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Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but life-threatening complication of bacterial infection. TSS can affect anyone, male or female. However, it occurs most frequently in young women who wear tampons. It's important to note that tampons themselves don't cause TSS.
Types of toxic shock syndrome
Two different types of bacteria cause TSS: Staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes. These bacteria are common in our bodies and don't usually cause any problems. But they make toxins that, in rare cases, can enter the bloodstream and cause TSS.
TSS caused by staphylococcal (also known as staph) infection:
TSS caused by streptococcal (also known as strep) infection:
What causes toxic shock syndrome?
TSS results from a bacterial infection. Possible causes of streptococcal and staphylococcal TSS may include:
What are the symptoms of toxic shock syndrome?
While symptoms may vary child to child, the most common include:
Can you prevent toxic shock syndrome?
The following may help prevent TSS:
When using tampons:
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