Treatments for Pediatric Anemia in Children

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Contact the Blood Disorders Center

Children with anemia and other red blood cell disorders are treated through our Blood Disorders Center within the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. For many appointments and certain procedures, your child can also receive care at one of Boston Children's satellite offices.

How is anemia treated in children?

Depending on the specific cause of your child’s anemia, your child’s physician may recommend a variety of different treatments. Treatments for various forms of anemia may include:

  • vitamin and mineral supplements
  • change in your child's diet
  • medication and/or discontinuing causative medications
  • treatment of the underlying disorder
  • surgery to remove the spleen (if related to certain hemolytic anemias)
  • blood transfusions, if necessary (to replace significant loss)
  • antibiotics (as appropriate if infection is the cause)
  • stem cell transplant (for aplastic anemia/bone marrow failure) 

Will my child need long-term care?

The long-term outlook for children with anemia depends on the specific cause of the anemia. Some forms of anemia, such as a nutritional deficiency, can be treated quickly and don’t require significant long-term follow-up care. In other cases, in which the anemia is caused by a genetic condition or other serious underlying disorder, your child may need regular follow-up by our hematologists. Your child’s physician can discuss your child’s specific care plan.

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- Sandra L. Fenwick, President and CEO

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