Pelvic Pain Symptoms & Causes

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In-Depth

What are the symptoms of pelvic pain?

The experience of pelvic pain can differ from patient to patient. A woman should seek medical help once the pain interferes with her daily schedule. Possible symptoms include:

  • severe pain in the pelvic region
  • pain that comes and goes
  • dull aching
  • sharp pains or cramping
  • pressure or heaviness deep within her pelvis
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • pain while having a bowel movement
  • pain upon sitting down

What causes pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain can have many causes, gynecological, gastrointestinal or psychological. Common causes include:

  • endometriosis
  • tension in your pelvic floor muscles
  • chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
  • pelvic congestion syndrome
  • ovarian remnant
  • ovarian cysts
  • uterine fibroids
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • painful bladder syndrome, also called interstitial cystitis
  • psychological factors, such as depression, stress or the effects of abuse

What can my daughter do for herself before her appointment?

Your daughter will most likely have tried over the counter pain medications to relieve pelvic pain. You can encourage her to try practicing relaxation, meditation or deep breathing techniques. It may seem hard to do while in pain, but it's important to try to reduce stress as it can increase the intensity of the symptoms.

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