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What are the most common types of vaginitis?
The following are the most common types of vaginitis:
Diagnoses of vaginitis can be tricky, because each type has a different cause and may present different symptoms, and more than one type of vaginitis may be present at one time (with or without symptoms). We'll talk about each of these types below.
Candida (yeast infection)
What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
Since yeast is normally present and well-balanced in the vagina, infection occurs when something in the body upsets this normal balance, for example, an antibiotic to treat another infection. In this case, the antibiotic kills the bacteria that normally protects and balances the yeast in the vagina. In turn, the yeast overgrows, causing an infection.
Other factors that can cause this imbalance to occur include:
What are the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
While each female may experience symptoms of a yeast infection differently, some of the most common include:
Who is at risk for vaginal yeast infections?
While any female can develop a yeast infection, there may be an increased risk for females who:
What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
While each adolescent may experience symptoms differently, some of the most common include:
The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis may resemble other conditions. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
While each adolescent may experience symptoms of trichomoniasis differently, some of the most common include:
What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
Unfortunately, many females have no symptoms, thus prolonging diagnosis and treatment and possibly spreading the disease. While each female may experience symptoms differently, the most common include:
How is chlamydia treated?
Generally, treatment for chlamydia involves taking antibiotics.
Viruses are a common cause of vaginitis, most commonly spread through sexual contact. Two of the most common viruses are the herpes simplex virus (HSV, or simply "herpes") and the human papillomavirus (HPV).
With HSV (herpes):
With Human papillomavirus (HPV):
What are the symptoms of noninfectious vaginitis?
While each girl may experience symptoms differently, some of the most common include:
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”