Treatments for Septic (Infectious) Arthritis in Children

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Specific treatment for septic arthritis will be determined by your child's physician based on:

•   your child's overall health and medical history
•   extent of the condition
•   your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies
•   expectation for the course of the disease
•   your opinion or preference.

Septic arthritis caused by bacteria usually requires immediate treatment with antibiotics, which can improve symptoms within 48 hours. However, certain infections caused by fungi need treatment with anti-fungal medications, while viral infections usually have to run their course without treatment. To prevent accumulation of pus from the infection, which can damage the joint, pus may be drained with a needle, tube, or surgery. Other treatment may include:

•   medications (for pain and fever)
•   physical therapy (to maintain muscle strength)
•   splinting the joint (to relieve pain).

We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944

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