Paul Kleinman

Paul K. Kleinman, MD

Division Chief, Musculoskeletal Imaging; Staff Radiologist

Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Musculoskeletal Radiology
  • Imaging of Child Abuse
  • Radiology
  • General Pediatrics

Departments

  • Radiology

Programs

  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Ultrasound
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-6286
Paul Kleinman

 

I was born in raised in a small town in upstate New York and have always believed that each of us has the power and a responsibility to try and make a difference in our communities. Children may not be able, or are too afraid to tell us what is wrong with them.  Modern imaging helps us figure this out and provides us with a window into the causes of both natural diseases and injury patterns encountered in the pediatric population.

Experience and Education

Education

Undergraduate

Boston University, 1967

Boston, MA

Medical School

Downstate Medical Center (SUNY), 1971

New York, NY

Internship, Pediatrics

Cornell Medical Center, 1971-1972

New York, NY

Residency, Pediatrics

Cornell Medical Center, 1972-1973

New York, NY

Residency, Radiology

Cornell Medical Center, 1973-1975

New York, NY

Fellowship, Pediatric Radiology

Cornell Medical Center, 1975-1976

New York, NY

Certifications

  • Pediatrics, Radiology, Pediatric Radiology

Professional History

Dr. Kleinman is the director of Musculoskeletal Imaging in the Department of Radiology at Boston Children’s Hospital and is Professor of Radiology at Harvard Medical School. He is board certified in Pediatric Radiology and Pediatrics. He has been actively involved in the field pediatric musculoskeletal imaging for over 30 years. He heads a team of more than 6 pediatric radiologists focusing on pediatric musculoskeletal imaging.  He was given the Jack O. Haller Award for Excellence in Teaching from the Society for Pediatric Radiology in 2011 and is an honorary member of the European Society for Paediatric Radiology. He has a special interest in the imaging of child abuse. Most of his approximately 150 publications deal with the imaging of child abuse and its mimics. He received the Ray E. Helfer Society Award for Distinguished Contributions in the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect in 2005 He has co-authored all the American College of Radiology Practice Guidelines for Skeletal Surveys and all the statements on The Diagnostic Imaging of Child Abuse of the American Academy of Pediatrics. The third edition of his comprehensive text, Diagnostic Imaging of Child Abuse, was published in September of 2015.

 

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Breen MA, Tsai A, Stamm A, Kleinman PK. Bone age assessment practices in infants and older children among Society for Pediatric Radiology members. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Aug; 46(9):1269-74.
  2. Zapala MA, Tsai A, Kleinman PK. Growth recovery lines are more common in infants at high vs. low risk for abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Aug; 46(9):1275-81.
  3. Jarrett DY, Walters MM, Kleinman PK. Prevalence of Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans in Children With Chronic Radial Head Subluxation and Dislocation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jun; 206(6):1329-34.
  4. Bixby SD, Jarrett DY, Johnston P, Mahan ST, Kleinman PK. Posteromedial subtalar coalitions: prevalence and associated morphological alterations of the sustentaculum tali. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Jul; 46(8):1142-9.
  5. Tsai A, Stamoulis C, Bixby SD, Breen MA, Connolly SA, Kleinman PK. Infant bone age estimation based on fibular shaft length: model development and clinical validation. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Mar; 46(3):342-56.
  6. Perez-Rossello JM, McDonald AG, Rosenberg AE, Tsai A, Kleinman PK. Absence of rickets in infants with fatal abusive head trauma and classic metaphyseal lesions. Radiology. 2015 Jun; 275(3):810-21.
  7. Barber I, Kleinman PK. Imaging of skeletal injuries associated with abusive head trauma. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Dec; 44 Suppl 4:S613-20.
  8. Tsai A, McDonald AG, Rosenberg AE, Gupta R, Kleinman PK. Erratum to: High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Sep; 44(9):1190.
  9. Kleinman PK. Classic metaphyseal lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jun; 202(6):W603.
  10. Bixby SD, Wilson CR, Barber I, Kleinman PK. Ischial apophyseal fracture in an abused infant. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Sep; 44(9):1175-8.
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  12. Barber I, Perez-Rossello JM, Wilson CR, Silvera MV, Kleinman PK. Prevalence and relevance of pediatric spinal fractures in suspected child abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Nov; 43(11):1507-15.
  13. Jarrett DY, Matheney T, Kleinman PK. Imaging SCFE: diagnosis, treatment and complications. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S71-82.
  14. Tsai A, Coats B, Kleinman PK. Stress profile of infant rib in the setting of child abuse: A finite element parametric study. J Biomech. 2012 Jul 26; 45(11):1861-8.
  15. Perez-Rossello JM, Connolly SA, Newton AW, Zou KH, Kleinman PK. Whole-body MRI in suspected infant abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Sep; 195(3):744-50.
  16. Jarrett DY, Oliveira AM, Zou KH, Snyder BD, Kleinman PK. Axial oblique CT to assess femoral anteversion. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 May; 194(5):1230-3.
  17. Kritsaneepaiboon S, Shah R, Murray MM, Kleinman PK. Posterior periosteal disruption in Salter-Harris Type II fractures of the distal femur: evidence for a hyperextension mechanism. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Dec; 193(6):W540-5.
  18. Offiah A, van Rijn RR, Perez-Rossello JM, Kleinman PK. Skeletal imaging of child abuse (non-accidental injury). Pediatr Radiol. 2009 May; 39(5):461-70.
  19. Lee EY, Sundel RP, Kim S, Zurakowski D, Kleinman PK. MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis. Skeletal Radiol. 2008 Nov; 37(11):987-96.
  20. Gleason BC, Kleinman PK, Debelenko LV, Rahbar R, Gebhardt MC, Perez-Atayde AR. Novel karyotypes in giant cell-rich lesions of bone. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Jun; 31(6):926-32.
  21. Kleinman PK. "Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hematoma"--a commentary. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Dec; 187(6):1403-4.
  22. Zambrano E, Nosé V, Perez-Atayde AR, Gebhardt M, Hresko MT, Kleinman P, Richkind KE, Kozakewich HP. Distinct chromosomal rearrangements in subungual (Dupuytren) exostosis and bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora lesion). Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Aug; 28(8):1033-9.
  23. Nimkin K, Kleinman PK. Imaging of child abuse. Radiol Clin North Am. 2001 Jul; 39(4):843-64.
  24. Kleinman PK. Occult hyperextension "toddler's" fracture by Swischuk, et al. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Sep; 29(9):720.
  25. Kleinman PK, Shelton YA. Hangman's fracture in an abused infant: imaging features. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Sep; 27(9):776-7.
  26. Nimkin K, Kleinman PK. Imaging of child abuse. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1997 Jun; 44(3):615-35.
  27. Kushner DC, Ball W, Cleveland RH, Kleinman PK, Miller J, Rosenfield NS, Siegel M. Pediatric radiology. Radiology. 1996 Feb; 198(2):601-3.
  28. Nimkin K, Kleinman PK, Zwerdling RG, Spevak MR, O'Sullivan BP. Localized pneumothorax with lobar collapse and diffuse obstructive airway disease. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25(6):449-51.
  29. Ha TV, Kleinman PK, Fraire A, Spevak MR, Nimkin K, Cohen IT, Hirsh M, Walton R. MR imaging of benign fatty tumors in children: report of four cases and review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol. 1994 Jul; 23(5):361-7.
  30. Nimkin K, Teeger S, Wallach MT, DuVally JC, Spevak MR, Kleinman PK. Adrenal hemorrhage in abused children: imaging and postmortem findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Mar; 162(3):661-3.
  31. Osier LK, Marks SC, Kleinman PK. Metaphyseal extensions of hypertrophied chondrocytes in abused infants indicate healing fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1993 Mar-Apr; 13(2):249-54.
  32. Kleinman PK, Spevak MR, Hansen M. Mediastinal pseudocyst caused by pharyngeal perforation during child abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 May; 158(5):1111-3.
  33. Kleinman PK. Diagnostic imaging in infant abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Oct; 155(4):703-12.
  34. Kleinman PK, Spevak MR. Advanced pediatric joint imaging. Radiol Clin North Am. 1990 Sep; 28(5):1073-109.
  35. Lee PH, Hopkins T, Menon M, Kleinman P, Malhotra R. Fibroepithelial polyps of the pelviureteric junction in childhood. Br J Urol. 1990 Feb; 65(2):214-6.
  36. Kleinman PK, Waite RJ, Cohen IT, Hirsh MP, Belanger PL. Atretic esophagus: transgastric balloon-assisted hydrostatic dilation. Radiology. 1989 Jun; 171(3):831-3.
  37. Marks SC, Raptopoulos V, Kleinman P, Snyder M. The anatomical basis for retrorenal extensions of pancreatic effusions: the role of the renal fasciae. Surg Radiol Anat. 1986; 8(2):89-97.
  38. Raptopoulos V, D'Orsi C, Smith E, Reuter K, Moss L, Kleinman P. Dynamic cholecystosonography of the contracted gallbladder: the double-arc-shadow sign. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1982 Feb; 138(2):275-8.
  39. Kleinman PK, Weksler ME. Repeated reactions following intramuscular injection of gamma globulin. J Pediatr. 1973 Nov; 83(5):827-9.
  40. Kleinman PK. Congenital lymphedema and yellow nails. J Pediatr. 1973 Sep; 83(3):454-6.
  41. Drubach LA, Sapp MV, Laffin S, Kleinman PK. Fluorine-18 NaF PET imaging of child abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jul; 38(7):776-9.
  42. Kleinman PK, Schlesinger AE. Mechanical factors associated with posterior rib fractures: laboratory and case studies. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Jan; 27(1):87-91.
  43. Kleinman PK, Zito JL, Davidson RI, Raptopoulos V. The subarachnoid spaces in children: normal variations in size. Radiology. 1983 May; 147(2):455-7.
  44. Kleinman PK. Schmid-like metaphyseal chondrodysplasia simulating child abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Mar; 156(3):576-8.
  45. Kleinman PK, Winchester P, Meyers MA, Abbott G. The neonatal colon: an anatomic approach to plain films. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1977 Jan; 128(1):61-4.
  46. Kleinman PK. Case report 244. Down syndrome (trisomy 21). Skeletal Radiol. 1983; 10(3):192-5.
  47. Kleinman PK. Problems in the diagnosis of metaphyseal fractures. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Jun; 38 Suppl 3:S388-94.
  48. Kleinman PK, Winchester P, Brill PW. Necrotizing enterocolitis after open heart surgery employing hypothermia and cardiopulmonary bypass. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1976 Nov; 127(5):757-60.
  49. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Blackbourne B. The metaphyseal lesion in abused infants: a radiologic-histopathologic study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986 May; 146(5):895-905.
  50. Jarrett DY, Kramer DE, Callahan MJ, Kleinman PK. US diagnosis of pediatric muscle hernias of the lower extremities. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S2-7.
  51. Kleinman PK, Brill PW, Whalen JP. Anterior pathway for transdiaphragmatic extension of pneumomediastinum. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1978 Aug; 131(2):271-5.
  52. Kleinman PK. Pleural telangiectasia and absence of a pulmonary artery. Radiology. 1979 Aug; 132(2):281-4.
  53. Kleinman PK. Shaken babies. Lancet. 1998 Sep 5; 352(9130):815-6.
  54. Kleinman PK. Differentiation of child abuse and osteogenesis imperfecta: medical and legal implications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 May; 154(5):1047-8.
  55. Kleinman PK, Brill PW, Winchester P. Resolving duodenal-jejunal hematoma in abused children. Radiology. 1986 Sep; 160(3):747-50.
  56. Kleinman PK, Blackbourne BD, Marks SC, Karellas A, Belanger PL. Radiologic contributions to the investigation and prosecution of cases of fatal infant abuse. N Engl J Med. 1989 Feb 23; 320(8):507-11.
  57. Kleinman PK, Belanger PL, Karellas A, Spevak MR. Normal metaphyseal radiologic variants not to be confused with findings of infant abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Apr; 156(4):781-3.
  58. Kleinman PK, Nimkin K, Spevak MR, Rayder SM, Madansky DL, Shelton YA, Patterson MM. Follow-up skeletal surveys in suspected child abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Oct; 167(4):893-6.
  59. Kleinman P, Meyers MA, Abbott G, Kazam E. Necroqizing enterocolitis with pneumatosis intestinalis in systemic lupus erythematosus and polyarteritis. Radiology. 1976 Dec; 121(3 Pt. 1):595-8.
  60. Kleinman PK, Spevak MR. Soft tissue swelling and acute skull fractures. J Pediatr. 1992 Nov; 121(5 Pt 1):737-9.
  61. Heller GD, Haller JO, Berdon WE, Sane S, Kleinman PK. Punctate thymic calcification in infants with untreated Langerhans' cell histiocytosis: report of four new cases. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Nov; 29(11):813-5.
  62. Kleinman PK. Hangman's fracture caused by suspected child abuse. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2004 Sep; 13(5):348; author reply 348.
  63. Perez-Rossello JM, Feldman HA, Kleinman PK, Connolly SA, Fair RA, Myers RM, Gordon CM. Rachitic changes, demineralization, and fracture risk in healthy infants and toddlers with vitamin D deficiency. Radiology. 2012 Jan; 262(1):234-41.
  64. Bixby SD, Abo A, Kleinman PK. High-impact trauma causing multiple posteromedial rib fractures in a child. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Mar; 27(3):218-9.
  65. Kleinman PK, Zito JL. Avulsion of the spinous processes caused by infant abuse. Radiology. 1984 May; 151(2):389-91.
  66. Kleinman PK, Perez-Rossello JM, Newton AW, Feldman HA, Kleinman PL. Prevalence of the classic metaphyseal lesion in infants at low versus high risk for abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Oct; 197(4):1005-8.
  67. Kleinman PK, Morris NB, Makris J, Moles RL, Kleinman PL. Yield of radiographic skeletal surveys for detection of hand, foot, and spine fractures in suspected child abuse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Mar; 200(3):641-4.
  68. Ecklund K, Vajapeyam S, Feldman HA, Buzney CD, Mulkern RV, Kleinman PK, Rosen CJ, Gordon CM. Bone marrow changes in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Feb; 25(2):298-304.
  69. Kleinman PK. "The roentgen manifestations of unrecognized skeletal trauma in infants"--a commentary. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Mar; 190(3):559-60.
  70. Sink EL, Hyman JE, Matheny T, Georgopoulos G, Kleinman P. Child abuse: the role of the orthopaedic surgeon in nonaccidental trauma. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar; 469(3):790-7.
  71. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Spevak MR, Richmond JM. Fractures of the rib head in abused infants. Radiology. 1992 Oct; 185(1):119-23.
  72. Kleinman PK, Akins CM. The "vanishing" epiphysis: sign of Salter Type I fracture of the proximal humerus in infancy. Br J Radiol. 1982 Nov; 55(659):865-7.
  73. Nimkin K, Kleinman PK, Teeger S, Spevak MR. Distal humeral physeal injuries in child abuse: MR imaging and ultrasonography findings. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25(7):562-5.
  74. Kleinman PK, Ragland RL. Gadopentetate dimeglumine-enhanced MR imaging of subdural hematoma in an abused infant. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Jun; 166(6):1456-8.
  75. Kleinman P, Rivelis M, Schneider R, Kaye JJ. Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis. Radiology. 1977 Dec; 125(3):775-80.
  76. Kleinman PK. A regional approach to osteomyelitis of the lower extremities in children. Radiol Clin North Am. 2002 Sep; 40(5):1033-59.
  77. Kleinman PK. Intussusception of the appendix: hydrostatic reduction. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1980 Jun; 134(6):1268-70.
  78. Nimkin K, Spevak MR, Kleinman PK. Fractures of the hands and feet in child abuse: imaging and pathologic features. Radiology. 1997 Apr; 203(1):233-6.
  79. Raptopoulos V, Moss L, Reuter K, Kleinman P. Comparison of real-time and gray-scale static ultrasonic cholecystography. Radiology. 1981 Jul; 140(1):153-4.
  80. Spevak MR, Kleinman PK, Belanger PL, Primack C, Richmond JM. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rib fractures in infants. A postmortem radiologic-pathologic study. JAMA. 1994 Aug 24-31; 272(8):617-8.
  81. Raptopoulos V, Kleinman PK, Marks S, Snyder M, Silverman PM. Renal fascial pathway: posterior extension of pancreatic effusions within the anterior pararenal space. Radiology. 1986 Feb; 158(2):367-74.
  82. Kleinman PK, Flowers RA. Necrotizing pneumonia after pharyngitis due to Fusobacterium necrophorum. Pediatr Radiol. 1984; 14(1):49-51.
  83. Kleinman PK, Raptopoulos V. The anterior diaphragmatic attachments: an anatomic and radiologic study with clinical correlates. Radiology. 1985 May; 155(2):289-93.
  84. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. A regional approach to the classic metaphyseal lesion in abused infants: the proximal tibia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Feb; 166(2):421-6.
  85. Kleinman PK, Spevak MR, Nimkin K. Left-sided esophageal indentation in right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery. Radiology. 1994 May; 191(2):565-7.
  86. Kleinman PK, Diamond DA, Karellas A, Spevak MR, Nimkin K, Belanger P. Tailored low-dose fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography for the reevaluation of vesicoureteral reflux in girls. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 May; 162(5):1151-4; discussion 1155-6.
  87. Kleinman PK, Sarwar ZU, Newton AW, Perez-Rossello JM, Rebello G, Herliczek TW. Metaphyseal fragmentation with physiologic bowing: a finding not to be confused with the classic metaphyseal lesion. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 May; 192(5):1266-8.
  88. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Richmond JM, Blackbourne BD. Inflicted skeletal injury: a postmortem radiologic-histopathologic study in 31 infants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Sep; 165(3):647-50.
  89. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. Relationship of the subperiosteal bone collar to metaphyseal lesions in abused infants. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Oct; 77(10):1471-6.
  90. Perez-Rossello JM, Connolly SA, Newton AW, Thomason M, Jenny C, Sugar NF, Kleinman PK. Pubic ramus radiolucencies in infants: the good, the bad, and the indeterminate. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun; 190(6):1481-6.
  91. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. Vertebral body fractures in child abuse. Radiologic-histopathologic correlates. Invest Radiol. 1992 Sep; 27(9):715-22.
  92. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. A regional approach to classic metaphyseal lesions in abused infants: the distal tibia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 May; 166(5):1207-12.
  93. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Spevak MR, Belanger PL, Richmond JM. Extension of growth-plate cartilage into the metaphysis: a sign of healing fracture in abused infants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991 Apr; 156(4):775-9.
  94. Bixby SD, Jarrett DY, Matheney T, Johnston P, Kasser J, Kleinman PK. Unilateral subtalar coalition: contralateral sustentaculum tali morphology. Radiology. 2010 Dec; 257(3):830-5.
  95. Kwon DS, Spevak MR, Fletcher K, Kleinman PK. Physiologic subperiosteal new bone formation: prevalence, distribution, and thickness in neonates and infants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Oct; 179(4):985-8.
  96. Diamond DA, Kleinman PK, Spevak M, Nimkin K, Belanger P, Karellas A. The tailored low dose fluoroscopic voiding cystogram for familial reflux screening. J Urol. 1996 Feb; 155(2):681-2.
  97. Drubach LA, Johnston PR, Newton AW, Perez-Rossello JM, Grant FD, Kleinman PK. Skeletal trauma in child abuse: detection with 18F-NaF PET. Radiology. 2010 Apr; 255(1):173-81.
  98. Kamath SV, Kleinman PK, Ragland RL, Tenreiro-Picon OR, Knorr JR, Davidson RI, Shelton YA. Intraspinal dislocation of the rib in neurofibromatosis: a case report. Pediatr Radiol. 1995; 25(7):538-9.
  99. Kleinman PK, Kanzaria PK, Goss TP, Pappas AM. Axillary arthrotomography of the glenoid labrum. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1984 May; 142(5):993-9.
  100. Kleinman PK, O'Connor B, Nimkin K, Rayder SM, Spevak MR, Belanger PL, Getty DJ, Karellas A. Detection of rib fractures in an abused infant using digital radiography: a laboratory study. Pediatr Radiol. 2002 Dec; 32(12):896-901.
  101. Kleinman PK, Raptopoulos VD, Brill PW. Occult nonskeletal trauma in the battered-child syndrome. Radiology. 1981 Nov; 141(2):393-6.
  102. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Adams VI, Blackbourne BD. Factors affecting visualization of posterior rib fractures in abused infants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Mar; 150(3):635-8.
  103. Spevak MR, Ahmadjian JM, Kleinman PK, Henriquez G, Hirsh MP, Cohen IT. Sonography of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis: frequency and cause of nonuniform echogenicity of the thickened pyloric muscle. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 Jan; 158(1):129-32.
  104. Nimkin K, Kleinman PK, Chappell JS. Abdominal ultrasonography of splenogonadal fusion. J Ultrasound Med. 2000 May; 19(5):345-7.
  105. Kleinman PL, Zurakowski D, Strauss KJ, Cleveland RH, Perez-Rosello JM, Nichols DP, Zou KH, Kleinman PK. Detection of simulated inflicted metaphyseal fractures in a fetal pig model: image optimization and dose reduction with computed radiography. Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):381-90.
  106. Tran B, Silvera M, Newton A, Kleinman PK. Inflicted T12 fracture-dislocation: CT/MRI correlation and mechanistic implications. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Nov; 37(11):1171-3.
  107. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. A regional approach to the classic metaphyseal lesion in abused infants: the proximal humerus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Dec; 167(6):1399-403.
  108. Hyman CJ. Fractures: abuse or rickets? Radiology. 2012 Aug; 264(2):615; author reply 615-7.
  109. Gordon CM, Feldman HA, Sinclair L, Williams AL, Kleinman PK, Perez-Rossello J, Cox JE. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among healthy infants and toddlers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Jun; 162(6):505-12.
  110. Kleinman PL, Kleinman PK, Savageau JA. Suspected infant abuse: radiographic skeletal survey practices in pediatric health care facilities. Radiology. 2004 Nov; 233(2):477-85.
  111. Kleinman PK, Marks SC. A regional approach to the classic metaphyseal lesion in abused infants: the distal femur. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998 Jan; 170(1):43-7.
  112. Chung CJ, Fordham L, Little S, Rayder S, Nimkin K, Kleinman PK, Watson C. Intraperitoneal rhabdomyosarcoma in children: incidence and imaging characteristics on CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998 May; 170(5):1385-7.
  113. Kleinman P, Winchester P. Pseudotumor of the nasal fossa secondary to mucoid impaction in choanal atresia. Pediatr Radiol. 1975 Nov 24; 4(1):47-8.
  114. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Nimkin K, Rayder SM, Kessler SC. Rib fractures in 31 abused infants: postmortem radiologic-histopathologic study. Radiology. 1996 Sep; 200(3):807-10.
  115. Kleinman PK, Spevak MR. Variations in acromial ossification simulating infant abuse in victims of sudden infant death syndrome. Radiology. 1991 Jul; 180(1):185-7.
  116. Prabhu SP, Newton AW, Perez-Rossello JM, Kleinman PK. Three-dimensional skull models as a problem-solving tool in suspected child abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43(5):575-81.
  117. Tsai A, McDonald AG, Rosenberg AE, Stamoulis C, Kleinman PK. Discordant radiologic and histological dimensions of the zone of provisional calcification in fetal piglets. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Dec; 43(12):1606-14.
  118. Tsai A, McDonald AG, Rosenberg AE, Gupta R, Kleinman PK. High-resolution CT with histopathological correlates of the classic metaphyseal lesion of infant abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Feb; 44(2):124-40.
  119. Tsai A, McDonald AG, Rosenberg AE, Gupta R, Kleinman PK. Reply to Dr. Oestreich's letter regarding the metaphyseal collar. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Aug; 44(8):1048.
  120. Walters MM, Forbes PW, Buonomo C, Kleinman PK. Healing patterns of clavicular birth injuries as a guide to fracture dating in cases of possible infant abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Oct; 44(10):1224-9.
  121. Barber I, Bixby SD, Morris NB, Kleinman PL, Perez-Rossello JM, Chang PT, Kleinman PK. An electronic tool for systematic reporting of fractures on skeletal surveys in suspected child abuse: prototype development and physician feedback. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Dec; 44(12):1564-72.
  122. Silvera VM, Danehy AR, Newton AW, Stamoulis C, Carducci C, Grant PE, Wilson CR, Kleinman PK. Retroclival collections associated with abusive head trauma in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Dec; 44 Suppl 4:S621-31.
  123. Callahan MJ, Kleinman PL, Strauss KJ, Bandos A, Taylor GA, Tsai A, Kleinman PK. Pediatric CT dose reduction for suspected appendicitis: a practice quality improvement project using artificial Gaussian noise--part 1, computer simulations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Jan; 204(1):W86-94.
  124. Barber I, Perez-Rossello JM, Wilson CR, Kleinman PK. The yield of high-detail radiographic skeletal surveys in suspected infant abuse. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Jan; 45(1):69-80.
  125. Kleinman PK, Brill PW, Winchester P. Pneumatosis intestinalis. Its occurrence in the immunologically compromised child. Am J Dis Child. 1980 Dec; 134(12):1149-51.
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