Pediatric Anemia

Anemia is a common blood disorder that occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body using a protein called hemoglobin. If there aren't enough of these cells or this protein, anemia results.

One of the most common pediatric disorders, anemia has many potential causes. Anemia is often a symptom of a disease rather than a disease itself. Sometimes, anemia is temporary and caused by a nutritional deficiency or blood loss. Other times, it's the result of a chronic or inherited condition, including genetic disorders, autoimmune problems, cancers and other diseases. While many types of anemia can be mild and easily corrected, certain types of anemia can be severe, chronic and/or life-threatening.

Types of anemia include:

How Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Treats Pediatric Anemia

Children and young adults with iron deficiency anemia are treated through Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, an integrated pediatric hematology and oncology partnership between Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Boston Children's Hospital.

Our Blood Disorders Center brings together world-renown pediatric hematology specialists and support staff from across Dana-Farber/Boston Children's, including pediatric hematologist/oncologists, hematopathologists, hematology nurse practitioners, social workers and designated hematology patient coordinators. For many appointments and certain procedures, your child can also receive care at one of Boston Children's satellite offices.

Learn more

Find in-depth information on pediatric anemia on the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's website, including details on anemia symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and research.