Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Hyaline Membrane Disease) in Children

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Overview

Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), also called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is a condition that causes babies to need extra oxygen and help breathing.

  • HMD is one of the most common problems seen in premature babies.
  • The more premature the baby, the higher the risk and the more severe the HMD.
  • HMD typically worsens over the first 48 to 72 hours and then improves with treatment.
  • More than 90 percent of babies with HMD survive.

At Children’s Hospital Boston, we care for newborn babies who need intensive medical attention in a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients.

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