Wheat Allergy Symptoms & Causes

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Which foods contain wheat?

Wheat products are found in many foods. In order to avoid foods that contain wheat, it is important to read food labels.

Which ingredients must a wheat-allergic person watch out for?

Avoid foods with any of the following ingredients:

  • Bread crumbs
  • Bran
  • Cereal extract
  • Couscous
  • Cracker meal
  • Enriched flour
  • Farina
  • Gluten
  • Graham flour
  • High gluten flour
  • High protein flour
  • Spelt
  • Vital gluten
  • Wheat bran
  • Wheat germ
  • Wheat gluten
  • Wheat malt
  • Wheat starch
  • Whole wheat flour

Other ingredients that may indicate the presence of wheat protein include:

  • Gelatinized starch
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
  • Kamut
  • Modified food starch
  • Modified starch
  • Natural flavoring
  • Soy sauce
  • Starch
  • Vegetable gum
  • Vegetable starch

When cooking at home, what can be substituted in place of wheat flour?

One cup of wheat flour equals:

  • 1 cup rye meal
  • 1 - 1 1/4 cups rye flour
  • 1 cup potato flour
  • 1 1/3 cups rolled oats or oat flour
  • 1/2 cup potato four plus 1/2 cup rye flour
  • 5/8 cup potato starch
  • 5/8 cup rice flour plus 1/3 cup rye flour

The following table gives guidelines about which foods are generally safe, and which should be avoided.

Foods Allowed Not Allowed

Beverages

Coffee, tea, fruit juices, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated beverages, all milks, cocoa

Cereal beverages, coffee substitutes

Beverages made from wheat products: beer, ale, root beer

Instant chocolate drink mixes

Breads &
Cereals

Ry-Krisp, rice wafers

Pure corn, rice, arrowroot, barley, potato, or rye bread made without wheat flour or wheat products

Cornmeal, cornstarch, soybean flour, barley flour, oat flour, rice flour, potato starch, arrowroot flour

Oatmeal cream of rice, puffed rice, or other cereals made from pure corn, oats, or rice to which no wheat has been added

Whole wheat, enriched, or white bread, rolls or bread crumbs

Graham or gluten bread

Donuts, sweet rolls, muffins, french toast, waffles, pancakes, dumplings, bread stuffing, rusk, popovers

Prepared mixes for pancakes, waffles, biscuits, breads, and rolls

Cornbread, potato, or soybean bread, unless made without wheat flour or wheat products

Cereals made from farina, wheat, or those with wheat products or malt added

Pretzels, crackers

Semolina, spelt, or triticale

Desserts

Custards, Bavarian creams

Oatmeal, arrowroot, rice, or rye cookies made without wheat products

Cornstarch, tapioca, or rice puddings

Water or fruit ices, meringues

Gelatin

Cakes, pastries, commercial frosting, icing, ice cream, sherbet, ice cream cones

Cookies, prepared mixes, or packaged pudding containing wheat flour

Graham crackers, donuts

Eggs

Eggs prepared any way without wheat products

Soufflés or creamed eggs made with wheat products

Fats

Butter, margarine, animal, or vegetable fats and oils, cream

Salad dressings or gravy prepared without wheat flour or products

Any salad dressing thickened or gravy with wheat flour or products

Fruit

All fresh, canned, dried, or frozen fruits and fruit juices

Strained fruits with added cereals

Meat, Fish,
Poultry

Baked, broiled, boiled, roasted or fried: beef, veal, pork, ham, chicken, turkey, lamb, or fish

"All meat" wieners or luncheon meats prepared without wheat flour fillers or wheat products

All breaded or floured meats, meats containing filler such as meatloaf, frankfurters, sausage, luncheon meats, bologna, or prepared meat patties

Milk & Milk
Products

Milk, buttermilk, yogurt, cheese, some cottage cheese

Malted milk, milk drink containing powdered wheat cereal or products

Cottage cheese with modified starch or other wheat containing ingredients

Potatoes &
Substitutes

White and sweet potatoes

Rice

Scalloped potatoes

Noodles, spaghetti, macaroni, and other pasta products prepared with wheat or semolina flour

Soup

Clear bouillon, consomm�, or broth

Homemade soups made without wheat products

Cream soups unless made without wheat flour

Soups with noodles, alphabets, dumplings, or spaghetti

Soy sauce, tamari sauce, granola, or breakfast bars made with soy

Soup thickened with wheat flour

Sweets

Corn syrup, honey, jams, jellies, molasses, sugar

Chocolates, chocolate candy containing malt, candy with cereal extract

Vegetables

All fresh, frozen, or canned vegetables, and vegetable juices

Vegetables combined with wheat products

Breaded or floured vegetables

Other

Salt, chili powder, condiments, flavoring extracts, herbs, nuts, olives, pickles, popcorn, peanut butter

Malt products, Worcestershire sauce, gravies thickened with wheat flour

Monosodium glutamate (MSG), meat tenderizers containing MSG, prepared oriental food seasoned with MSG, Soy Sauce

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