Symptoms & Causes of Tracheal Stenosis

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What are the Symptoms of Tracheal Stenosis?

Symptoms of tracheal stenosis can be present shortly after birth or develop after an injury to the trachea. Symptoms include:

  • Noisy breathing (stridor)
  • Recurring pneumonia
  • Wheezing
  • Blue spells (cyanosis)
  • Paused in breathing (apnea)
  • Chest congestion

An upper respiratory infection can worsen symptoms.

What Causes Tracheal Stenosis?

Tracheal stenosis can be present at birth (congenital). The cause of congenital tracheal stenosis is unknown.

Tracheal stenosis can also be acquired. It can develop when scar tissue forms in the trachea due to prolonged intubation or airway surgery. Intubation is when a breathing tube is inserted into the trachea to help maintain breathing during a medical or surgical procedure. 

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