Treatments for Third-Degree Burn in Children

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Treatment for third-degree burns will depend on the severity of the burn. Burn severity is determined by the amount of body surface area that has been affected.

Treatment for third-degree burns may include the following:

  • early cleaning and debriding (removing dead skin and tissue from the burned area). This procedure can be done in a special bathtub in the hospital or as a surgical procedure.
  • intravenous (IV) fluids containing electrolytes
  • antibiotics by intravenous (IV) or by mouth
  • antibiotic ointments or creams
  • a warm, humid environment for the burn
  • nutritional supplements and a high-protein diet
  • pain medications
  • skin grafting (may be required to achieve closure of the wounded area)
  • functional and cosmetic reconstruction

What is a skin graft?

A skin graft is a piece of your child's unburned skin which is surgically removed to cover a burned area. Skin grafts can be thin or thick. Skin grafts are performed in the operating room. The burn that is covered with a skin graft is called a graft site.

What is a donor site?

The area where the piece of unburned skin was taken to be donated to a burned area is called a donor site. After a skin graft procedure the donor sites look like a scraped or a skinned knee. Your child's physician will decide if a skin graft is needed. A skin graft is often performed after debridement or removal of the dead skin and tissue.

Graft site care:The dressing is left on the graft site for two to five days before it's changed, so that the new skin will stay in place. For the first several days, graft sites need to be kept very still and protected from rubbing or pressure.

Donor site care: The donor site is covered for the first one to two weeks. The site needs to be kept covered. Donor sites usually heal in 10 to14 days. If a dressing is applied, it usually remains on until it comes off by itself. Lotion is applied to the donor site after the dressing comes off. This skin often flakes off and looks dry.

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