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How is a neurofibrosarcoma diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, the most conclusive diagnostic procedure your child will have is a biopsy, which is a single tissue sample taken from the tumor through a simple surgical procedure. The tumor's appearance under a microscope helps doctors to:
Your child may also undergo various imaging studies that will include one or more of the following:
Other tests your child’s doctor may order include:
Once neurofibrosarcoma has been diagnosed, the tumor is given a “stage,” usually stage I, stage II, stage III or stage IV. This indicates how far the tumor has spread from its original location. The stage helps doctors decide which form of treatment is most appropriate, and predicts how the condition is likely to respond to therapy.
Neurofibrosarcoma may be localized (meaning it has not spread beyond the nerve tissue where it arose) or metastatic (meaning it has spread, in this case usually to the lungs). However, most often, neurofibrosarcoma remains localized.
We are grateful to have been ranked #1 on U.S. News & World Report's list of the best children's hospitals in the nation for the third year in a row, an honor we could not have achieved without the patients and families who inspire us to do our very best for them. Thanks to you, Boston Children's is a place where we can write the greatest children's stories ever told.”