Christopher Duggan MD

Christopher P. Duggan, MD, MPH

Senior Physician in Medicine; Director, Center for Nutrition; Medical Director, Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation

Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Professor in the Departments of Nutrition and Global Health and Population, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health

  • Contact: 617-355-7612

  • Fax: 617-730-4722

Medical Services

Specialties

  • Nutrition
  • Malnutrition
  • Short Bowel Syndrome
  • Diarrheal Diseases
  • Intestinal Failure

Departments

  • Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
  • Medicine

Programs

  • Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation (CAIR)
  • Nutrition Center
  • Pediatric Critical Care Nutrition Program
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-7612 or Request an Appointment
Christopher Duggan MD

Philosophy of Care 

My interest in pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition was driven by formative experiences in medical school and residency where I saw how important nutritional interventions can be to improve maternal and child health.  My work in Tanzania, India and other countries informs the care of my patients in Boston, both scientifically and philosophically.  Diseases that are easily prevented in the US by clean water, good food and vaccines unfortunately still plague many of the world’s children, and by studying better interventions among children with diarrhea, we can improve medical and nutritional outcomes for all.  I enjoy working in the collaborative, multidisciplinary environment that the field of nutrition engenders, and have the privilege of working with excellent physicians, nurses, dieticians and research staff in many settings.

Experience and Education

Education

Medical School

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1987

Baltimore, MD

Internship

Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1987-1988

Baltimore, MD

Residency

Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1988-1990

Baltimore, MD

Fellowship

Boston Children's Hospital, 1991-1994

Boston, MA

Certifications

  • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nutrition

Professional History

Christopher Duggan, M.D., M.P.H. is a pediatric gastroenterologist and nutrition physician at Boston Children's Hospital where he directs the Center for Nutrition. He is Medical Director of the Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, one of the largest centers in the US for the care of children with intestinal failure/chronic diarrhea syndrome.

His clinical activities focus on optimizing outcomes for children with diarrheal diseases and nutritional problems.  In the US, these include children with intestinal failure (short bowel syndrome), as well as children with critical illness, cancer, HIV infection, cystic fibrosis and other conditions.  In a variety of low and middle income countries, he and colleagues are evaluating the role of micronutrient supplementation in reducing diarrhea and other infectious and nutritional illnesses in mothers and children. Recent studies include the development of new biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction, as well as the evaluation of nutritional status on neurodevelopment.

He is course co-director of the Bangalore, Boston Nutrition Collaborative. He is also the course co-director of the Harvard College course “Nutrition and Global Health” and mentors undergraduate, graduate and post-doctoral students at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health.

Past and present research support has come from the National Institutes of Health, the Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organization.

Publications

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Stamm DA, Hait E, Litman HJ, Mitchell PD, Duggan C. High Prevalence of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease in Children With Intestinal Failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 Sep; 63(3):336-9.
  2. Bechard LJ, Duggan C, Touger-Decker R, Parrott JS, Rothpletz-Puglia P, Byham-Gray L, Heyland D, Mehta NM. Nutritional Status Based on Body Mass Index Is Associated With Morbidity and Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Children in the PICU. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug; 44(8):1530-7.
  3. Syed S, Ali A, Duggan C. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction in Children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 Jul; 63(1):6-14.
  4. Sztam KA, Liu E, Manji KP, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Bosch RJ, Duggan CP. Maternal Antiretroviral Therapy Is Associated with Lower Risk of Diarrhea in Early Childhood. J Pediatr. 2016 Aug; 175:54-60.
  5. Abioye AI, Aboud S, Premji Z, Etheredge AJ, Gunaratna NS, Sudfeld CR, Mongi R, Meloney L, Darling AM, Noor RA, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi W. Iron Supplementation Affects Hematologic Biomarker Concentrations and Pregnancy Outcomes among Iron-Deficient Tanzanian Women. J Nutr. 2016 Jun; 146(6):1162-71.
  6. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Gosselin K, Tran H, Liu E, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW, Gewirtz AT, Duggan CP. Elevations in serum anti-flagellin and anti-LPS Igs are related to growth faltering in young Tanzanian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Jun; 103(6):1548-54.
  7. Manji KP, Duggan C, Liu E, Bosch R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Kupka R, Fawzi WW. Exclusive Breast-feeding Protects against Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 through 12 Months of Age in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 Aug; 62(4):301-7.
  8. Fullerton BS, Sparks EA, Hall AM, Chan YM, Duggan C, Lund DP, Modi BP, Jaksic T, Hendren WH. Growth morbidity in patients with cloacal exstrophy: a 42-year experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jun; 51(6):1017-21.
  9. Locks LM, Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Wang M, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Effect of zinc and multivitamin supplementation on the growth of Tanzanian children aged 6-84 wk: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Mar; 103(3):910-8.
  10. Petraro P, Duggan C, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Makubi A, Chalamilla G, Siril H, Sando D, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Determinants of Anemia Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Adults at Care and Treatment Clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Feb 3; 94(2):384-92.
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  12. McCormick NM, Li N, Sando D, Muya A, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Duggan C, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW, Spiegelman D. Implementation and Operational Research: Risk Factors of Loss to Follow-up Among HIV-Positive Pediatric Patients in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Nov 1; 70(3):e73-83.
  13. Sparks EA, Khan FA, Fisher JG, Fullerton BS, Hall A, Raphael BP, Duggan C, Modi BP, Jaksic T. Necrotizing enterocolitis is associated with earlier achievement of enteral autonomy in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):92-5.
  14. Fullerton BS, Sparks EA, Hall AM, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Modi BP. Enteral autonomy, cirrhosis, and long term transplant-free survival in pediatric intestinal failure patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan; 51(1):96-100.
  15. Olofin IO, Liu E, Manji KP, Danaei G, Duggan C, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Active Tuberculosis in HIV-Exposed Tanzanian Children up to 2 years of Age: Early-Life Nutrition, Multivitamin Supplementation and Other Potential Risk Factors. J Trop Pediatr. 2016 Feb; 62(1):29-37.
  16. Chambers RA, Rosenstock S, Neault N, Kenney A, Richards J, Begay K, Blackwater T, Laluk O, Duggan C, Reid R, Barlow A. A Home-Visiting Diabetes Prevention and Management Program for American Indian Youth: The Together on Diabetes Trial. Diabetes Educ. 2015 Dec; 41(6):729-47.
  17. Etheredge AJ, Premji Z, Gunaratna NS, Abioye AI, Aboud S, Duggan C, Mongi R, Meloney L, Spiegelman D, Roberts D, Hamer DH, Fawzi WW. Iron Supplementation in Iron-Replete and Nonanemic Pregnant Women in Tanzania: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Oct; 169(10):947-55.
  18. Mishra PE, Shastri L, Thomas T, Duggan C, Bosch R, McDonald CM, Kurpad AV, Kuriyan R. Waist-to-Height Ratio as an Indicator of High Blood Pressure in Urban Indian School Children. Indian Pediatr. 2015 Sep 8; 52(9):773-8.
  19. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Daily Zinc but Not Multivitamin Supplementation Reduces Diarrhea and Upper Respiratory Infections in Tanzanian Infants: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. J Nutr. 2015 Sep; 145(9):2153-60.
  20. Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Khan FA, Alexander JL, Asaro LA, Wypij D, Gaies M, Modi BP, Duggan C, Agus MS, Yu YM, Jaksic T. Tight Glycemic Control With Insulin Does Not Affect Skeletal Muscle Degradation During the Early Postoperative Period Following Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):515-21.
  21. Martinez EE, Bechard LJ, Smallwood CD, Duggan CP, Graham RJ, Mehta NM. Impact of Individualized Diet Intervention on Body Composition and Respiratory Variables in Children With Respiratory Insufficiency: A Pilot Intervention Study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jul; 16(6):e157-64.
  22. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Zurakowski D, Duggan CP, Heyland DK. Adequate enteral protein intake is inversely associated with 60-d mortality in critically ill children: a multicenter, prospective, cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jul; 102(1):199-206.
  23. Khan FA, Squires RH, Litman HJ, Balint J, Carter BA, Fisher JG, Horslen SP, Jaksic T, Kocoshis S, Martinez JA, Mercer D, Rhee S, Rudolph JA, Soden J, Sudan D, Superina RA, Teitelbaum DH, Venick R, Wales PW, Duggan C. Predictors of Enteral Autonomy in Children with Intestinal Failure: A Multicenter Cohort Study. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):29-34.e1.
  24. Raphael BP, Mitchell PD, Finkton D, Jiang H, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection Are Predictors of Growth Outcomes in Infants with Short Bowel Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2015 Jul; 167(1):35-40.e1.
  25. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Potemkin A, Duggan C, Raphael BP, Modi BP, Jaksic T. Preservation of biochemical liver function with low-dose soy-based lipids in children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Mar; 60(3):375-7.
  26. Bechard LJ, Gordon C, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Bone loss and vitamin D deficiency in children undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2015 Apr; 62(4):687-92.
  27. Olofin IO, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Duggan C, Danaei G, Fawzi WW. Supplementation with multivitamins and vitamin A and incidence of malaria among HIV-infected Tanzanian women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 1; 67 Suppl 4:S173-8.
  28. Shastri L, Mishra PE, Dwarkanath P, Thomas T, Duggan C, Bosch R, McDonald CM, Thomas A, Kurpad AV. Association of oral iron supplementation with birth outcomes in non-anaemic South Indian pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 May; 69(5):609-13.
  29. Khan FA, Mitchell PD, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Jaksic T, Duggan C, Teitelbaum DH, Modi BP. Magnitude of surgical burden associated with pediatric intestinal failure: a multicenter cohort analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Dec; 49(12):1795-8.
  30. Sudfeld CR, Duggan C, Aboud S, Kupka R, Manji KP, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D status is associated with mortality, morbidity, and growth failure among a prospective cohort of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants. J Nutr. 2015 Jan; 145(1):121-7.
  31. Keusch GT, Denno DM, Black RE, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Nataro JP, Rosenberg IH, Ryan ET, Tarr PI, Ward H, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Hay Burgess DC, Brewer T. Environmental enteric dysfunction: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and clinical consequences. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 1; 59 Suppl 4:S207-12.
  32. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Bairdain S, Sparks EA, Zurakowski D, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Metabolic bone disease in pediatric intestinal failure patients: prevalence and risk factors. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan; 50(1):136-9.
  33. Coffin SE, Klieger SB, Duggan C, Huskins WC, Milstone AM, Potter-Bynoe G, Raphael B, Sandora TJ, Song X, Zerr DM, Lee GM. Central line-associated bloodstream infections in neonates with gastrointestinal conditions: developing a candidate definition for mucosal barrier injury bloodstream infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 Nov; 35(11):1391-9.
  34. Squires RH, Balint J, Horslen S, Wales PW, Soden J, Duggan C, Li R, Belle SH. Race affects outcome among infants with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Oct; 59(4):537-43.
  35. Gosselin KB, Duggan C. Enteral nutrition in the management of pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr. 2014 Dec; 165(6):1085-90.
  36. Hamilton S, McAleer DM, Ariagno K, Barrett M, Stenquist N, Duggan CP, Mehta NM. A stepwise enteral nutrition algorithm for critically ill children helps achieve nutrient delivery goals*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Sep; 15(7):583-9.
  37. Khavari N, Jiang H, Manji K, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Fawzi W, Duggan C. Maternal multivitamin supplementation reduces the risk of diarrhoea among HIV-exposed children through age 5 years. Int Health. 2014 Dec; 6(4):298-305.
  38. Khan FA, Fisher JG, Sparks EA, Iglesias J, Zurakowski D, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Factors Affecting Spontaneous Closure of Gastrocutaneous Fistulae After Removal of Gastrostomy Tubes in Children With Intestinal Failure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Sep; 39(7):860-3.
  39. McGrath EJ, Thomas R, Duggan C, Asmar BI. Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine in infants with surgical gastrointestinal disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):44-8.
  40. Mehta NM, Raphael B, Guteirrez IM, Quinn N, Mitchell PD, Litman HJ, Jaksic T, Duggan CP. Comparison of body composition assessment methods in pediatric intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul; 59(1):99-105.
  41. Gosselin KB, Feldman HA, Sonis AL, Bechard LJ, Kellogg MD, Gura K, Venick R, Gordon CM, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Serum citrulline as a biomarker of gastrointestinal function during hematopoietic cell transplantation in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jun; 58(6):709-14.
  42. Duro D, Mitchell PD, Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Yu YM, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Variability of resting energy expenditure in infants and young children with intestinal failure-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 May; 58(5):637-41.
  43. Duggan C, Srinivasan K, Thomas T, Samuel T, Rajendran R, Muthayya S, Finkelstein JL, Lukose A, Fawzi W, Allen LH, Bosch RJ, Kurpad AV. Vitamin B-12 supplementation during pregnancy and early lactation increases maternal, breast milk, and infant measures of vitamin B-12 status. J Nutr. 2014 May; 144(5):758-64.
  44. Mehta NM, Smallwood CD, Joosten KF, Hulst JM, Tasker RC, Duggan CP. Accuracy of a simplified equation for energy expenditure based on bedside volumetric carbon dioxide elimination measurement--a two-center study. Clin Nutr. 2015 Feb; 34(1):151-5.
  45. Manji KP, McDonald CM, Kupka R, Bosch RJ, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Bellinger DC, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Effect of multivitamin supplementation on the neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Aug; 60(4):279-86.
  46. Fisher JG, Stamm DA, Modi BP, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Gastrointestinal bleeding as a complication of serial transverse enteroplasty. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 May; 49(5):745-9.
  47. Kuriyan R, Griffiths JK, Finkelstein JL, Thomas T, Raj T, Bosch RJ, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Innovations in nutrition education and global health: the Bangalore Boston nutrition collaborative. BMC Med Educ. 2014; 14:5.
  48. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Seage GR, Semu H, Chalamilla G, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Growth among HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2014 Jun; 60(3):179-88.
  49. Lukose A, Ramthal A, Thomas T, Bosch R, Kurpad AV, Duggan C, Srinivasan K. Nutritional factors associated with antenatal depressive symptoms in the early stage of pregnancy among urban South Indian women. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Jan; 18(1):161-70.
  50. Miller J, Dalton MK, Duggan C, Lam S, Iglesias J, Jaksic T, Gura KM. Going with the flow or swimming against the tide: should children with central venous catheters swim? Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Feb; 29(1):97-109.
  51. Xu H, Zhao Z, Wang H, Ding M, Zhou A, Wang X, Zhang P, Duggan C, Hu FB. Bone mineral density of the spine in 11,898 Chinese infants and young children: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e82098.
  52. Ezeamama AE, Duggan C, Manji KP, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Bosch RJ, Kupka R, Okuma JO, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Clinical malaria diagnosis in pregnancy in relation to early perinatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV: a prospective cohort study. HIV Med. 2014 May; 15(5):276-85.
  53. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Seage GR, Semu H, Chalamilla G, Kisenge R, Fawzi WW. Nutritional Status and Other Baseline Predictors of Mortality among HIV-Infected Children Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015 Mar-Apr; 14(2):172-9.
  54. Díaz JJ, Gura KM, Roda J, Perez-Atayde AR, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Lo CW. Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index correlates with hepatic cirrhosis but not with fibrosis in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):367-71.
  55. Wessells KR, Hess SY, Rouamba N, Ouédraogo ZP, Kellogg M, Goto R, Duggan C, Ouédraogo JB, Brown KH. Associations between intestinal mucosal function and changes in plasma zinc concentration following zinc supplementation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Sep; 57(3):348-55.
  56. Keusch GT, Rosenberg IH, Denno DM, Duggan C, Guerrant RL, Lavery JV, Tarr PI, Ward HD, Black RE, Nataro JP, Ryan ET, Bhutta ZA, Coovadia H, Lima A, Ramakrishna B, Zaidi AK, Burgess DC, Brewer T. Implications of acquired environmental enteric dysfunction for growth and stunting in infants and children living in low- and middle-income countries. Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Sep; 34(3):357-64.
  57. Liu E, Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Aboud S, Bosch RJ, Kisenge RR, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multivitamin supplementation improves haematologic status in children born to HIV-positive women in Tanzania. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013; 16:18022.
  58. Nehra D, Fallon EM, Potemkin AK, Voss SD, Mitchell PD, Valim C, Belfort MB, Bellinger DC, Duggan C, Gura KM, Puder M. A comparison of 2 intravenous lipid emulsions: interim analysis of a randomized controlled trial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Aug; 38(6):693-701.
  59. Zipursky A, Wazny K, Black R, Keenan W, Duggan C, Olness K, Simon J, Simpson E, Sherman P, Santosham M, Bhutta ZA. Global action plan for childhood diarrhoea: Developing research priorities: Report from a Workshop of the Programme for Global Paediatric Research. J Glob Health. 2013 Jun; 3(1):010406.
  60. Sudfeld CR, Duggan C, Histed A, Manji KP, Meydani SN, Aboud S, Wang M, Giovannucci EL, Fawzi WW. Effect of multivitamin supplementation on measles vaccine response among HIV-exposed uninfected Tanzanian infants. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Aug; 20(8):1123-32.
  61. Li N, Manji KP, Spiegelman D, Muya A, Mwiru RS, Liu E, Chalamilla G, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Incident tuberculosis and risk factors among HIV-infected children in Tanzania. AIDS. 2013 May 15; 27(8):1273-81.
  62. Wazny K, Zipursky A, Black R, Curtis V, Duggan C, Guerrant R, Levine M, Petri WA, Santosham M, Scharf R, Sherman PM, Simpson E, Young M, Bhutta ZA. Setting research priorities to reduce mortality and morbidity of childhood diarrhoeal disease in the next 15 years. PLoS Med. 2013; 10(5):e1001446.
  63. Bechard LJ, Rothpletz-Puglia P, Touger-Decker R, Duggan C, Mehta NM. Influence of obesity on clinical outcomes in hospitalized children: a systematic review. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 May; 167(5):476-82.
  64. Rwebembera A, Sudfeld CR, Manji KP, Duggan C, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency among Tanzanian HIV-exposed uninfected infants. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Oct; 59(5):426-9.
  65. Petraro P, Duggan C, Urassa W, Msamanga G, Makubi A, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Determinants of anemia in postpartum HIV-negative women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul; 67(7):708-17.
  66. Abbenhardt C, McTiernan A, Alfano CM, Wener MH, Campbell KL, Duggan C, Foster-Schubert KE, Kong A, Toriola AT, Potter JD, Mason C, Xiao L, Blackburn GL, Bain C, Ulrich CM. Effects of individual and combined dietary weight loss and exercise interventions in postmenopausal women on adiponectin and leptin levels. J Intern Med. 2013 Aug; 274(2):163-75.
  67. Kupka R, Manji KP, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Multivitamin supplements have no effect on growth of Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected mothers. J Nutr. 2013 May; 143(5):722-7.
  68. Mwiru R, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi W. Nutritional predictors of acute respiratory infections among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2013 Jun; 59(3):203-8.
  69. Raphael BP, Duggan C. Prevention and treatment of intestinal failure-associated liver disease in children. Semin Liver Dis. 2012 Nov; 32(4):341-7.
  70. Gaies MG, Langer M, Alexander J, Steil GM, Ware J, Wypij D, Laussen PC, Newburger JW, Goldberg CS, Pigula FA, Shukla AC, Duggan CP, Agus MS. Design and rationale of safe pediatric euglycemia after cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial of tight glycemic control after pediatric cardiac surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Feb; 14(2):148-56.
  71. Jones BA, Hull MA, Potanos KM, Zurakowski D, Fitzgibbons SC, Ching YA, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Kim HB. Report of 111 consecutive patients enrolled in the International Serial Transverse Enteroplasty (STEP) Data Registry: a retrospective observational study. J Am Coll Surg. 2013 Mar; 216(3):438-46.
  72. Samuel TM, Duggan C, Thomas T, Bosch R, Rajendran R, Virtanen SM, Srinivasan K, Kurpad AV. Vitamin B(12) intake and status in early pregnancy among urban South Indian women. Ann Nutr Metab. 2013; 62(2):113-22.
  73. McDonald CM, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bellinger DC, Spiegelman D, Kisenge R, Msamanga G, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Stunting and wasting are associated with poorer psychomotor and mental development in HIV-exposed Tanzanian infants. J Nutr. 2013 Feb; 143(2):204-14.
  74. Duggan C, Manji KP, Kupka R, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Okuma J, Fawzi WW. Multiple micronutrient supplementation in Tanzanian infants born to HIV-infected mothers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec; 96(6):1437-46.
  75. Natchu UC, Liu E, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson K, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces risk of mortality in infants up to 6 mo of age born to HIV-positive Tanzanian women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 96(5):1071-8.
  76. McDonald CM, Kupka R, Manji KP, Okuma J, Bosch RJ, Aboud S, Kisenge R, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW, Duggan CP. Predictors of stunting, wasting and underweight among Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Nov; 66(11):1265-76.
  77. Carter RC, Jacobson JL, Molteno CD, Jiang H, Meintjes EM, Jacobson SW, Duggan C. Effects of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and iron deficiency anemia on child growth and body composition through age 9 years. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Nov; 36(11):1973-82.
  78. Jonas MM, Balistreri W, Gonzalez-Peralta RP, Haber B, Lobritto S, Mohan P, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Narkewicz MR, Rosenthal P, Schwarz KB, Barton BA, Shepherd JA, Mitchell PD, Duggan C. Pegylated interferon for chronic hepatitis C in children affects growth and body composition: results from the pediatric study of hepatitis C (PEDS-C) trial. Hepatology. 2012 Aug; 56(2):523-31.
  79. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Cahill N, Wang M, Day A, Duggan CP, Heyland DK. Nutritional practices and their relationship to clinical outcomes in critically ill children--an international multicenter cohort study*. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jul; 40(7):2204-11.
  80. Kapavarapu PK, Bari O, Perumpil M, Duggan C, Dinakar C, Krishnamurthy S, Arumugam K, Shet A. Growth patterns and anaemia status of HIV-infected children living in an institutional facility in India. Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Aug; 17(8):962-71.
  81. Gutierrez IM, Kang KH, Calvert CE, Johnson VM, Zurakowski D, Kamin D, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Risk factors for small bowel bacterial overgrowth and diagnostic yield of duodenal aspirates in children with intestinal failure: a retrospective review. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Jun; 47(6):1150-4.
  82. Finkelstein JL, Manji KP, Duggan C, Hertzmark E, Mehta S, Msamanga GI, Spiegelman D, Fawzi WW. PREDICTORS OF INCIDENT TUBERCULOSIS IN HIV-EXPOSED CHILDREN IN TANZANIA. East Afr Med J. 2012 Jun; 89(6):183-92.
  83. Isanaka S, Aboud S, Mugusi F, Bosch RJ, Willett WC, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron status predicts treatment failure and mortality in tuberculosis patients: a prospective cohort study from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e37350.
  84. Samuel TM, Thomas T, Finkelstein J, Bosch R, Rajendran R, Virtanen SM, Srinivasan K, Kurpad AV, Duggan C. Correlates of anaemia in pregnant urban South Indian women: a possible role of dietary intake of nutrients that inhibit iron absorption. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Feb; 16(2):316-24.
  85. Squires RH, Duggan C, Teitelbaum DH, Wales PW, Balint J, Venick R, Rhee S, Sudan D, Mercer D, Martinez JA, Carter BA, Soden J, Horslen S, Rudolph JA, Kocoshis S, Superina R, Lawlor S, Haller T, Kurs-Lasky M, Belle SH. Natural history of pediatric intestinal failure: initial report from the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium. J Pediatr. 2012 Oct; 161(4):723-8.e2.
  86. Mehta NM, Costello JM, Bechard LJ, Johnson VM, Zurakowski D, McGowan FX, Laussen PC, Duggan CP. Resting energy expenditure after Fontan surgery in children with single-ventricle heart defects. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 Nov; 36(6):685-92.
  87. Ezeamama AE, Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Bosch RJ, Manji KP, Duggan C, Kupka R, Lo MW, Okuma JO, Kisenge R, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. HIV infection and the incidence of malaria among HIV-exposed children from Tanzania. J Infect Dis. 2012 May 15; 205(10):1486-94.
  88. Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Gordon C, Sonis A, Mehta N, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Attenuation of resting energy expenditure following hematopoietic SCT in children. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2012 Oct; 47(10):1301-6.
  89. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan C, Manji KP, Mugusi FM, Aboud S, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Maternal vitamin D status and child morbidity, anemia, and growth in human immunodeficiency virus-exposed children in Tanzania. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Feb; 31(2):171-5.
  90. Isanaka S, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Manji KP, Msamanga GI, Willet WC, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Post-natal anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected women and the health and survival of their children. Matern Child Nutr. 2012 Jul; 8(3):287-98.
  91. Sharma TS, Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Venick R, Gura K, Gordon CM, Sonis A, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Effect of titrated parenteral nutrition on body composition after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children: a double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Feb; 95(2):342-51.
  92. Isanaka S, Mugusi F, Urassa W, Willett WC, Bosch RJ, Villamor E, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Iron deficiency and anemia predict mortality in patients with tuberculosis. J Nutr. 2012 Feb; 142(2):350-7.
  93. Finkelstein JL, Mehta S, Duggan CP, Spiegelman D, Aboud S, Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Fawzi WW. Predictors of anaemia and iron deficiency in HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: a potential role for vitamin D and parasitic infections. Public Health Nutr. 2012 May; 15(5):928-37.
  94. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Dolan M, Ariagno K, Jiang H, Duggan C. Energy imbalance and the risk of overfeeding in critically ill children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011 Jul; 12(4):398-405.
  95. Raphael BP, Nurko S, Jiang H, Hart K, Kamin DS, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Cisapride improves enteral tolerance in pediatric short-bowel syndrome with dysmotility. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):590-4.
  96. Duro D, Mitchell PD, Kalish LA, Martin C, McCarthy M, Jaksic T, Dunn J, Brandt ML, Nobuhara KK, Sylvester KG, Moss RL, Duggan C. Risk factors for parenteral nutrition–associated liver disease following surgical therapy for necrotizing enterocolitis: A Glaser Pediatric Research Network Study [corrected]. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 May; 52(5):595-600.
  97. Hull MA, Jones BA, Zurakowski D, Raphael B, Lo C, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Low serum citrulline concentration correlates with catheter-related bloodstream infections in children with intestinal failure. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011 Mar; 35(2):181-7.
  98. Mwiru RS, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Peterson K, Liu E, Msamanga G, Aboud S, Fawzi WW. Relationship of exclusive breast-feeding to infections and growth of Tanzanian children born to HIV-infected women. Public Health Nutr. 2011 Jul; 14(7):1251-8.
  99. Yang CF, Duro D, Zurakowski D, Lee M, Jaksic T, Duggan C. High prevalence of multiple micronutrient deficiencies in children with intestinal failure: a longitudinal study. J Pediatr. 2011 Jul; 159(1):39-44.e1.
  100. Lo Vecchio A, Giannattasio A, Duggan C, De Masi S, Ortisi MT, Parola L, Guarino A. Evaluation of the quality of guidelines for acute gastroenteritis in children with the AGREE instrument. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Feb; 52(2):183-9.
  101. Duro D, Fitzgibbons S, Valim C, Yang CF, Zurakowski D, Dolan M, Bechard L, Yu YM, Duggan C, Jaksic T. [13C]Methionine breath test to assess intestinal failure-associated liver disease. Pediatr Res. 2010 Oct; 68(4):349-54.
  102. Jones BA, Hull MA, Richardson DS, Zurakowski D, Gura K, Fitzgibbons SC, Duro D, Lo CW, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Efficacy of ethanol locks in reducing central venous catheter infections in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jun; 45(6):1287-93.
  103. Duro D, Kalish LA, Johnston P, Jaksic T, McCarthy M, Martin C, Dunn JC, Brandt M, Nobuhara KK, Sylvester KG, Moss RL, Duggan C. Risk factors for intestinal failure in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis: a Glaser Pediatric Research Network study. J Pediatr. 2010 Aug; 157(2):203-208.e1.
  104. Petraro P, Duggan C, Msamanga G, Peterson KE, Spiegelman D, Fawzi W. Predictors of breastfeeding cessation among HIV-infected women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Jul; 7(3):273-83.
  105. Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Gordon C, Gura K, Sonis A, Leung K, Venick R, Guinan EC, Duggan C. A multi-center, randomized, controlled trial of parenteral nutrition titrated to resting energy expenditure in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ("PNTREE"): rationale and design. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010 Mar; 31(2):157-64.
  106. Fitzgibbons SC, Jones BA, Hull MA, Zurakowski D, Duro D, Duggan C, Boctor D, Sigalet DL, Jaksic T. Relationship between biopsy-proven parenteralnutrition-associated liver fibrosis and biochemical cholestasis in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jan; 45(1):95-9; discussion 99.
  107. Sztam KA, Fawzi WW, Duggan C. Macronutrient supplementation and food prices in HIV treatment. J Nutr. 2010 Jan; 140(1):213S-23S.
  108. Mehta NM, McAleer D, Hamilton S, Naples E, Leavitt K, Mitchell P, Duggan C. Challenges to optimal enteral nutrition in a multidisciplinary pediatric intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2010 Jan-Feb; 34(1):38-45.
  109. Sabery N, Duggan C. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support of children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 Nov-Dec; 33(6):588-606.
  110. Mehta NM, Duggan CP. Nutritional deficiencies during critical illness. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009 Oct; 56(5):1143-60.
  111. Stark LJ, Quittner AL, Powers SW, Opipari-Arrigan L, Bean JA, Duggan C, Stallings VA. Randomized clinical trial of behavioral intervention and nutrition education to improve caloric intake and weight in children with cystic fibrosis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Oct; 163(10):915-21.
  112. Puder M, Valim C, Meisel JA, Le HD, de Meijer VE, Robinson EM, Zhou J, Duggan C, Gura KM. Parenteral fish oil improves outcomes in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver injury. Ann Surg. 2009 Sep; 250(3):395-402.
  113. Isanaka S, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Patterns of postnatal growth in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed children. Nutr Rev. 2009 Jun; 67(6):343-59.
  114. Yang CF, Lee M, Valim C, Hull MA, Zhou J, Jones BA, Gura K, Collier S, Lo C, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Persistent alanine aminotransferase elevations in children with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jun; 44(6):1084-7; discussion 1087-8.
  115. Ching YA, Fitzgibbons S, Valim C, Zhou J, Duggan C, Jaksic T, Kim HB. Long-term nutritional and clinical outcomes after serial transverse enteroplasty at a single institution. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 May; 44(5):939-43.
  116. Fitzgibbons S, Ching YA, Valim C, Zhou J, Iglesias J, Duggan C, Jaksic T. Relationship between serum citrulline levels and progression to parenteral nutrition independence in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 May; 44(5):928-32.
  117. Fontaine O, Kosek M, Bhatnagar S, Boschi-Pinto C, Chan KY, Duggan C, Martinez H, Ribeiro H, Rollins NC, Salam MA, Santosham M, Snyder JD, Tsai AC, Vargas B, Rudan I. Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood diarrhoea by 2015. PLoS Med. 2009 Mar 10; 6(3):e41.
  118. Kupka R, Msamanga GI, Aboud S, Manji KP, Duggan C, Fawzi WW. Patterns and predictors of CD4 T-cell counts among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania. J Trop Pediatr. 2009 Oct; 55(5):290-6.
  119. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Leavitt K, Duggan C. Cumulative energy imbalance in the pediatric intensive care unit: role of targeted indirect calorimetry. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 May-Jun; 33(3):336-44.
  120. Duro D, Duggan C, Valim C, Bechard L, Fitzgibbons S, Jaksic T, Yu YM. Novel intravenous (13)C-methionine breath test as a measure of liver function in children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Jan; 44(1):236-40; discussion 240.
  121. Moss RL, Kalish LA, Duggan C, Johnston P, Brandt ML, Dunn JC, Ehrenkranz RA, Jaksic T, Nobuhara K, Simpson BJ, McCarthy MC, Sylvester KG. Clinical parameters do not adequately predict outcome in necrotizing enterocolitis: a multi-institutional study. J Perinatol. 2008 Oct; 28(10):665-74.
  122. Sharma TS, Kinnamon DD, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Furuta L, Bechard L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Miller TL. Changes in macronutrient intake among HIV-infected children between 1995 and 2004. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Aug; 88(2):384-91.
  123. Duro D, Kamin D, Duggan C. Overview of pediatric short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Aug; 47 Suppl 1:S33-6.
  124. Miller TL, Agostoni C, Duggan C, Guarino A, Manary M, Velasco CA. Gastrointestinal and nutritional complications of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Aug; 47(2):247-53.
  125. Duro D, Bechard LJ, Feldman HA, Klykov A, O'Leary A, Guinan EC, Duggan C. Weekly measurements accurately represent trends in resting energy expenditure in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 Jul-Aug; 32(4):427-32.
  126. Miller TL, Orav EJ, Lipshultz SE, Arheart KL, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Bechard L, Furuta L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Shevitz A. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1. J Pediatr. 2008 Oct; 153(4):491-7.
  127. Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Leavitt K, Duggan C. Severe weight loss and hypermetabolic paroxysmal dysautonomia following hypoxic ischemic brain injury: the role of indirect calorimetry in the intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2008 May-Jun; 32(3):281-4.
  128. Ching YA, Modi BP, Jaksic T, Duggan C. High diagnostic yield of gastrointestinal endoscopy in children with intestinal failure. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 May; 43(5):906-10.
  129. Duro D, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies in a child with short bowel syndrome and normal somatic growth. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Apr; 46(4):461-4.
  130. Gura KM, Lee S, Valim C, Zhou J, Kim S, Modi BP, Arsenault DA, Strijbosch RA, Lopes S, Duggan C, Puder M. Safety and efficacy of a fish-oil-based fat emulsion in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e678-86.
  131. Modi BP, Langer M, Ching YA, Valim C, Waterford SD, Iglesias J, Duro D, Lo C, Jaksic T, Duggan C. Improved survival in a multidisciplinary short bowel syndrome program. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Jan; 43(1):20-4.
  132. Duggan CP, Westra SJ, Rosenberg AE. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 23-2007. A 9-year-old boy with bone pain, rash, and gingival hypertrophy. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jul 26; 357(4):392-400.
  133. Bechard LJ, Guinan EC, Feldman HA, Tang V, Duggan C. Prognostic factors in the resumption of oral dietary intake after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):295-301.
  134. Modi BP, Javid PJ, Jaksic T, Piper H, Langer M, Duggan C, Kamin D, Kim HB. First report of the international serial transverse enteroplasty data registry: indications, efficacy, and complications. J Am Coll Surg. 2007 Mar; 204(3):365-71.
  135. Fewtrell MS, Morgan JB, Duggan C, Gunnlaugsson G, Hibberd PL, Lucas A, Kleinman RE. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: what is the evidence to support current recommendations? Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Feb; 85(2):635S-638S.
  136. Agus MS, Javid PJ, Piper HG, Wypij D, Duggan CP, Ryan DP, Jaksic T. The effect of insulin infusion upon protein metabolism in neonates on extracorporeal life support. Ann Surg. 2006 Oct; 244(4):536-44.
  137. Modi BP, Langer M, Duggan C, Kim HB, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty for management of refractory D-lactic acidosis in short-bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Sep; 43(3):395-7.
  138. Duggan C, Piper H, Javid PJ, Valim C, Collier S, Kim HB, Jaksic T. Growth and nutritional status in infants with short-bowel syndrome after the serial transverse enteroplasty procedure. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Oct; 4(10):1237-41.
  139. Gura KM, Duggan CP, Collier SB, Jennings RW, Folkman J, Bistrian BR, Puder M. Reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in two infants with short bowel syndrome using parenteral fish oil: implications for future management. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul; 118(1):e197-201.
  140. Kelleher DK, Laussen P, Teixeira-Pinto A, Duggan C. Growth and correlates of nutritional status among infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) after stage 1 Norwood procedure. Nutrition. 2006 Mar; 22(3):237-44.
  141. Muthayya S, Kurpad AV, Duggan CP, Bosch RJ, Dwarkanath P, Mhaskar A, Mhaskar R, Thomas A, Vaz M, Bhat S, Fawzi WW. Low maternal vitamin B12 status is associated with intrauterine growth retardation in urban South Indians. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun; 60(6):791-801.
  142. Muthayya S, Dwarkanath P, Mhaskar M, Mhaskar R, Thomas A, Duggan C, Fawzi WW, Bhat S, Vaz M, Kurpad A. The relationship of neonatal serum vitamin B12 status with birth weight. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2006; 15(4):538-43.
  143. Gura KM, Parsons SK, Bechard LJ, Henderson T, Dorsey M, Phipatanakul W, Duggan C, Puder M, Lenders C. Use of a fish oil-based lipid emulsion to treat essential fatty acid deficiency in a soy allergic patient receiving parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 2005 Oct; 24(5):839-47.
  144. Jacobson DL, Spiegelman D, Duggan C, Weinberg GA, Bechard L, Furuta L, Nicchitta J, Gorbach SL, Miller TL. Predictors of bone mineral density in human immunodeficiency virus-1 infected children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Sep; 41(3):339-46.
  145. Javid PJ, Collier S, Richardson D, Iglesias J, Gura K, Lo C, Kim HB, Duggan CP, Jaksic T. The role of enteral nutrition in the reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver dysfunction in infants. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun; 40(6):1015-8.
  146. Javid PJ, Kim HB, Duggan CP, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty is associated with successful short-term outcomes in infants with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun; 40(6):1019-23; discussion 1023-4.
  147. Chen D, Texada DE, Duggan C, Liang C, Reden TB, Kooragayala LM, Langford MP. Surface calreticulin mediates muramyl dipeptide-induced apoptosis in RK13 cells. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jun 10; 280(23):22425-36.
  148. Duggan C, MacLeod WB, Krebs NF, Westcott JL, Fawzi WW, Premji ZG, Mwanakasale V, Simon JL, Yeboah-Antwi K, Hamer DH. Plasma zinc concentrations are depressed during the acute phase response in children with falciparum malaria. J Nutr. 2005 Apr; 135(4):802-7.
  149. Konstan MW, Stern RC, Trout JR, Sherman JM, Eigen H, Wagener JS, Duggan C, Wohl ME, Colin P. Ultrase MT12 and Ultrase MT20 in the treatment of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in cystic fibrosis: safety and efficacy. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Dec; 20(11-12):1365-71.
  150. Thornley I, Lehmann LE, Sung L, Holmes C, Spear JM, Brennan L, Vangel M, Bechard LJ, Richardson P, Duggan C, Guinan EC. A multiagent strategy to decrease regimen-related toxicity in children undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2004 Sep; 10(9):635-44.
  151. Duggan C, Stark AR, Auestad N, Collier S, Fulhan J, Gura K, Utter S, Teixeira-Pinto A, Donovan K, Lund D. Glutamine supplementation in infants with gastrointestinal disease: a randomized, placebo-controlled pilot trial. Nutrition. 2004 Sep; 20(9):752-6.
  152. Duggan C, Fontaine O, Pierce NF, Glass RI, Mahalanabis D, Alam NH, Bhan MK, Santosham M. Scientific rationale for a change in the composition of oral rehydration solution. JAMA. 2004 Jun 2; 291(21):2628-31.
  153. Collier S, Fulhan J, Duggan C. Nutrition for the pediatric office: update on vitamins, infant feeding and food allergies. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004 Jun; 16(3):314-20.
  154. King CK, Glass R, Bresee JS, Duggan C. Managing acute gastroenteritis among children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2003 Nov 21; 52(RR-16):1-16.
  155. Hamer DH, MacLeod WB, Addo-Yobo E, Duggan CP, Estrella B, Fawzi WW, Konde-Lule JK, Mwanakasale V, Premji ZG, Sempértegui F, Ssengooba FP, Yeboah-Antwi K, Simon JL. Age, temperature, and parasitaemia predict chloroquine treatment failure and anaemia in children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Jul-Aug; 97(4):422-8.
  156. Duggan C, Bechard L, Donovan K, Vangel M, O'Leary A, Holmes C, Lehmann L, Guinan E. Changes in resting energy expenditure among children undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jul; 78(1):104-9.
  157. Kim HB, Lee PW, Garza J, Duggan C, Fauza D, Jaksic T. Serial transverse enteroplasty for short bowel syndrome: a case report. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Jun; 38(6):881-5.
  158. Fulhan J, Collier S, Duggan C. Update on pediatric nutrition: breastfeeding, infant nutrition, and growth. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2003 Jun; 15(3):323-32.
  159. Duggan C, Penny ME, Hibberd P, Gil A, Huapaya A, Cooper A, Coletta F, Emenhiser C, Kleinman RE. Oligofructose-supplemented infant cereal: 2 randomized, blinded, community-based trials in Peruvian infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Apr; 77(4):937-42.
  160. Friedman JF, Phillips-Howard PA, Hawley WA, Terlouw DJ, Kolczak MS, Barber M, Okello N, Vulule JM, Duggan C, Nahlen BL, ter Kuile FO. Impact of permethrin-treated bed nets on growth, nutritional status, and body composition of primary school children in western Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Apr; 68(4 Suppl):78-85.
  161. Duggan C, Rizzo C, Cooper A, Klavon S, Fuchs V, Gura K, Richardson D, Collier S, Lo C. Effectiveness of a clinical practice guideline for parenteral nutrition: a 5-year follow-up study in a pediatric teaching hospital. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2002 Nov-Dec; 26(6):377-81.
  162. Oken E, Duggan C. Update on micronutrients: iron and zinc. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002 Jun; 14(3):350-3.
  163. Duggan C, Gannon J, Walker WA. Protective nutrients and functional foods for the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 May; 75(5):789-808.
  164. Duggan C, Fontaine O. A new formulation of ORS for children is warranted. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Mar; 34(3):251-2.
  165. Lencer WI, Barrett K, Colgan S, Cohen MB, Duggan CP, Kotelchuck M, Rhoads JM. Research agenda for pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition: secretion and diarrhea. Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition for the Children's Digestive Health and Nutrition Foundation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002; 35 Suppl 3:S246-9.
  166. Duggan C. Oral rehydration solution. Doctors must increase use and acceptance of oral rehydration solution. BMJ. 2001 Nov 3; 323(7320):1068.
  167. Jones M, Campbell KA, Duggan C, Young G, Bousvaros A, Higgins L, Mullen E. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies in a child fed an elemental formula. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov; 33(5):602-5.
  168. Duggan C, Fawzi W. Micronutrients and child health: studies in international nutrition and HIV infection. Nutr Rev. 2001 Nov; 59(11):358-69.
  169. Andorsky DJ, Lund DP, Lillehei CW, Jaksic T, Dicanzio J, Richardson DS, Collier SB, Lo C, Duggan C. Nutritional and other postoperative management of neonates with short bowel syndrome correlates with clinical outcomes. J Pediatr. 2001 Jul; 139(1):27-33.
  170. Lyons J, Rauh-Pfeiffer A, Ming-Yu Y, Lu XM, Zurakowski D, Curley M, Collier S, Duggan C, Nurko S, Thompson J, Ajami A, Borgonha S, Young VR, Castillo L. Cysteine metabolism and whole blood glutathione synthesis in septic pediatric patients. Crit Care Med. 2001 Apr; 29(4):870-7.
  171. Duggan C. Micronutrients and infections: the road from A to Z and beyond. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000 Nov; 31(5):467.
  172. Freemantle N, Eccles M, Wood J, Mason J, Nazareth I, Duggan C, Young P, Haines A, Drummond M, Russell I, Walley T. A randomized trial of Evidence-based OutReach (EBOR): rationale and design. Control Clin Trials. 1999 Oct; 20(5):479-92.
  173. Duggan C, Lasche J, McCarty M, Mitchell K, Dershewitz R, Lerman SJ, Higham M, Radzevich A, Kleinman RE. Oral rehydration solution for acute diarrhea prevents subsequent unscheduled follow-up visits. Pediatrics. 1999 Sep; 104(3):e29.
  174. Duggan C, Schmidt M, Lawler M, White B, Cusack S, McCann S, Smith O. The prothrombin gene variant G20210A but not factor V leiden may be associated with veno-occlusive disease following BMT. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1999 Sep; 24(6):693-4.
  175. Kelleher DK, Duggan C. Breast milk and breastfeeding in the 1990s. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1999 Jun; 11(3):275-80.
  176. Murray KF, Lillehei CW, Duggan C. Congenital microgastria: treatment with transient jejunal feedings. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1999 Mar; 28(3):343-5.
  177. Keogh F, O'Riordan J, McNamara C, Duggan C, McCann SR. Psychosocial adaptation of patients and families following bone marrow transplantation: a prospective, longitudinal study. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 Nov; 22(9):905-11.
  178. Rauh-Pfeiffer A, Kelleher D, Duggan C. Obesity and low-fat diets in pediatrics. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1998 Jun; 10(3):329-35.
  179. Duggan C. Glutamine-based oral rehydration solutions: the magic bullet revisited? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1998 May; 26(5):533-5.
  180. Bousvaros A, Zurakowski D, Duggan C, Law T, Rifai N, Goldberg NE, Leichtner AM. Vitamins A and E serum levels in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease: effect of disease activity. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1998 Feb; 26(2):129-35.
  181. Duggan C, Nurko S. "Feeding the gut": the scientific basis for continued enteral nutrition during acute diarrhea. J Pediatr. 1997 Dec; 131(6):801-8.
  182. Gibb DM, Masters J, Shingadia D, Trickett S, Klein N, Duggan C, Novelli V, Mercey D. A family clinic--optimising care for HIV infected children and their families. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Dec; 77(6):478-82.
  183. Sonis A, Castle J, Duggan C. Infant nutrition: implication for somatic growth, adult onset diseases, and oral health. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1997 Jun; 9(3):289-97.
  184. Duggan C, Refat M, Hashem M, Fayad I, Santosham M. Interrater agreement in the assessment of dehydration in infants. J Trop Pediatr. 1997 Apr; 43(2):119-21.
  185. Fox VL, Abel SD, Malas S, Duggan C, Leichtner AM. Complications following percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and subsequent catheter replacement in children and young adults. Gastrointest Endosc. 1997 Jan; 45(1):64-71.
  186. Duggan C, Colin AA, Agil A, Higgins L, Rifai N. Vitamin A status in acute exacerbations of cystic fibrosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Oct; 64(4):635-9.
  187. Cañete A, Duggan C. Nutritional support of the pediatric intensive care unit patient. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1996 Jun; 8(3):248-55.
  188. Duggan C, Refat M, Hashem M, Wolff M, Fayad I, Santosham M. How valid are clinical signs of dehydration in infants? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1996 Jan; 22(1):56-61.
  189. Santosham M, Fayad I, Abu Zikri M, Hussein A, Amponsah A, Duggan C, Hashem M, el Sady N, Abu Zikri M, Fontaine O. A double-blind clinical trial comparing World Health Organization oral rehydration solution with a reduced osmolarity solution containing equal amounts of sodium and glucose. J Pediatr. 1996 Jan; 128(1):45-51.
  190. Duggan C, Shamberger RC, Antonioli D, Leichtner AM. Intraoperative enteroscopy in the diagnosis of partial intestinal obstruction in infancy. Dig Dis Sci. 1995 Oct; 40(10):2236-8.
  191. Hendricks KM, Duggan C, Gallagher L, Carlin AC, Richardson DS, Collier SB, Simpson W, Lo C. Malnutrition in hospitalized pediatric patients. Current prevalence. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Oct; 149(10):1118-22.
  192. Duggan C, Kleinman RE. Homeopathy study questions. Pediatrics. 1994 Dec; 94(6 Pt 1):963; author reply 965.
  193. Fayad IM, Hashem M, Duggan C, Refat M, Bakir M, Fontaine O, Santosham M. Comparative efficacy of rice-based and glucose-based oral rehydration salts plus early reintroduction of food. Lancet. 1993 Sep 25; 342(8874):772-5.
  194. Duggan C, Santosham M, Glass RI. The management of acute diarrhea in children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Recomm Rep. 1992 Oct 16; 41(RR-16):1-20.
  195. Duggan C, Sommer A, Auer C, Burkhard K. Automated differential threshold perimetry for detecting glaucomatous visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol. 1985 Sep 15; 100(3):420-3.
  196. Sommer A, Duggan C, Auer C, Abbey H. Analytic approaches to the interpretation of automated threshold perimetric data for the diagnosis of early glaucoma. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1985; 83:250-67.
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