EDUCATION

Undergraduate Degree

  • Hobart College , 1991 , Geneva , NY

Medical School

  • Upstate Medical University , 1995 , Syracuse , NY

Internship

  • Malden Hospital , 1996 , Malden , MA

Residency

  • Tufts University School of Medicine , 2000 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

Pediatric Radiology
  • Boston Children's Hospital , 2002 , Boston , MA

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

I received my B.S. degree from Hobart College, and my M.D. degree from Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York. I completed a diagnostic radiology residency at Tufts Medical Center, and a fellowship in pediatric radiology at Boston Children's Hospital.  I’m currently an associate professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School, medical director of computed tomography, physician director for radiation safety, and division chief of abdominal imaging at Boston Children’s Hospital. My research interests include CT dose optimization, abdominal imaging and musculoskeletal ultrasound.  I am a member of the Image Gently® Steering Committee, and will be the Secretary of the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) from 2016-2019.

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Radiology, Diagnostic Radiology
  • American Board of Radiology, Pediatric Radiology

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Lamash Y, Kurugol S, Freiman M, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Bousvaros A, Warfield SK. Curved planar reformatting and convolutional neural network-based segmentation of the small bowel for visualization and quantitative assessment of pediatric Crohn's disease from MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 Oct 24. View abstract
  2. Callahan MJ, MacDougall RD, Bixby SD, Voss SD, Robertson RL, Cravero JP. Correction to: Ionizing radiation from computed tomography versus anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging in infants and children: patient safety considerations. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 03; 48(3):454. View abstract
  3. Callahan MJ, MacDougall RD, Bixby SD, Voss SD, Robertson RL, Cravero JP. Ionizing radiation from computed tomography versus anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging in infants and children: patient safety considerations. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 01; 48(1):21-30. View abstract
  4. Colleran GC, Kwatra N, Oberg L, Grant FD, Drubach L, Callahan MJ, MacDougall RD, Fahey FH, Voss SD. How we read pediatric PET/CT: indications and strategies for image acquisition, interpretation and reporting. Cancer Imaging. 2017 Nov 07; 17(1):28. View abstract
  5. Cravero JP, Callahan MJ. The radiological home: Pediatric anesthesiologist's role in risk assessment for imaging procedures. Paediatr Anaesth. 2017 09; 27(9):878-879. View abstract
  6. Fahey FH, Goodkind A, MacDougall RD, Oberg L, Ziniel SI, Cappock R, Callahan MJ, Kwatra N, Treves ST, Voss SD. Operational and Dosimetric Aspects of Pediatric PET/CT. J Nucl Med. 2017 Sep; 58(9):1360-1366. View abstract
  7. Brown SD, Rider EA, Jamieson K, Meyer EC, Callahan MJ, DeBenedectis CM, Bixby SD, Walters M, Forman SF, Varrin PH, Forbes P, Roussin CJ. Development of a Standardized Kalamazoo Communication Skills Assessment Tool for Radiologists: Validation, Multisource Reliability, and Lessons Learned. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Aug; 209(2):351-357. View abstract
  8. Kurugol S, Freiman M, Afacan O, Domachevsky L, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. Motion-robust parameter estimation in abdominal diffusion-weighted MRI by simultaneous image registration and model estimation. Med Image Anal. 2017 Jul; 39:124-132. View abstract
  9. Callahan MJ, Strauss KJ. Advances in the Decision to Image or Not to Image. JAMA Oncol. 2017 Apr 01; 3(4):564-565. View abstract
  10. Offiah AC, Servaes S, Adamsbaum CS, Argyropoulou MI, Halliday KE, Jaspan T, Owens CM, Raissaki M, Rosendahl K, Stoodley N, Van Rijn RR, Callahan MJ, Chung T, Donaldson JS, Jaramillo D, Slovis TL, Strouse PJ. Initial response of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology and Society for Pediatric Radiology to the Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services' document on the triad of shaken baby syndrome. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 04; 47(4):369-371. View abstract
  11. Strauss KJ, Goske MJ, Towbin AJ, Sengupta D, Callahan MJ, Darge K, Podberesky DJ, Frush DP, Maxfield C, Westra SJ, Prince JS, Wu H, Bhargavan-Chatfield M. Pediatric Chest CT Diagnostic Reference Ranges: Development and Application. Radiology. 2017 07; 284(1):219-227. View abstract
  12. Ayyala RS, Anupindi SA, Callahan MJ. Practical use and pitfalls of hepatocyte-specific contrast agents (HSCAs) for pediatric hepatic and biliary magnetic resonance imaging. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 02; 42(2):502-520. View abstract
  13. Snow A, Milliren CE, Graham DA, Callahan MJ, MacDougall RD, Robertson RL, Taylor GA. Quality of pediatric abdominal CT scans performed at a dedicated children's hospital and its referring institutions: a multifactorial evaluation. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Apr; 47(4):391-397. View abstract
  14. Colleran GC, Callahan MJ, Paltiel HJ, Nelson CP, Cilento BG, Baum MA, Chow JS. Imaging in the diagnosis of pediatric urolithiasis. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Jan; 47(1):5-16. View abstract
  15. Callahan MJ, Talmadge JM, MacDougall RD, Kleinman PL, Taylor GA, Buonomo C. Selecting appropriate gastroenteric contrast media for diagnostic fluoroscopic imaging in infants and children: a practical approach. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Apr; 47(4):372-381. View abstract
  16. Kurugol S, Freiman M, Afacan O, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. Spatially-constrained probability distribution model of incoherent motion (SPIM) for abdominal diffusion-weighted MRI. Med Image Anal. 2016 08; 32:173-83. View abstract
  17. Callahan MJ, Talmadge JM, MacDougall R, Buonomo C, Taylor GA. The Use of Enteric Contrast Media for Diagnostic CT, MRI, and Ultrasound in Infants and Children: A Practical Approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 May; 206(5):973-9. View abstract
  18. MacDougall RD, Kleinman PL, Callahan MJ. Size-based protocol optimization using automatic tube current modulation and automatic kV selection in computed tomography. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016 01 08; 17(1):328-341. View abstract
  19. MacDougall RD, Kleinman PL, Callahan MJ. Size-based protocol optimization using automatic tube current modulation and automatic kV selection in computed tomography. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016 Jan; 17(1):328-341. View abstract
  20. Chauvin NA, Khwaja A, Epelman M, Callahan MJ. Imaging findings of Hoffa's fat pad herniation. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Apr; 46(4):508-12. View abstract
  21. Bachur RG, Levy JA, Callahan MJ, Rangel SJ, Monuteaux MC. Effect of Reduction in the Use of Computed Tomography on Clinical Outcomes of Appendicitis. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Aug; 169(8):755-60. View abstract
  22. Taimouri V, Afacan O, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK, Freiman M. Spatially constrained incoherent motion method improves diffusion-weighted MRI signal decay analysis in the liver and spleen. Med Phys. 2015 Apr; 42(4):1895-903. View abstract
  23. Callahan MJ, Anandalwar SP, MacDougall RD, Stamoulis C, Kleinman PL, Rangel SJ, Bachur RG, Taylor GA. Pediatric CT dose reduction for suspected appendicitis: a practice quality improvement project using artificial gaussian noise--part 2, clinical outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Mar; 204(3):636-44. View abstract
  24. Tuttle KS, Vargas SO, Callahan MJ, Bae DS, Nigrovic PA. Enthesitis as a component of dactylitis in psoriatic juvenile idiopathic arthritis: histology of an established clinical entity. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2015; 13:7. View abstract
  25. Bachur RG, Callahan MJ, Monuteaux MC, Rangel SJ. Integration of ultrasound findings and a clinical score in the diagnostic evaluation of pediatric appendicitis. J Pediatr. 2015 May; 166(5):1134-9. View abstract
  26. Anandalwar SP, Callahan MJ, Bachur RG, Feng C, Sidhwa F, Karki M, Taylor GA, Rangel SJ. Use of White Blood Cell Count and Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Differential to Improve the Predictive Value of Ultrasound for Suspected Appendicitis in Children. J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Jun; 220(6):1010-7. View abstract
  27. Callahan MJ, Kleinman PL, Strauss KJ, Bandos A, Taylor GA, Tsai A, Kleinman PK. Pediatric CT dose reduction for suspected appendicitis: a practice quality improvement project using artificial Gaussian noise--part 1, computer simulations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Jan; 204(1):W86-94. View abstract
  28. Kurugol S, Freiman M, Afacan O, Domachevsky L, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. Motion Compensated Abdominal Diffusion Weighted MRI by Simultaneous Image Registration and Model Estimation (SIR-ME). Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2015; 9351:501-9. View abstract
  29. Callahan MJ, Servaes S, Lee EY, Towbin AJ, Westra SJ, Frush DP. Practice patterns for the use of iodinated i.v. contrast media for pediatric CT studies: a survey of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Apr; 202(4):872-9. View abstract
  30. Brown SD, Callahan MJ, Browning DM, Lebowitz RL, Bell SK, Jang J, Meyer EC. Radiology trainees' comfort with difficult conversations and attitudes about error disclosure: effect of a communication skills workshop. J Am Coll Radiol. 2014 Aug; 11(8):781-7. View abstract
  31. Bittman ME, Callahan MJ. The effective use of acai juice, blueberry juice and pineapple juice as negative contrast agents for magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Jul; 44(7):883-7. View abstract
  32. Goske MJ, Strauss KJ, Coombs LP, Mandel KE, Towbin AJ, Larson DB, Callahan MJ, Darge K, Podberesky DJ, Frush DP, Westra SJ, Prince JS. Diagnostic reference ranges for pediatric abdominal CT. Radiology. 2013 Jul; 268(1):208-18. View abstract
  33. Jarrett DY, Kramer DE, Callahan MJ, Kleinman PK. US diagnosis of pediatric muscle hernias of the lower extremities. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S2-7. View abstract
  34. Kan JH, Guillerman RP, Callahan MJ. Pediatric musculoskeletal imaging: beyond the basics. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S1. View abstract
  35. Shah SH, Callahan MJ. Ultrasound evaluation of superficial lumps and bumps of the extremities in children: a 5-year retrospective review. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S23-40. View abstract
  36. Callahan MJ. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography of the lower extremities in infants and children. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S8-22. View abstract
  37. Krishnamurthy R, Yoo JH, Thapa M, Callahan MJ. Water-bath method for sonographic evaluation of superficial structures of the extremities in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Mar; 43 Suppl 1:S41-7. View abstract
  38. Freiman M, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Voss SD, Ecklund K, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK. Reliable estimation of incoherent motion parametric maps from diffusion-weighted MRI using fusion bootstrap moves. Med Image Anal. 2013 Apr; 17(3):325-36. View abstract
  39. Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Bulas D, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Don S, Farley S, Frush D, Hernanz-Schulman M, John SD, Kaste SC, Kaupp S, McElveny C, Morrison G, Sidhu M, Strauss K, Treves ST. Image Gently 5 years later: what goals remain to be accomplished in radiation protection for children? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Sep; 199(3):477-9. View abstract
  40. Freiman M, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Bittman M, Mulkern RV, Bousvaros A, Warfield SK. Characterization of fast and slow diffusion from diffusion-weighted MRI of pediatric Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013 Jan; 37(1):156-63. View abstract
  41. Freiman M, Voss SD, Mulkern RV, Perez-Rossello JM, Callahan MJ, Warfield SK. In vivo assessment of optimal b-value range for perfusion-insensitive apparent diffusion coefficient imaging. Med Phys. 2012 Aug; 39(8):4832-9. View abstract
  42. Bachur RG, Hennelly K, Callahan MJ, Chen C, Monuteaux MC. Diagnostic imaging and negative appendectomy rates in children: effects of age and gender. Pediatrics. 2012 May; 129(5):877-84. View abstract
  43. Newman B, Callahan MJ. Reply to commentary--'CT radiation dose reduction: can we do harm by doing good?'. Pediatr Radiol. 2012 Apr; 42(4):399-401. View abstract
  44. Bachur RG, Hennelly K, Callahan MJ, Monuteaux MC. Advanced radiologic imaging for pediatric appendicitis, 2005-2009: trends and outcomes. J Pediatr. 2012 Jun; 160(6):1034-8. View abstract
  45. Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Bulas D, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Coley BD, Don S, Frush DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Kaste SC, Morrison G, Sidhu M, Strauss KJ, Treves ST. Image Gently: progress and challenges in CT education and advocacy. Pediatr Radiol. 2011 Sep; 41 Suppl 2:461-6. View abstract
  46. Newman B, Callahan MJ. ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) CT 2011--executive summary. Pediatr Radiol. 2011 Sep; 41 Suppl 2:453-5. View abstract
  47. Callahan MJ. CT dose reduction in practice. Pediatr Radiol. 2011 Sep; 41 Suppl 2:488-92. View abstract
  48. Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Bulas D, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Coley BD, Don S, Farley S, Frush DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Kaste SC, Morrison G, Sidhu M, Strauss KJ, Treves ST. Approaches to promotion and implementation of action on Radiation Protection for children. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011 Sep; 147(1-2):137-41. View abstract
  49. Townsend BA, Callahan MJ, Zurakowski D, Taylor GA. Has pediatric CT at children's hospitals reached its peak? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 May; 194(5):1194-6. View abstract
  50. Strauss KJ, Goske MJ, Kaste SC, Bulas D, Frush DP, Butler P, Morrison G, Callahan MJ, Applegate KE. Image gently: Ten steps you can take to optimize image quality and lower CT dose for pediatric patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Apr; 194(4):868-73. View abstract
  51. Callahan MJ, Poznauskis L, Zurakowski D, Taylor GA. Nonionic iodinated intravenous contrast material-related reactions: incidence in large urban children's hospital--retrospective analysis of data in 12,494 patients. Radiology. 2009 Mar; 250(3):674-81. View abstract
  52. Medeiros F, Callahan MJ, Elvin JA, Dorfman DM, Berkowitz RS, Quade BJ. Intraplacental choriocarcinoma arising in a second trimester placenta with partial hydatidiform mole. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2008 Apr; 27(2):247-51. View abstract
  53. Folkins AK, Jarboe EA, Saleemuddin A, Lee Y, Callahan MJ, Drapkin R, Garber JE, Muto MG, Tworoger S, Crum CP. A candidate precursor to pelvic serous cancer (p53 signature) and its prevalence in ovaries and fallopian tubes from women with BRCA mutations. Gynecol Oncol. 2008 May; 109(2):168-73. View abstract
  54. Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Boylan J, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Coley BD, Farley S, Frush DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Jaramillo D, Johnson ND, Kaste SC, Morrison G, Strauss KJ, Tuggle N. The Image Gently campaign: working together to change practice. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Feb; 190(2):273-4. View abstract
  55. Goske MJ, Applegate KE, Boylan J, Butler PF, Callahan MJ, Coley BD, Farley S, Frush DP, Hernanz-Schulman M, Jaramillo D, Johnson ND, Kaste SC, Morrison G, Strauss KJ, Tuggle N. The 'Image Gently' campaign: increasing CT radiation dose awareness through a national education and awareness program. Pediatr Radiol. 2008 Mar; 38(3):265-9. View abstract
  56. Bixby SD, Callahan MJ, Taylor GA. Imaging in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Semin Roentgenol. 2008 Jan; 43(1):72-82. View abstract
  57. Nagymanyoki Z, Callahan MJ, Parast MM, Berkowitz RS, Mok SC, Fulop V. Overexpression of laminin receptor 1 on decidual cells in partial and complete mole. Gynecol Oncol. 2008 Jan; 108(1):121-5. View abstract
  58. Nijs EL, Callahan MJ. Congenital and developmental pancreatic anomalies: ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging features. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2007 Oct; 28(5):395-401. View abstract
  59. Nagymanyoki Z, Callahan MJ, Parast MM, Fulop V, Mok SC, Berkowitz RS. Immune cell profiling in normal pregnancy, partial and complete molar pregnancy. Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Nov; 107(2):292-7. View abstract
  60. Callahan MJ, Crum CP, Medeiros F, Kindelberger DW, Elvin JA, Garber JE, Feltmate CM, Berkowitz RS, Muto MG. Primary fallopian tube malignancies in BRCA-positive women undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer risk reduction. J Clin Oncol. 2007 Sep 01; 25(25):3985-90. View abstract
  61. Kircher MF, Milla S, Callahan MJ. Ingestion of magnetic foreign bodies causing multiple bowel perforations. Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Sep; 37(9):933-6. View abstract
  62. Kindelberger DW, Lee Y, Miron A, Hirsch MS, Feltmate C, Medeiros F, Callahan MJ, Garner EO, Gordon RW, Birch C, Berkowitz RS, Muto MG, Crum CP. Intraepithelial carcinoma of the fimbria and pelvic serous carcinoma: Evidence for a causal relationship. Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Feb; 31(2):161-9. View abstract
  63. Rodriguez DP, Vargas S, Callahan MJ, Zurakowski D, Taylor GA. Appendicitis in young children: imaging experience and clinical outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Apr; 186(4):1158-64. View abstract
  64. Taylor GA, Callahan MJ, Rodriguez D, Smink DS. CT for suspected appendicitis in children: an analysis of diagnostic errors. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Apr; 36(4):331-7. View abstract
  65. Medeiros F, Muto MG, Lee Y, Elvin JA, Callahan MJ, Feltmate C, Garber JE, Cramer DW, Crum CP. The tubal fimbria is a preferred site for early adenocarcinoma in women with familial ovarian cancer syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006 Feb; 30(2):230-6. View abstract
  66. Sung T, Callahan MJ, Taylor GA. Clinical and imaging mimickers of acute appendicitis in the pediatric population. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Jan; 186(1):67-74. View abstract
  67. Egloff AM, Lee EY, Dillon JE, Callahan MJ. Desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the kidney in a pediatric patient: sonographic and multiphase CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Nov; 185(5):1347-9. View abstract
  68. Nijs E, Callahan MJ, Taylor GA. Disorders of the pediatric pancreas: imaging features. Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Apr; 35(4):358-73; quiz 457. View abstract
  69. Callahan MJ, Taylor GA. CT of the pediatric esophagus. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Nov; 181(5):1391-6. View abstract
  70. Callahan MJ, Rodriguez DP, Taylor GA. CT of appendicitis in children. Radiology. 2002 Aug; 224(2):325-32. View abstract