62. Patel HT, Cao QL, Rhodes J, Hijazi ZM. Long-term outcome of transcatheter coil closure of small to large patent ductus arteriosus. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 1999 Aug; 47(4):457-61.
  63. Banerjee A, Bengur AR, Li JS, Homans DC, Toher C, Bank AJ, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Das GS. Echocardiographic characteristics of successful deployment of the Das AngelWings atrial septal defect closure device: initial multicenter experience in the United States. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Apr 15; 83(8):1236-41.
  64. Acar P, Laskari C, Rhodes J, Pandian N, Warner K, Marx G. Three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis of valve anatomy as a determinant of mitral regurgitation after surgery for atrioventricular septal defects. Am J Cardiol. 1999 Mar 1; 83(5):745-9.
  65. Soliman DE, Maslow AD, Bokesch PM, Strafford M, Karlin L, Rhodes J, Marx GR. Transoesophageal echocardiography during scoliosis repair: comparison with CVP monitoring. Can J Anaesth. 1998 Oct; 45(10):925-32.
  66. Rhodes J. Concerning the Fontan patient's excessive minute ventilation during exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Oct; 32(4):1132.
  67. Tarquino M, Geggel RL, Strauss RS, Rhodes J, Wunderlich B, Rohrer RJ. Treatment of pulmonary hypertension with inhaled nitric oxide during hepatic transplantation in an adolescent: reversibility of pulmonary hypertension after transplantation. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1998 Aug; 37(8):505-9.
  68. Rhodes JM, Gloviczki P, Canton LG, Rooke T, Lewis BD, Lindsey JR. Factors affecting clinical outcome following endoscopic perforator vein ablation. Am J Surg. 1998 Aug; 176(2):162-7.
  69. Rhodes J, Dave A, Pulling MC, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Fulton DR, Hijazi ZM. Effect of pulmonary artery stenoses on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 1998 May 15; 81(10):1217-9.
  70. Berul CI, Hill SL, Geggel RL, Hijazi ZM, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Walsh KA, Fulton DR. Electrocardiographic markers of late sudden death risk in postoperative tetralogy of Fallot children. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1997 Dec; 8(12):1349-56.
  71. Rhodes J, Warner KG, Fulton DR, Romero BA, Schmid CH, Marx GR. Fate of mitral regurgitation following repair of atrioventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Nov 1; 80(9):1194-7.
  72. Rhodes J, Geggel RL, Marx GR, Bevilacqua L, Dambach YB, Hijazi ZM. Excessive anaerobic metabolism during exercise after repair of aortic coarctation. J Pediatr. 1997 Aug; 131(2):210-4.
  73. Paris YM, Bhan I, Marx GR, Rhodes J. Truncus arteriosus with a single left ventricle: case report of a previously unrecognized entity. Am Heart J. 1997 Mar; 133(3):377-80.
  74. Rhodes J, Hijazi ZM, Marx GR, Fulton DR. Aerobic exercise function of patients with persistent coronary artery aneurysms secondary to Kawasaki disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 1996 Jul-Aug; 17(4):226-30.
  75. Geggel RL, Hijazi ZM, Rhodes J. Interventional cardiac catheterization therapy for combined coarctation of the aorta and patent ductus arteriosus: successful outcome in two infants. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1996 May; 38(1):67-70; discussion 71.
  76. Rhodes J, Wung JT, Bierman FZ. Effect of blood pressure cuffs on neonatal circulation: their potential application to newborns with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Cardiol. 1995 Jan-Feb; 16(1):20-3.
  77. Hijazi ZM, Udelson JE, Snapper H, Rhodes J, Marx GR, Schwartz SL, Fulton DR. Physiologic significance of chronic coronary aneurysms in patients with Kawasaki disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Dec; 24(7):1633-8.
  78. Hijazi ZM, Geggel RL, Aronovitz MJ, Marx GR, Rhodes J, Fulton DR. A new low profile balloon atrial septostomy catheter: initial animal and clinical experience. J Invasive Cardiol. 1994 Jul-Aug; 6(6):209-12.
  79. Rhodes J, Udelson JE, Marx GR, Schmid CH, Konstam MA, Hijazi ZM, Bova SA, Fulton DR. A new noninvasive method for the estimation of peak dP/dt. Circulation. 1993 Dec; 88(6):2693-9.
  80. Rhodes J, Smolens IA, Tejani A, Schiller MS, Rao M. Effect of hemodialysis on left ventricular contractility in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease. South Med J. 1993 May; 86(5):545-50.
  81. Coast JR, Rasmussen SA, Krause KM, O'Kroy JA, Loy RA, Rhodes J. Ventilatory work and oxygen consumption during exercise and hyperventilation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1993 Feb; 74(2):793-8.
  82. Rhodes J, Schiller MS, Montoya CH, Fikrig S. Severe pulmonary hypertension without significant pulmonary parenchymal disease in a pediatric patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1992 Oct; 31(10):629-31.
  83. Rhodes J, Schiller MS, Tejani A, Gonzalez R. Hemodialysis-induced subaortic obstruction in asymmetric septal hypertrophy. Am Heart J. 1992 Mar; 123(3):807-10.
  84. Rhodes J, Barst RJ, Garofano RP, Thoele DG, Gersony WM. Hemodynamic correlates of exercise function in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1991 Dec; 18(7):1738-44.
  85. Rhodes J, Garofano RP, Bowman FO, Grant GP, Bierman FZ, Gersony WM. Effect of right ventricular anatomy on the cardiopulmonary response to exercise. Implications for the Fontan procedure. Circulation. 1990 Jun; 81(6):1811-7.
  86. Walter DO, Rhodes JM, Brown D, Adey WR. Comprehensive spectral analysis of human EEG generators in posterior cerebral regions. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1966 Mar; 20(3):224-37.
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-7696 or Request an Appointment

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