#1 Ranked Children’s Hospital by U.S. News & World Report
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There are many ways you can help children and their families get the care they need.
At Boston Children’s Hospital, we know that the first step in treating your child is forming an accurate and complete diagnosis.
Often, clues are when a child is very thirsty and needs to urinate frequently. Your child’s doctor may also order blood and urine tests including:
hemoglobin (A1C) test: indicates average blood sugar level for the past two to three months
random blood sugar test
fasting blood sugar test: taken after an overnight (eight-hour) fast
oral glucose tolerance test: a two-hour test that includes checking blood sugar after your child drinks a prescribed sugar drink
check for autoantibodies in the blood less common in type 2 diabetes (vs. type 1)
check for the presence of ketones (byproducts from the breakdown of fat in children without enough insulin) in the urine or blood
Test results may need to be confirmed with a second test on a different day, so it’s possible that your child will have blood drawn more than once. Distinguishing between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children can sometimes be difficult, and your child's doctor may need to do additional testing or monitor your child for some time before the type of diabetes can be confirmed.
Is it diabetes?
Your child will be diagnosed with diabetes if her:
Children who are considered to be at risk for type 2 diabetes should be tested periodically, regardless of whether they show signs or symptoms. (For details on risk factors, see Who’s at risk tab.)
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”