Our goal is to continue the tradition of individual, patient-centered care for our spinal deformity patients, whether they are local or international, straightforward or complex, operative or non-operative.

EDUCATION

Medical School

  • Harvard Medical School , 1970 , Boston , MA

Residency

General Surgery
  • Peter Bent Brigham , 1972 , Boston , MA

Residency

Orthopedic Surgery
  • Harvard Combined Orthopedic Surgery Residency Program , 1976 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

It is an honor and privilege to be part of the Spinal Program in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at Boston Children’s Hospital. We are fortunate to have a breadth and depth of experience that allows us to care for the most complex and challenging pediatric deformities. Our goal is to continue the tradition of individual, patient-centered care for our spinal deformity patients, whether they are local or international, straightforward or complex, operative or non-operative.

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

•   Harvard College – 1966
•   Harvard Medical School – 1970
•   General Surgery, Orthopedic Residency – 1970-1976
•   Major, U.S. Army Medical Corps, Cutler Army Hospital – 1976-1978
•   Boston Children’s Hospital, 1978 – present
•   Memberships: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American Osteopathic
    Association (AOA), International Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT),
    America Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA)
•   Leadership positions: Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Growing Spine Study Group (GSSG)
•   Research interests: Early-onset deformity, congenital deformity, idiopathic scoliosis bracing

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Orthopaedics

PUBLICATIONS

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  1. Helenius IJ, Oksanen HM, McClung A, Pawelek JB, Yazici M, Sponseller PD, Emans JB, Sánchez Pérez-Grueso FJ, Thompson GH, Johnston C, Shah SA, Akbarnia BA. Outcomes of growing rod surgery for severe compared with moderate early-onset scoliosis. Bone Joint J. 2018 06 01; 100-B(6):772-779. View abstract
  2. O'Donnell C, Michael N, Pan X, Emans J, Garg S, Erickson M. Anterior Spinal Fusion and Posterior Spinal Fusion Both Effectively Treat Lenke Type 5 Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Multicenter Study. Spine Deform. 2018 May - Jun; 6(3):231-240. View abstract
  3. Hosseini P, Akbarnia BA, Nguyen S, Pawelek J, Emans J, Sturm PF, Sponseller PD. Construct Levels to Anchored Levels Ratio and Rod Diameter Are Associated With Implant-Related Complications in Traditional Growing Rods. Spine Deform. 2018 May - Jun; 6(3):320-326. View abstract
  4. Matsumoto H, Williams B, Park HY, Yoshimachi JY, Roye BD, Roye DP, Akbarnia BA, Emans J, Skaggs D, Smith JT, Vitale MG. The Final 24-Item Early Onset Scoliosis Questionnaires (EOSQ-24): Validity, Reliability and Responsiveness. J Pediatr Orthop. 2018 Mar; 38(3):144-151. View abstract
  5. Murphy RF, Emans JB, Troy M, Miller PE, Hresko MT, Karlin LI, Hedequist DJ, Glotzbecker MP. Sagittal plane parameters in growing rod patients following final fusion. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2018 Mar; 27(2):168-175. View abstract
  6. Harris LR, Andras LM, Sponseller PD, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Skaggs DL. Comparison of Percentile Weight Gain of Growth-Friendly Constructs in Early-Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2018 01; 6(1):43-47. View abstract
  7. Gomez JA, Grzywna A, Hanstein R, Emans JB, Hresko MT, Hedequist D, Karlin LI, Glotzbecker MP. Staged Growing Rods With Preimplantation of Spinal Anchors for Complex Early Onset Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec; 37(8):e606-e611. View abstract
  8. Jain VV, Berry CA, Crawford AH, Emans JB, Sponseller PD. Growing Rods Are an Effective Fusionless Method of Controlling Early-Onset Scoliosis Associated With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1): A Multicenter Retrospective Case Series. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec; 37(8):e612-e618. View abstract
  9. Tobert DG, Glotzbecker MP, Hresko MT, Karlin LI, Proctor MR, Emans JB, Miller PE, Hedequist DJ. Efficacy of Intraoperative Neurophysiologic Monitoring for Pediatric Cervical Spine Surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Jul 01; 42(13):974-978. View abstract
  10. Hill G, Nagaraja S, Akbarnia BA, Pawelek J, Sponseller P, Sturm P, Emans J, Bonangelino P, Cockrum J, Kane W, Dreher M. Retrieval and clinical analysis of distraction-based dual growing rod constructs for early-onset scoliosis. Spine J. 2017 10; 17(10):1506-1518. View abstract
  11. Polly DW, Ledonio CG, Diamond B, Labelle H, Sucato DJ, Hresko MT, Emans JB, Vitale MG, Erickson MA, Larson AN. What are the Indications for Spinal Fusion Surgery in Scheuermann Kyphosis? J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Jan 30. View abstract
  12. Poe-Kochert C, Shannon C, Pawelek JB, Thompson GH, Hardesty CK, Marks DS, Akbarnia BA, McCarthy RE, Emans JB. Final Fusion After Growing-Rod Treatment for Early Onset Scoliosis: Is It Really Final? J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Nov 16; 98(22):1913-1917. View abstract
  13. Sawyer JR, de Mendonça RG, Flynn TS, Samdani AF, El-Hawary R, Spurway AJ, Smith JT, Emans JB, St Hilaire TA, Soufleris SJ, Murphy RP. Complications and Radiographic Outcomes of Posterior Spinal Fusion and Observation in Patients Who Have Undergone Distraction-Based Treatment for Early Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2016 11; 4(6):407-412. View abstract
  14. Abd-El-Barr MM, Snyder BD, Emans JB, Proctor MR, Hedequist D. Combined preoperative traction with instrumented posterior occipitocervical fusion for severe ventral brainstem compression secondary to displaced os odontoideum: technical report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Dec; 25(6):724-729. View abstract
  15. Upasani VV, Parvaresh KC, Pawelek JB, Miller PE, Thompson GH, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Glotzbecker MP. Age at Initiation and Deformity Magnitude Influence Complication Rates of Surgical Treatment With Traditional Growing Rods in Early-Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2016 09; 4(5):344-350. View abstract
  16. Upasani VV, Ketwaroo PD, Estroff JA, Warf BC, Emans JB, Glotzbecker MP. Prenatal diagnosis and assessment of congenital spinal anomalies: Review for prenatal counseling. World J Orthop. 2016 Jul 18; 7(7):406-17. View abstract
  17. Jain A, Sponseller PD, Flynn JM, Shah SA, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Pawelek JB, Akbarnia BA. Avoidance of "Final" Surgical Fusion After Growing-Rod Treatment for Early-Onset Scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Jul 06; 98(13):1073-8. View abstract
  18. Grzywna AM, Miller PE, Glotzbecker MP, Emans JB. Offset layered closure reduces deep wound infection in early-onset scoliosis surgery. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Jul; 25(4):361-8. View abstract
  19. Hedequist DJ, Emans JB. Cervical Spine Instrumentation in Children. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Jun; 24(6):370-8. View abstract
  20. Upasani VV, Miller PE, Emans JB, Smith JT, Betz RR, Flynn JM, Glotzbecker MP. VEPTR Implantation After Age 3 is Associated With Similar Radiographic Outcomes With Fewer Complications. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Apr-May; 36(3):219-25. View abstract
  21. Larson AN, Polly DW, Ackerman SJ, Ledonio CG, Lonner BS, Shah SA, Emans JB, Richards BS. What would be the annual cost savings if fewer screws were used in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treatment in the US? J Neurosurg Spine. 2016 Jan; 24(1):116-23. View abstract
  22. Glotzbecker MP, Wasser AM, Troy MJ, Proctor M, Emans JB. Neonatal C1 TO C2 osteomyelitis leading to instability and neurological decline: novel treatment with occiput-C1-C2 fusion and occiput to thorax growing rods. A case report. J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Jun; 35(4):379-84. View abstract
  23. Andras LM, Joiner ER, McCarthy RE, McCullough L, Luhmann SJ, Sponseller PD, Emans JB, Barrett KK, Skaggs DL. Growing Rods Versus Shilla Growth Guidance: Better Cobb Angle Correction and T1-S1 Length Increase But More Surgeries. Spine Deform. 2015 May; 3(3):246-252. View abstract
  24. Upasani VV, Hedequist DJ, Hresko MT, Karlin LI, Emans JB, Glotzbecker MP. Spinal deformity progression after posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2015 Feb; 9(1):29-37. View abstract
  25. Arandi NR, Pawelek JB, Kabirian N, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Flynn JM, Dormans JP, Akbarnia BA. Do Thoracolumbar/lumbar Curves Respond Differently to Growing Rod Surgery Compared With Thoracic Curves? Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):475-480. View abstract
  26. Akbarnia BA, Pawelek JB, Cheung KM, Demirkiran G, Elsebaie H, Emans JB, Johnston CE, Mundis GM, Noordeen H, Skaggs DL, Sponseller PD, Thompson GH, Yaszay B, Yazici M. Traditional Growing Rods Versus Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Surgical Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Case-Matched 2-Year Study. Spine Deform. 2014 Nov; 2(6):493-497. View abstract
  27. Shah SA, Karatas AF, Dhawale AA, Dede O, Mundis GM, Holmes L, Yorgova P, Neiss G, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Thompson GH, Pawelek JB, Akbarnia BA. The effect of serial growing rod lengthening on the sagittal profile and pelvic parameters in early-onset scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Oct 15; 39(22):E1311-7. View abstract
  28. Glotzbecker M, Johnston C, Miller P, Smith J, Perez-Grueso FS, Woon R, Flynn J, Gold M, Garg S, Redding G, Cahill P, Emans J. Is there a relationship between thoracic dimensions and pulmonary function in early-onset scoliosis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Sep 01; 39(19):1590-5. View abstract
  29. Gomez JA, Matsumoto H, Colacchio ND, Roye DP, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Emans JB, Erickson MA, Sanders JO, Lenke LG, Vitale MG. Risk Factors for Coronal Decompensation After Posterior Spinal Instrumentation and Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2014 Sep; 2(5):380-385. View abstract
  30. Vitale MG, Skaggs DL, Pace GI, Wright ML, Matsumoto H, Anderson RC, Brockmeyer DL, Dormans JP, Emans JB, Erickson MA, Flynn JM, Glotzbecker MP, Ibrahim KN, Lewis SJ, Luhmann SJ, Mendiratta A, Richards BS, Sanders JO, Shah SA, Smith JT, Song KM, Sponseller PD, Sucato DJ, Roye DP, Lenke LG. Best Practices in Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Spine Deformity Surgery: Development of an Intraoperative Checklist to Optimize Response. Spine Deform. 2014 Sep; 2(5):333-339. View abstract
  31. Glotzbecker MP, Wasser AM, Hresko MT, Karlin LI, Emans JB, Hedequist DJ. Efficacy of nonfusion treatment for subacute and chronic atlanto-axial rotatory fixation in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Jul-Aug; 34(5):490-5. View abstract
  32. Glotzbecker MP, Gold M, Miller P, Akbarnia BA, Johnston C, Sanchez Perez Grueso F, Shah SA, Emans J. Distraction-Based Treatment Maintains Predicted Thoracic Dimensions in Early-Onset Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2014 May; 2(3):203-207. View abstract
  33. Myung KS, Skaggs DL, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Akbarnia BA. Nutritional improvement following growing rod surgery in children with early onset scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2014 May; 8(3):251-6. View abstract
  34. Larson AN, Polly DW, Diamond B, Ledonio C, Richards BS, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Johnston CE. Does higher anchor density result in increased curve correction and improved clinical outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 01; 39(7):571-8. View abstract
  35. Gold M, Dombek M, Miller PE, Emans JB, Glotzbecker MP. Prediction of thoracic dimensions and spine length on the basis of individual pelvic dimensions: validation of the use of pelvic inlet width obtained by radiographs compared with computed tomography. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Jan 01; 39(1):74-80. View abstract
  36. Flynn JM, Emans JB, Smith JT, Betz RR, Deeney VF, Patel NM, Campbell RM. VEPTR to treat nonsyndromic congenital scoliosis: a multicenter, mid-term follow-up study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Oct-Nov; 33(7):679-84. View abstract
  37. Larson AN, Aubin CE, Polly DW, Ledonio CG, Lonner BS, Shah SA, Richards BS, Erickson MA, Emans JB, Weinstein SL. Are More Screws Better? A Systematic Review of Anchor Density and Curve Correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2013 Jul; 1(4):237-247. View abstract
  38. Crawford CH, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Emans JB, Vitale MG, Erickson MA, Sanders JO. Selective thoracic fusion in Lenke 1C curves: prevalence and criteria. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jul 15; 38(16):1380-5. View abstract
  39. Vitale MG, Riedel MD, Glotzbecker MP, Matsumoto H, Roye DP, Akbarnia BA, Anderson RC, Brockmeyer DL, Emans JB, Erickson M, Flynn JM, Lenke LG, Lewis SJ, Luhmann SJ, McLeod LM, Newton PO, Nyquist AC, Richards BS, Shah SA, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Sponseller PD, Sucato DJ, Zeller RD, Saiman L. Building consensus: development of a Best Practice Guideline (BPG) for surgical site infection (SSI) prevention in high-risk pediatric spine surgery. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):471-8. View abstract
  40. Glotzbecker MP, Emans JB. Commentary: Does pedicle screw density matter in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Spine J. 2013 Apr; 13(4):382-3. View abstract
  41. Lenke LG, Newton PO, Sucato DJ, Shufflebarger HL, Emans JB, Sponseller PD, Shah SA, Sides BA, Blanke KM. Complications after 147 consecutive vertebral column resections for severe pediatric spinal deformity: a multicenter analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jan 15; 38(2):119-32. View abstract
  42. Newton PO, Bastrom TP, Emans JB, Shah SA, Shufflebarger HL, Sponseller PD, Sucato DJ, Lenke LG. Antifibrinolytic agents reduce blood loss during pediatric vertebral column resection procedures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Nov 01; 37(23):E1459-63. View abstract
  43. Schroerlucke SR, Akbarnia BA, Pawelek JB, Salari P, Mundis GM, Yazici M, Emans JB, Sponseller PD. How does thoracic kyphosis affect patient outcomes in growing rod surgery? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Jul 01; 37(15):1303-9. View abstract
  44. Sponseller PD, Jain A, Lenke LG, Shah SA, Sucato DJ, Emans JB, Newton PO. Vertebral column resection in children with neuromuscular spine deformity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 15; 37(11):E655-61. View abstract
  45. Delaney RA, Burns A, Emans JB. Arteriovenous fistula formation after a closed proximal tibial fracture in a child. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011 Oct; 93(10):1424-6. View abstract
  46. Sanders JO, Diab M, Richards SB, Lenke LG, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Erickson MA, Bridwell KH, McCarthy RE, Sarwark JF, Dormans JP. Fixation points within the main thoracic curve: does more instrumentation produce greater curve correction and improved results? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 01; 36(21):E1402-6. View abstract
  47. Yang JS, Sponseller PD, Thompson GH, Akbarnia BA, Emans JB, Yazici M, Skaggs DL, Shah SA, Salari P, Poe-Kochert C. Growing rod fractures: risk factors and opportunities for prevention. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Sep 15; 36(20):1639-44. View abstract
  48. McElroy MJ, Shaner AC, Crawford TO, Thompson GH, Kadakia RV, Akbarnia BA, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Sponseller PD. Growing rods for scoliosis in spinal muscular atrophy: structural effects, complications, and hospital stays. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jul 15; 36(16):1305-11. View abstract
  49. Flynn JM, Ramirez N, Emans JB, Smith JT, Mulcahey MJ, Betz RR. Is the vertebral expandable prosthetic titanium rib a surgical alternative in patients with spina bifida? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 May; 469(5):1291-6. View abstract
  50. Caubet JF, Emans JB. Halo-gravity traction versus surgical release before implantation of expandable spinal devices: a comparison of results and complications in early-onset spinal deformity. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Apr; 24(2):99-104. View abstract
  51. Roberts DW, Savage JW, Schwartz DG, Carreon LY, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO, Richards BS, Lenke LG, Emans JB, Parent S, Sarwark JF. Male-female differences in Scoliosis Research Society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jan 01; 36(1):E53-9. View abstract
  52. Elsebai HB, Yazici M, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Crawford AH, Karlin LI, McCarthy RE, Poe-Kochert C, Kostial P, Akbarnia BA. Safety and efficacy of growing rod technique for pediatric congenital spinal deformities. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan-Feb; 31(1):1-5. View abstract
  53. Akbarnia BA, Emans JB. Complications of growth-sparing surgery in early onset scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 01; 35(25):2193-204. View abstract
  54. Diab M, Sharkey M, Emans J, Lenke L, Oswald T, Sucato D. Preoperative bracing affects postoperative outcome of posterior spine fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Sep 15; 35(20):1876-9. View abstract
  55. Ramirez N, Flynn JM, Emans JB, Betz R, Smith JT, Price N, St Hilaire T, Joshi AP, Campbell RM. Vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib as treatment of thoracic insufficiency syndrome in spondylocostal dysplasia. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep; 30(6):521-6. View abstract
  56. Yang JS, McElroy MJ, Akbarnia BA, Salari P, Oliveira D, Thompson GH, Emans JB, Yazici M, Skaggs DL, Shah SA, Kostial PN, Sponseller PD. Growing rods for spinal deformity: characterizing consensus and variation in current use. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Apr-May; 30(3):264-70. View abstract
  57. Hedequist D, Bekelis K, Emans J, Proctor MR. Single stage reduction and stabilization of basilar invagination after failed prior fusion surgery in children with Down's syndrome. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Feb 15; 35(4):E128-33. View abstract
  58. Caubet JF, Emans JB, Smith JT, Vanbosse H, Ramirez N, Flynn J, Vitale M, Smith M, St Hilaire T, Klinge S. Increased hemoglobin levels in patients with early onset scoliosis: prevalence and effect of a treatment with Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Nov 01; 34(23):2534-6. View abstract
  59. Blaskiewicz DJ, Sure DR, Hedequist DJ, Emans JB, Grant F, Proctor MR. Osteoid osteomas: intraoperative bone scan-assisted resection. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Sep; 4(3):237-44. View abstract
  60. Sankar WN, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Marks DS, Dormans JP, Thompson GH, Shah SA, Sponseller PD, Akbarnia BA. Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15; 34(18):1952-5. View abstract
  61. Yazici M, Emans J. Fusionless instrumentation systems for congenital scoliosis: expandable spinal rods and vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib in the management of congenital spine deformities in the growing child. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 01; 34(17):1800-7. View abstract
  62. Sponseller PD, Yang JS, Thompson GH, McCarthy RE, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Asher MA, Yazici M, Poe-Kochert C, Kostial P, Akbarnia BA. Pelvic fixation of growing rods: comparison of constructs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jul 15; 34(16):1706-10. View abstract
  63. Sponseller PD, Thompson GH, Akbarnia BA, Glait SA, Asher MA, Emans JB, Dietz HC. Growing rods for infantile scoliosis in Marfan syndrome. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jul 15; 34(16):1711-5. View abstract
  64. Skaggs DL, Choi PD, Rice C, Emans J, Song KM, Smith JT, Campbell RM. Efficacy of intraoperative neurologic monitoring in surgery involving a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib for early-onset spinal deformity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul; 91(7):1657-63. View abstract
  65. Samdani AF, St Hilaire T, Emans JB, Smith JT, Song K, Campbell RJ, Betz RR. The usefulness of VEPTR in the older child with complex spine and chest deformity. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Mar; 468(3):700-4. View abstract
  66. Hedequist D, Emans J, Proctor M. Three rod technique facilitates hemivertebra wedge excision in young children through a posterior only approach. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Mar 15; 34(6):E225-9. View abstract
  67. Hedequist D, Haugen A, Hresko T, Emans J. Failure of attempted implant retention in spinal deformity delayed surgical site infections. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Jan 01; 34(1):60-4. View abstract
  68. Cornier AS, Staehling-Hampton K, Delventhal KM, Saga Y, Caubet JF, Sasaki N, Ellard S, Young E, Ramirez N, Carlo SE, Torres J, Emans JB, Turnpenny PD, Pourquié O. Mutations in the MESP2 gene cause spondylothoracic dysostosis/Jarcho-Levin syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Jun; 82(6):1334-41. View abstract
  69. Vitale MG, Matsumoto H, Roye DP, Gomez JA, Betz RR, Emans JB, Skaggs DL, Smith JT, Song KM, Campbell RM. Health-related quality of life in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Mar; 28(2):239-43. View abstract
  70. Sanders JO, Harrast JJ, Kuklo TR, Polly DW, Bridwell KH, Diab M, Dormans JP, Drummond DS, Emans JB, Johnston CE, Lenke LG, McCarthy RE, Newton PO, Richards BS, Sucato DJ. The Spinal Appearance Questionnaire: results of reliability, validity, and responsiveness testing in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2719-22. View abstract
  71. Carreon LY, Puno RM, Lenke LG, Richards BS, Sucato DJ, Emans JB, Erickson MA. Non-neurologic complications following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Nov; 89(11):2427-32. View abstract
  72. Hedequist D, Emans J. Anterior exposures of the pediatric spine and posterior pedicle screw instrumentation. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007 Oct; 18(4):681-95. View abstract
  73. Hedequist D, Yeon H, Emans J. The use of allograft as a bone graft substitute in patients with congenital spine deformities. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Sep; 27(6):686-9. View abstract
  74. Sponseller PD, Yazici M, Demetracopoulos C, Emans JB. Evidence basis for management of spine and chest wall deformities in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Sep 01; 32(19 Suppl):S81-90. View abstract
  75. Kocher MS, Kasser JR, Waters PM, Bae D, Snyder BD, Hresko MT, Hedequist D, Karlin L, Kim YJ, Murray MM, Millis MB, Emans JB, Dichtel L, Matheney T, Lee BM. Lateral entry compared with medial and lateral entry pin fixation for completely displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children. A randomized clinical trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Apr; 89(4):706-12. View abstract
  76. Hedequist D, Emans J. Congenital scoliosis: a review and update. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):106-16. View abstract
  77. Hedequist DJ, Emans JB, Hall JE. Operative treatment of scoliosis in patients with a Fontan circulation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Jan 15; 31(2):202-5. View abstract
  78. Emans JB, Ciarlo M, Callahan M, Zurakowski D. Prediction of thoracic dimensions and spine length based on individual pelvic dimensions in children and adolescents: an age-independent, individualized standard for evaluation of outcome in early onset spinal deformity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Dec 15; 30(24):2824-9. View abstract
  79. Emans JB, Caubet JF, Ordonez CL, Lee EY, Ciarlo M. The treatment of spine and chest wall deformities with fused ribs by expansion thoracostomy and insertion of vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib: growth of thoracic spine and improvement of lung volumes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Sep 01; 30(17 Suppl):S58-68. View abstract
  80. Katz DA, Hall JE, Emans JB. Cervical kyphosis associated with anteroposterior dissociation and quadriparesis in Larsen's syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jul-Aug; 25(4):429-33. View abstract
  81. Snyder BD, Katz DA, Myers ER, Breitenbach MA, Emans JB. Bone density accumulation is not affected by brace treatment of idiopathic scoliosis in adolescent girls. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jul-Aug; 25(4):423-8. View abstract
  82. Katz DA, Hall JE, Emans JB. Cervical kyphosis associated with anteroposterior dissociation and quadriparesis in Larsen’s syndrome. J Pediatr Ortho. 2005; 25(4):429-33. View abstract
  83. Kim YJ, Kassab F, Berven SH, Zurakowski D, Hresko MT, Emans JB, Kasser JR. Serum levels of nickel and chromium after instrumented posterior spinal arthrodesis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2005 Apr 15; 30(8):923-6. View abstract
  84. Hedequist DJ, Hall JE, Emans JB. Hemivertebra excision in children via simultaneous anterior and posterior exposures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jan-Feb; 25(1):60-3. View abstract
  85. Hedequist DJ, Hall JE. Hemivertebra excision in children via simultaneous anterior and posterior exposures. J. Ped. Ortho. 2005; 25(1). View abstract
  86. Hedequist DJ, Hall JE, Emans JB. The safety and efficacy of spinal instrumentation in children with congenital spine deformities. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Sep 15; 29(18):2081-6; discussion 2087. View abstract
  87. Hedequist D, Emans J. Congenital scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 Jul-Aug; 12(4):266-75. View abstract
  88. Hedequist DJ, Emans JB. The correlation of preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography reconstructions with operative findings in congenital scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Nov 15; 28(22):2531-4; discussion 1. View abstract
  89. Ralston ME, Ecklund K, Emans JB, Torrey SB, Bailey MC, Schutzman SA. Role of oblique radiographs in blunt pediatric cervical spine injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2003 Apr; 19(2):68-72. View abstract
  90. Lerman JA, Emans JB, Hall JE, Karlin LI. Spinal arthrodesis for scoliosis in Down syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr; 23(2):159-61. View abstract
  91. Hedequist D, Kasser J, Emans J. Use of an abduction brace for developmental dysplasia of the hip after failure of Pavlik harness use. J Pediatr Orthop. 2003 Mar-Apr; 23(2):175-7. View abstract
  92. Kim YJ, Otsuka NY, Flynn JM, Hall JE, Emans JB, Hresko MT. Surgical treatment of congenital kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2001 Oct 15; 26(20):2251-7. View abstract
  93. Lerman JA, Emans JB, Millis MB, Share J, Zurakowski D, Kasser JR. Early failure of Pavlik harness treatment for developmental hip dysplasia: clinical and ultrasound predictors. J Pediatr Orthop. 2001 May-Jun; 21(3):348-53. View abstract
  94. Ralston ME, Chung K, Barnes PD, Emans JB, Schutzman SA. Role of flexion-extension radiographs in blunt pediatric cervical spine injury. Acad Emerg Med. 2001 Mar; 8(3):237-45. View abstract
  95. Emans, J.B. Pediatric and Adolescent Spinal Deformity. Oxford Textbook of Surgery. W.W. Wood, editor. 2001. View abstract
  96. Ralston ME, Chung K, Barnes PD, Emans JB, Schutzman SA. Role of flexion-extension radiographs in blunt pediatric cervical spine injury. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2001; 8:237-245. View abstract
  97. Emans, J.B. Scoliosis and Kyphosis Stabilization. In Operative Neurosurgery. Kaye, AH, Black, PM editors. 2000; 1993-2013. View abstract
  98. Emans, J.B. Brace Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis: What makes sense in the new millennium. In SPINE: State of the Art Reviews. Strategies in the Pediatric Spine. 2000; 14(1):21-45. View abstract
  99. Emans, J.B. Brace Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis: What makes sense in the new millennium. In SPINE: State of the Art Reviews. Strategies in the Pediatric Spine. Drummond, DS ed. 2000; 14(1):21-45. View abstract
  100. Coran DL, Rodgers WB, Keane JF, Hall JE, Emans JB. Spinal fusion in patients with congenital heart disease. Predictors of outcome. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Jul; (364):99-107. View abstract
  101. Rodgers WB, Coran DL, Emans JB, Hresko MT, Hall JE. Occipitocervical fusions in children. Retrospective analysis and technical considerations. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Jul; (364):125-33. View abstract
  102. Pontari MA, Bauer SB, Hall JE, Emans JB. Adverse urologic consequences of spinal cord resection at the time of kyphectomy: value of preoperative urodynamic evaluation. J Pediatr Orthop. 1998 Nov-Dec; 18(6):820-3. View abstract
  103. Rodgers WB, Coran DL, Kharrazi FD, Hall JE, Emans JB. Increasing lordosis of the occipitocervical junction after arthrodesis in young children: the occipitocervical crankshaft phenomenon. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Nov-Dec; 17(6):762-5. View abstract
  104. Rodgers WB, Williams MS, Schwend RM, Emans JB. Spinal deformity in myelodysplasia. Correction with posterior pedicle screw instrumentation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Oct 15; 22(20):2435-43. View abstract
  105. Emans, JB Snyder, BD, Breitenbach, MA, Myers, ER. Long term functional outcome of Boston brace treatment of idiopathic scoliosis: function, body pain, bone density and curve status 15 to 21 years after the completion of treatment. 1997. View abstract
  106. Rodgers WB, Schwend RM, Jaramillo D, Kasser JR, Emans JB. Chronic physeal fractures in myelodysplasia: magnetic resonance analysis, histologic description, treatment, and outcome. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Sep-Oct; 17(5):615-21. View abstract
  107. Waters PM, Van Heest AE, Emans J. Acute forearm lengthenings. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Jul-Aug; 17(4):444-9. View abstract
  108. Barr SJ, Schuette AM, Emans JB. Lumbar pedicle screws versus hooks. Results in double major curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Jun 15; 22(12):1369-79. View abstract
  109. Rowe DE, Bernstein SM, Riddick MF, Adler F, Emans JB, Gardner-Bonneau D. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of non-operative treatments for idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997 May; 79(5):664-74. View abstract
  110. Rodgers WB, Frim DM, Emans JB. Surgery of the spine in myelodysplasia. An overview. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 May; (338):19-35. View abstract
  111. Flynn JM, Otsuka NY, Emans JB, Hall JE, Hresko MT. Segmental spinal dysgenesis: early neurologic deterioration and treatment. J Pediatr Orthop. 1997 Jan-Feb; 17(1):100-4. View abstract
  112. Hoffer FA, Emans J. Percutaneous drainage of subperiosteal abscess: a potential treatment for osteomyelitis. Pediatr Radiol. 1996 Dec; 26(12):879-81. View abstract
  113. Mejia EA, Hennrikus WL, Schwend RM, Emans JB. A prospective evaluation of idiopathic left thoracic scoliosis with magnetic resonance imaging. J Pediatr Orthop. 1996 May-Jun; 16(3):354-8. View abstract
  114. Hamner DL, Lyon RM, Emans JB. Sudden death of a child who had pain in the knee and varicella. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996 Apr; 78(4):594-6. View abstract
  115. Hangen DH, Kasser JR, Emans JB, Millis MB. The Pavlik harness and developmental dysplasia of the hip: has ultrasound changed treatment patterns? J Pediatr Orthop. 1995 Nov-Dec; 15(6):729-35. View abstract
  116. Mooney JF, Emans JB. Progressive kyphosis and neurologic compromise complicating spondylothoracic dysplasia in infancy (Jarcho-Levin syndrome). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Sep 01; 20(17):1938-42. View abstract
  117. Mooney JF, Emans JB. Developmental dislocation of the hip: a clinical overview. Pediatr Rev. 1995 Aug; 16(8):299-303; quiz 304. View abstract
  118. Snyder BD, Zaltz I, Breitenbach MA, Kido TH, Myers ER, Emans JB. Does bracing affect bone density in adolescent scoliosis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Jul 15; 20(14):1554-60. View abstract
  119. Snyder BD, Zaltz I, Hall JE, Emans JB. Predicting the integrity of vertebral bone screw fixation in anterior spinal instrumentation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1995 Jul 15; 20(14):1568-74. View abstract
  120. Schwend RM, Hennrikus W, Hall JE, Emans JB. Childhood scoliosis: clinical indications for magnetic resonance imaging. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995 Jan; 77(1):46-53. View abstract
  121. Campbell CC, Waters PM, Emans JB, Kasser JR, Millis MB. Neurovascular injury and displacement in type III supracondylar humerus fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 1995 Jan-Feb; 15(1):47-52. View abstract
  122. Mooney, J.M. and Emans J.B. Developmental Dislocation of the Hip: A Clinical Overview. Pediatrics in Review,. American Academy of Pediatrics. 1995; 16:229-306. View abstract
  123. Emans, J.B. . Developmental Deformities. In Operative Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery. ed. J. Beatty, T. Canale,. 1995. View abstract
  124. Mooney JF, Hall JE, Emans JB, Millis MB, Kasser JR. Spinal deformity associated with neurenteric cysts in children. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994 Jul 01; 19(13):1445-50. View abstract
  125. Goldberg CJ, Dowling FE, Hall JE, Emans JB. A statistical comparison between natural history of idiopathic scoliosis and brace treatment in skeletally immature adolescent girls. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1993 Jun 01; 18(7):902-8. View abstract
  126. Mathias R, Salusky I, Harman W, Paredes A, Emans J, Segre G, Goodman W. Renal bone disease in pediatric and young adult patients on hemodialysis in a children's hospital. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1993 Jun; 3(12):1938-46. View abstract
  127. Barnes PD, Brody JD, Jaramillo D, Akbar JU, Emans JB. Atypical idiopathic scoliosis: MR imaging evaluation. Radiology. 1993 Jan; 186(1):247-53. View abstract
  128. Ajeena AW, Hall JE, Emans JB. Comparison between segmental and non-segmental spinal instrumentation following kyphectomy in myelodysplastic kyphosis. Orth Trans. 1993; 17:107. View abstract
  129. Ajeena AW, Hall JE, Emans JB. Functional outcome in myelodysplasia following spinal fusion. Orth Trans. 1993; 17:107. View abstract
  130. Schwend RM, Waters PM, Hey LA, Hall JE, Emans JB. Treatment of severe spondylolisthesis in children by reduction and L4-S4 posterior segmental hyperextension fixation. J Pediatr Orthop. 1992 Nov-Dec; 12(6):703-11. View abstract
  131. Smith RM, Emans JB. Sitting balance in spinal deformity. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Sep; 17(9):1103-9. View abstract
  132. Emans JB. Allergy to latex in patients who have myelodysplasia. Relevance for the orthopaedic surgeon. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1992 Aug; 74(7):1103-9. View abstract
  133. Campbell CC, Waters PM, Emans JB. Excision of the radial head for congenital dislocation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1992 Jun; 74(5):726-33. View abstract
  134. Shuren N, Kasser JR, Emans JB, Rand F. Reevaluation of the use of the Risser sign in idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992 Mar; 17(3):359-61. View abstract
  135. Smith RM, Emans JB, Miller J. Fracture of the odontoid in a toddler. Injury. 1992; 23(5):352-3. View abstract
  136. Emans, J.B. . Current Concepts Review: Allergy to Latex in Patients Who Have Myelodysplasia. Relevance to the orthopaedic surgeon. J.B.J.S. 1992; 74-A(7):1103-1109. View abstract
  137. Ryan KD, Ploski C, Emans JB. Myelodysplasia--the musculoskeletal problem: habilitation from infancy to adulthood. Phys Ther. 1991 Dec; 71(12):935-46. View abstract
  138. Emans, J.B. Instrumentation for Spinal Deformities in Children, in Perspectives in Orthopaedic Surgery, Ed. J.D. Heckman. 1991. View abstract
  139. Ryan, K.D., Ploski, C. and Emans, J.B. Myelodysplasia--the Musculoskeletal Problem: Habilitation from Infancy to Adulthood. J. Physical Therapy. 1991; 71(12):935-946. View abstract
  140. Kasinski S, Emans JB. Epiphyseolysis in a pediatric renal transplant population. Orth Trans. 1991; 15:129. View abstract
  141. Shaw BA, Kasser JR, Emans JB, Rand FF. Management of vascular injuries in displaced supracondylar humerus fractures without arteriography. J Orthop Trauma. 1990; 4(1):25-9. View abstract
  142. Millis MB, Hall JE, Emans JB. Short anterior instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic thoracolumbar scoliosis. Orth Trans. 1990; 14:742. View abstract
  143. Emans, J.B. Chapter: Thoracolumbar Spine. Pediatric Aspects. in Orthopaedic Knowledge Update III. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Ed. R.L. Poss. 1990. View abstract
  144. Mah JY, Thometz J, Emans J, Millis M, Hall JE. Threaded K-wire spinous process fixation of the axis for modified Gallie fusion in children and adolescents. J Pediatr Orthop. 1989 Nov-Dec; 9(6):675-9. View abstract
  145. Emans, J. The Cause of Back Pain in Children and Adolescents. J. Musculoskeletal Medicine. 1989; 6:46-56. View abstract
  146. Thometz JG, Emans JB. A comparison between spinous process and sublaminar wiring combined with Harrington distraction instrumentation in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 1988 Mar-Apr; 8(2):129-32. View abstract
  147. Yu L, Emans JB. Epidural abscess associated with spondylolysis. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Mar; 70(3):444-7. View abstract
  148. Reilly JP, Gross RH, Emans JB, Yngve DA. Disorders of the sacro-iliac joint in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988 Jan; 70(1):31-40. View abstract
  149. Teele RL, Nussbaum AR, Wyly JB, Allred EN, Emans J. Cholelithiasis after spinal fusion for scoliosis in children. J Pediatr. 1987 Dec; 111(6 Pt 1):857-60. View abstract
  150. Floyd WE, Gebhardt MC, Emans JB. Intra-articular entrapment of the median nerve after elbow dislocation in children. J Hand Surg Am. 1987 Sep; 12(5 Pt 1):704-7. View abstract
  151. Davis RJ, Brown CW, Bunnell WP, Emans JB. The efficacy of electrical surface stimulation versus bracing in the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis - a comparative study. Orth Trans. 1987; 11:104. View abstract
  152. Sullivan JA, Davidson R, Renshaw TS, Emans JB, Johnston C, Sussman M. Further evaluation of the Scolitron treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986 Nov; 11(9):903-6. View abstract
  153. Emans JB, Kaelin A, Bancel P, Hall JE, Miller ME. The Boston bracing system for idiopathic scoliosis. Follow-up results in 295 patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1986 Oct; 11(8):792-801. View abstract
  154. Cohen MS, Gelberman RH, Griffin PP, Kasser JR, Emans JB, Millis MB. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: assessment of epiphyseal displacement and angulation. J Pediatr Orthop. 1986 May-Jun; 6(3):259-64. View abstract
  155. Papanicolaou N, Wilkinson RH, Emans JB, Treves S, Micheli LJ. Bone scintigraphy and radiography in young athletes with low back pain. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Nov; 145(5):1039-44. View abstract
  156. Kaelin AJ, Emans JB. En-bloc resection for proximal humerus osteogenic sarcoma. Z Kinderchir. 1985 Aug; 40(4):217-20. View abstract
  157. Emans, J.B. . Diagnosis of childhood and adolescent scoliosis. J. Musculoskeletal Medicine. 1985; 2(3):11-24. View abstract
  158. Kaelin A, Bancel, P., Emans, J.B. and Hall, J.E. Le corset de Boston. Etude prognostique. Medecine et Hygiene. 1985; (43):1506-1514. View abstract
  159. Emans JB. Scoliosis: diagnosis and current treatment. Women Health. 1984 Summer-Fall; 9(2-3):81-102. View abstract
  160. Emans, J.B. Scoliosis: Diagnosis and current treatment. in Health Care of the Female Adolescent. Ed. Sharon Golub. 1984. View abstract
  161. Emans, J.B. Upper extremity injuries. in Pediatric and Adolescent Sports Medicine, Chap. 5, Ed. L.J. Micheli. 1983. View abstract
  162. Herndon WA, Emans JB, Micheli LJ, Hall JE. Combined anterior and posterior fusion for Scheuermann's kyphosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1981 Mar-Apr; 6(2):125-30. View abstract
  163. Emans, J.B., Bailey, T.E. and Hall, J.E. Preliminary observations in the longitudinal follow up of mild idiopathic scoliosis utilizing shadow Moiré topography. 1981. View abstract
  164. Speyer JL, Emans JB, Kimball JW, Pappenheimer AM. Quantitative studies of the specificity of anti-pneumococcal polysaccharide antibodies, types 3 and 8. V. Cross-reacting antibodies in rabbit antisera. Immunochemistry. 1973 Apr; 10(4):257-63. View abstract
  165. Jones AL, Ruderman, N.B. and Emans, J.B. . 1969; 56:402. An electron microscopic study of hepatic lipoprotein synthesis in the rat following anti-insulin serum, nicotinic acid and puromycin administration. Gastroenterology. 1969; 56:402. View abstract
  166. Jones, A.L. and Emans, J.B. The effects of progesterone administration on hepatic endoplasmic reticulum; an electron microscopic and biochemical study. In Proceedings on the Metabolic Effects of Gonadohormones and Contraceptive Steroids. 1969. View abstract
  167. Emans JB, Jones AL. Hypertrophy of liver cell smooth surfaced reticulum following progesterone administration. J Histochem Cytochem. 1968 Sep; 16(9):561-71. View abstract
  168. Emans, J.B. Biosynthesis of a labeled pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide. 1966. View abstract