Caroline D.  Robson , MB, ChB

Caroline D. Robson, MB, ChB

Vice Chair, Operations, Department of Radiology; Director, Head and Neck Imaging; Staff Neuroradiologist

Associate Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Neuroradiology
  • Head and Neck Imaging

Departments

  • Radiology

Languages

  • English

Programs

  • Brain Tumor Center
  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Neuroradiology
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-6286

Experience and Education

Education

Medical School

University of Cape Town, 1984

Cape Town, South Africa

Internship

Groote Schuur Hospital, 1985

Cape Town, South Africa

Residency

Groote Schuur Hospital, 1987-1990

Cape Town, South Africa

Fellowship, Pediatric Radiology

Boston City Hospital, 1993-1994

Boston, MA

Fellowship, Pediatric Neuroradiology

Boston Children's Hospital, 1994-1996

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Radiology, Neuroradiology

Professional History

Dr. Robson received her M.B., Ch.B. from the University of Cape Town in South Africa. She completed a residency in Diagnostic Radiology at Groote Schuur Hospital, South Africa, and received her FFRadD[SA] from the College of Medicine in South Africa. She worked from 1990-1993 as a consultant pediatric radiologist at Red Cross Children's Hospital, South Africa before moving to the USA. Dr. Robson, who is certified by the American Board of Radiology with Certificate of Added Qualification in Neuroradiology, completed a fellowship in pediatric neuroradiology at Children's Hospital, Boston before joining the neuroradiology staff at Children's Hospital. Dr Robson is a past president of the American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology and is currently secretary of the American Society of Head and Neck Radiology. Her area of special interest is pediatric head and neck imaging.

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Gergin O, Kawai K, MacDougall RD, Robson CD, Moritz E, Cunningham M, Adil E. Sinus Computed Tomography Imaging in Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis: Added Value? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Jul; 155(1):160-5.
  2. Herrington H, Adil E, Moritz E, Robson C, Perez-Atayde A, Proctor M, Rahbar R. Update on current evaluation and management of pediatric nasal dermoid. Laryngoscope. 2016 Sep; 126(9):2151-60.
  3. Adil E, Robson C, Perez-Atayde A, Heffernan C, Moritz E, Goumnerova L, Rahbar R. Congenital nasal neuroglial heterotopia and encephaloceles: An update on current evaluation and management. Laryngoscope. 2016 Sep; 126(9):2161-7.
  4. Ginat DT, Vargas SO, Silvera VM, Volk MS, Degar BA, Robson CD. Imaging Features of Juvenile Xanthogranuloma of the Pediatric Head and Neck. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016 May; 37(5):910-6.
  5. Talsania SD, Robson CD, Mantagos IS. Unilateral Congenital Lacrimal Gland Agenesis With Contralateral Lacrimal Gland Hypoplasia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2015; 52 Online:e52-4.
  6. Meltzer DE, Robson CD, Blei F, Holliday RA. Enlargement of the Internal Auditory Canal and Associated Posterior Fossa Anomalies in PHACES Association. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Nov; 36(11):2159-62.
  7. Ketwaroo PD, Robson CD, Estroff JA. Prenatal Imaging of Craniosynostosis Syndromes. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2015 Dec; 36(6):453-64.
  8. Dagi LR, Tiedemann LM, Heidary G, Robson CD, Hall AM, Zurakowski D. Using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to detect optic neuropathy in patients with craniosynostosis. J AAPOS. 2014 Dec; 18(6):543-9.
  9. Thakrar R, Robson CD, Vargas SO, Meara JG, Rahbar R, Smith ER. Benign triton tumor: multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2014 Sep-Oct; 17(5):400-5.
  10. Heidary G, Calderwood L, Cox GF, Robson CD, Teot LA, Mullon J, Anselm I. Optic atrophy and a Leigh-like syndrome due to mutations in the c12orf65 gene: report of a novel mutation and review of the literature. J Neuroophthalmol. 2014 Mar; 34(1):39-43.
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  12. Saluja S, Brietzke SE, Egan KK, Klavon S, Robson CD, Waltzman ML, Roberson DW. A prospective study of 113 deep neck infections managed using a clinical practice guideline. Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec; 123(12):3211-8.
  13. Colello SS, Cunningham MJ, Robson CD, Teot LA. Radiology quiz case 1. Diagnosis: congenital cervical teratoma. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Jun; 139(6):643-5.
  14. Benoit MM, Vargas SO, Bhattacharyya N, McGill TA, Robson CD, Ferraro N, Didas AE, Labow BI, Upton J, Taghinia A, Meara JG, Marcus KJ, Mack J, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Rahbar R. The presentation and management of mandibular tumors in the pediatric population. Laryngoscope. 2013 Aug; 123(8):2035-42.
  15. Ellika S, Robson CD, Heidary G, Paldino MJ. Morning glory disc anomaly: characteristic MR imaging findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013 Oct; 34(10):2010-4.
  16. Webb BD, Shaaban S, Gaspar H, Cunha LF, Schubert CR, Hao K, Robson CD, Chan WM, Andrews C, MacKinnon S, Oystreck DT, Hunter DG, Iacovelli AJ, Ye X, Camminady A, Engle EC, Jabs EW. HOXB1 founder mutation in humans recapitulates the phenotype of Hoxb1-/- mice. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jul 13; 91(1):171-9.
  17. Robb RM, Elliott AT, Robson CD. Developmental conjunctival cyst of the eyelid in a child. J AAPOS. 2012 Apr; 16(2):196-8.
  18. Johnston DR, Whittemore K, Poe D, Robson CD, Perez-Atayde AR. Diagnostic and surgical challenge: middle ear dermoid cyst in 12 month old with branchio-oto-renal syndrome and multiple middle-ear congenital anomalies. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Oct; 75(10):1341-5.
  19. Senapati GM, Levine D, Smith C, Estroff JA, Barnewolt CE, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY, Mehta TS, Werdich XQ, Pier D, Feldman HA, Robson CD. Frequency and cause of disagreements in imaging diagnosis in children with ventriculomegaly diagnosed prenatally. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Nov; 36(5):582-95.
  20. Kieran SM, Robson CD, Nosé V, Rahbar R. Foregut duplication cysts in the head and neck: presentation, diagnosis, and management. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Aug; 136(8):778-82.
  21. Robson CD. Imaging of head and neck neoplasms in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Apr; 40(4):499-509.
  22. Gritli S, Ben Salah M, Shili A, Robson CD, Ferjaoui M, Hendaoui L, Belhani A, Jilani SB, Gusella JF, Macrae CA. Association of the long QT syndrome With goiter and deafness. Am J Cardiol. 2010 Mar 1; 105(5):681-6.
  23. Rahbar R, Yoon MJ, Connolly LP, Robson CD, Vargas SO, McGill TJ, Healy GB. Lingual thyroid in children: a rare clinical entity. Laryngoscope. 2008 Jul; 118(7):1174-9.
  24. Mason KP, Zurakowski D, Zgleszewski SE, Robson CD, Carrier M, Hickey PR, Dinardo JA. High dose dexmedetomidine as the sole sedative for pediatric MRI. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 May; 18(5):403-11.
  25. Moog U, Roelens F, Mortier GR, Sijstermans H, Kelly M, Cox GF, Robson CD, Kimonis VE. Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis accompanied by the formation of bone cysts: Harboring clues to pathogenesis? Am J Med Genet A. 2007 Dec 15; 143A(24):2973-80.
  26. Rogers GF, Greene AK, Oh AK, Robson C, Mulliken JB. Zygomaticotemporal synostosis: a rare cause of progressive facial asymmetry. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2007 Jan; 44(1):106-11.
  27. Levine D, Cavazos C, Kazan-Tannus JF, McKenzie CA, Dialani V, Robson CD, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY, Busse RF, Rofsky NM. Evaluation of real-time single-shot fast spin-echo MRI for visualization of the fetal midline corpus callosum and secondary palate. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Dec; 187(6):1505-11.
  28. Quintero-Rivera F, Robson CD, Reiss RE, Levine D, Benson C, Mulliken JB, Kimonis VE. Apert syndrome: what prenatal radiographic findings should prompt its consideration? Prenat Diagn. 2006 Oct; 26(10):966-72.
  29. Rahbar R, Grimmer JF, Vargas SO, Robson CD, Mack JW, Perez-Atayde AR, Marcus KJ, Grier HE, Healy GB, McGill TJ. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland in children: A 10-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Apr; 132(4):375-80.
  30. Hindley D, Ali A, Robson C. Diagnoses made in a secondary care "fits, faints, and funny turns" clinic. Arch Dis Child. 2006 Mar; 91(3):214-8.
  31. Rogers GF, Edwards PD, Robson CD, Mulliken JB. Concordant contralateral lambdoidal synostosis in dizygotic twins. J Craniofac Surg. 2005 May; 16(3):435-9.
  32. Riedlinger WF, Lack EE, Robson CD, Rahbar R, Nosé V. Primary thyroid teratomas in children: a report of 11 cases with a proposal of criteria for their diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 May; 29(5):700-6.
  33. Khwaja OS, Robson CD, McManus ML, Urion DK. Basilar meningitis associated with ethmoid and sphenoid cephaloceles. Pediatr Neurol. 2005 Jul; 33(1):57-60.
  34. Rahbar R, Litrovnik BG, Vargas SO, Robson CD, Nuss RC, Irons MB, McGill TJ, Healy GB. The biology and management of laryngeal neurofibroma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Dec; 130(12):1400-6.
  35. Robson CD, Barnewolt CE. MR imaging of fetal head and neck anomalies. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2004 May; 14(2):273-91, viii.
  36. Rahbar R, Resto VA, Robson CD, Perez-Atayde AR, Goumnerova LC, McGill TJ, Healy GB. Nasal glioma and encephalocele: diagnosis and management. Laryngoscope. 2003 Dec; 113(12):2069-77.
  37. Rahbar R, Vargas SO, Miyamoto CR, Perez-Atayde AR, French CA, Robson CD, Licameli GR, Fletcher JA, Marcus KC, Grier HE, McGill TJ, Healy GB. The role of chromosomal translocation (15;19) in the carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Dec; 129(6):698-704.
  38. Robson CD. Cysts and tumors of the oral cavity, oropharynx, and nasopharynx in children. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2003 Aug; 13(3):427-42, ix.
  39. McLaughlin ME, Robson CD, Kieran MW, Jacks T, Pomeroy SL, Cameron S. Marked regression of metastatic pilocytic astrocytoma during treatment with imatinib mesylate (STI-571, Gleevec): a case report and laboratory investigation. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Aug; 25(8):644-8.
  40. Rahbar R, Shah P, Mulliken JB, Robson CD, Perez-Atayde AR, Proctor MR, Kenna MA, Scott MR, McGill TJ, Healy GB. The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: a 30-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Apr; 129(4):464-71.
  41. Robertson RL, Robson CD. Diffusion imaging in neonates. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2002 Feb; 12(1):55-70.
  42. Rybicki FJ, Mulkern RV, Robertson RL, Robson CD, Chung T, Ma J. Fast three-point Dixon MR imaging of the retrobulbar space with low-resolution images for phase correction: comparison with fast spin-echo inversion recovery imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Oct; 22(9):1798-802.
  43. Weber AL, Montandon C, Robson CD. Neurogenic tumors of the neck. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):1077-90.
  44. Eskey CJ, Robson CD, Weber AL. Imaging of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors of the neck. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):1091-104, xi.
  45. Robson CD. Imaging of granulomatous lesions of the neck in children. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):969-77.
  46. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Mulkern RV, Vajapayam S, Robson CD, Barnes PD. MR line-scan diffusion imaging of the spinal cord in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1344-8.
  47. Robson CD, Hazra R, Barnes PD, Robertson RL, Jones D, Husson RN. Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection of the head and neck in immunocompetent children: CT and MR findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Nov-Dec; 20(10):1829-35.
  48. Robertson RL, Ben-Sira L, Barnes PD, Mulkern RV, Robson CD, Maier SE, Rivkin MJ, du Plessis A. MR line-scan diffusion-weighted imaging of term neonates with perinatal brain ischemia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Oct; 20(9):1658-70.
  49. Robertson RL, Maier SE, Robson CD, Mulkern RV, Karas PM, Barnes PD. MR line scan diffusion imaging of the brain in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Mar; 20(3):419-25.
  50. Robertson RL, Robson CD, Barnes PD, Burrows PE. Head and neck vascular anomalies of childhood. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1999 Feb; 9(1):115-32.
  51. Robson CD, Robertson RL, Barnes PD. Imaging of pediatric temporal bone abnormalities. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1999 Feb; 9(1):133-55.
  52. Hazra R, Robson CD, Perez-Atayde AR, Husson RN. Lymphadenitis due to nontuberculous mycobacteria in children: presentation and response to therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Jan; 28(1):123-9.
  53. Barnes PD, Robson CD, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY. Pediatric orbital and visual pathway lesions. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1996 Feb; 6(1):179-98.
  54. Robson CD, Rahbar R, Vargas SO, Marcus KJ, Mack JW, Licameli GR, Grier HE. Sinonasal and laryngeal carcinoma in children: correlation of imaging characteristics with clinicopathologic and cytogenetic features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Feb; 31(2):257-61.
  55. Li Y, Estroff JA, Mehta TS, Robertson RL, Robson CD, Poussaint TY, Feldman HA, Ware J, Levine D. Ultrasound and MRI of fetuses with ventriculomegaly: can cortical development be used to predict postnatal outcome? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jun; 196(6):1457-67.
  56. Ayala C, Healy GB, Robson CD, Vargas SO. Psammomatous calcification in association with a benign thyroglossal duct cyst. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Feb; 129(2):241-3.
  57. Kenna MA, Rehm HL, Robson CD, Frangulov A, McCallum J, Yaeger D, Krantz ID. Additional clinical manifestations in children with sensorineural hearing loss and biallelic GJB2 mutations: who should be offered GJB2 testing? Am J Med Genet A. 2007 Jul 15; 143A(14):1560-6.
  58. Rivkin MJ, Davis PE, Lemaster JL, Cabral HJ, Warfield SK, Mulkern RV, Robson CD, Rose-Jacobs R, Frank DA. Volumetric MRI study of brain in children with intrauterine exposure to cocaine, alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4):741-50.
  59. Limperopoulos C, Robertson RL, Khwaja OS, Robson CD, Estroff JA, Barnewolt C, Levine D, Morash D, Nemes L, Zaccagnini L, du Plessis AJ. How accurately does current fetal imaging identify posterior fossa anomalies? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun; 190(6):1637-43.
  60. Robertson RL, Chavali RV, Robson CD, Barnes PD, Eldredge EA, Burrows PE, Scott RM. Neurologic complications of cerebral angiography in childhood moyamoya syndrome. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Nov; 28(11):824-9.
  61. Robson CD, Price DL, Barnes PD, Taylor GA. Radiologic-pathologic conference of Children's Hospital Boston: pineal region mass in a neonate. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Oct; 27(10):829-31.
  62. Robson CD, Barnes PD, Taylor GA, Rodriguez ML. Radiologic-Pathologic Conference of Children's Hospital Boston: scalp mass in a child following treatment for craniopharyngioma. Pediatr Radiol. 1996; 26(3):236-8.
  63. Kenna MA, Rehm HL, Frangulov A, Feldman HA, Robson CD. Temporal bone abnormalities in children with GJB2 mutations. Laryngoscope. 2011 Mar; 121(3):630-5.
  64. Ridgway EB, Robson CD, Padwa BL, Goumnerova LC, Mulliken JB. Meningoencephalocele and other dural disruptions: complications of Le Fort III midfacial osteotomies and distraction. J Craniofac Surg. 2011 Jan; 22(1):182-6.
  65. Prabhu SP, Padwa BL, Robson CD, Rahbar R. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Oct; 39(10):1102-4.
  66. Beeghly M, Ware J, Soul J, du Plessis A, Khwaja O, Senapati GM, Robson CD, Robertson RL, Poussaint TY, Barnewolt CE, Feldman HA, Estroff JA, Levine D. Neurodevelopmental outcome of fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Apr; 35(4):405-16.
  67. Tan WH, Baris HN, Burrows PE, Robson CD, Alomari AI, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Irons MB. The spectrum of vascular anomalies in patients with PTEN mutations: implications for diagnosis and management. J Med Genet. 2007 Sep; 44(9):594-602.
  68. Rahbar R, Robson CD, Mulliken JB, Schwartz L, Dicanzio J, Kenna MA, McGill TJ, Healy GB. Craniofacial, temporal bone, and audiologic abnormalities in the spectrum of hemifacial microsomia. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Mar; 127(3):265-71.
  69. Barnes PD, Robson CD. CT findings in hyperacute nonaccidental brain injury. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Feb; 30(2):74-81.
  70. Li Y, Estroff JA, Khwaja O, Mehta TS, Poussaint TY, Robson CD, Feldman HA, Ware J, Levine D. Callosal dysgenesis in fetuses with ventriculomegaly: levels of agreement between imaging modalities and postnatal outcome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Nov; 40(5):522-9.
  71. Li Y, Sansgiri RK, Estroff JA, Mehta TS, Poussaint TY, Robertson RL, Robson CD, Feldman HA, Barnewolt C, Levine D. Outcome of fetuses with cerebral ventriculomegaly and septum pellucidum leaflet abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jan; 196(1):W83-92.
  72. Robson CD. Congenital hearing impairment. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Apr; 36(4):309-24.
  73. Weiss DD, Robson CD, Mulliken JB. Transnasal endoscopic excision of midline nasal dermoid from the anterior cranial base. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Nov; 102(6):2119-23.
  74. Prabhu SP, Robson CD. Denervation-related fatty muscle infiltration. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Dec; 39(12):1379.
  75. Tan WH, Baris H, Robson CD, Kimonis VE. Cockayne syndrome: the developing phenotype. Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Jun 1; 135(2):214-6.
  76. Levine D, Feldman HA, Tannus JF, Estroff JA, Magnino M, Robson CD, Poussaint TY, Barnewolt CE, Mehta TS, Robertson RL. Frequency and cause of disagreements in diagnoses for fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):516-27.
  77. Barnes PD, Robson CD. An unresponsive infant in the emergency room. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 1999 Sep; 6(3):225-7; discussion 228.
  78. Robson CD, Mulliken JB, Robertson RL, Proctor MR, Steinberger D, Barnes PD, McFarren A, Müller U, Zurakowski D. Prominent basal emissary foramina in syndromic craniosynostosis: correlation with phenotypic and molecular diagnoses. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Oct; 21(9):1707-17.
  79. Nahed BV, Darbar A, Doiron R, Saad A, Robson CD, Smith ER. Acute hydrocephalus secondary to obstruction of the foramen of monro and cerebral aqueduct caused by a choroid plexus cyst in the lateral ventricle. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2007 Sep; 107(3 Suppl):236-9.
  80. Rahbar R, Robson CD, Petersen RA, DiCanzio J, Rosbe KW, McGill TJ, Healy GB. Management of orbital subperiosteal abscess in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Mar; 127(3):281-6.
  81. Robertson RL, Robson CD, Zurakowski D, Antiles S, Strauss K, Mulkern RV. CT versus MR in neonatal brain imaging at term. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jul; 33(7):442-9.
  82. Quintero-Rivera F, Robson CD, Reiss RE, Levine D, Benson CB, Mulliken JB, Kimonis VE. Intracranial anomalies detected by imaging studies in 30 patients with Apert syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2006 Jun 15; 140(12):1337-8.
  83. Johnson JM, Patten LL, Robson CD, Teele RL. Ultrasonographic detection of intracranial melanocytosis in an infant. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Feb; 40(2):210-4.
  84. Schwartz RB, Bravo SM, Klufas RA, Hsu L, Barnes PD, Robson CD, Antin JH. Cyclosporine neurotoxicity and its relationship to hypertensive encephalopathy: CT and MR findings in 16 cases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Sep; 165(3):627-31.
  85. Rodriguez KH, Vargas S, Robson C, Perez-Atayde A, Shamberger R, McGill TJ, Healy GB, Rahbar R. Pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007 Nov; 71(11):1717-23.
  86. Frank DA, McCarten KM, Robson CD, Mirochnick M, Cabral H, Park H, Zuckerman B. Level of in utero cocaine exposure and neonatal ultrasound findings. Pediatrics. 1999 Nov; 104(5 Pt 1):1101-5.
  87. Robertson RL, Burrows PE, Barnes PD, Robson CD, Poussaint TY, Scott RM. Angiographic changes after pial synangiosis in childhood moyamoya disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 May; 18(5):837-45.
  88. Ginat DT, Sedaghat AR, Robson CD, Whittemore KR. Radiology quiz case 3. Malleus fixation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Aug; 138(8):775-6.
  89. Kantarci S, Al-Gazali L, Hill RS, Donnai D, Black GC, Bieth E, Chassaing N, Lacombe D, Devriendt K, Teebi A, Loscertales M, Robson C, Liu T, MacLaughlin DT, Noonan KM, Russell MK, Walsh CA, Donahoe PK, Pober BR. Mutations in LRP2, which encodes the multiligand receptor megalin, cause Donnai-Barrow and facio-oculo-acoustico-renal syndromes. Nat Genet. 2007 Aug; 39(8):957-9.
  90. Ginat DT, Robson CD. Diagnostic imaging features of congenital nose and nasal cavity lesions. Clin Neuroradiol. 2015 Mar; 25(1):3-11.
  91. Ginat DT, Robson CD. CT and MRI of congenital nasal lesions in syndromic conditions. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Jul; 45(7):1056-65.
  92. Vachha BA, Robson CD. Imaging of Pediatric Orbital Diseases. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2015 Aug; 25(3):477-501.
  93. Park JG, Tischfield MA, Nugent AA, Cheng L, Di Gioia SA, Chan WM, Maconachie G, Bosley TM, Summers CG, Hunter DG, Robson CD, Gottlob I, Engle EC. Loss of MAFB Function in Humans and Mice Causes Duane Syndrome, Aberrant Extraocular Muscle Innervation, and Inner-Ear Defects. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Jun 02; 98(6):1220-7.
  94. Robson CD, MacDougall RD, Madsen JR, Warf BC, Robertson RL. Neuroimaging of Children With Surgically Treated Hydrocephalus: A Practical Approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Nov 15; 1-7.
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