MEDICAL SERVICES

EDUCATION

Undergraduate Degree

  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University , 1993 , Blackburg , VA

Graduate Degree

  • Boston University , 1994 , Boston , MA

Graduate Degree

PhD - Developmental Psychology
  • Boston University , 1998 , Boston , MA

Graduate Degree

Clinical Psychology
  • Massachusetts School for Professional Psychology , 2007 , Newton , MA

Philosophy of Care

I am dedicated to the refinement of comprehensive neurodevelopmental services for the high-risk fetus, newborn, child and family, while also working toward enhancing scientific inquiry and dissemination of evidence-based models to improve patient care hospital wide.

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

As an academic pediatric psychologist, the focus of my work has been directed at improving the quality of hospital care and long-term outcomes for high-risk infants, young children and their families through clinical innovation and investigation. My interest lay in promoting resilience and adaption in medically compromised youth through intervention for children, their families, and the health care environment.  In collaboration with Dr. Heidelise Als’ and the Neurobehavioral Infant and Child Studies research team at Boston Children’s Hospital (BCH), we develop, implement, and disseminate information on Newborn Individualized Development Care and Assessment Program (NICAP), an approach which improves outcomes for children born preterm. In addition, as part of the Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Program (CNP), I work to enhance the clinical care of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) through development of a neurodevelopmental service in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU), providing inpatient neurodevelopmental consultation, infant/family assessment and therapeutic intervention as part of routine CICU care delivery.

PUBLICATIONS

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  1. Butler SC, Sadhwani A, Stopp C, Singer J, Wypij D, Dunbar-Masterson C, Ware J, Newburger JW. Neurodevelopmental assessment of infants with congenital heart disease in the early postoperative period. Congenit Heart Dis. 2018 Oct 15. View abstract
  2. Butler SC, Huyler K, Kaza A, Rachwal C. Filling a significant gap in the cardiac ICU: implementation of individualised developmental care. Cardiol Young. 2017 Nov; 27(9):1797-1806. View abstract
  3. Butler SC, O'Sullivan LP, Shah BL, Berthier NE. Preference for infant-directed speech in preterm infants. Infant Behav Dev. 2014 Nov; 37(4):505-11. View abstract
  4. McAnulty G, Duffy FH, Kosta S, Weisenfeld NI, Warfield SK, Butler SC, Alidoost M, Bernstein JH, Robertson R, Zurakowski D, Als H. School-age effects of the newborn individualized developmental care and assessment program for preterm infants with intrauterine growth restriction: preliminary findings. BMC Pediatr. 2013 Feb 19; 13:25. View abstract
  5. Als H, Duffy FH, McAnulty G, Butler SC, Lightbody L, Kosta S, Weisenfeld NI, Robertson R, Parad RB, Ringer SA, Blickman JG, Zurakowski D, Warfield SK. NIDCAP improves brain function and structure in preterm infants with severe intrauterine growth restriction. J Perinatol. 2012 Oct; 32(10):797-803. View abstract
  6. McAnulty G, Duffy FH, Kosta S, Weisenfeld NI, Warfield SK, Butler SC, Bernstein JH, Zurakowski D, Als H. School Age Effects of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program for Medically Low-Risk Preterm Infants: Preliminary Findings. J Clin Neonatol. 2012; 1(4):184-194. View abstract
  7. Als H, Duffy FH, McAnulty GB, Fischer CB, Kosta S, Butler SC, Parad RB, Blickman JG, Zurakowski D, Ringer SA. Is the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) effective for preterm infants with intrauterine growth restriction? J Perinatol. 2011 Feb; 31(2):130-6. View abstract
  8. McAnulty GB, Duffy FH, Butler SC, Bernstein JH, Zurakowski D, Als H. Effects of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) at age 8 years: preliminary data. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2010 Mar; 49(3):258-70. View abstract
  9. Butler S, Als H. Individualized developmental care improves the lives of infants born preterm. Acta Paediatr. 2008 Sep; 97(9):1173-5. View abstract
  10. Keen, R. Berthier, N., Sylvia, M., Butler, S., Prunty, P., and Baker, R. Toddlers' use of cues in a search task. Infant and Child Development. Infant and Child Development. 2008; 10(1002):online publication. View abstract
  11. Als H, Butler S. Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP): Changing the Future for Infants and Families in Intensive and Special Care Nurseries. Early Childhood Services. 2008; 2(1):1-19. View abstract
  12. Butler, S. , Als, H. Individualized Developmental Care Improves the Lives of Infants Born Preterm. Acta Pediatrica. In Press, 2008. 2008; 97(9). View abstract
  13. Als H, Butler S. . Die Pflege des Neugeborenen: Die frühe Gehirnentwicklung und die Bedeutung von frühen Erfahrungen. Brisch HvKH, Hellbrügge T, eds. Der Säugling - Bindung, Neurobiologie und Gene. 2008; 44-87. View abstract
  14. Als H, Butler S. . Screening of Newborn and Maternal Wellbeing. Haith M, Benson J, eds. Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development, Three Volume Set, 1-3. 2008; 67-76. View abstract
  15. Chen C, Friedman S, Butler S, Jeruss S, Terrin N, Tighiouart H, Ware J, Wilson JM, Parsons SK. Approaches to neurodevelopmental assessment in congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jun; 42(6):1052-6; discussion 1056. View abstract
  16. Smith, K., Butler, S, Als, H. Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP): changing the future for infants and their families in intensive and special care nurseries. Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2007; 33:79-91. View abstract
  17. Als H, Butler S, Kosta S, McAnulty G. The Assessment of Preterm Infants' Behavior (APIB): furthering the understanding and measurement of neurodevelopmental competence in preterm and full-term infants. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2005; 11(1):94-102. View abstract
  18. Als H, Butler S. Neurobehavioral development of the preterm infant. Fanaroff Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant. 2005; 1051-1068. View abstract
  19. Als H, Butler S, Kosta S, McAnulty GB. The Assessment of Preterm Infants’ Behavior (APIB): Furthering the Understanding and Measurement of Neurodevelopmental Competence in Preterm and Fullterm Infants. Mental Retardation & Dev Disabilities Research Rev. 2005; 11(1):94-102. View abstract
  20. Als H, Butler S. Neurobehavioral development of the preterm infant. Martin R, Fanaroff A, Walsh M, editors. Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant. 2005; 2. View abstract
  21. Als H, Duffy FH, McAnulty GB, Rivkin MJ, Vajapeyam S, Mulkern RV, Warfield SK, Huppi PS, Butler SC, Conneman N, Fischer C, Eichenwald EC. Early experience alters brain function and structure. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr; 113(4):846-57. View abstract
  22. Als H, Gilkerson L, Duffy FH, McAnulty GB, Buehler DM, Vandenberg K, Sweet N, Sell E, Parad RB, Ringer SA, Butler SC, Blickman JG, Jones KJ. A three-center, randomized, controlled trial of individualized developmental care for very low birth weight preterm infants: medical, neurodevelopmental, parenting, and caregiving effects. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2003 Dec; 24(6):399-408. View abstract
  23. Butler SC, Als H, McAnulty GB, Duffy FH, Conneman N, Fischer C, Eichenwald E, Warfield S, Mulkern RV, Hüppi P, Rivken MJ. Effectiveness of individualized developmental care for preterm infants: Neurobehavioral and neurostructural evidence. 2003. View abstract
  24. Butler SC, Berthier NE, Clifton RK. Two-year-olds' search strategies and visual tracking in a hidden displacement task. Dev Psychol. 2002 Jul; 38(4):581-90. View abstract
  25. Vajapeyam S, Rivkin MJ, McAnulty G, Fischer C, Butler S, Conneman N, Wolraich D, Roberston RL, Mulkern RV, Maier SE, Als H. DTI study of the premature infant brain shows that change in diffusion properties of white matter may precede myelintation. 2002. View abstract
  26. Butler SC, O’Sullivan L . Contingency learning and retention in preterm infants. 2002. View abstract
  27. Caron AJ, Kiel EJ, Dayton M, Butler SC. Comprehension of the referential intent of looking and pointing between 12 and 15 months. J Cog Dev. 2002; 3(4):445-64. View abstract
  28. Rivkin M, Als H, McAnulty G, Butler S, Conneman N, Fischer C, Vajapeyam S, Molraich D, Mulkern RV. Prolonged T2* values in newborn vs adult brain: implications for fMRI studies of newborns. 2002. View abstract
  29. Butler SC, O’Sullivan L, Berthier NE, Clifton RK, Shah B. Motherese: Implications for its importance to preterm infants. 2002. View abstract
  30. Galler JR, Harrison RH, Ramsey F, Butler SC . Postpartum maternal mood and infant temperament in Barbados. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2002. View abstract
  31. Butler SC, Berthier NE, Clifton RK. Children’s searching for unseen events at 2 and 3 years. Dev Psychol. 2002; 38(4):581-90. View abstract
  32. Butler SC, O’Sullivan L, Shah B. Contingency learning and retention in preterm infants. 2002. View abstract
  33. Caron AJ, Butler SC, Brooks R. Gaze following at 12 and 14 months: Do the eyes matter?. British J Psychol. 2002; 20(2):225-40. View abstract
  34. Butler SC, Berthier N, Clifton R. Children’s searching for unseen events. 2001. View abstract
  35. Galler JR, Harrison RH, Ramsey F, Forde V, Butler SC. Maternal depressive symptoms affect infant cognitive development in Barbados. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2000 Sep; 41(6):747-57. View abstract
  36. Butler SC, Caron AJ, Brooks R. Infant understanding of the referential nature of looking. J Cog Dev. 2000; 1(4):359-77. View abstract
  37. Butler SC, Bigg MA, Harrison RH, Galler JR. . Maternal moods predict infant cognitive development. 1999. View abstract
  38. Butler SC, Caron AJ, Brooks R. Understanding the referential nature of looking at 14 and 18 months. 1999. View abstract
  39. Brooks R, Caron AJ, Butler SC. Infant comprehension of looking as intentional behavior. Infant comprehension of looking as intentional behavior. 1998. View abstract
  40. Brooks R, Caron AJ, Butler SC. . Infant comprehension of looking as intentional behavior. 1998. View abstract