EDUCATION

Undergraduate Degree

  • Ithaca College , 2005 , Ithaca , NY

Graduate Degree

  • University of Connecticut , 2013 , Farmington , CT

Medical School

  • University of Connecticut , 2013 , Farmington , CT

Internship

  • Mt. Auburn Hospital , 2014 , Cambridge , MA

Residency

  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary , 2017 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary , 2018 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2019 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

As a physician-scientist and pediatric neuro-ophthalmologist, I focus on treating children with vision and/or eye movement disorders rooted in the nervous system, with the goal of optimizing their visual function and experience over their lifetimes.

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Ophthalmology

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Gise R, Gaier ED, Heidary G. Diagnosis and Imaging of Optic Nerve Head Drusen. Semin Ophthalmol. 2019; 34(4):256-263. View abstract
  2. Gaier ED, Gise R, Heidary G. Imaging Amblyopia: Insights from Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Semin Ophthalmol. 2019; 34(4):303-311. View abstract
  3. Gaier ED, Wang M, Gilbert AL, Rizzo JF, Cestari DM, Miller JB. Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A) in patients with non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) corresponds to visual function. PLoS One. 2018; 13(6):e0199793. View abstract
  4. Fortin E, Gaier ED. Pseudohemangioma in Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Ophthalmology. 2018 06; 125(6):903. View abstract
  5. Jeng-Miller KW, Gaier ED, Turalba AV. Bilateral uveal effusions in a 23-year-old man. Digit J Ophthalmol. 2018; 24(3):13-15. View abstract
  6. Koulouri I, Gaier ED, Eliott D, Vavvas DG. Double Optic Disc Pit With Glial Plugs Imaged by Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018 01 01; 49(1):52-54. View abstract
  7. Gaier ED, Rizzo JF, Miller JB, Cestari DM. Focal Capillary Dropout Associated With Optic Disc Drusen Using Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography. J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 12; 37(4):405-410. View abstract
  8. Gaier ED, Gilbert AL, Cestari DM, Miller JB. Optical coherence tomographic angiography identifies peripapillary microvascular dilation and focal non-perfusion in giant cell arteritis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 08; 102(8):1141-1146. View abstract
  9. Jeng-Miller KW, Cestari DM, Gaier ED. Congenital anomalies of the optic disc: insights from optical coherence tomography imaging. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov; 28(6):579-586. View abstract
  10. Gaier ED, Boudreault K, Nakata I, Janessian M, Skidd P, DelBono E, Allen KF, Pasquale LR, Place E, Cestari DM, Stacy RC, Rizzo JF, Wiggs JL. Diagnostic genetic testing for patients with bilateral optic neuropathy and comparison of clinical features according to OPA1 mutation status. Mol Vis. 2017; 23:548-560. View abstract
  11. Gaier ED, Miller JB. Retinal Loop Vessel Captured with Optical Coherence Tomography-Angiography. Ophthalmology. 2017 08; 124(8):1174. View abstract
  12. Gaier ED, Jakobiec FA, Stagner AM, Emerick K, Yoon MK. PV16-Positive Invasive Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma in an Anophthalmic Socket. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 May/Jun; 33(3S Suppl 1):S2-S4. View abstract
  13. Gaier ED, Miller JB, Loewenstein JI. Combined Central Retinal Vein Occlusion and Central Retinal Arterial Obstruction with Cilioretinal Artery Sparing. Ophthalmology. 2017 04; 124(4):576. View abstract
  14. Gaier ED, Hunter DG. Advances in Amblyopia Treatment: Paradigm Shifts and Future Directions. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2017; 57(4):117-128. View abstract
  15. Gaier ED, Torun N. The enigma of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: an update for the comprehensive ophthalmologist. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2016 Nov; 27(6):498-504. View abstract
  16. Gaier ED, Gittinger JW, Cestari DM, Miller JB. Peripapillary Capillary Dilation in Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Revealed by Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 11 01; 134(11):1332-1334. View abstract
  17. Cestari DM, Gaier ED, Bouzika P, Blachley TS, De Lott LB, Rizzo JF, Wiggs JL, Kang JH, Pasquale LR, Stein JD. Demographic, Systemic, and Ocular Factors Associated with Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Ophthalmology. 2016 12; 123(12):2446-2455. View abstract
  18. Gaier ED, Boudreault K, Rizzo JF, Falardeau J, Cestari DM. Atypical Optic Neuritis. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015 Dec; 15(12):76. View abstract
  19. Allen KF, Gaier ED, Wiggs JL. Genetics of Primary Inherited Disorders of the Optic Nerve: Clinical Applications. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2015 Jul 01; 5(7):a017277. View abstract
  20. Gaier ED, Kleppinger A, Ralle M, Covault J, Mains RE, Kenny AM, Eipper BA. Genetic determinants of amidating enzyme activity and its relationship with metal cofactors in human serum. BMC Endocr Disord. 2014 Jul 15; 14:58. View abstract
  21. Gaier ED, Eipper BA, Mains RE. Pam heterozygous mice reveal essential role for Cu in amygdalar behavioral and synaptic function. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014 May; 1314:15-23. View abstract
  22. Gaier ED, Rodriguiz RM, Zhou J, Ralle M, Wetsel WC, Eipper BA, Mains RE. In vivo and in vitro analyses of amygdalar function reveal a role for copper. J Neurophysiol. 2014 May; 111(10):1927-39. View abstract
  23. Gaier ED, Miller MB, Ralle M, Aryal D, Wetsel WC, Mains RE, Eipper BA. Peptidylglycine a-amidating monooxygenase heterozygosity alters brain copper handling with region specificity. J Neurochem. 2013 Dec; 127(5):605-19. View abstract
  24. Gaier ED, Eipper BA, Mains RE. Copper signaling in the mammalian nervous system: synaptic effects. J Neurosci Res. 2013 Jan; 91(1):2-19. View abstract
  25. Gaier ED, Kleppinger A, Ralle M, Mains RE, Kenny AM, Eipper BA. High serum Cu and Cu/Zn ratios correlate with impairments in bone density, physical performance and overall health in a population of elderly men with frailty characteristics. Exp Gerontol. 2012 Jul; 47(7):491-6. View abstract
  26. Gaier ED, Rodriguiz RM, Ma XM, Sivaramakrishnan S, Bousquet-Moore D, Wetsel WC, Eipper BA, Mains RE. Haploinsufficiency in peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase leads to altered synaptic transmission in the amygdala and impaired emotional responses. J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13; 30(41):13656-69. View abstract
  27. Ma XM, Kiraly DD, Gaier ED, Wang Y, Kim EJ, Levine ES, Eipper BA, Mains RE. Kalirin-7 is required for synaptic structure and function. J Neurosci. 2008 Nov 19; 28(47):12368-82. View abstract
  28. Peck JH, Gaier E, Stevens E, Repicky S, Harris-Warrick RM. Amine modulation of Ih in a small neural network. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Dec; 96(6):2931-40. View abstract
  29. Liu Q, Chen B, Gaier E, Joshi J, Wang ZW. Low conductance gap junctions mediate specific electrical coupling in body-wall muscle cells of Caenorhabditis elegans. J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 24; 281(12):7881-9. View abstract