Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) | Diagnosis & Treatment

What are the treatment options for STDs?

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) treatment depends on the particular STD you have. For example, gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics, while herpes may need to be treated with anti-viral agents, creams, acid medicines or laser therapy. No matter the STD, it's important to get tested at the first sign and to start treatment right away to avoid more serious problems.

How can my child prevent getting an STD?

The only way you or your child can completely prevent an STD is to not have sex. The younger a person is when they begin to have sex for the first time, the more susceptible they become to developing an STD. As parents, you can't always control this part of your child's life, but talk to them about sex and STDs early.

If sexually active, the best thing is to use a latex condom each and every time you have sex and avoid multiple sex partners. Always make sure your partner knows their STD status before having sex. Remember, gay and lesbian sexual activity can pass STDs just as easily as heterosexual sex.

Precautionary measures, recommended by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, can help to reduce your risk of developing a sexually transmitted disease. These include the following:

  • have a mutually monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner
  • use (consistently and correctly) a male condom
  • use a barrier method for sex between females
  • don't inject drugs, or use sterile needles if injecting intravenous drugs
  • have regular checkups for STDs
  • learn the symptoms of STDs and seek medical help as soon as possible if any symptoms develop
  • use a condom during anal sex
  • avoid douching