Christopher Landrigan MD MPH

Christopher Landrigan, MD, MPH

Assistant in Medicine Research and Fellowship Director, Boston Children’s Hospital Inpatient Program Director, Sleep and Patient Safety Program, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Pediatrics

Departments

  • General Pediatrics
To schedule an appointment:

Experience and Education

Education

English

Haverford College, 1991

Haverford, PA

Mount Sinai Medical School, 1995

New York, NY

Harvard School of Public Health, 2000

Boston, MA

General Pediatrics

Boston Children's Hospital, 2000

Boston, MA

Health Policy

United States DHHS, 2005

Washington, DC

Pediatrics

Boston Children's Hospital, 1996

Boston, MA

Pediatrics

Boston Children's Hospital, 1998

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Pediatrics

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Landrigan CP, Stockwell D, Toomey SL, Loren S, Tracy M, Jang J, Quinn JA, Ashrafzadeh S, Wang M, Sharek PJ, Parry G, Schuster MA. Performance of the Global Assessment of Pediatric Patient Safety (GAPPS) Tool. Pediatrics. 2016 Jun; 137(6).
  2. Khan A, Rogers JE, Forster CS, Furtak SL, Schuster MA, Landrigan CP. Communication and Shared Understanding Between Parents and Resident-Physicians at Night. Hosp Pediatr. 2016 Jun; 6(6):319-29.
  3. Feraco AM, Starmer AJ, Sectish TC, Spector ND, West DC, Landrigan CP. Reliability of Verbal Handoff Assessment and Handoff Quality Before and After Implementation of a Resident Handoff Bundle. Acad Pediatr. 2016 Aug; 16(6):524-31.
  4. Khan A, Furtak SL, Melvin P, Rogers JE, Schuster MA, Landrigan CP. Parent-Reported Errors and Adverse Events in Hospitalized Children. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Apr 4; 170(4):e154608.
  5. Calaman S, Hepps JH, Bismilla Z, Carraccio C, Englander R, Feraco A, Landrigan CP, Lopreiato JO, Sectish TC, Starmer AJ, Yu CE, Spector ND, West DC. The Creation of Standard-Setting Videos to Support Faculty Observations of Learner Performance and Entrustment Decisions. Acad Med. 2016 Feb; 91(2):204-9.
  6. Schondelmeyer AC, Brady PW, Landrigan CP. Alarm fatigue: Clearing the air. J Hosp Med. 2016 Feb; 11(2):153-4.
  7. Starmer AJ, Destino L, Yoon CS, Landrigan CP. Intern and Resident Workflow Patterns on Pediatric Inpatient Units: A Multicenter Time-Motion Study. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Dec 1; 169(12):1175-7.
  8. Khan A, Rogers JE, Melvin P, Furtak SL, Faboyede GM, Schuster MA, Landrigan CP. Physician and Nurse Nighttime Communication and Parents' Hospital Experience. Pediatrics. 2015 Nov; 136(5):e1249-58.
  9. Rosenbluth G, Landrigan CP. The authors reply "variation in printed handoff documents: Results and recommendations from a multicenter needs assessment". J Hosp Med. 2016 Jan; 11(1):81-2.
  10. Rajaratnam SM, Landrigan CP, Czeisler CA. Graduated Driver-Licensing: The Authors Reply. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Sep; 34(9):1610.
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  12. Rajaratnam SM, Landrigan CP, Wang W, Kaprielian R, Moore RT, Czeisler CA. Teen Crashes Declined After Massachusetts Raised Penalties For Graduated Licensing Law Restricting Night Driving. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015 Jun; 34(6):963-70.
  13. Rosenbluth G, Bale JF, Starmer AJ, Spector ND, Srivastava R, West DC, Sectish TC, Landrigan CP. Variation in printed handoff documents: Results and recommendations from a multicenter needs assessment. J Hosp Med. 2015 Aug; 10(8):517-24.
  14. Stockwell DC, Bisarya H, Classen DC, Kirkendall ES, Landrigan CP, Lemon V, Tham E, Hyman D, Lehman SM, Searles E, Hall M, Muething SE, Schuster MA, Sharek PJ. A trigger tool to detect harm in pediatric inpatient settings. Pediatrics. 2015 Jun; 135(6):1036-42.
  15. Landrigan CP. Crying wolf: False alarms and patient safety. J Hosp Med. 2015 Jun; 10(6):409-10.
  16. Starmer AJ, Landrigan CP. Changes in medical errors with a handoff program. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 29; 372(5):490-1.
  17. Starmer AJ, Spector ND, Srivastava R, West DC, Rosenbluth G, Allen AD, Noble EL, Tse LL, Dalal AK, Keohane CA, Lipsitz SR, Rothschild JM, Wien MF, Yoon CS, Zigmont KR, Wilson KM, O'Toole JK, Solan LG, Aylor M, Bismilla Z, Coffey M, Mahant S, Blankenburg RL, Destino LA, Everhart JL, Patel SJ, Bale JF, Spackman JB, Stevenson AT, Calaman S, Cole FS, Balmer DF, Hepps JH, Lopreiato JO, Yu CE, Sectish TC, Landrigan CP. Changes in medical errors after implementation of a handoff program. N Engl J Med. 2014 Nov 6; 371(19):1803-12.
  18. Bigham MT, Logsdon TR, Manicone PE, Landrigan CP, Hayes LW, Randall KH, Grover P, Collins SB, Ramirez DE, O'Guin CD, Williams CI, Warnick RJ, Sharek PJ. Decreasing handoff-related care failures in children's hospitals. Pediatrics. 2014 Aug; 134(2):e572-9.
  19. Starmer AJ, O'Toole JK, Rosenbluth G, Calaman S, Balmer D, West DC, Bale JF, Yu CE, Noble EL, Tse LL, Srivastava R, Landrigan CP, Sectish TC, Spector ND. Development, implementation, and dissemination of the I-PASS handoff curriculum: A multisite educational intervention to improve patient handoffs. Acad Med. 2014 Jun; 89(6):876-84.
  20. Walsh KE, Bundy DG, Landrigan CP. Preventing health care-associated harm in children. JAMA. 2014 May 7; 311(17):1731-2.
  21. O'Toole JK, West DC, Starmer AJ, Yu CE, Calaman S, Rosenbluth G, Hepps JH, Lopreiato JO, Landrigan CP, Sectish TC, Spector ND. Placing faculty development front and center in a multisite educational initiative: lessons from the I-PASS Handoff study. Acad Pediatr. 2014 May-Jun; 14(3):221-4.
  22. Kevat DA, Cameron PA, Davies AR, Landrigan CP, Rajaratnam SW. Safer hours for doctors and improved safety for patients. Med J Aust. 2014 Apr 21; 200(7):396-8.
  23. Starmer AJ, Sectish TC, Simon DW, Keohane C, McSweeney ME, Chung EY, Yoon CS, Lipsitz SR, Wassner AJ, Harper MB, Landrigan CP. Rates of medical errors and preventable adverse events among hospitalized children following implementation of a resident handoff bundle. JAMA. 2013 Dec 4; 310(21):2262-70.
  24. Simon TD, Starmer AJ, Conway PH, Landrigan CP, Shah SS, Shen MW, Sectish TC, Spector ND, Tieder JS, Srivastava R, Willis LE, Wilson KM. Quality improvement research in pediatric hospital medicine and the role of the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRIS) network. Acad Pediatr. 2013 Nov-Dec; 13(6 Suppl):S54-60.
  25. O'Toole JK, Stevenson AT, Good BP, Guiot AB, Solan LG, Tse LL, Landrigan CP, Sectish TC, Srivastava R, Starmer AJ, Spector ND. Closing the gap: a needs assessment of medical students and handoff training. J Pediatr. 2013 May; 162(5):887-8.e1.
  26. Landrigan CP. New questions on the road to safer health care. Pediatrics. 2013 May; 131(5):e1621-2.
  27. McSweeney ME, Landrigan CP, Jiang H, Starmer A, Lightdale JR. Answering questions on call: pediatric resident physicians' use of handoffs and other resources. J Hosp Med. 2013 Jun; 8(6):328-33.
  28. McCormick F, Kadzielski J, Evans BT, Landrigan CP, Herndon J, Rubash H. Fatigue optimization scheduling in graduate medical education: reducing fatigue and improving patient safety. J Grad Med Educ. 2013 Mar; 5(1):107-11.
  29. Cohen IG, Czeisler CA, Landrigan CP. Making residency work hour rules work. J Law Med Ethics. 2013; 41(1):310-4.
  30. Hayes SM, Murray S, Castriotta RJ, Landrigan CP, Malhotra A. (Mis) perceptions and interactions of sleep specialists and generalists: obstacles to referrals to sleep specialists and the multidisciplinary team management of sleep disorders. J Clin Sleep Med. 2012 Dec 15; 8(6):633-42.
  31. Rosenbluth G, Landrigan CP. Sleep science, schedules, and safety in hospitals: challenges and solutions for pediatric providers. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2012 Dec; 59(6):1317-28.
  32. Srivastava R, Landrigan CP. Development of the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRIS) Network: lessons learned. J Hosp Med. 2012 Oct; 7(8):661-4.
  33. Landrigan CP, Srivastava R. Pediatric hospitalists: coming of age in 2012. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):696-9.
  34. Gordon MB, Sectish TC, Elliott MN, Klein D, Landrigan CP, Bogart LM, Amrock S, Burke A, Chiang VW, Schuster MA. Pediatric residents' perspectives on reducing work hours and lengthening residency: a national survey. Pediatrics. 2012 Jul; 130(1):99-107.
  35. Auger KA, Landrigan CP, Gonzalez del Rey JA, Sieplinga KR, Sucharew HJ, Simmons JM. Better rested, but more stressed? Evidence of the effects of resident work hour restrictions. Acad Pediatr. 2012 Jul-Aug; 12(4):335-43.
  36. McCormick F, Kadzielski J, Landrigan CP, Evans B, Herndon JH, Rubash HE. Surgeon fatigue: a prospective analysis of the incidence, risk, and intervals of predicted fatigue-related impairment in residents. Arch Surg. 2012 May; 147(5):430-5.
  37. Starmer AJ, Spector ND, Srivastava R, Allen AD, Landrigan CP, Sectish TC. I-pass, a mnemonic to standardize verbal handoffs. Pediatrics. 2012 Feb; 129(2):201-4.
  38. Rajaratnam SM, Barger LK, Lockley SW, Shea SA, Wang W, Landrigan CP, O'Brien CS, Qadri S, Sullivan JP, Cade BE, Epstein LJ, White DP, Czeisler CA. Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers. JAMA. 2011 Dec 21; 306(23):2567-78.
  39. Chua KP, Gordon MB, Sectish T, Landrigan CP. Effects of a night-team system on resident sleep and work hours. Pediatrics. 2011 Dec; 128(6):1142-7.
  40. Landrigan CP. Healthcare provider working conditions and well-being: sharing international lessons to improve patient safety. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011 Nov-Dec; 87(6):463-5.
  41. Majekodunmi A, Landrigan CP. The effect of physician sleep deprivation on patient safety in perinatal-neonatal medicine. Am J Perinatol. 2012 Jan; 29(1):43-8.
  42. Blum AB, Shea S, Czeisler CA, Landrigan CP, Leape L. Implementing the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations on resident physician work hours, supervision, and safety. Nat Sci Sleep. 2011; 3:47-85.
  43. Gordon MB, Melvin P, Graham D, Fifer E, Chiang VW, Sectish TC, Landrigan CP. Unit-based care teams and the frequency and quality of physician-nurse communications. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 May; 165(5):424-8.
  44. Landrigan CP, Parry GJ, Bones CB, Hackbarth AD, Goldmann DA, Sharek PJ. Temporal trends in rates of patient harm resulting from medical care. N Engl J Med. 2010 Nov 25; 363(22):2124-34.
  45. Gordon JA, Alexander EK, Lockley SW, Flynn-Evans E, Venkatan SK, Landrigan CP, Czeisler CA. Does simulator-based clinical performance correlate with actual hospital behavior? The effect of extended work hours on patient care provided by medical interns. Acad Med. 2010 Oct; 85(10):1583-8.
  46. Sectish TC, Starmer AJ, Landrigan CP, Spector ND. Establishing a multisite education and research project requires leadership, expertise, collaboration, and an important aim. Pediatrics. 2010 Oct; 126(4):619-22.
  47. Sharek PJ, Parry G, Goldmann D, Bones K, Hackbarth A, Resar R, Griffin FA, Rhoda D, Murphy C, Landrigan CP. Performance characteristics of a methodology to quantify adverse events over time in hospitalized patients. Health Serv Res. 2011 Apr; 46(2):654-78.
  48. Levine AC, Adusumilli J, Landrigan CP. Effects of reducing or eliminating resident work shifts over 16 hours: a systematic review. Sleep. 2010 Aug; 33(8):1043-53.
  49. Mittal VS, Sigrest T, Ottolini MC, Rauch D, Lin H, Kit B, Landrigan CP, Flores G. Family-centered rounds on pediatric wards: a PRIS network survey of US and Canadian hospitalists. Pediatrics. 2010 Jul; 126(1):37-43.
  50. Blum AB, Raiszadeh F, Shea S, Mermin D, Lurie P, Landrigan CP, Czeisler CA. US public opinion regarding proposed limits on resident physician work hours. BMC Med. 2010; 8:33.
  51. Landrigan CP. Resident sleep deprivation and critical care: the unintended consequences of inaction. Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3):980-1.
  52. Rothschild JM, Keohane CA, Rogers S, Gardner R, Lipsitz SR, Salzberg CA, Yu T, Yoon CS, Williams DH, Wien MF, Czeisler CA, Bates DW, Landrigan CP. Risks of complications by attending physicians after performing nighttime procedures. JAMA. 2009 Oct 14; 302(14):1565-72.
  53. Gaies MG, Morris SA, Hafler JP, Graham DA, Capraro AJ, Zhou J, Landrigan CP, Sandora TJ. Reforming procedural skills training for pediatric residents: a randomized, interventional trial. Pediatrics. 2009 Aug; 124(2):610-9.
  54. Cappuccio FP, Lockley SW, Landrigan CP. Cappuccio response to correspondence. QJM. 2009 May; 102(5):363-4.
  55. Barger LK, Lockley SW, Rajaratnam SM, Landrigan CP. Neurobehavioral, health, and safety consequences associated with shift work in safety-sensitive professions. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2009 Mar; 9(2):155-64.
  56. Cappuccio FP, Bakewell A, Taggart FM, Ward G, Ji C, Sullivan JP, Edmunds M, Pounder R, Landrigan CP, Lockley SW, Peile E. Implementing a 48 h EWTD-compliant rota for junior doctors in the UK does not compromise patients' safety: assessor-blind pilot comparison. QJM. 2009 Apr; 102(4):271-82.
  57. Landrigan CP. Driving drowsy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2008 Dec 15; 4(6):536-7.
  58. Volpp KG, Landrigan CP. Building physician work hour regulations from first principles and best evidence. JAMA. 2008 Sep 10; 300(10):1197-9.
  59. Landrigan CP, Fahrenkopf AM, Lewin D, Sharek PJ, Barger LK, Eisner M, Edwards S, Chiang VW, Wiedermann BL, Sectish TC. Effects of the accreditation council for graduate medical education duty hour limits on sleep, work hours, and safety. Pediatrics. 2008 Aug; 122(2):250-8.
  60. Landrigan CP, Conway PH, Stucky ER, Chiang VW, Ottolini MC. Variation in pediatric hospitalists' use of proven and unproven therapies: a study from the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRIS) network. J Hosp Med. 2008 Jul; 3(4):292-8.
  61. Owens JA, Avidan A, Baldwin D, Landrigan C. Improving sleep hygiene. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Jun 9; 168(11):1229-30; author reply 1230.
  62. Janney M, Landrigan C. Improving nurse working conditions: towards safer models of hospital care. J Hosp Med. 2008 May; 3(3):181-3.
  63. Walsh KE, Landrigan CP, Adams WG, Vinci RJ, Chessare JB, Cooper MR, Hebert PM, Schainker EG, McLaughlin TJ, Bauchner H. Effect of computer order entry on prevention of serious medication errors in hospitalized children. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e421-7.
  64. Fahrenkopf AM, Sectish TC, Barger LK, Sharek PJ, Lewin D, Chiang VW, Edwards S, Wiedermann BL, Landrigan CP. Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2008 Mar 1; 336(7642):488-91.
  65. Lockley SW, Barger LK, Ayas NT, Rothschild JM, Czeisler CA, Landrigan CP. Effects of health care provider work hours and sleep deprivation on safety and performance. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007 Nov; 33(11 Suppl):7-18.
  66. Landrigan CP, Czeisler CA, Barger LK, Ayas NT, Rothschild JM, Lockley SW. Effective implementation of work-hour limits and systemic improvements. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007 Nov; 33(11 Suppl):19-29.
  67. Gaies MG, Landrigan CP, Hafler JP, Sandora TJ. Assessing procedural skills training in pediatric residency programs. Pediatrics. 2007 Oct; 120(4):715-22.
  68. Srivastava R, Landrigan CP, Ross-Degnan D, Soumerai SB, Homer CJ, Goldmann DA, Muret-Wagstaff S. Impact of a hospitalist system on length of stay and cost for children with common conditions. Pediatrics. 2007 Aug; 120(2):267-74.
  69. Walsh KE, Adams WG, Bauchner H, Vinci RJ, Chessare JB, Cooper MR, Hebert PM, Schainker EG, Landrigan CP. Medication errors related to computerized order entry for children. Pediatrics. 2006 Nov; 118(5):1872-9.
  70. Landrigan CP, Barger LK, Cade BE, Ayas NT, Czeisler CA. Interns' compliance with accreditation council for graduate medical education work-hour limits. JAMA. 2006 Sep 6; 296(9):1063-70.
  71. Conway PH, Edwards S, Stucky ER, Chiang VW, Ottolini MC, Landrigan CP. Variations in management of common inpatient pediatric illnesses: hospitalists and community pediatricians. Pediatrics. 2006 Aug; 118(2):441-7.
  72. Lockley SW, Landrigan CP, Barger LK, Czeisler CA. When policy meets physiology: the challenge of reducing resident work hours. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Aug; 449:116-27.
  73. Landrigan CP, Conway PH, Edwards S, Srivastava R. Pediatric hospitalists: a systematic review of the literature. Pediatrics. 2006 May; 117(5):1736-44.
  74. Lye PS, Rauch DA, Ottolini MC, Landrigan CP, Chiang VW, Srivastava R, Muret-Wagstaff S, Ludwig S. Pediatric hospitalists: report of a leadership conference. Pediatrics. 2006 Apr; 117(4):1122-30.
  75. Rothschild JM, Hurley AC, Landrigan CP, Cronin JW, Martell-Waldrop K, Foskett C, Burdick E, Czeisler CA, Bates DW. Recovery from medical errors: the critical care nursing safety net. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2006 Feb; 32(2):63-72.
  76. Lilly CM, Landrigan CP. A shift for the better. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6):3787-8.
  77. Landrigan CP. Sliding down the Bell curve: effects of 24-hour work shifts on physicians' cognition and performance. Sleep. 2005 Nov; 28(11):1351-3.
  78. McBride SC, Chiang VW, Goldmann DA, Landrigan CP. Preventable adverse events in infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis. Pediatrics. 2005 Sep; 116(3):603-8.
  79. Rothschild JM, Landrigan CP, Cronin JW, Kaushal R, Lockley SW, Burdick E, Stone PH, Lilly CM, Katz JT, Czeisler CA, Bates DW. The Critical Care Safety Study: The incidence and nature of adverse events and serious medical errors in intensive care. Crit Care Med. 2005 Aug; 33(8):1694-700.
  80. Landrigan CP. The safety of inpatient pediatrics: preventing medical errors and injuries among hospitalized children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005 Aug; 52(4):979-93, vii.
  81. Landrigan CP, Lockley SW, Czeisler CA. Effect of intern's consecutive work hours on safety, medical education and professionalism. Crit Care. 2005 Oct 5; 9(5):528-30; author reply 528-30.
  82. Lockley SW, Cronin JW, Evans EE, Cade BE, Lee CJ, Landrigan CP, Rothschild JM, Katz JT, Lilly CM, Stone PH, Aeschbach D, Czeisler CA. Effect of reducing interns' weekly work hours on sleep and attentional failures. N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 28; 351(18):1829-37.
  83. Landrigan CP, Rothschild JM, Cronin JW, Kaushal R, Burdick E, Katz JT, Lilly CM, Stone PH, Lockley SW, Bates DW, Czeisler CA. Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units. N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 28; 351(18):1838-48.
  84. Willson DF, Landrigan CP, Horn SD, Smout RJ. Complications in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis or respiratory syncytial virus pneumonia. J Pediatr. 2003 Nov; 143(5 Suppl):S142-9.
  85. Fortescue EB, Kaushal R, Landrigan CP, McKenna KJ, Clapp MD, Federico F, Goldmann DA, Bates DW. Prioritizing strategies for preventing medication errors and adverse drug events in pediatric inpatients. Pediatrics. 2003 Apr; 111(4 Pt 1):722-9.
  86. Olsen SJ, Bleasdale SC, Magnano AR, Landrigan C, Holland BH, Tauxe RV, Mintz ED, Luby S. Outbreaks of typhoid fever in the United States, 1960-99. Epidemiol Infect. 2003 Feb; 130(1):13-21.
  87. Landrigan CP, Muret-Wagstaff S, Chiang VW, Nigrin DJ, Goldmann DA, Finkelstein JA. Senior resident autonomy in a pediatric hospitalist system. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Feb; 157(2):206-7.
  88. Bunyavanich S, Landrigan CP, McMichael AJ, Epstein PR. The impact of climate change on child health. Ambul Pediatr. 2003 Jan-Feb; 3(1):44-52.
  89. Landrigan CP, Srivastava R, Muret-Wagstaff S, Soumerai SB, Ross-Degnan D, Graef JW, Homer CJ, Goldmann DA. Impact of a health maintenance organization hospitalist system in academic pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2002 Oct; 110(4):720-8.
  90. Landrigan CP, Muret-Wagstaff S, Chiang VW, Nigrin DJ, Goldmann DA, Finkelstein JA. Effect of a pediatric hospitalist system on housestaff education and experience. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Sep; 156(9):877-83.
  91. Nigrovic LE, Lumeng C, Landrigan C, Chiang VW. Rotavirus cerebellitis? Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Jan 1; 34(1):130.
  92. Srivastava R, Landrigan C, Gidwani P, Harary OH, Muret-Wagstaff S, Homer CJ. Pediatric hospitalists in Canada and the United States: a survey of pediatric academic department chairs. Ambul Pediatr. 2001 Nov-Dec; 1(6):338-9.
  93. Landrigan C, Srivastava R, Muret-Wagstaff S, Dyck IJ, Homer CJ, Goldmann DA. Pediatric hospitalists: what do we know, and where do we go from here? Ambul Pediatr. 2001 Nov-Dec; 1(6):340-5.
  94. Landrigan C. Preventable deaths and injuries during magnetic resonance imaging. N Engl J Med. 2001 Sep 27; 345(13):1000-1.
  95. Kaushal R, Bates DW, Landrigan C, McKenna KJ, Clapp MD, Federico F, Goldmann DA. Medication errors and adverse drug events in pediatric inpatients. JAMA. 2001 Apr 25; 285(16):2114-20.
  96. Kim R, Landrigan C, Mossmann P, Sparrow D, Hu H. Age and secular trends in bone lead levels in middle-aged and elderly men: three-year longitudinal follow-up in the Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Oct 1; 146(7):586-91.
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