Conditions + Treatments

Advanced Treatments for Tracheal Stenosis at Boston Children’s Hospital

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Contact the Center for Airway Disorders

Treatment depends on the severity of your child's stenosis. Your child may outgrow the problem without intervention; or if the problem is severe, surgery may be required. Your child’s treatment plan may include:

  • Endoscopic surgery: Our doctors are expert in the use of minimally invasive techniques to treat tracheal stenosis. In some cases, tissue may be divided using a specialized knife and then dilated with a balloon. Lasers can be used to remove segmental portions of scar tissue. Learn more about minimally invasive treatments.
  • Open surgery: Our surgeons are experts at open surgery to treat tracheal stenosis, performing many of these surgeries annually. The most common surgical procedures to treat this condition are:
    • Laryngotracheoplasty: Surgical repair of the stenosis, during which the narrowed diameter of the windpipe (trachea) is enlarged by inserting an elliptical piece of cartilage (taken from the child’s rib or ear, depending on the size of cartilage needed).
    • Cricotracheal resection: A procedure in which the scar tissue and most of the ring-shaped cartilage of the larynx is cut out and the normal trachea is brought up to replace it. 
    • Segmental Tracheal Resection: A procedure where surgeons remove the defective tracheal segment and then repair the airway by suturing (attaching) the remaining ends back together.
    • Slide tracheoplasty:  A complex procedure to make the airway larger. During this surgery, the narrowed trachea is divided across the middle of stenosis (the area where the airway is narrowed). A portion of the lower and upper tracheal segments are cut and then attached, resulting in an airway that is wider and shorter than before.

Our researchers are investigating new ways to prevent and treat tracheal stenosis, as well as ways to avoid complications during surgery.

Make an Appointment

To make an appointment or speak with a member of our team, please call 617-355-3795.

International Patients

For families residing outside of the United States, please call Boston Children's International Health Services at +01-617-355-5209.

Boston Children’s is so much more than a hospital—it’s a community of researchers, clinicians, administrators, support staff, innovators, teachers, patients and families, all working together to make the impossible possible. ”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital
300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
For Patients: 617-355-6000
For Referring Providers: 844-BCH-PEDS | 844-224-7337

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