Testing & Diagnosis for Pediatric Thyroid Cancer in Children

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Contact the Thyroid Program

  • 617-355-8226
  • Schedule An Appointment:
    Monday-Friday 7:00am-8:00pm


Some children with thyroid cancer do experience symptoms—such as a lump in the neck.

Others are diagnosed before they have any symptoms, which is why it’s so important to take your child for regular check-ups. In order to diagnose thyroid cancer, your child’s physician will take a complete medical history and conduct a physical examination. Your child’s physician may also perform other diagnostic procedures, including:

  • blood tests, to see if the thyroid is functioning properly
  • an ultrasound (also called sonography) to confirm the presence of a thyroid mass

Like other cancers, the outcome of thyroid cancer is best when it is diagnosed and treated in its early stages. Our thyroid program is designed to rapidly evaluate patients with thyroid masses in order to quickly get them individualized treatment (or to observation without treatment if their evaluation is reassuring). Children’s Thyroid Program is distinguished by our expertise in ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration—a very safe, minimally-invasive procedure that has eliminated the need for complicated surgery in most patients.

We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”
- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

Boston Children's Hospital 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 617-355-6000 | 800-355-7944