Joseph Borer

Joseph G. Borer, MD

Director, Bladder Exstrophy Program; Co-Director, Neurourology and Urodynamics, Reconstructive Urologic Surgery Chair

Associate Professor of Surgery (Urology), Harvard Medical School

    Contact: 617-355-7796
  • Fax: 617-730-0474

Medical Services


  • Urology
  • Robotic Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • Exstrophy
  • Neurourology
  • Renal Transplantation
  • Circumcision
  • Undescended Testicles
  • Hydrocele
  • Inguinal Hernia


  • Urology


  • English


  • Advanced Fetal Care Center
  • Andrology Program
  • Bladder Exstrophy Program
  • Center for General Pediatric Urology
  • Robotic Surgery Program
  • Kidney Transplant Program
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome Specialty Program
  • Center for Perinatal Urology
  • Urodynamics
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux
  • Voiding Improvement Program
To schedule an appointment: Call 617-355-7796 or Request an Appointment

Experience and Education



St. Bonaventure University, 1985

Bonaventure, NY

Medical School

State University of New York at Syracuse, 1989

Syracuse, NY


State University of New York at Brooklyn, 1989-1990

Brooklyn, NY

Residency, Surgery

State University of New York at Brooklyn, 1990-1992

Brooklyn, NY

Residency, Urology

State University of New York at Brooklyn, 1992-1996

Brooklyn, NY

Fellowship, Clinical

Boston Children's Hospital, 1996-1997

Boston, MA

Fellowship, Research

Boston Children's Hospital, 1997-1998

Boston, MA


  • American Board of Urology, Pediatric Urology

Professional History

Dr. Borer is a pediatric urologist and urologic surgeon with a specialized interest in the care of patients with complex urologic problems. He also specializes in major reconstructive surgery using standard and minimally invasive techniques. Most of his time is devoted to delivering specialized clinical care to patients, and teaching residents and fellows. The remaining time is spent on advancing the field through research, and creating and overseeing new models of care. His recent work has involved development of the Bladder Exstrophy Program, which has allowed him to publish significant outcomes data on many aspects of care of these complex children.
In his positions as the first incumbent Reconstructive Urologic Surgery Chair and the Director of the Bladder Exstrophy Program, Co-Director of the Robotics Program, and the Director of Neurourology and Urodynamics, he is uniquely positioned to continue the efforts of current and future optimization of care for infants, children and young adults with complex genitourinary anomalies.
Dr. Borer presents his work nationally with colleagues at the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Urology, American Urological Society, and the Society for Pediatric Urology and internationally at the European Society for Pediatric Urology and recent Bladder Exstrophy Workshop in Casablanca, Morocco. He and his team have published meaningful findings on evaluation, management and psychosocial aspects of care for these children extending from prenatal diagnosis into adulthood.
In addition to clinical and teaching responsibilities, Dr. Borer is participating in several ongoing basic and translational research projects including the characterization of mouse models to dissect the molecular basis of lower urinary tract morphogenesis during development. Dr. Borer is also Co-PI on a project involving genetic analysis of patients with epispadias, bladder exstrophy, cloacal exstrophy and cloacal malformation using state-of-the-art genome sequencing approaches.


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles
  1. Cendron M, Cho PS, Pennison M, Rosoklija I, Diamond DA, Borer JG. Anatomic findings associated with epispadias in boys: Implications for surgical management and urinary continence. J Pediatr Urol. 2017 Oct 26.
  2. Borer JG, Vasquez E, Canning DA, Kryger JV, Bellows A, Weiss D, Groth T, Shukla A, Kurtz MP, Mitchell ME. Short-term outcomes of the multi-institutional bladder exstrophy consortium: Successes and complications in the first two years of collaboration. J Pediatr Urol. 2017 Jun; 13(3):275.e1-275.e6.
  3. Borer JG. Editorial Comment. Urology. 2016 Apr; 90:168.
  4. Cho PS, Bauer SB, Pennison M, Rosoklija I, Bellows AL, Logvinenko T, Khoshbin S, Borer JG. Sacral agenesis and neurogenic bladder: Long-term outcomes of bladder and kidney function. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Jun; 12(3):158.e1-7.
  5. Borer JG. Experience, Expertise and Dedication are Requirements for Successful Outcome in Bladder Exstrophy Care. J Urol. 2016 Jan; 195(1):15.
  6. Borer JG, Vasquez E, Canning DA, Kryger JV, Mitchell ME. An initial report of a novel multi-institutional bladder exstrophy consortium: a collaboration focused on primary surgery and subsequent care. J Urol. 2015 May; 193(5 Suppl):1802-7.
  7. Kurtz MP, Zurakowski D, Rosoklija I, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Johnson KL, Migliozzi M, Diamond DA. Semen parameters in adolescents with varicocele: association with testis volume differential and total testis volume. J Urol. 2015 May; 193(5 Suppl):1843-7.
  8. Borer JG. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2014 Oct; 192(4):1214.
  9. Pierre K, Borer J, Phelps A, Chow JS. Bladder exstrophy: current management and postoperative imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2014 Jul; 44(7):768-86; quiz 765-7.
  10. Borer JG, Strakosha R, Bauer SB, Diamond DA, Pennison M, Rosoklija I, Khoshbin S. Combined cystometrography and electromyography of the external urethral sphincter following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2014 May; 191(5 Suppl):1547-52.
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  12. Pennison MC, Mednick L, Rosoklija I, Grant R, Price D, Huang L, Ziniel S, Borer JG. Health related quality of life in patients with bladder exstrophy: a call for targeted interventions. J Urol. 2014 May; 191(5 Suppl):1553-7.
  13. Guo C, Sun Y, Guo C, MacDonald BT, Borer JG, Li X. Dkk1 in the peri-cloaca mesenchyme regulates formation of anorectal and genitourinary tracts. Dev Biol. 2014 Jan 01; 385(1):41-51.
  14. Schaeffer AJ, Johnson EK, Logvinenko T, Graham DA, Borer JG, Nelson CP. Practice patterns and resource utilization for infants with bladder exstrophy: a national perspective. J Urol. 2014 May; 191(5):1381-8.
  15. Joseph DB, Borer JG, De Filippo RE, Hodges SJ, McLorie GA. Autologous cell seeded biodegradable scaffold for augmentation cystoplasty: phase II study in children and adolescents with spina bifida. J Urol. 2014 May; 191(5):1389-95.
  16. Borer JG. Are osteotomies necessary for bladder exstrophy closure? J Urol. 2014 Jan; 191(1):13-4.
  17. Pennison MC, Mednick L, Grant R, Price D, Rosoklija I, Huang L, Ziniel S, Borer JG. A survey to assess body and self-image in individuals with bladder exstrophy: a call for psychosocial support. J Urol. 2013 Oct; 190(4 Suppl):1572-6.
  18. Borer JG. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2013 May; 189(5):1875.
  19. Wang C, Wang J, Borer JG, Li X. Embryonic origin and remodeling of the urinary and digestive outlets. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e55587.
  20. Routh JC, Yu RN, Kozinn SI, Nguyen HT, Borer JG. Urological complications and vesicoureteral reflux following pediatric kidney transplantation. J Urol. 2013 Mar; 189(3):1071-6.
  21. Harty NJ, Nelson CP, Cendron M, Turner S, Borer JG. The impact of electrocautery method on post-operative bleeding complications after non-newborn circumcision and revision circumcision. J Pediatr Urol. 2013 Oct; 9(5):634-7.
  22. Lee NG, Gana R, Borer JG, Estrada CR, Khoshbin S, Bauer SB. Urodynamic findings in patients with Currarino syndrome. J Urol. 2012 Jun; 187(6):2195-200.
  23. Borer J. Commentary to 'The modern staged repair of classic bladder exstrophy: a detailed postoperative management strategy for primary bladder closure'. J Pediatr Urol. 2012 Oct; 8(5):556.
  24. Kokorowski PJ, Routh JC, Borer JG, Estrada CR, Bauer SB, Nelson CP. Screening for malignancy after augmentation cystoplasty in children with spina bifida: a decision analysis. J Urol. 2011 Oct; 186(4):1437-43.
  25. Borer JG. The use of bladder neck reconstruction in bladder exstrophy. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2011 May; 20(2):91-6.
  26. Gargollo P, Hendren WH, Diamond DA, Pennison M, Grant R, Rosoklija I, Retik AB, Borer JG. Bladder neck reconstruction is often necessary after complete primary repair of exstrophy. J Urol. 2011 Jun; 185(6 Suppl):2563-71.
  27. Hong YK, Altobelli E, Borer JG, Bauer SB, Nguyen HT. Urodynamic abnormalities in toilet trained children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2011 May; 185(5):1863-8.
  28. Minnillo BJ, Cruz JA, Sayao RH, Passerotti CC, Houck CS, Meier PM, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Long-term experience and outcomes of robotic assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children and young adults. J Urol. 2011 Apr; 185(4):1455-60.
  29. Borer JG. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2011 Mar; 185(3):1087; author reply 1087.
  30. Borer JG. Editorial comment. J Urol. 2010 Oct; 184(4 Suppl):1797-8.
  31. Silva A, Rodig N, Passerotti CP, Recabal P, Borer JG, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Risk factors for urinary tract infection after renal transplantation and its impact on graft function in children and young adults. J Urol. 2010 Oct; 184(4):1462-7.
  32. Gargollo PC, Cai AW, Borer JG, Retik AB. Management of recurrent urethral strictures after hypospadias repair: is there a role for repeat dilation or endoscopic incision? J Pediatr Urol. 2011 Feb; 7(1):34-8.
  33. Drzewiecki BA, Kelly PR, Marinaccio B, Borer JG, Estrada CR, Lee RS, Bauer SB. Biofeedback training for lower urinary tract symptoms: factors affecting efficacy. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):2050-5.
  34. Passerotti C, Chow JS, Silva A, Schoettler CL, Rosoklija I, Perez-Rossello J, Cendron M, Cilento BG, Lee RS, Nelson CP, Estrada CR, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Ultrasound versus computerized tomography for evaluating urolithiasis. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1829-34.
  35. Diamond DA, Xuewu J, Bauer SB, Cilento BG, Borer JG, Nguyen H, Cendron M, Rosoklija I, Retik AB. What is the optimal surgical strategy for bulbous urethral stricture in boys? J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4 Suppl):1755-8.
  36. Estrada CR, Passerotti CC, Graham DA, Peters CA, Bauer SB, Diamond DA, Cilento BG, Borer JG, Cendron M, Nelson CP, Lee RS, Zhou J, Retik AB, Nguyen HT. Nomograms for predicting annual resolution rate of primary vesicoureteral reflux: results from 2,462 children. J Urol. 2009 Oct; 182(4):1535-41.
  37. Mednick L, Gargollo P, Oliva M, Grant R, Borer J. Stress and coping of parents of young children diagnosed with bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2009 Mar; 181(3):1312-6; discussion 1317.
  38. Lee RS, Sethi AS, Passerotti CC, Retik AB, Borer JG, Nguyen HT, Peters CA. Robot assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: a viable and safe option in children. J Urol. 2009 Feb; 181(2):823-8; discussion 828-9.
  39. Diamond DA, Xuewu J, Cilento BG, Bauer SB, Peters CA, Borer JG, Mandell J, Cendron M, Rosoklija I, Zurakowski D, Retik AB. Varicocele surgery: a decade's experience at a children's hospital. BJU Int. 2009 Jul; 104(2):246-9.
  40. Gargollo PC, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Hendren WH, Rosoklija I, Grant R, Retik AB. Prospective followup in patients after complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2008 Oct; 180(4 Suppl):1665-70; discussion 1670.
  41. Passerotti CC, Diamond DA, Borer JG, Eisner BH, Barrisford G, Nguyen HT. Robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy: description of technique. J Endourol. 2008 Apr; 22(4):581-4, discussion 585.
  42. Freilich DA, Nguyen HT, Borer J, Nelson C, Passerotti CC. Concurrent management of bilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children using robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. Int Braz J Urol. 2008 Mar-Apr; 34(2):198-204; discussion 204-5.
  43. Passerotti C, Cendron M, Gargollo P, Diamond DA, Borer JG, Cilento B, Bauers S, Retik AB, Peters CA, Nguyen HT. Minimally invasive surgical approaches to retrovesical structures. Int J Med Robot. 2007 Dec; 3(4):307-11.
  44. Borer JG. Children's Hospital Boston's Center for Bladder Exstrophy Care & Support team live interactive (webcast) discussion on exstrophy of the bladder. 2007.
  45. Diamond DA, Zurakowski D, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Peters CA, Cilento BG, Paltiel HJ, Rosoklija I, Retik AB. Relationship of varicocele grade and testicular hypotrophy to semen parameters in adolescents. J Urol. 2007 Oct; 178(4 Pt 2):1584-8.
  46. Gargollo PC, Borer JG. Contemporary outcomes in bladder exstrophy. Curr Opin Urol. 2007 Jul; 17(4):272-80.
  47. Lee RS, Passerotti CC, Cendron M, Estrada CR, Borer JG, Peters CA. Early results of robot assisted laparoscopic lithotomy in adolescents. J Urol. 2007 Jun; 177(6):2306-9; discussion 2309-10.
  48. Rahbar R, Ferrari LR, Borer JG, Peters CA. Robotic surgery in the pediatric airway: application and safety. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Jan; 133(1):46-50; discussion 50.
  49. Borer JG, Retik AB. Complications of hypospadias surgery. Complications of urologic surgery and practice: diagnosis, prevention, and management. (Loughlin KR, editor). 2007; 1:271-282.
  50. Borer JG, Retik AB. Complications of exstrophy and epispadias surgery. Complications of urologic surgery and practice: diagnosis, prevention, and management. (Loughlin KR, editor). 2007; 1:295-302.
  51. Hendren WH, Borer JG. The undescended testicle. Mastery of Surgery. (Fischer JE, Editor. Bland KI, Associate editor). 2007; 2:1760-1768.
  52. Koh CJ, DeFilippo RE, Borer JG, Khoshbin S, Bauer SB. Bladder and external urethral sphincter function after prenatal closure of myelomeningocele. J Urol. 2006 Nov; 176(5):2232-6.
  53. Lee RS, Borer JG. Robotic surgery for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Curr Opin Urol. 2006 Jul; 16(4):291-4.
  54. Lee RS, Retik AB, Borer JG, Peters CA. Pediatric robot assisted laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty: comparison with a cohort of open surgery. J Urol. 2006 Feb; 175(2):683-7; discussion 687.
  55. Ozkan KU, Bauer SB, Khoshbin S, Borer JG. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction after sacrococcygeal teratoma resection. J Urol. 2006 Jan; 175(1):292-6; discussion 296.
  56. Huang WY, Peters CA, Zurakowski D, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Bauer SB, McLellan DL, Rosen S. Renal biopsy in congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction: evidence for parenchymal maldevelopment. Kidney Int. 2006 Jan; 69(1):137-43.
  57. Alukal JP, Zurakowski D, Atala A, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Cilento BG, Mandell J, Peters CA, Paltiel HJ, Retik AB, Diamond DA. Testicular hypotrophy does not correlate with grade of adolescent varicocele. J Urol. 2005 Dec; 174(6):2367-70, discussion 2370.
  58. Borer JG. Voiding dysfunction: outcome in infants with congenital vesicoureteral reflux [editorial]. Urology. 2005; 66(5):1094.
  59. Eaton SH, Cendron MA, Estrada CR, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Cilento BG, Diamond DA, Retik AB, Peters CA. Intermittent testicular torsion: diagnostic features and management outcomes. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1532-5; discussion 1535.
  60. Gargollo PC, Kozakewich HP, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Peters CA, Retik AB, Diamond DA. Balanitis xerotica obliterans in boys. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 1):1409-12.
  61. Borer JG, Gargollo PC, Kinnamon DD, Bauer SB, Khoshbin S, Hendren WH, Peters CA, Diamond DA, Atala A, Chin S, Retik AB. Bladder growth and development after complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy in the newborn with comparison to staged approach. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1553-7; discussion 1557-8.
  62. Borer JG, Gargollo PC, Hendren WH, Diamond DA, Peters CA, Atala A, Grant R, Retik AB. Early outcome following complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy in the newborn. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1674-8; discussion 1678-9.
  63. Gargollo PC, Borer JG, Retik AB, Peters CA, Diamond DA, Atala A, Barnewolt CE. Magnetic resonance imaging of pelvic musculoskeletal and genitourinary anatomy in patients before and after complete primary repair of bladder exstrophy. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 2):1559-66; discussion 1566.
  64. Borer JG. The failed complete repair of bladder exstrophy: insights and outcomes [editorial]. J Urol. 2005; 174(4 (Part 2 of 2)):1672.
  65. Lee RS, Retik AB, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Peters CA. Pediatric retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: comparison with an age matched cohort of open surgery. J Urol. 2005 Aug; 174(2):708-11; discussion 712.
  66. Diamond DA, Zurakowski D, Atala A, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Cilento BG, Paltiel H, Peters CA, Retik AB. Is adolescent varicocele a progressive disease process? J Urol. 2004 Oct; 172(4 Pt 2):1746-8; discussion 1748.
  67. Mourtzinos A, Borer JG. Current management of bladder exstrophy. Curr Urol Rep. 2004 Apr; 5(2):137-41.
  68. Bladder function. Male external genitalia. Female genital tract. Ambiguous genitalia. Principles of Pediatric Surgery. Borer JG, associate editor. O’Neill JA, Jr, Grosfeld JL, Fonkalsrud EW, Coran AG, Caldamone AA, editors. 2004.
  69. Diamond DA, Borer JG, Peters CA, Cilento BG, Sorcini A, Kaefer M, Paltiel HJ. Neonatal scrotal haematoma: mimicker of neonatal testicular torsion. BJU Int. 2003 May; 91(7):675-7.
  70. Adey GS, Vargas SO, Retik AB, Borer JG, Mandell J, Hendren WH, Lebowitz RL, Bauer SB. Fibroepithelial polyps causing ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children. J Urol. 2003 May; 169(5):1834-6.
  71. Adam RM, Danciu T, McLellan DL, Borer JG, Lin J, Zurakowski D, Weinstein MH, Rajjayabun PH, Mellon JK, Freeman MR. A nuclear form of the heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor precursor is a feature of aggressive transitional cell carcinoma. Cancer Res. 2003 Jan 15; 63(2):484-90.
  72. Borer JG, Diamond DA. . Vesicoureteral reflux. Atlas of clinical urology. Poppas D, Retik AB, Vaughan ED Jr, Perlmutter A, editors. 2003; IV:23-36.
  73. Borer JG. Multicystic dysplastic kidney. Manual of Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care. Hansen AR, Puder M, editors. 2003; 334-341.
  74. Borer JG, Retik AB. Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty for repair of proximal hypospadias. Atlas Urol Clin. 2003; 11:7-15.
  75. McLellan DL, Retik AB, Bauer SB, Diamond DA, Atala A, Mandell J, Lebowitz RL, Borer JG, Peters CA. Rate and predictors of spontaneous resolution of prenatally diagnosed primary nonrefluxing megaureter. J Urol. 2002 Nov; 168(5):2177-80; discussion 2180.
  76. Pohl HG, Bauer SB, Borer JG, Diamond DA, Kelly MD, Grant R, Briscoe CJ, Doonan G, Retik AB. The outcome of voiding dysfunction managed with clean intermittent catheterization in neurologically and anatomically normal children. BJU Int. 2002 Jun; 89(9):923-7.
  77. Paltiel HJ, Diamond DA, Di Canzio J, Zurakowski D, Borer JG, Atala A. Testicular volume: comparison of orchidometer and US measurements in dogs. Radiology. 2002 Jan; 222(1):114-9.
  78. Borer JG, Retik AB. Reoperative surgery for hypospadias with tubularized incised plate urethroplasty. Reoperative hypospadias: a spectrum of challenges. Diologues in Pediatric Urology. Snodgrass WT, guest editor. 2002; 2-4.
  79. Retik AB, Borer JG. Hypospadias. Campbell's Urology. Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan ED Jr, Wein AJ, editors. 2002; 3:2284-2333.
  80. Borer JG, Bauer SB, Peters CA, Diamond DA, Atala A, Cilento BG, Retik AB. Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty: expanded use in primary and repeat surgery for hypospadias. J Urol. 2001 Feb; 165(2):581-5.
  81. Borer JG. . Trauma to the genitourinary system. Posterior urethral valves. Hypospadias. Voiding dysfunction. Available from the Center for General Pediatric Urology page 2001.
  82. Atala A, Diamond DA. . Pediatric urology: vesicoureteral reflux and megaureter. Objectives for Urology Residency Education. American Urological Association. 2001.
  83. Borer JG, Retik AB. Improving outcome in pediatric bladder replacement surgery. Contemporary Urology. 2001; 13:75-91.
  84. Borer JG, Retik AB. . Management of distal hypospadias. Campbell's Urology Update #4. Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan ED Jr, Wein AJ, editors. 2001.
  85. Nguyen HT, Bauer SB, Peters CA, Connolly LP, Gobet R, Borer JG, Barnewolt CE, Ephraim PL, Treves ST, Retik AB. 99m Technetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scintigraphy abnormalities in infants with sterile high grade vesicoureteral reflux. J Urol. 2000 Nov; 164(5):1674-8; discussion 1678-9.
  86. Borer JG, Tan PE, Diamond DA. The spectrum of Sertoli cell tumors in children. Urol Clin North Am. 2000 Aug; 27(3):529-41.
  87. Park JM, Houck CS, Sethna NF, Sullivan LJ, Atala A, Borer JG, Cilento BG, Diamond DA, Peters CA, Retik AB, Bauer SB. Ketorolac suppresses postoperative bladder spasms after pediatric ureteral reimplantation. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jul; 91(1):11-5.
  88. Borer JG, Peters CA. Pediatric retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2000 Jun; 14(5):413-6; discussion 417.
  89. Retik AB, Borer JG. Primäre hypospadie-versorgung und rezidiv-hypospadie-korrektur nach der Snodgrass-technik. [Primary and reoperative hypospadias repair with the Snodgrass technique.]. Aktuel Urol. 2000; 31:174-180.
  90. Borer JG, Atala A. Endoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy. Pediatr Endosurg Innovat Tech. 2000; 4:229-236.
  91. Borer JG, Diamond DA. Ureteral reimplantation. Operative urology: surgical skills. Krane RJ, Siroky MB, Fitzpatrick JM, editors. 2000; 99-106.
  92. Reiner WG, Jordan GH, McRoberts JW, Atala A. . Penile reconstruction: current status. Dialogues in pediatric urology. Borer JG, guest editor. 2000; 1-8.
  93. Adam RM, Borer JG, Williams J, Eastham JA, Loughlin KR, Freeman MR. Amphiregulin is coordinately expressed with heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor in the interstitial smooth muscle of the human prostate. Endocrinology. 1999 Dec; 140(12):5866-75.
  94. Adam RM, Borer JG, Williams BJ, Eastham JA, Loughlin KR, Freeman MR. Amphiregulin Is Coordinately Expressed with Heparin-Binding Epidermal Growth Factor-Like Growth Factor in the Interstitial Smooth Muscle of the Human Prostate1. Endocrinology. 1999 Dec 01; 140(12):5866-5875.
  95. Borer JG, Park JM, Atala A, Nguyen HT, Adam RM, Retik AB, Freeman MR. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor expression increases selectively in bladder smooth muscle in response to lower urinary tract obstruction. Lab Invest. 1999 Nov; 79(11):1335-45.
  96. Borer JG, Cisek LJ, Atala A, Diamond DA, Retik AB, Peters CA. Pediatric retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy using 2 mm. instrumentation. J Urol. 1999 Nov; 162(5):1725-9; discussion 1730.
  97. Borer JG, Retik AB. Current trends in hypospadias repair. Urol Clin North Am. 1999 Feb; 26(1):15-37, vii.
  98. Borer JG, Kaefer M, Barnewolt CE, Elias ER, Hobbs N, Retik AB, Peters CA. Renal findings on radiological followup of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. J Urol. 1999 Jan; 161(1):235-9.
  99. Cisek LJ, Borer JG, Peters CA. Prone retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy and retroperitoneal surgery [videocassette]. 1999.
  100. Borer JG, Hendren WH. Disorders of the bladder and urethra. Burg FD, Ingelfinger JR, Wald ER, Polin RA, editors. Gellis & Kagan’s Current Pediatric Therapy. 1999; 843-849.
  101. Park JM, Borer JG, Freeman MR, Peters CA. Stretch activates heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor expression in bladder smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol. 1998 Nov; 275(5 Pt 1):C1247-54.
  102. Chang B, Borer JG, Tan PE, Diamond DA. Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor of the testis: case report and review of the literature. Urology. 1998 Sep; 52(3):520-2; discussion 522-3.
  103. Borer JG, Bauer SB, Peters CA, Diamond DA, Decter RM, Shapiro E. A single-system ectopic ureter draining an ectopic dysplastic kidney: delayed diagnosis in the young female with continuous urinary incontinence. Br J Urol. 1998 Mar; 81(3):474-8.
  104. Borer JG, Sherman J, Solomon MC, Plawker MW, Macchia RJ. Age specific prostate specific antigen reference ranges: population specific. J Urol. 1998 Feb; 159(2):444-8.
  105. Retik AB, Borer JG. Primary and reoperative hypospadias repair with the Snodgrass technique. World J Urol. 1998; 16(3):186-91.
  106. Kim YH, Horowitz M, Combs AJ, Nitti VW, Borer J, Glassberg KI. Management of posterior urethral valves on the basis of urodynamic findings. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158(3 Pt 2):1011-6.
  107. Borer JG, Atala A. Management of vesicoureteral reflux. Campbell's Urology Update #23. Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan ED Jr, Wein AJ, editors. 1997.
  108. Sherman J, Borer JG, Horowitz M, Glassberg KI. Circumcision: successful glanular reconstruction and survival following traumatic amputation. J Urol. 1996 Aug; 156(2 Pt 2):842-4.
  109. Gould DL, Borer J. Applied stapling technique in radical retropubic prostatectomy: efficient, effective and efficacious. J Urol. 1996 Mar; 155(3):1008-10.
  110. Borer JG, Nitti VW, Glassberg KI. Mixed gonadal dysgenesis and dysgenetic male pseudohermaphroditism. J Urol. 1995 Apr; 153(4):1267-73.
  111. Borer JG, Glassberg KI, Kassner EG, Schulsinger DA, Mooppan UM. Unilateral multicystic dysplasia in 1 component of a horseshoe kidney: case reports and review of the literature. J Urol. 1994 Nov; 152(5 Pt 1):1568-71.
  112. Borer JG, Corgan FJ, Krantz R, Gordon DH, Maiman M, Glassberg KI. Unilateral single vaginal ectopic ureter with ipsilateral hypoplastic pelvic kidney and bicornuate uterus. J Urol. 1993 May; 149(5):1124-7.
  113. Bifano EM, Smith F, Borer J. Relationship between determinants of oxygen delivery and respiratory abnormalities in preterm infants with anemia. J Pediatr. 1992 Feb; 120(2 Pt 1):292-6.
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