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There are many ways you can help children and their families get the care they need.
Yes. Plagiocephaly is a very treatable condition that causes only cosmetic changes in a baby’s skull shape. The condition responds extremely well to non-invasive treatments, like:
Yes. Plagiocephaly has always been a common condition, and it’s become even more common since the American Academy of Pediatrics began advising parents to place infants to sleep on their backs to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Although this recommendation has increased the number of babies with plagiocephaly, it has also greatly reduced the number of babies lost to SIDS.
Most parents notice the flattening of plagiocephaly when their babies are 6 to 8 weeks old.
Flattening occurs when the infant’s growing head meets the resistance of a flat resting surface. It’s similar to how a pumpkin develops a flat spot in a field: Since it can’t grow into the ground, it conforms to the ground’s flat shape.
Any baby who has a limited ability to reposition his or her head can have this flattening. Babies who have other risk factors, such as muscular torticollis (an imbalance in the neck muscles), being part of a multiple birth or having a mother with a small birth canal may be more likely to have plagiocephaly.
The flattening usually stops when babies gain head control, typically at around 3 months. A premature or delayed infant may have the flattening for a longer time, since he or she may take longer to reach this milestone.
There are two main ways to help prevent flattening:
These strategies do not work with all babies and may not help to reverse any flattening that has already occurred.
Boston Children’s Hospital has developed a molding cup, called the Plagio Cradle, that is the only device proven effective to help the mild flattening in some babies and prevent the flattening process altogether.
No, there are no known medical problems linked to the condition.
Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of one or more of the joints that connect the bones in the skull. Unlike plagiocephaly, this condition may limit the size of the skull, increase pressure inside the skull and damage brain growth. In plagiocephaly, there is no fusion of the skull joints.
Most likely, no. Plagiocephaly is very treatable using non-surgical methods, such as special exercises, changes to sleep position and corrective devices like helmets.
Physical therapy can be very helpful for some infants with plagiocephaly — especially those who are born with muscular torticollis, an imbalance of the muscles in the neck.
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”